Turkish Football Federation

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Turkish Football Federation
Founded 1923
FIFA affiliation 1923
UEFA affiliation 1962
President Yıldırım Demirören[1]
Website www.tff.org

The Turkish Football Federation (TFF), also called the Turkish Football Association, (Turkish: Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu;) is the governing body of association football in Turkey. It was formed on 23 April 1923, and joined FIFA the same year and UEFA in 1962. It organizes the Turkish national teams, the Turkish Football League and the Turkish Cup.

Turkish Cup

The Turkish Cup changed its name to Federation Cup (Turkish: Federasyon Kupası) in the 1980–81 season, then back to Turkish Cup in 1992–93. It is now known as the Ziraat Bank Turkish Cup due to the sponsorship reasons.

Controversial denial of former national championships

Turkish newspaper Son Posta announcing the Turkish championship title of Fenerbahçe on 9 September 1935
Turkish newspaper Son Posta announcing the Turkish championship title of Fenerbahçe on 9 September 1935

The TFF organized a national championship as early as 1924. That year the Turkish Football Championship was held in order to bring forth a national football champion.[2][3] The championship format was based on a knockout competition, contested between the winners of each of the country's regional leagues. Some years later, in 1937, the first national league called the National Division (Turkish: Millî Küme) was introduced. The league was held until 1950, one year before the Turkish Football Championship was also abolished.[4][5]

Even though both competitions were organized by the TFF and were official championships respectively,[6][7] they are not acknowledged and counted by the very same federation which held them. Until today no official reason or motive was given for the unparalleled and irregular denial. All other football associations in Europe consequently acknowledge their former national championships without exception. The Turkish federation is the only one with such a stance.

As a result, Ankara Demirspor became the first club to officially ask the federation to acknowledge their championship title won in those decades, but received no answer at all to date.[8] Club president Nuğman Yavuz stated that he contacted the Turkish federation twice, but the federation did not respond in any way.[9] Similarly, Fenerbahçe also requested proper acknowledgement of these national championship titles, and faced the same uncooperative reaction.[10] Having won a total of nine titles in both former championships, the club demands to have those official titles rightfully acknowledged.[11][12][13]

The lack of comprehension and awareness concerning the baseless denial of proper championship titles is growing in the general Turkish public and among Turkish sports people. For instance, Mehmet Demirkol, a renowned sports writer and commentator, stated that Beşiktaş won their 20th championship title overall in the 2016–17 season, not their 15th.[14][15][Video 1] Numerous other sports writers, persons of authority, politicians, officials etc. also openly expressed their opinions on this issue and reinforced the view that the Turkish federation should unambiguously acknowledge and count the former championship titles.[16][17][18][19][20][Video 2][Video 3]

Hosting bids

Turkey had several unsuccessful bids to host the European Championship.

Turkey tried a joint bid with 2004-European Champions Greece for UEFA Euro 2008, which failed. Their bid for UEFA Euro 2012 was also unsuccessful, with the competition going to Poland and Ukraine. The federation also submitted a bid to host UEFA Euro 2016, but on May 28, 2010, UEFA announced that Euro 2016 will be hosted by France. France beat bids of Turkey (7-6 in voting in second voting round) and Italy, which had the least votes in first voting round.

Turkey had already hosted a Champions League final and the 2009 UEFA Cup final in Istanbul.[21] At the youth-level, they hosted the UEFA European Under-17 Football Championship in 2008, as they already hosted the event back in 1993.


Companies that Turkish Football Federation currently has sponsorship deals with include [22]


  1. ^ Ata, Ercan (27 February 2012). "Türk futbolunun 41. başkanı Yıldırım Demirören". Hürriyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 27 February 2012. 
  2. ^ "Turkish Football Championship". Erdinç Sivritepe. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 
  3. ^ "1936'ya kadar süren bu dönemde ilk Türkiye Şampiyonası Ankara'da yapılmış ve şampiyon Harbiye olmuştur". www.tff.org (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 
  4. ^ "Millî Küme". Erdinç Sivritepe. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 
  5. ^ "...ilk deplasmanlı lig kapsamındaki Milli Küme maçları da yine bu dönemde tertip edilmiştir". www.tff.org (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 
  6. ^ "Turkey - List of Champions". RSSSF. Retrieved 14 April 2018. 
  7. ^ "First National League and Cup Competitions and a Super Cup". Erdinç Sivritepe. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 
  8. ^ "65 yıl sonra, "şampiyonluğunun" peşinde" (in Turkish). Hürriyet. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 
  9. ^ "Ankara Demirspor şampiyonluğunu istiyor" (in Turkish). haber7.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 
  10. ^ "F.Bahçe, 9 şampiyonluğunu istiyor" (in Turkish). Sporx. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 
  11. ^ "Fenerbahçe 1959 öncesi için çalışma başlattı" (in Turkish). NTV Spor. Retrieved 14 April 2018. 
  12. ^ "Fenerbahçe 5. yıldızı istiyor". www.hurriyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Hürriyet. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 
  13. ^ "19 değil, 28 şampiyonluk". www.trthaber.com (in Turkish). TRT Haber. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 
  14. ^ "Mehmet Demirkol: Beşiktaş'ın 20. şampiyonluğu bu". kralspor.ensonhaber.com (in Turkish). En Son Haber. Retrieved 14 December 2017. 
  15. ^ "Mehmet Demirkol: Beşiktaş'ın 20 şampiyonluğu var!". fanatik.com.tr (in Turkish). Fanatik. Retrieved 14 December 2017. 
  16. ^ "1959'dan önceki şampiyonluklar nerede?". www.hurriyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Ali Can Yaycılı. Retrieved 25 December 2017. 
  17. ^ "19 değil 28 şampiyonluk kanıtlarla". www.sporyazarlari.com (in Turkish). Metin Sipahioğlu. Retrieved 14 December 2017. 
  18. ^ "Futbolumuzun miladı; takımların gerçek şampiyonluk sayıları nedir?". milliyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Uzay Gökerman. Retrieved 14 December 2017. 
  19. ^ "Ben, "28." diyorum…". hurriyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Ateş Bakan. Retrieved 14 December 2017. 
  20. ^ "FENERBAHÇE'NİN KAÇ ŞAMPİYONLUĞU VAR ??". abcspor.com (in Turkish). Burak Belgen. Retrieved 14 December 2017. 
  21. ^ "BBC: Man City stadium given Uefa final". BBC News. 4 October 2006. Retrieved 6 January 2010. 
  22. ^ "Media & PR". tff.org. 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
Video references
  1. ^ Mehmet Demirkol: Beşiktaş'ın 20 şampiyonluğu vardır. 15 falan değil! (YouTube video) (in Turkish). Retrieved 14 December 2017. 
  2. ^ 1959 Öncesi Şampiyonluklar Sayılmalı Mı? Emre Bol ve Turgay Demir Yorumları (YouTube video) (in Turkish). Retrieved 22 April 2018. 
  3. ^ '28 şampiyonluk' için resmi başvuru (YouTube video) (in Turkish). Retrieved 25 December 2017. 

External links

  • Official website (in Turkish)
  • Turkish soccer
  • Amateur Football in Turkey
  • Turkey at FIFA site
  • Turkey at UEFA site
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