Turkish Airlines Flight 278

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Turkish Airlines Flight 278
Boeing 737-4Y0, Turkish Airlines JP171975.jpg
TC-JES, the aircraft involved the accident.
Date 29 December 1994
Summary Controlled flight into terrain
Site near Van Ferit Melen Airport, Turkey
38°24′00″N 43°13′48″E / 38.40000°N 43.23000°E / 38.40000; 43.23000Coordinates: 38°24′00″N 43°13′48″E / 38.40000°N 43.23000°E / 38.40000; 43.23000
Aircraft type Boeing 737-4Y0
Aircraft name Mersin
Operator Turkish Airlines
Registration TC-JES
Flight origin Esenboğa International Airport, Ankara, Turkey
Destination Van Ferit Melen Airport, Van, Turkey
Passengers 69
Crew 7
Fatalities 57
Survivors 19
Turkish Airlines Flight 278 is located in Turkey
Ankara Esenboğa Airport
Ankara Esenboğa Airport
Van Ferit Melen Airport
Van Ferit Melen Airport
Location of departure and destination airports

Turkish Airlines Flight 278, operated by a Boeing 737-4Y0 registered TC-JES and named Mersin, was a domestic scheduled flight from Ankara Esenboğa Airport to Van Ferit Melen Airport in eastern Turkey that crashed on 29 December 1994 during its final approach to land in driving snow. Five of the seven crew and 52 of the 69 passengers lost their lives, while two crew members and 17 passengers survived with serious injuries.[1]


The aircraft, a Boeing 737-4Y0 with two CFMI CFM56-3C1 jet engines, was built by Boeing with manufacturer serial number 26074/2376,[1] and made its first flight on 25 September 1992.[2][3]


At 15:30 EET (13:30 UTC), TK278 struck a hill near Edremit district of Van Province at 5,700 ft (1,700 m) AMSL around 4 km (2.2 nmi) from Van Airport while on a third VOR-DME approach to the Runway 03 in bad weather despite a warning from air traffic control not to attempt any more approaches in a snowstorm. The visibility was 900 m (3,000 ft) reducing to 300 m (980 ft) in heavy driving snow.[1][4][5]

It was the worst aviation accident involving a Boeing 737-400 at that time. It was subsequently surpassed by Adam Air Flight 574 which crashed on 1 January 2007 with 102 fatalities, and fourth worst aircraft accident in Turkey at that time.[1]

Crew and passengers

The aircraft had a crew of 7 and 69 passengers including two babies.[4] Two of the crew and 17 passengers survived the crash with serious injuries.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e "Aircraft accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 1 January 2009.
  2. ^ "Boeing 737 MSN 26074". Air Fleets. Retrieved 1 January 2009.
  3. ^ "TC-JES Turkish Airlines Boeing 737-4Y0 – cn 26074 / ln 2376 – Planespotters.net Just Aviation". Planespotters.net. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Aralık 1994" (in Turkish). Governmental Press and Information Office. Retrieved 1 January 2009.
  5. ^ "Turkey crash". Flight Global. 4 January 1995. Retrieved 1 January 2008.
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