Tulu people

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  (Redirected from Tuluva)
Tuluvas
ತುಳುವ
Vijayanagara.jpg
Total population
1,720,000 (2001 census)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Languages
Tulu
Religion
Predominantly:
Om.svgHinduism
Minorities:
Jain Prateek Chihna.svgJainism
Related ethnic groups
Dravidians · Kodavas · Konkanis · Kodagu Gowda

The Tulu people, or Tuluva (plural Tuluver), are an ethnic group native to the Tulu Nadu region of India, presently divided amongst the Dakshina Kannada and Udupi districts of Karnataka and the Kasaragod taluk of Kerala up to river Chandragiri.[4] They are the native speakers of the Tulu language. There is sizeable emigrant Tuluva population in Maharashtra.[2] and in several countries of English-speaking world[5]

People

Tuluvas are a Dravidian speaking ethnic group, found in southwest Konkan coastal areas. Tuluvas historically belonged to the warrior class, on other sect agriculture, fishing and hunting formed the important occupation of Tulu people. In earlier days Tuluva men were known for martial arts known as Garadi (Gymnasiums).[6]

Tuluvas predominantly follow Hinduism.They are divided into various castes, sub-castes and clans like, Billava, Bunts, Mogaveera, Kulala and Devadiga. The Tuluva Brahmins are subdivided as Shivalli Brahmins, Sthanika Brahmins and Tuluva Hebbars. There is a sizable amount of community members who follow Jainism and are known as Jain Bunts.[7].Many Tuluvas have settled in Mumbai where they have excelled in various fields from Banking to Bollywood.[8]

Culture

Nagabana: The place were Nagadevatha is worshiped, known as "Moolastana" (place of origin) of Tuluva Clans.
Kola (Nema).

Tuluvas follow matrilineal system of inheritance known as Aliyasantana, where inheritance is from uncle to nephew, except for Brahmins[9].Other distinctive features include the rituals of Yakshagana, Bhuta Kola, Nagaradhane[10] Aati kalenja and Kambala.[11]

Tuluva New Year is called Bisu parba, which falls on the same day as Baisakhi, Vishu and the Thai New Year.[12]

Tuluva Paddanas are sung narratives, which are part of several closely related singing traditions in Tulu Language, Paddans are sung during occasions which describe the evolution of Tulu tribes and Tulu culture.[13]

Demand for Tulu Nadu

From India's independence and following the reorganization of states, the Tuluvas have been demanding national language status for Tulu[14] and a separate state for themselves called Tulu Nadu (Land of Tuluvas), based on their language and distinct culture. Though somewhat subdued for a while, this demand has grown stronger in recent years. Several organizations like the Tulu Rajya Horata Samiti have taken up the cause of the Tuluvas, and frequent meetings and demonstrations are held across towns in Tulunadu (like Mangaluru, Udupi etc.) to voice their demands.[15][16][17]

Prominent Tuluvas

See also

References

  1. ^ "Tulu". ethnologue.com. 
  2. ^ a b "Language in india". Language in India. 2003-05-05. Retrieved 2012-05-21. 
  3. ^ Tulu Nadu, Kasaragod, Kerala, India | Kerala Tourism
  4. ^ "Tulu Nadu, Kasaragod, Kerala, India". Kerala Tourism. Retrieved 12 June 2017. 
  5. ^ "Welcome". www.tulukootakuwait.org. Retrieved 2016-11-20. 
  6. ^ P.Gururaj Bhat "Studies in Tuluva history and Culture:From Pre Historic times up to [sic] the modern" (1975)
  7. ^ Bhat (1998). South Canara+Madras. 
  8. ^ http://www.screenindia.com/old/fullstory/.php?content_id=9651
  9. ^ Yogitha Shetty. "Ritualistic World of Tuluva: A Study of Tuluva Women and Siri possession cult". Retrieved 12 December 2010. 
  10. ^ "Nagapanchami Naadige Doodadu". Mangalorean.com. 18 August 2007. Retrieved 28 January 2008. 
  11. ^ "Connecting with nature". "Deccan Herald". 17 May 2010. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  12. ^ "Star of Mysore". Retrieved 26 July 2017. 
  13. ^ Peter J. Claus, "Variability in Tulu Padannas". Retrieved 2011-03-09.
  14. ^ "Demand in RS for official status to Tulu, Kodava languages". dnaindia.com. 
  15. ^ Tulu Rajya Horata Samithi has urged that the region comprising Tulu speaking people should be given the status of a separate state."News headlines". daijiworld.com. 
  16. ^ "Now the time has come for all Tulu natives to pressurize the union government with the demand for a separate Tulunadu state”, said renowned Tulu litterateur and Yakshagana artiste Kudyady Vishwanath Rai."Beltangady: Litterateur Kudyady Vishwanath Rai Voices Need for Tulunadu State". daijiworld.com. 
  17. ^ "Vedike demands separate Tulunadu State". The Hindu. 

External links

  • World Tulu conference
  • Tulu in schools
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