Tule-Kaweah Yokuts

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Tule-Kaweah Yokuts
Region San Joaquin Valley, California
Ethnicity Yokut people
Native speakers
1 (2017)[1]
Yok-Utian ?
Language codes
ISO 639-3 (included in yok)
Glottolog tule1245[2]

Tule-Kaweah is a Yokutsan language of California. One dialect survives, that of the Wukchumni (Wikchamni) tribe, with a single speaker remaining as of 2014.

Wukchumni has only one native or fluent speaker, Marie Wilcox (both native and fluent), who has compiled a dictionary of the language.[1][3][4][5] “Marie's dictionary”, a short documentary by Emmanuel Vaughan-Lee, is about her dictionary. She has also recorded an oral version of the dictionary.[1] Together with her daughter Jennifer, Marie Wilcox teaches weekly classes to interested members of their tribe.


There were three dialects of Tule-Kaweah, Wikchamni (Wukchumni), Yawdanchi (AKA Nutaa), and Bokninuwad.

See also


  1. ^ a b c ‘Who Speaks Wukchumni?’, New York Times, 19 Aug 2014.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Tule-Kaweah Yokuts". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Vaughan-Lee, Emmanuel (2014-08-18). "Who Speaks Wukchumni?". The New York Times.
  4. ^ Heller, Chris (2014-09-22). "Saving Wukchumni". The Atlantic.
  5. ^ “Marie's dictionary”, a short documentary by Emmanuel Vaughan-Lee.

External links

  • Tule-Kaweah at California Language Archive
  • Yokuts Languages, Comparison of sounds in Wikchamni and other Yokutsan languages
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