Tuapeka (New Zealand electorate)

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Tuapeka is a former parliamentary electorate in the Otago region of New Zealand, from 1871 to 1911.

Population centres

The 1870 electoral redistribution was undertaken by a parliamentary select committee based on population data from the 1867 New Zealand census. Eight sub-committees were formed, with two members each making decisions for their own province; thus members set their own electorate boundaries. The number of electorates was increased from 61 to 72, and Tuapeka was one of the new electorates.[1] The Tuapeka electorate was landlocked and inland from the Bruce electorate. The town of Lawrence was within the electorate.[2]

In the 1875 electoral redistribution, the electorate's area was unaltered,[3] but boundary changes were introduced in subsequent electoral redistributions. In the 1890 electoral redistribution, the electorate moved further inland and the settlements of Tapanui and Roxburgh were gained.[4] In the 1892 electoral redistribution, the electorate moved further inland again and Tapanui was lost again, but Alexandra was gained.[5] In the 1907 electoral redistribution, the shape of the electorate changed significantly, and Lawrence was lost to the Bruce electorate, but large areas were gained from the Mount Ida electorate, including Ranfurly.[6]

In the 1911 electoral redistribution, the Tuapeka electorate was abolished, and the vast majority of its area went to the Otago Central electorate.[7]

History

From 1855 to 1862 Vincent Pyke represented Castlemaine and Castlemaine Boroughs in the Victorian Legislative Assembly.[8] Pyke represented Tuapeka from the 1893 election to 4 June 1894, when he died.[9]

William Chapple, who represented Tuapeka for just four months following a by-election in 1908,[10] later became an MP in the House of Commons, representing Stirlingshire (1910–1918) and Dumfrieshire (1922–1924).

Members of Parliament

Key

 Independent    Conservative    Liberal    Independent Liberal    Reform  

Election Winner
1871 election James Brown
1875 election
1879 election
1881 election
1884 election
1887 election
1890 election Hugh Valentine
1893 election Vincent Pyke
1894 by-election William Larnach
1896 election
1898 by-election Charles Rawlins
1899 election James Bennet
1902 election
1905 election
1908 by-election William Chapple
1908 election Robert Scott
(Electorate abolished 1911; see Otago Central)

Election results

1908 by-election

Tuapeka by-election, 1908[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Liberal William Chapple 1,075 36.24
Liberal James Horn 1,045 35.23
Conservative Robert Scott 846 28.52
Majority 30 1.01
Turnout 2,966

1899 election

General election, 1899: Tuapeka[12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Bennet 1,758 50.91
Conservative Charles Rawlins 1,372 39.73 -0.54
Independent Liberal Alexander Fraser 323 9.35
Majority 386 11.18
Turnout 3,453 73.16
Registered electors 4,720

1890 election

General election, 1890: Tuapeka[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Hugh Valentine 885 51.96
Independent James Clark Brown 818 48.04
Majority 63 3.69
Turnout 1,703 68.78
Registered electors 2,476

Notes

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 39.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 41.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 43f.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 55–57.
  5. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 59–61.
  6. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 71–73.
  7. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 73–77.
  8. ^ "Pyke, Vincent". Parliament of Victoria. Retrieved 4 April 2013. 
  9. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 227.
  10. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 189.
  11. ^ "Tuapeka by-election". Wairarapa Age. XXXI (9108). 6 June 1908. p. 5. Retrieved 12 February 2016. 
  12. ^ "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 3. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  13. ^ "Political". The Oamaru Mail. XXIV (7685). 29 November 1899. p. 4. Retrieved 7 March 2014. 
  14. ^ "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 

References

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
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