Tual, Indonesia

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Tual
City
Air photo of the coast at Tual
Air photo of the coast at Tual
Official seal of Tual
Seal
Motto(s): Larwur Ngabal
Location within Maluku
Location within Maluku
Tual is located in Maluku
Tual
Tual
Location in Maluku and Indonesia
Tual is located in Indonesia
Tual
Tual
Tual (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 5°38′12.5″S 132°45′3″E / 5.636806°S 132.75083°E / -5.636806; 132.75083Coordinates: 5°38′12.5″S 132°45′3″E / 5.636806°S 132.75083°E / -5.636806; 132.75083
Country  Indonesia
Province  Maluku
Establishment 2007[1]
Government
 • Mayor Adam Rahayaan
 • Vice Mayor Abdul Hamid Rahayaan
Area
 • Total 254.4 km2 (98.2 sq mi)
Population (2015)[2]
 • Total 67,783
 • Density 266.4/km2 (690/sq mi)
Time zone Indonesia Eastern Time (UTC+9)
Area code (+62) 916
Vehicle registration DE
Website tualkota.go.id

Tual is a city in Maluku Province of Indonesia. The city, called Kota Tual in Indonesian, is geographically located within the Kei Islands, on Dullah Island, but since 2007 has been administratively separate from the rest of the Kei Islands, which form the Southeast Maluku Regency (the city is on the same administrative level as the Regency). The city covers an area of 254.4 sq.km, and includes a number of small islands situated to the west of the principal Kei Islands (Kei Besar and Kei Kecil).

History

The city was located in one of the key maritime routes of the spice trade which extended from the Moluccas southwards towards the Lesser Sunda Islands and Java, which have had significant effects on the culture and people in the region.

Inhabitants of the Kai Islands are believed to have migrated from the larger island of Seram. Local cultures were exposed to that of the Balinese in the 14th century, during the expansion of the Majapahit Empire. After its collapse, however, the local elders known as Halaai formed a local set of government and laws (known as the Larwul Ngaal) which stood until European arrival to the archipelago. After the Dutch East India Company conquered the area sometime in the 17th century, the elders were replaced with "kings".

During the Second World War, Japanese soldiers landed on the island and several Roman Catholic missionaries were executed. The area remained largely untouched by the insurgency in South Maluku during the 1960s. In 2007, the city (which includes a number of far-flung islands to the west of it) was administratively separated from the Southeast Maluku Regency[1].

Tual ca. 1915

Administration

The city is divided into four districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their 2010 Census population.

Name Area in
sq.km
Population
Census 2010
Notes
Pulau Dullah Selatan 42.8 33,175 Southern Dullah Island (including Tual town)
Pulau Dullah Utara 72.3 14,564 Northern Dullah Island, and Dullah Laut Island
Tayando Tam 69.2 5,448 Tayandu Islands (Tayandu, Heniar, Nusreen) and Taam
Pulau-Pulau Kur 54.7 4,895 Kuur Islands, including Mangur, Fadol and others)

Climate

Tual has a typical Tropical rainforest climate, hot and humid all year round.

Climate data for Tual, Maluku, Indonesia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C 33 38 37 37 32 31 39 35 36 35 37 42 42
Average high °C 28 29 29 29 29 28 27 27 28 30 30 29 29
Daily mean °C 27 27 27 28 28 27 26 26 27 28 28 27 27
Average low °C 26 26 26 26 26 25 25 25 26 26 26 26 26
Record low °C 19 21 18 20 22 22 20 21 20 20 21 22 18
Average precipitation mm 380 340 340 260 230 150 110 70 60 60 150 340 2,600
Record high °F 91 100 99 99 90 88 102 95 97 95 99 108 108
Average high °F 82 84 84 84 84 82 81 81 82 86 86 84 84
Daily mean °F 81 81 81 82 82 81 79 79 81 82 82 81 81
Average low °F 79 79 79 79 79 77 77 77 79 79 79 79 79
Record low °F 66 70 64 68 72 72 68 70 68 68 70 72 64
Average precipitation inches 14.96 13.39 13.39 10.24 9.06 5.91 4.33 2.76 2.36 2.36 5.91 13.39 102.36
Average relative humidity (%) (daily average) 81 80 79 78 77 79 76 74 72 71 73 80 77
Mean daily sunshine hours 12.8 12.6 12.5 12.3 12.2 12.2 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.6 12.7 12.8 12.5
Source: [3]

Friendly city

city area country sign time
Malé Flag of Maldives.svg Maldives  Maldives March 2017
Sorong Flag of West Papua (vectorised).svg West Papua  Indonesia March 2017
Manggar Lambang Kabupaten Belitung Timur.jpeg Bangka BelitungEast Belitung  Indonesia January 2017
Suva Flag of Fiji.svg Viti Levu  Fiji February 2017







References

  1. ^ a b Loupatty, Stenly R. "Sejarah Kota Tual" (PDF). Indonesian Ministry of Education. 
  2. ^ "Jumlah Penduduk Kota Tual menurut Kecamatan dan Jenis Kelamin Tahun 2015". BPS Kota Tual. Indonesian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 21 July 2017. 
  3. ^ "weatherbase - TUAL, INDONESIA". weatherbase. 

External links

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