Trygve Bratteli

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Trygve Bratteli
PM Trygve Bratteli.jpeg
19th Prime Minister of Norway
In office
12 October 1973 – 15 January 1976
Monarch Olav V
Preceded by Lars Korvald
Succeeded by Odvar Nordli
In office
17 March 1971 – 17 October 1972
Monarch Olav V
Preceded by Per Borten
Succeeded by Lars Korvald
President of the Nordic Council
In office
1 June 1978 – 17 September 1978
Preceded by V. J. Sukselainen
Succeeded by Olof Palme
Leader of the Labour Party
In office
24 October 1965 – 16 September 1976
Preceded by Einar Gerhardsen
Succeeded by Reiulf Steen
Minister of Finance
In office
4 March 1951 – 7 August 1955
Prime Minister Oscar Torp
Preceded by Olav Meisdalshagen
Succeeded by Mons Lid
In office
11 April 1956 – 19 October 1960
Prime Minister Einar Gerhardsen
Preceded by Mons Lid
Succeeded by Petter Jacob Bjerve
Minister of Transport and Communications
In office
23 April 1960 – 28 August 1963
Prime Minister Einar Gerhardsen
Preceded by Kolbjørn Varmann
Succeeded by Lars Leiro
In office
25 September 1963 – 17 January 1964
Prime Minister Einar Gerhardsen
Preceded by Lars Leiro
Succeeded by Erik Himle
Member of the Norwegian Parliament
In office
14 October 1950 – 15 September 1981
Constituency Oslo
Personal details
Born Trygve Martin Bratteli
(1910-01-11)11 January 1910
Nøtterøy, Vestfold, Norway
Died 20 November 1984(1984-11-20) (aged 74)
Oslo, Norway
Nationality Norwegian
Political party Labour
Spouse(s) Randi Helene Bratteli (1924-2002)
Children Ola Bratteli
Alma mater University of Oslo
Signature

About this sound Trygve Martin Bratteli  (11 January 1910 – 20 November 1984) was a Norwegian newspaper editor and politician with the Norwegian Labour Party. He served as Prime Minister of Norway in 1971–1972 and 1973–1976. He was President of the Nordic Council in 1978. [1]

Background

Bratteli was born on the island of Nøtterøy at Færder in Vestfold, Norway. His parents were Terje Hansen Bratteli (1879-1967) and Martha Barmen (1881-1937). He attended school locally. During the youth he was employed in fishing, worked as a coal miner and was a construction worker. Over a 9-10 month period, he went with whalers to Antarctica, where he worked in a guano factory at South Georgia Island. He was a student at the socialist school at Malmøya in 1933. Oscar Torp, chairman of the Norwegian Labor Party, asked him to become editor of Folkets Frihet in Kirkenes and later editor of Arbeiderungdommen which was published by the Socialist Youth League of Norway. For a period during 1940, he also served as secretary of the Norwegian Labor Party.

Following the Nazi invasion of Norway, the daily newspaper Arbeiderbladet was closed down during 1940 by Nazi officials. Bratteli subsequently participated in the Norwegian resistance movement. He was arrested by agents of Nazi Germany in 1942. He was a Nacht und Nebel prisoner of various German concentration camps, including Natzweiler-Struthof, from 1943 to 1945. He was liberated from Vaihingen an der Enz concentration camp on 5 April 1945 by the Swedish Red Cross White Buses along with 15 other Norwegians who had survived. [2]

Political career

After the liberation of Norway in 1945, Bratteli was appointed secretary of the Labour Party. He became chairman of the Workers' Youth League, vice chairman of the party, served on the newly formed defense commission, and in 1965 he was made chairman of the Labour Party. He was elected to the Norwegian Parliament from Oslo in 1950, and was re-elected on seven occasions.

He was appointed Minister of Finance in Oscar Torp's cabinet, and from 1956 to 1960 in the third cabinet of Einar Gerhardsen. From 1960 to 1963, during Gerhardsen's third period as Prime Minister, he was Minister of Transport and Communications. He was also acting Minister of Finance from January to February 1962. In September 1963, when Gerhardsen's fourth cabinet was formed, Bratteli was again made Minister of Transport and Communications, a post he held until 1964.

The centre-right cabinet of Borten held office from 1965 to 1971, but when it fell, Bratteli became Prime Minister. In social policy, Bratteli's premiership saw the passage of a law in June 1972 that lowered the pension age to 67.[3] Central to his political career was the question of Norway's membership of the European Community. Following the close rejection of membership in the 1972 referendum, his cabinet resigned. However, the successor cabinet Korvald only lasted one year, and the second cabinet Bratteli was formed following the Norwegian parliamentary election, 1973. Bratteli was succeeded by another Labour Party leader Odvar Nordli in 1976.[4]

Personal life

Trygve Bratteli was married to Randi Bratteli (1924-2002). Their children included professor Ola Bratteli (1946-2015). Bratteli's memoirs of his experiences in Nazi concentration camps was published in 1980. He died during 1984 and was buried atVestre gravlund in Oslo. Trygve Bratteli was a member of Friends of Israel within the Norwegian Labour Movement ( Venner av Israel i Norsk Arbeiderbevegelse) which planted a forest to his memory in Israel.[5]

References

  1. ^ Knut Are Tvedt. "Trygve Bratteli". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 
  2. ^ Egil Helle. "Trygve Bratteli". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 
  3. ^ Growth to limits: the Western European welfare states since World War 2: Volume 4 by Peter Flora
  4. ^ "Trygve Bratteli, Prime Minister 1971 - 1972 and 1973 - 1976". Government.no. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 
  5. ^ "Randi Bratteli". Store norske leksikonGovernment.no. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 

Other sources

Related reading

  • Bratteli Trygve (1980) Fange I Natt Og Take (Oslo: Tiden Norsk Forlag) ISBN 978-8210020049

Notes

  • Thirteen Norwegians died at Vaihingen and were buried in a mass grave, according to: Ottosen, Kristian (2001-07-02). "Gjensyn med Vaihingen". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2008-02-21. 

External links

  • "Trygve Bratteli" (in Norwegian). Storting. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Olav Meisdalshagen
Norwegian Minister of Finance
1951–1955
Succeeded by
Mons Lid
Preceded by
Mons Lid
Norwegian Minister of Finance
1956–1960
Succeeded by
Petter Jakob Bjerve
Preceded by
Kolbjørn Sigurd Werner Varmann
Norwegian Minister of Transport and Communications
1960–1963
Succeeded by
Lars Leiro
Preceded by
Lars Leiro
Norwegian Minister of Transport and Communications
1963–1964
Succeeded by
Erik Himle
Preceded by
Per Borten
Prime Minister of Norway
1971–1972
Succeeded by
Lars Korvald
Preceded by
Lars Korvald
Prime Minister of Norway
1973–1976
Succeeded by
Odvar Nordli
Party political offices
Preceded by
Ole Øisang
Party secretary of the Labour Party
1945
Succeeded by
Haakon Lie
Preceded by
Gunnar Sand
Chairman of the Workers' Youth League
1945–1946 (acting)
Succeeded by
Rolf Åkervik
Preceded by
Einar Gerhardsen
Chairman of the Norwegian Labour Party
1965–1975
Succeeded by
Reiulf Steen
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