Trump Parc

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Trump Parc and Trump Parc East are two adjoining buildings owned by The Trump Organization on Central Park South on the southwest corner of Sixth Avenue in New York City. Trump Parc East is a 14-story apartment/condominium building and Trump Parc (the former Barbizon Plaza Hotel) is a 38-story condominium building.

Trump Parc: Barbizon Plaza Hotel

Trump Parc (highlighting roof detail)

At 106 Central Park South and built for $10 million, the 38-story, art deco Barbizon Plaza Hotel opened in 1930 with 1,400 ensuite rooms. The property foreclosed in 1933.[1]

At some point, likely around World War II, the top of the building was altered to its present form with a stylish design. Carter B. Horsley of The City Review said, "Its only rivals in audacity are the Chrysler Building and the former RCA/GE tower".[2]

Aeolian Company installed a large pipe organ at the hotel in 1930; it was moved a year later to the nearby American Women's Association clubhouse.[1]

In 1956, Aldous Huxley extolled the tranquilizer drug Meprobamate (aka Miltown) in a conference at the hotel.[3]

After the combined purchase in 1981, Donald Trump renamed the property to "Trump Parc" and converted it to 340 condominium units around 1988.

Trump Parc East: 100 Central Park South

Trump Parc East (small building in the foreground) with Trump Parc behind

100 Central Park South is a 14-story building that was built in 1929.

Trump purchased the Barbizon Plaza Hotel and 100 Central Park South in 1981 for $13 million from Banque Lambert. The Barbizon Plaza Hotel was the major asset; 100 Central Park South was a rent controlled building that Trump said "they practically gave it to me". It contained 80 apartments, by 1985 60 were occupied, with about half being rent-controlled and the rest being rent-stabilized. Trump's intention was to replace the two buildings with a new one, which would be "one of the finest pieces of real estate in New York."

In a February 1985 New York Magazine article, "A Different Kind of Donald Trump Story: The Cold War on Central Park South", Tony Schwartz detailed "how a bunch of rent-controlled and rent-stabilized tenants in an old building... have managed to do what city agencies, courts, colleagues, competitors, and the National Football League have been able to do: successfully stand in the way of something Donald Trump wants." Trump could have bought out the rent-controlled tenants; instead, he contracted with Citadel Management, who also handled tenant resettlement and had been accused of harassment in the past. The article goes on to describe how Trump and his organization, attempting to evict the tenants, harassed them through "lapses in building security" and ignored needed repairs.[4]

Trump (as Park South Associates) sued to evict the tenants in 1981, and in 1982 the management company ordered six tenants to comply with rules ignored for 30 years, giving them 10 days to comply. Trump, in newspaper advertisements, also offered to house homeless in the vacated units, which was seen as a threat to the remaining tenants. The tenants raised funds and hired legal counsel, receiving an injunction against the compliance orders in 1984. In 1985 the harassment case was brought to the state's Division of Housing and Community Renewal, with the city mentioning daily harassment, "wrongful acts and omissions", bogus nonpayment notices, and utilities that were turned off, by Trump's agents.[5][6][7] The city lost an injunction against Trump in September 1985, with the State Supreme Court justice stating The danger of irreparable harm to the tenants seems to be minimal now that the challenged activities of the defendants are under the scrutiny of the various departments of the City of New York.[8] The hearings were still open in November 1985, even though Trump had claimed victory.[9]

Trump countersued, citing the RICO act, listing charges including extortion and bribery that were committed by the tenants. Judge Whitman Knapp rejected the countersuit, ordering it dismissed with prejudice.[5][10] In a 1985 New York Times editorial, Sydney Schanberg called Trump a "slumlord".[7] Trump's attorney on the case responded in an editorial, attacking Schanberg, the tenants' lawyer, the city, and calling it a "political maneuver in a mayoral election year".[11]

Ultimately, in 1986, Trump dropped the eviction suit, allowing the tenants to stay with their rent controls in place and paying their legal fees of over $500,000.[12] Trump stated he wouldn't continue with demolition but would renovate the building to "take advantage of the strong real-estate market now."[13][14]

After a final settlement in 1988, the building was converted to a condominium with 51 rent-regulated tenants remaining. In 2016 some rent-controlled tenants were paying less than $1000 for a one-bedroom apartment along Central Park.[15]

Notable tenants have included Suzanne Blackmer, who lived in the building from before Trump's purchase until her death in 2004,[5] Arnold Scaasi,[16] and Eric Trump.[15]

Further reading

  • "Bondholders Buy Big 6th Av. Hotel," The New York Times (July 15, 1933).
  • Gray, Christopher. "Streetscapes /Readers' Questions; Echoes of a Union Hall; Artificial Sunlight," The New York Times (June 6, 1999).
  • "New 40-Story Hotel On Sixth Av. Opens," The New York Times (May 12, 1930).
  • Stern, Robert A.M., Gregory Gilmartin, and Thomas Mellins. New York 1930: Architecture and Urbanism Between the Two World Wars. New York City: Rizzoli International Publications, 1987.

References

  1. ^ a b "Barbizon-Plaza Hotel - New York City". New York American Guild of Organists. Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  2. ^ Horsley, Carter. "The Midtown Book: Central Park South: Trump Parc: 106 Central Park South". Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "'BEHAVIOR' DRUGS NOW ENVISIONED; Aldous Huxley Predicts They Will Bring Re-Examining of Ethics and Religion". The New York Times. 1956-10-19. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  4. ^ Schwartz, Tony (February 1985). "A Different Kind of Donald Trump Story: The Cold War on Central Park South". New York Magazine. pp. 34–40. Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c Wishnia, Steven (April 2016). "How Rent-Stabilized Tenants Foiled Donald Trump". METCouncilOnHousing.org. Metropolitan Council on Housing. Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  6. ^ Suskind, Ron (28 February 1985). "TRUMP EVICTION DISPUTE TAKEN TO STATE HEARING". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  7. ^ a b Schanberg, Sydney (9 March 1985). "NEW YORK; DOER AND SLUMLORD BOTH". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  8. ^ "Trial Ruled Necessary In Trump Housing Case". The New York Times. 8 September 1985. Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  9. ^ James, George (3 November 1985). "TENANTS SEEK MORE HEARINGS ON TRUMP'S EVICTION EFFORTS". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  10. ^ "Park South Associates v. Fischbein, 626 F. Supp. 1108 (S.D.N.Y. 1986)". Justia. Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  11. ^ Richenthal, Arthur (10 April 1985). "Suit Against Trump Looks Political". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  12. ^ Stille, Alexander (16 May 1988). "From the Archives: Trump and his Lawyers: CHAPTER SEVEN: Be Aggressive, But Don't Overdo It". law.com. ALM (company). Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  13. ^ James, George (5 March 1985). "TRUMP DROPS 5-YEAR EFFORT TO EVICT TENANTS". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  14. ^ "Trump and Residents Settle a 5-Year Dispute". The New York Times. 21 December 1986. Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  15. ^ a b Mahler, Jonathan (18 April 2016). "Tenants Thwarted Donald Trump's Central Park Real Estate Ambitions". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  16. ^ "Trump was a nightmare landlord in the 1980s". CNNMoney. 28 March 2016. Retrieved 19 July 2016. 

External links

  • Trump Parc
  • Trump Parc East

Coordinates: 40°43′32″N 73°59′30″W / 40.725656°N 73.991794°W / 40.725656; -73.991794

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