The Adelaide Hotel Toronto

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The Adelaide Hotel Toronto
Trump Tower Toronto almost done.JPG
The Adelaide Hotel Toronto (centre) among other towers, looking east along Adelaide Street West
General information
Status Complete
Type Condominium, Hotel, Retail[1]
Architectural style Postmodern
Location 325 Bay Street
Toronto, Ontario
M5H 4G3
Coordinates 43°38′59″N 79°22′49″W / 43.64972°N 79.38028°W / 43.64972; -79.38028Coordinates: 43°38′59″N 79°22′49″W / 43.64972°N 79.38028°W / 43.64972; -79.38028
Construction started October 2007
Opening Soft: January 31, 2012
Grand: April 16, 2012
Antenna spire 276.9 m (908 ft)
Roof 236.5 m (776 ft)
Technical details
Floor count 57
Floor area 74,510 m2 (802,000 sq ft)
Design and construction
Architect Zeidler Partnership Architects
Developer Talon International Development Inc.

The Adelaide Hotel Toronto, formerly known as Trump International Hotel and Tower Toronto, is a mixed-use skyscraper in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It was built by Markham-based Talon International Development Inc., which is owned by Canadian businessmen Val Levitan and Alex Shnaider.

After it opened in 2012, the hotel was controversial for its affiliation with American then real estate developer Donald Trump, who is now President of the United States. In 2017, this affiliation led to calls from the public for the hotel to drop its Trump branding following the U.S. President’s Executive Order 13769, which restricted people from a number of predominantly Muslim countries from travelling to the United States.

The Trump Organization, a company owned by the Trump family, used to hold the management contract for the hotel and was a minority shareholder in the project. The management contract was bought out by JCF Capital in June 2017, and the hotel portion of the building was then purchased by InnVest Hotels LP, a subsidiary of Bluesky Hotels and Resorts.[3] The hotel is now operated by Marriott International as the Adelaide Hotel Toronto on an unbranded basis. Following an 18 to 20 month renovation program, it will join Marriott's St. Regis Hotels & Resorts as The St. Regis Toronto in 2019.[4]

The tower is located in the Financial District, at 325 Bay Street, on the southeast corner of Bay and Adelaide streets. It is the third tallest skyscraper in Canada (including spire), the tallest mixed-use building in the city and fourth tallest structure in the city.


Main entrance on Adelaide Street
Construction, as of May 2011.

The tower has 65 storeys, 57 occupiable floors, is 276.9 m (908 ft) tall,[5] and is clad with a steel, glass, and stone facade. The building includes 260 luxury hotel rooms and 109 residential condominium suites. The top two floors of the hotel section house a 5,486 m2 (59,050 sq ft) spa. The tower was designed by Zeidler Partnership Architects and is the tallest mixed-use building in Canada. Floors 2-31 occupy the hotel, while floors 32-57 occupy condominium suites.

Residential suites range in size from 207 m2 (2,230 sq ft), and were designed with upscale fixtures and 3.4 to 4 m (11 to 13 ft) ceilings. Suite prices started at C$1.2 million. There are 4-6 suites per floor. Residents have a separate entrance and elevators from hotel guests.

Builders planned to connect the building to Toronto's underground PATH network, however this plan was dropped because of the high costs associated with tunnelling under the city.[6]


Rivalry with Sapphire Tower

Developer Harry Stinson intended to create a friendly rivalry with Trump for the tallest mixed-use building in Canada with the Sapphire Tower. As a result, the planned heights of both projects were revised several times in an attempt to outdo each other, and Stinson's skyscraper would have been 17 metres taller in its last design. However, the Sapphire Tower failed to gain approval of city council, in part because it would have cast a shadow over Toronto City Hall's Nathan Phillips Square, and its development company filed for bankruptcy in 2007. At that time, the Trump Tower's design was also scaled back and the height was reduced because of the real estate market slowdown.[7]


The building was built from a vacant lot (parking) surrounded by Scotia Plaza and the National Club. Lewis Builds Corporation, a construction and development manager in downtown Toronto, was the construction manager for this project.

On March 23, 2007, Talon International Development Incorporated of Markham announced that it had reached an agreement with international bank Raiffeisen Zentralbank Österreich AG (RZB) to arrange C$310 million in construction financing for its five-star Trump International Hotel & Tower development.

Construction began with the removal of the sales centre in September 2007. The official groundbreaking was on October 12, 2007. The hotel portion of the tower was planned to be completed in late 2011. The tower was projected to be completed in early 2012. The building topped out in early September 2011, and the spire was raised on September 24, 2011. The hotel opened for business on January 31, 2012, and its grand opening occurred on April 16, 2012.[8] Work on the top of the building continued until completion in July 2012 with the activation of two high-intensity aircraft warning lights.

Issues and controversies

Investor disputes

According to the Panama Papers, in 2010, Shnaider sold at least half of Midland Group's ownership in the Zaporizhstal steel mill to buyers financed by Russian state-owned Vnesheconombank, who were then themselves acquired by the development bank.[9] Shnaider then used proceeds from the sale to partially meet cost overruns at the Tower.[9] Shnaider's lawyer told The Wall Street Journal that $15 million from the sale to the Russian bank went into the tower, and then recanted.[9]

The tower has been controversial since its opening because of lower than expected occupancy rates in the "hotel-condo" portion of the building that led to a legal battle between real estate investors and Talon International Development. As of October 2016, the following units (not including parking spaces) had been sold to investors:[10]

Ownership of the Tower's residential units (October 2016)
Owner Hotel units Residential units
Talon 211 74
Other investors 50 44
Total 261 118

Investors wanted to opt out of purchase agreements because they believe the sales tactics used by Talon regarding financial projections were misleading. The Ontario Securities Commission investigated the matter in 2012 and decided not to take action,[11] but several investors sued Talon, its principals and Trump for various claims, including recovery of their deposits, damages for loss of opportunity and consequential damages, negligent misrepresentation and conspiracy.[12] Talon counter-sued the investors who did not pay the remaining purchase price by December 13, 2012.[13] In July 2015, the Ontario Superior Court of Justice dismissed two test cases, while finding that income estimates for the project were "hypothetical" in nature,[14][15] but the judgment was partially overturned in October 2016 at the Ontario Court of Appeal,[14][16] which held that:[17]

  1. an agreement that had not closed could be rescinded
  2. for an agreement that had closed, damages against Talon for negligent misrepresentation were available
  3. Trump, together with two of Talon's principals, could still be sued for other claims that had been improperly dismissed, including oppression, collusion and breach of fiduciary duties.
  4. a claim for fraudulent misrepresentation was remitted back to the Superior Court for determination

In 2017, the Supreme Court of Canada rejected the defendants' appeal from the ruling against them by the Ontario Court of Appeal.[18]

Unfinished state

In August 2013, close to six years after the start of construction, the building was incomplete. The "TRUMP" sign on the north side of the tower read "TRUM", and the public art feature Lightline was missing. The tower's spokesman, Dorenda McNeil, told media in May 2013 that "from our perspective, the building is not yet fully complete. We will turn it [the public art feature] on at the right opportunity". Because the light feature is a public art piece promised as part of the approval process for development, the City of Toronto grew impatient and considered commencing litigation.[19]

Default by developer

In October 2016, JCF Capital ULC (a private firm that had bought the construction loan on the building) announced that it was seeking court approval under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act to have the building sold in order to recoup its debt, which then totalled $301 million.[10]

The Ontario Superior Court of Justice approved the request to appoint a receiver on November 4, 2016.[20] The court allowed for its auction[21] which took place in March 2017, but no bidders took part, other than one stalking horse offer.[22]

Name issues

In December 2015, Josh Matlow, Toronto City Councillor for Ward 22, created a petition to rename the building, due to the controversial remarks made by Trump during the early phases of his successful presidential campaign. Matlow stated that renaming the building would allow Talon International Development to disassociate itself, and by extension, for Toronto to disassociate itself, from Trump and his remarks.[23] Following his election, the site had become the subject of protests against Trump, despite the fact that it was only branded under the Trump name under licence due to a management deal, and was not otherwise owned by him.[24]

On June 27, 2017, JCF Capital reached an agreement to buy out the Trump Organization's management contract for the property, meaning that the hotel would drop the Trump branding. Bloomberg reported that the property was likely to be rebranded under Marriott International's St. Regis banner.[25][24]

On June 29, 2017, InnVest Hotels LP acquired the hotel from JCF Capital for an undisclosed amount and announced that the 65-storey facility will receive a significant renovation and be renamed the St. Regis Toronto in 2019 once the initial phases of the renovation are complete. Prior to the planned renovation and rebranding to St. Regis, Marriott International is operating the property as the Adelaide Hotel Toronto on an unbranded basis.[26]

Russian government connections

The building and Shnaider have been named as key links in a financial connection between U.S. President Trump and the Russian government.[27][28][further explanation needed]

See also


  1. ^ "Trump Tower Toronto". Retrieved August 16, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Trump International Hotel & Tower Toronto". Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved June 8, 2017. 
  3. ^ "InnVest Hotels acquires former Trump Tower in Toronto". The Toronto Star. Retrieved October 18, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Trump Tower: Long-Awaited Rebranding Introduces St. Regis". Retrieved October 18, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Trump International Hotel & Tower Toronto". Retrieved August 16, 2013. 
  6. ^ Mullins, KJ (February 1, 2012). "Trump opens his latest hotel in Toronto". Digital Journal. Retrieved August 16, 2013. 
  7. ^ Wong, Tony (March 9, 2007). "Condo king files for bankruptcy protection". Toronto Star. Retrieved August 16, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Putting The Finishing Touches on Trump International as Official Launch Date Arrives". April 13, 2012. Retrieved August 16, 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c Protess, Ben; Kramer, Andrew E.; McIntire, Mike (June 5, 2017). "Bank at Center of U.S. Inquiry Projects Russian 'Soft Power'". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved June 5, 2017. 
  10. ^ a b Dmitrieva, Katia (October 27, 2016). "Trump Hotel Toronto building set to be sold after developer defaults". Bloomberg News. 
  11. ^ Perkins, Tara (December 4, 2012). "OSC won't take action against Toronto's Trump tower". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved August 16, 2013. 
  12. ^ O'Toole, Megan (November 23, 2012). "Buyers at Toronto's Trump Tower say they were suckered into deals by an 'investment scheme and conspiracy'". National Post. Toronto. Retrieved October 16, 2016. 
  13. ^ Dmitrieva, Katia (December 26, 2012). "Trump Tower woes signal Toronto's condo market 'on thin ice'". National Post. Bloomberg News. 
  14. ^ a b Kalinowski, Tess (October 13, 2016). "Ontario appeal court ruling sides with Trump Tower investors". Toronto Star. Retrieved October 16, 2016. 
  15. ^ Singh v Trump 2015 ONSC 4461 (10 July 2015)
  16. ^ Singh v Trump 2016 ONCA 747 (13 October 2016)
  17. ^ ONCA, par. 159
  18. ^ Da Silva, Chantal (March 10, 2017). "Canada's highest court upholds ruling that Donald Trump did mislead investors". The Independent. Retrieved March 13, 2017. 
  19. ^ Topping, David (24 May 2013). "Why isn't Trump Tower's Lightline lit yet?". The Grid. Retrieved 2013-08-16. 
  20. ^ "Judge OK's sale of Toronto's Trump hotel-condo tower". CBC News. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved November 4, 2016. 
  21. ^ "Sale Procedure" (PDF). FTI Consulting. January 4, 2017. 
  22. ^ Reuters (March 6, 2017). "No bidders make offers to buy Trump tower in Toronto". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on May 19, 2017. 
  23. ^ Morales, Steve (December 8, 2015). "Toronto councillor calls for Trump Tower to ditch 'fascist' namesake". Global News. Retrieved December 8, 2015. 
  24. ^ a b "Trump's Company Gets Millions So Toronto Hotel Can Erase Brand". 2017-06-27. Retrieved 2017-06-27. 
  25. ^ "Trump Organization to check out from Toronto hotel, condo tower". The Toronto Star. Retrieved June 27, 2017. 
  26. ^ "InnVest Hotels acquires former Trump Tower in Toronto", The Globe and Mail, 29 June 2017
  27. ^ Barry, Rob; Stewart, Christopher S.; Forrest, Brett (May 17, 2017). "Russian State-Run Bank Financed Deal Involving Trump Hotel Partner". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 17, 2017. 
  28. ^ "Russian bank directly linked to Putin helped finance a Trump hotel". The Week. May 17, 2017. Retrieved May 17, 2017. 

External links

  • Official website
  • Skyscraper Page
  • Emporis building specifications
  • News release – Nov. 24, 2004
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