True Path Party

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True Path Party
Doğru Yol Partisi
Founded June 23, 1983 (1983-06-23)
Dissolved May 27, 2007 (2007-05-27)
Preceded by Justice Party
Succeeded by Democrat Party
Headquarters Ankara, Turkey
Ideology Liberal conservatism
Political position Centre-right
International affiliation None
Colours          Red, White

The True Path Party (Turkish: Doğru Yol Partisi, DYP) was a centre-right political party in Turkey, active from 1983 to 2007.[1] For most of its history, the party's central figure was Süleyman Demirel, a former Prime Minister of Turkey who had previously led the Justice Party (AP), before it was shut down in the aftermath of the 1980 military coup. The DYP was widely considered the successor of both the AP and the Democratic Party (DP), active in Turkey's early multi-party period.[2]

The DYP was the main opposition party in the Grand National Assembly from 1987 to 1991. Later, the party won power in the 1991 general election, after having emerged as the largest party. Demirel subsequently returned to the premiership in the period from 1991 to 1993, before securing the Presidency of Turkey that year. Subsequently, both the DYP leadership and the premiership passed to Tansu Çiller, another prominent member of the party. Çiller was the first female Prime Minister of Turkey, and served until 1996. After then serving as a junior partner in several coalition governments, the party was wiped out of parliament in the 2002 general election, failing to pass the 10% electoral threshold required to win seats.[3]

While the party proved able to maintain a presence in local politics after its 2002 wipeout from parliament, the DYP appeared likely to again fail to enter parliament in the 2007 election. In response, the leadership of the DYP and that of the conservative Motherland Party (ANAP) announced their intention to merge under the name of the former Democratic Party (DP). Ultimately, the ANAP pulled out of the merger, though the True Path Party went through with the rebranding, and transformed into the new Democratic Party (DP) in May 2007. The new DP only polled 6% in the election, and remained out of the Grand National Assembly until 2018, when it received one seat on the İyi Party list.

Election results

Grand National Assembly of Turkey
Election Votes Seats Role
# % Rank # ±
1987 4,587,062 19.1 3rd
59 / 450
new in opposition
1991 6,600,726 27.0 1st
178 / 450
Increase 119 in coalition
1995 5,396,009 19.2 3rd
135 / 550
Decrease 43 in coalition
1999 3,745,417 12.0 5th
85 / 550
Decrease 50 in opposition
2002 2,997,065 9.5 3rd
0 / 550
Decrease 85 no seats

Prominent members

Party leaders

Prime Ministers of Turkey

Presidents of Turkey

  • Süleyman Demirel (1993–2000)

References

  1. ^ Rubin, Barry (2013). Political Parties in Turkey. p. 82.
  2. ^ Cook, C.; Paxton, J. (2000). European Political Facts of the Twentieth Century. Springer. p. 366.
  3. ^ "Turkey". parties-and-elections.eu. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
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