Trianon model collection

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Stern of Triomphant represented for the Trianon collection.

The Trianon model collection is a set of high-quality ship models ordered by Napoléon for documentary purposes.

History

In July 1810 Denis Decrès ordered 13 models to be constructed specially for the collection, while others, already built, were gathered.[1] The models were built to a luxurious standard, with precious woods such as ebony and ivory used for the sculptures.

Models

Type Ship classes Armament Picture of the model Ship Note
Three-decker ship of the line Océan class 118 guns Océan mp3h9332.jpg Océan MnM 13 MG 20. Design by Sané
80-gun Two-decker ship of the line Tonnant and Bucentaure class 80 guns Friedland[2] Design by Sané
74-gun Two-decker ship of the line Téméraire class 74 guns Triomphant-MnM 17 MG 2-IMG 8587-white.jpg Triomphant MnM 17 MG 2. Design by Sané
64-gun Two-decker ship of the line Artésien class 64 guns
French ship Artesien mp3h9745.jpg
Artésien[3] MnM 13 MG 3. The model represents an older type of ship and was selected, already built, to be displayed a Trianon.
18-pounder Frigate Armide class 44 guns Flore img 0336.jpg Flore[4] MnM 17 MG 10. Design by Pierre Rolland
12-pounder Frigate Galathée class 32 guns Renommée[5] A model of the 18-pounder frigate Renommée (1806) was taken for this one, but the model of the Trianon collection is known to have been a 12-pounder frigate
Corvette - 22 carronades Bayadère[6] Model never completed
Brig 16 guns Espérance-IMG 8703.JPG Espérance[7] MnM 21 MG 33 Representative but fictitious ship. Model built especially for the Trianon collection.
Fluyt Licorne-class fluyt 24 carronades and 2 guns Normande-IMG 8864.jpg Normande[8] MnM 17 MG 12
Stable-Scow Scale model of Lionne-MnM 17 MG 14-IMG 5938-white.jpg Lionne[9] Design by François Pestel
Stable-Barge Unnamed[10]
Sloop-gunboat (chaloupe-canonière)
Cutter - 16 guns Cotre-IMG 8831.jpg Unidentified[11] Design by Philippe Gresle
Xebec Requin class 24 guns Scale model of a 24-gun xebec-MnM 13 MG 13-IMG 1399.JPG Requin[12] The model represents an older type of ship and was selected, already built, to be displayed a Trianon.
Tartane Model now lost [12]
Lugger
Gunboat (bateau canonnier)
Caïque - 1 gun and 1 howitzer Unnamed[13]
Barge - 20 guns Foudroyante-IMG 8846-white.jpg Foudroyante[14] MnM 17 MG 18 Representative but fictitious ship, distinct from the Foudroyante of 1795. Ancient model restored for the Trianon collection but never completed. Design by Pierre-Alexandre Forfait.

Sources and References

References

  1. ^ Maquettes de la Marine impériale
  2. ^ Maquette de bateau, Friedland, vaisseau de 80 canons, 1810
  3. ^ Maquette de bateau, Artésien, vaisseau de 64 canons, 1765
  4. ^ Maquette de bateau, Flore, frégate de 18, 1806
  5. ^ Maquette de bateau, Renommée, frégate de 18, 1806
  6. ^ Maquette de bateau, Bayadère, corvette de 22 canons, 1811
  7. ^ Maquette de bateau, Espérance, brick de 16 bouches à feu, Ier Empire
  8. ^ Maquette de bateau, La Normande, flûte de 800 tonneaux dans son état de 1814
  9. ^ Maquette de bateau, Lionne, gabarre écurie, 1811 Astrolabe, corvette, 1825
  10. ^ Maquette de bateau, Bateau écurie, milieu du 18e siècle
  11. ^ Maquette de bateau, Cotre de 16 canons, Premier Empire
  12. ^ a b Maquette de bateau, Chébec de 24 canons, 1750 Requin, chébec de 24 canons, 1750
  13. ^ Maquette de bateau, Caïque portant 1 canon de 18 et 1 obusier, 1803
  14. ^ Maquette de bateau, Foudroyante, prame d'artillerie de 20 canons de 36, fin du XVIIIe siècle

Sources

  • La "Collection Trianon"
  • Maquettes de la marine impériale, Collection du musée de la Marine
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