Transgender flags

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Unlike within the wider LGBT communities worldwide which have adopted the Rainbow flag, the various transgender individuals, organizations and communities around the world have not coalesced around one single flag design. Instead there are several flags used and endorsed by the varying transgender individuals, organizations and communities.[1] There have even been, and continue to be, alternatives to these flags suggested.[2] The varying flags have been and continue to be used to represent transgender pride, diversity, rights and/or remembrance by transgender individuals, their organizations, their communities and their allies.

Transgender flags in use today

There are several flags used and endorsed by the varying transgender individuals, organizations and communities.

Transgender Pride Flag

The most prominent[3] of these flag designs is known as the "Transgender Pride Flag" which is a symbol of transgender pride and diversity, and transgender rights.

Transgender Pride Flag

The Transgender Pride Flag was created by American trans woman Monica Helms in 1999,[4][5] and was first shown at a pride parade in Phoenix, Arizona, United States in 2000.[6]

The flag represents the transgender community and consists of five horizontal stripes: two light blue, two pink, and one white in the center.

Helms describes the meaning of the transgender pride flag as follows:

"The stripes at the top and bottom are light blue, the traditional color for baby boys. The stripes next to them are pink, the traditional color for baby girls. The stripe in the middle is white, for those who are intersex, transitioning or consider themselves having a neutral or undefined gender. The pattern is such that no matter which way you fly it, it is always correct, signifying us finding correctness in our lives."[6][7]

In the United Kingdom, Brighton and Hove council flies this flag on the Transgender Day of Remembrance.[8] Transport for London also flew the flag from London Underground's 55 Broadway Headquarters for the 2016 Transgender Awareness Week.

It was flown from the large public flagpole in San Francisco's Castro District (where the rainbow flag usually flies) for the first time on 19 and 20 November 2012 in commemoration of the Transgender Day of Remembrance.[6][9][10] The flag-raising ceremony was presided over by local drag queen La Monistat.[10][11]

On 19 August 2014, Monica Helms donated the original transgender pride flag to the Smithsonian National Museum of American History.[12]

In 2016, Santa Clara County became the first county government in the U.S. to raise the Transgender Pride Flag.[13]

Transgender Pride Flag variations

In addition to Monica Helms original transgender pride flag design, a number of communities have created their own variations.[1]

Black Trans Flag

A variant of the "Transgender Pride Flag" called the "Black Trans Flag" was created by trans activist and writer Raquel Willis. It has a black strip in the middle instead of the original white strip. Willis created it as a symbol to represent the higher levels of discrimination, violence and murder that the black trans community face in contrast to the larger transgender movement. It was first posted to her Facebook account.[14] And it was first used on 25 August 2015 by black transgender activists throughout the United States as part of the first Black Trans Liberation Tuesday,[15][16] Black Trans Liberation Tuesday was held in conjunction with Black Lives Matter, for the Black transgender women murdered throughout the year.

Trans Flag

In Ontario a flag known as the "Trans Flag", created by Ottawa graphic designer Michelle Lindsay, is used. It consists of two stripes, the top in Sunset Magenta representing female, and the bottom in Ocean Blue representing male, with a tripled Venus, Mars and Mars with stroke symbol ("⚧") representing transgender people, overlaying them.

The Trans Flag was first used by the Ottawa area trans community for Ottawa's 2010 edition of the Trans Day of Remembrance. This event included a ceremony in which the Ottawa Police unveiled and raised this flag.[17] The ceremony was repeated during the 2011 Ottawa and Gatineau editions of the Trans Day of Remembrance, this time joined by the Ottawa Paramedics, Ottawa City Hall and Gatineau City Hall also raising the Trans Flag during their own ceremonies. The list of groups doing official unfurling/raising of the Trans Flag in the Ottawa-Gatineau area as part of their Trans Day of Remembrance has grown each year.[citation needed] The Trans Flag has also been used as part of the Peterborough Pride Parade.[18]

Israeli transgender and genderqueer flag

Israeli transgender and genderqueer flag

A third design is used in Israel by their transgender and genderqueer community.[19] This flag has a neon green background (to stand out in public places) and a centred Venus, Mars and Mars with stroke symbol ("⚧") in black to represent transgender people.

Alternative transgender flag designs

Over the years several transgender flags have been adopted by various transgender individuals, organizations and communities. There have even been, and continue to be, alternatives to these flags suggested.[20]

Transgender Flag (Dawn Holland/Transgender Nation)

On 17 October 1991 the Queer Nation's transgender focus group, Transgender Nation, created a transgender flag which consists of a white background and a centred downward pointing pink triangle with a unique transgender symbol, designed by Dawn Holland, overlaying it in black.[21]

Transgender Pride Flag (Johnathan Andrew)

The Transgender Pride Flag designed in 1999 by Johnathan Andrew ("Captain John") of the trans male website "Adventures in Boyland" (1999-2004).

In 1999, San Francisco trans man Johnathan Andrew, under the moniker of "Captain John" on his female-to-male trans website "Adventures in Boyland", designed and published a flag for those within the transgender community that identify as trans. This trans pride flag consists of seven stripes alternating in light pink and light blue separated by thin white stripes and featuring, in the upper left hoist, a twinned Venus and Mars symbol ("⚥") in lavender. The repeated explanation of the color symbolism for Monica Helms's more well-known flag design is remarkably similar/almost identical to that of the description of Andrew's design on other pages. The original description for Andrew's trans pride flag read:

"And finally, an AiB Exclusive--the Transgender Pride Flag (c)1999. Yes, indeedy--it's about time we had our own symbol to represent the community, ain't it? Bears have theirs. Leathermen have theirs. Why can't we have ours? And might we say that we feel these designs, designed by your friendly neighborhood Captain, embodies all aspects of our identities. Whether we're transgender or transsexual, going from male (blue) to female (pink) or from female (pink) to male (blue), or just somewhere in between, both flag designs capture the subtlties and the strengths of our spirits (and the white accents in between the lines are the--supposedly--the little triumphs that happen upon us during our journies to become whole (the flag as a whole)). The lavender-colored sex symbol--not to be confused with The Artist Currently Not Known as Purple's symbol--can also designate FtM/MtF/or Intersexed/Both/Shifting. As you can see, both flag designs/symbols can be used to encompass all types of gender variation. Hell, who knows, maybe it just might catch on (and Cpt. John will be elated--even more so when he get [sic] credit for the design)."[22]

Andrew currently resides in Oakland and has recently commented about the design. "I designed this flag at the time because back then, there was nothing for us besides the standard rainbow flag, the bear pride flag, the leather pride flag. Before Google existed in the capacity that it does today, I deep-searched the internet to see if I could find a trans pride flag and found none, so as an artist/designer, designed one myself for our community. The flag itself was meant to represent the [trans] community as a whole, with the twinned symbol representing our journey and the qualities that we possess. I published the design on my site as "the first trans pride flag", and some trans sites picked it up. We were all a tight-knit community of sites back then, linking to each other through pride webrings. Though it was my desire, I never had the funds to get it produced."[citation needed][23]

Transgender Flag

Jennifer Pellinen's Transgender Flag

In 2002 Jennifer Pellinen created a transgender flag[24] she describes the meaning of her transgender flag as follows:

"The colors on the flag are from top to bottom. Pink, light purple, medium purple, dark purple, and blue. The pink and the blue represent male and female. The 3 purple stripes represent the diversity of the TG community as well as genders other than male and female."

Her flag is in the public domain,[25] and used by the UK based organization Wipe Out Transphobia.[26]

Trans* Flag

In 2012 Spokane Trans* created their own version of the transgender flag called the "Trans* Flag". They describe it on the Candiussell corner blog as follows:

"The top two stripes represent male (blue) to female (pink). The purple represents non-binary and genderqueer people (as the genderqueer flag colors are green, white and purple) the thin white stripe represents all people as well as the “line” trans* folks cross during their transition. Then the female (pink) to male (blue) along the bottom.[2]

Trans Kaleidoscope

In 2014 a new transgender flag known as the "Trans Kaleidoscope" was created by members of the Toronto Trans Alliance (TTA). It was raised at the first Transgender Day of Remembrance ceremony at Toronto City Hall on 20 November 2014. It was selected by TTA member for this occasion, via a vote, over Monica Helms' Transgender Pride flag and Michelle Lindsay's Trans Flag.[27] The Trans Kaleidoscope is described on the TTA web site as:

"The graded colours represent the range of gender identities across the spectrum with individual colours representing:

  • Pink: women/femaleness
  • Purple: those who feel their gender identity is a combination of male and female
  • Green: those who feel their gender identity is neither male nor female
  • Blue: men/maleness

The yellow circle represents those who are intersex.

The new white symbol with a black border is an extension of the Trans symbol with the male and female symbols, a combined symbol representing those with a gender identity combining male and female and a plain pole (with neither arrow nor bar) representing those with a gender identity that is neither male nor female, embodying awareness and inclusion of all."[28]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "History of the Pride Flag"". Retrieved 2 November 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Trans* flag". Retrieved 2 November 2016. 
  3. ^ A Storied Glossary of Iconic LGBT Flags and Symbols Matt Petronzio, 13 June 2014.
  4. ^ Brian van de Mark (10 May 2007). "Gay and Lesbian Times". Archived from the original on 6 September 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2016. 
  5. ^ Fairyington, Stephanie (12 November 2014). "The Smithsonian's Queer Collection". The Advocate. Retrieved 5 June 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c "Transgender Flag Flies In San Francisco's Castro District After Outrage From Activists" by Aaron Sankin, HuffingtonPost, 20 November 2012.
  7. ^ "The History of the Transgender Flag". point5cc.com. 23 April 2015. Archived from the original on 9 July 2015. Retrieved 9 July 2015. 
  8. ^ Council flagpoles now celebrate diversity and druids; The Daily Telegraph, 4 April 2011.
  9. ^ Wilkey, Robin (23 October 2012). "Controversy Erupts Over San Francisco's Famous Rainbow Flag". Huffington Post. 
  10. ^ a b "USA - Transgender Pride flag raised for the first time in the Castro". 
  11. ^ "FOF #991 – La Monistat Keeps it Fresh!". Feast of Fun. 
  12. ^ Kutner, Max. "A Proud Day at American History Museum as LGBT Artifacts Enter the Collections". Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  13. ^ "The Bay Area Reporter Online - Santa Clara is first county in US to raise trans flag". Bay Area Reporter. 
  14. ^ "Black Trans Flag". Retrieved 2 November 2016. 
  15. ^ Willis, Raquel (23 August 2016). "Black Trans Liberation Tuesday Must Become an Annual Observance". Rewire News. Retrieved 25 October 2016. 
  16. ^ Talusan, Meredith (26 August 2015). "Black Lives Matter Calls Attention To Killed Black Trans Women On National Day of Action". Buzzfeed News. Retrieved 25 October 2016. 
  17. ^ "Ottawa Police observe the Transgender Day of Remembrance". Orleans Star. 21 November 2010. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  18. ^ "Trans Flag web site". Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  19. ^ GoTrans. "יום הזיכרון בתמונות - Trans* memorial day in pictures". gogay.co.il. gogay. Retrieved 20 November 2009. 
  20. ^ "Putting Out the Trans Flags". Retrieved 3 November 2016. 
  21. ^ "Dawn Holland / Transgender Nation transgender flag". Retrieved 3 November 2015. 
  22. ^ "Wayback Machine: Adventures in Boyland". Retrieved 19 June 2017. 
  23. ^ "History of the Pride Flag". Retrieved 19 June 2017. 
  24. ^ "Transgender flags". Flags of the World. 
  25. ^ "Transgender flag info". 
  26. ^ "Why these colours/flag?". Retrieved 4 December 2016. 
  27. ^ "Trans activists clash over flag raising at Toronto City Hall" by HG Watson". Daily Xtra. 20 November 2014. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  28. ^ "Which Flag Should be Raised at TDOR?". torontotransalliance.com. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
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