Trần Đại Quang

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Trần Đại Quang
Trần Đại Quang.jpg
8th President of Vietnam
Assumed office
2 April 2016
General Secretary Nguyễn Phú Trọng
Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc
Vice President Đặng Thị Ngọc Thịnh
Preceded by Trương Tấn Sang
Minister of Public Security
In office
3 August 2011 – 8 April 2016
Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng
Preceded by Lê Hồng Anh
Succeeded by Tô Lâm
Secretary of the Central Police Party Committee
In office
30 August 2011 – 4 May 2016
Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng
Preceded by Lê Hồng Anh
Succeeded by Tô Lâm
Head of Central Highlands Steering Committee
In office
3 August 2011 – 31 July 2016
President Trương Tấn Sang
Preceded by Lê Hồng Anh
Succeeded by Tô Lâm
Personal details
Born (1956-10-12) 12 October 1956 (age 61)
Ninh Bình Province, North Vietnam (now Vietnam)
Nationality Vietnamese
Political party Flag of the Communist Party of Vietnam.svg Communist Party of Vietnam
Spouse(s) Nguyễn Thị Hiền
Education University of Security (BA)
Vietnam National University, Hanoi (LLB)
National Academy of Public Administration, Ho Chi Minh (PhD)
Signature
Military service
Allegiance  Vietnam
Service/branch Vietnam People's Public Security insignia.jpg Vietnam People's Public Security
Years of service 1972–2016
Rank General
Awards Vietnam Military Exploit Order ribbon.png Military Exploit Order (2011)
Vietnam Fatherland Defense Order ribbon.png Fatherland Defense Order (2011)

Trần Đại Quang (Chữ nôm: 陳大光, born 12 October 1956) is a Vietnamese politician, who is the President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, in office since 2 April 2016 and one of the country's top leaders. Previously he served as Minister of Public Security from 2011 to 2016, Vice Head of Committee on HIV / AIDS Prevention from 2011 to 2014. He is a member of the 12th Politburo of the Communist Party of Vietnam, in which he is ranked second, after General Secretary Nguyễn Phú Trọng.[1]

Childhood

Tran Dai Quang was born on 12 October 1956[2] in Ninh Bình Province, in what was then the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. His father worked as a fish catcher in the river, while his mother worked as a banana seller. They have six children, four boys. Later his father died. His mother struggled to raise children. Tran Dai Quang has helped her mother do a lot of farming. He is well known for his hard work, composure, composure and calm. He was taller than other kids and he was taller than his peers.[3]

Early career

He attended the People's Police School in 1972. From 1972 to 1975 he was a student at the School of Foreign Languages Department of Cultural Affairs (now the Ministry of Public Security). In 1975-1976 he served as an Officer in Political Protection Department I at the Ministry of Public Security. Beginning in 1978 he was an Officer in the Political Protection Department II at the Ministry of Public Security.

From 1982 to 1987 Quang served as Deputy Secretary, political Protection Department II, Ministry of the Interior; and was at the Security University from 1981 to 1986.

From 1987 to 1990 he was Head of staff office and head of professional office, Political Protection Department II, under Ministry of Home Affairs (now Ministry of Public Security). At the same time, he did advanced theoretical study at the Academy of Nguyen Ai Quoc (1989-1991).

From 1990 to 1996 Quang served as Deputy Secretary of Party Committee, Deputy Director of Staff for Security and Deputy Director General in charge of Security Staff Department, General Department of Security. He was also enrolled in the Hanoi University of Law (1991-1994).

From 1996 to 2000, he was a member of General Security Department Party Organisation, Secretary of Security Staff Department Party Committee, Head of Security Staff Department. He was a graduate student at Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics and Public Administration (1994-1997).

From 2000 to 2006 he was Deputy Secretary of Party Committee, Deputy General Director of the General Security, the Ministry of Public Security. Promoted to Major General in 2003; he was appointed associate professor in 2003 and he was appointed professor in 2009. Promoted to Lt. General in April 2007, from 2006 through 2011, Quang was a member of the Standing Central Police Party Committee, Deputy Minister of Public Security.

In 2011 he was Commissioner of Police Standing Party Central Committee, Deputy Minister of Public Security. In Congress 11th National Party was elected to the Party Central Committee, the Central Government is elected to the Political Bureau.

At the first session of the 13th National Assembly ratified the Prime Minister’s proposals on appointing the new cabinet. Lieutenant General Tran Dai Quang, a Politburo member, Deputy Minister of Public Security, was appointed as the new Minister of Public Security, replacing General Le Hong Anh.[4]

August 30, 2011: Tran Dai Quang was appointed as the new Secretary of the Central Police Party Committee, replacing Le Hong Anh[5]

December 5, 2011: The Minister of Public Security, Lieutenant General Tran Dai Quang, was promoted to the rank of Colonel General by President Truong Tan Sang. [6]

December 29, 2012: The Minister of Public Security, Colonel General Tran Dai Quang, was promoted to the rank of General by President. [7]

January 2016: The 14th Conference of the Party Central Committee XI was nominated as the new President. [8]

At the Congress of the 12th National Party was elected to the Party Central Committee, the Central Government is elected to the Politburo.

August 13, 2016: President Tran Dai Quang was appointed Head of the Central Steering Committee for Judicial Reform, replacing President Truong Tan Sang

Presidency (2016 - present)

Trần Đại Quang meets Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte, 29 September 2016
Trần Đại Quang and Russian President Vladimir Putin, 19 November 2016

The National Assembly elected Quang as state president on 2 April 2016 with 91 percent of the vote.[9] On June 28th, 2017, President Trần Đại Quang and President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko held talks in Minsk yesterday, reiterating their determination to bring bilateral ties to the next level. Quang stated that Việt Nam always attached importance to cementing friendship and co-operation with Belarus. For his part, President Alexander Lukashenko affirmed that his country considers Việt Nam an external priority in Asia, hailing the country’s efforts in hosting the Asia-Pacific Economic (APEC) Forum in 2017. The leaders showed their delight at developments in the countries’ co-operation across the board and asserted resolve to develop bilateral friendship and co-operation in a comprehensive, practical and efficient manner[10]. On August 29th, 2017, President Trần Đại Quang congratulated outgoing Cuban Ambassador Herminio Lopez Diaz on the latter’s successful term in Việt Nam while receiving the Cuban diplomat in Hà Nội. He said during his four-year tenure in Việt Nam, Ambassador Diaz became a trustworthy bridge linking the two countries’ Parties and State leaders and also became a close friend and effective partner of ministries, sectors, socio-political organisations and localities in Việt Nam[11]. On September 7th, 2017, Quang and Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi discussed measures to enhance bilateral co-operation in various fields during their talks in Hà Nội yesterday. The Vietnamese President informed the media about the results of his dialogue with President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, emphasising the importance of the guest’s state visit, the first of its kind since the two countries established diplomatic ties in 1963. They agreed to increase delegation exchanges, especially among high-ranking officials, while strengthening co-ordination at regional and international forums of the UN, Non-Aligned Movement, and Francophone International Organisation[12]. On September 22nd, 2017, President Trần Đại Quang has asked the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and the International Committee of the Red Cross (IRIC) to continue providing support for member organisations in Southeast Asia, including Việt Nam[13]. On September 27th, 2017, President Quang welcomed new foreign ambassadors to Vietnam. Welcoming Israeli Ambassador Nadav Eshcar, President Quang expressed his delight over the sound development of co-operative ties between the two countries, as demonstrated by President Reuven Ruvi Rivlin’s State visit to Việt Nam in March, Israel’s recognition of Việt Nam’s full market economy and the ongoing negotiations towards a bilateral free trade agreement. The two countries had also expanded co-operation in trade, high-tech agriculture, the security-defence industry and education and training, President Quang stressed. The Vietnamese leader suggested that both sides strive to finalize and sign the bilateral FTA in 2018 and implement measures to increase two-way trade to US$3 billion in the coming years. The Israeli diplomat highlighted that agreements signed between the two countries had created a framework to bolster bilateral ties, and that Việt Nam was an important partner. Receiving Bangladeshi Ambassador Samina Naz, Quang affirmed that Việt Nam cherished its traditional friendship and cooperative ties with the South Asian country. As the bilateral trade had become more robust, reaching $609 million in 2016, the President said he hoped that Bangladesh would import more Vietnamese farm produce, aquatic products and consumer goods while creating favourable conditions for Vietnamese enterprises to invest in infrastructure, power and telecommunications in Bangladesh. He said he hoped that Bangladesh would support Việt Nam’s bid for non-permanent membership on the United Nations’ Security Council for 2020-21 tenure and the Vietnamese candidate for UNESCO General Director Chair in 2017-21 tenure. Samina Naz pledged to do her utmost to enhance relations between the two countries, particularly economic-trade relations. In conversations with Finnish Ambassador Kari Kahiluoto and Austrian Ambassador Thomas Schuller Gotzburg, President Quang called on the two countries to push for the early signing and approval of the Việt Nam - EU Free Trade Agreement to open up new business opportunities for enterprises from each nation. Both the Finnish and Austrian ambassadors affirmed that their countries wanted to boost co-operation with Việt Nam across fields. In another reception for Cuban Ambassador Lianys Torres Rivera, President Quang stressed that the Party, State and people of Vietnam treasured solidarity and comprehensive co-operation with Cuba. He said that Vietnamese agencies would co-operate to create favourable conditions for the Cuban diplomat to fulfill his mission in the host country. The Cuban ambassador underscored that Cuba and Việt Nam had enjoyed rosy relations in the past years, especially politics. Cuba wanted to further collaboration with Việt Nam in various sectors, she added [14] On October 13th, it was reported that the party and state would increase inspections to detect and strictly deal with corruption cases, and speed investigation and prosecution of violators, President Trần Đại Quang told voters in HCM City the day before. Meeting with voters from Districts 1, 3 and 4 in preparation for the upcoming fourth session of the 14th National Assembly, the president said that thanks to firm directions from the Party Central Committee, Politburo, and the Central Steering Committee on Corruption Prevention and Control, as well as joint work by relevant agencies, serious corruption cases have been brought to the light. He stressed the need to promptly discover violations of the law and other negative phenomena, as also strengthen supervision of personnel and administrative work. Speaking about transport works under the Build Operate Transfer (BOT) model, he admitted there was lack of transparency in project approval and price appraisal. He also shared voters’ concern over unreasonable toll collection in several localities. "The Party Central Committee and Government have ordered comprehensive supervision over BOT projects, he told the voters. Regulations will also be adjusted to fix shortcomings," he said. Food hygiene and safety had been added to the list of fields that would be subjected to close scrutiny by the legislature, and the Government must report to the NA the outcomes of State management of this issue, he said. The President also told voters that the National Assembly planned to adopt five bills, give opinions on nine draft laws and discuss socio-economic issues and supervision over other important issues. President Quang said that in the amended Law on Complaints, different forms had been introduced and regulations on protecting complainants had been added. Meanwhile, in the revised Law on Corruption Prevention and Control, rules on assets filing and accountability for origin of assets had been extended. He also noted that the Party Central Committee’s sixth plenum had issued a resolution on continued renovation towards streamlining the political apparatus to make it more efficient and effective.[15] In keeping with his promise to establish Vietnam as a player in the international community. President Quang has diverted the majority of the countrys national defense budget to his personal account in the mobile war game Rise of Kings. Where he has promised to wage "a relentless campaign of browser based warfare against the enemies of the Party and the Vietnamese people." He has described opponents of his policies as being "Butthurt AF".

Honours

Personal life

Quang is married to Madam Nguyen Thi Hien,[20] who performs ceremonial functions as the First Lady of Vietnam. Quang in his personal time plays the mobile phone game Rise of Kings.

Books written

  • "Cyberspace - Future and Action", 2015[21]
  • The people have the strength to protect the National Security, 2015 [22]

References

  1. ^ "Party Congress announces CPVCC Politburo members". Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. 19 January 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  2. ^ http://www.chinhphu.vn/portal/page/portal/chinhphu/tieusulanhdao?personProfileId=1780&govOrgId=2856
  3. ^ "Cậu trò nghèo trường làng thành Chủ tịch nước". Báo Giao thông. 2016-04-04. Retrieved 2017-05-19. 
  4. ^ {{cite web | title = General Tran Dai Quang, a Politburo member, Deputy Minister of Public Security, was appointed as the new Minister of Public Security | publisher = National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
  5. ^ http://www.mps.gov.vn/c/portal/render_portlet?p_l_id=13515&p_p_id=vcmsviewcontent_INSTANCE_GbkG&p_p_lifecycle=0&p_p_state=normal&p_p_mode=view&p_p_col_id=column-2&p_p_col_pos=0&p_p_col_count=1&currentURL=%2Fweb%2Fguest%2Fct_trangchu%2F-%2Fvcmsviewcontent%2FGbkG%2F2102%2F0%2F17818&_vcmsviewcontent_INSTANCE_GbkG_categoryId=2102&_vcmsviewcontent_INSTANCE_GbkG_articleId=17818&_vcmsviewcontent_INSTANCE_GbkG_struts_action=%2Fvcmsviewcontent%2Fview&_vcmsviewcontent_INSTANCE_GbkG_cat_parent
  6. ^ "Thăng cấp bậc hàm Thượng tướng đối với đồng chí Trần Đại Quang (Vietnamese)". Tin moi. 
  7. ^ "Thăng cấp bậc hàm Đại tướng đối với đồng chí Trần Đại Quang". Ministry of Public Security of Vietnam. 
  8. ^ "General Tran Dai Quang, a Politburo member, Deputy Minister of Public Security, was nominated as the new President 2016-2021". National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. 
  9. ^ "General Tran Dai Quang named Vietnam’s new president". TUOI TRE NEWS. 
  10. ^ http://vietnamnews.vn/politics-laws/379095/president-tran-dai-quang-holds-talks-with-president-lukashenko.html#ZPlpkA721fpZbIIJ.97
  11. ^ http://vietnamnews.vn/politics-laws/392843/president-tran-dai-quang-receives-outgoing-cuban-ambassador.html#UrZOJvED447YVfsk.97
  12. ^ http://vietnamnews.vn/politics-laws/393336/vn-egyptian-presidents-enhance-ties.html#IccTFzXf3wYZDpDg.97
  13. ^ http://vietnamnews.vn/politics-laws/394319/president-urges-further-support-from-intl-red-cross-societies.html#GUY5QwZKrWgsTdzw.97
  14. ^ http://vietnamnews.vn/politics-laws/394499/president-quang-welcomes-new-foreign-ambassadors-to-viet-nam.html#ijMhM2dH3dTRrshf.97
  15. ^ http://vietnamnews.vn/politics-laws/405640/anti-corruption-fight-set-to-intensify.html#G96fxMZLEaqhoSOj.97
  16. ^ "General Tran Dai Quang received Fatherland Defense Order". Public Security News. 
  17. ^ "General Tran Dai Quang received Military Exploit Order". Public Security News. 
  18. ^ "President Tran Dai Quang received Jose Martin Order (Vietnamese)". NEWSPAPER OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIET NAM. 
  19. ^ "Tran Dai Quang received the order of national gold by Mr Phankham Viphavanh, Vice President of Laos". 
  20. ^ "Vietnam president appears in public for first time in more than a month". Reuters. Retrieved 29 August 2017. 
  21. ^ "Minister Tran Dai Quang publishes the book "Cyberspace - Future and Action." in 2015". 
  22. ^ "Minister Tran Dai Quang publishes the book "The people have the strength to protect the Fatherland." in 2015". 
Political offices
Preceded by
Trương Tấn Sang
President of Vietnam
2016–present
Incumbent
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