Tourism in Mongolia

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Tourism in Mongolia was extremely limited by the Socialist Government, but has been expanding following the 1990 Democratic Revolution in Mongolia in the wake of the collapse of the USSR and the Revolutions of 1989. Mongolia is a unique and relatively unexplored travel destination that offers a great combination of scenic natural features, a wide variety of untouched landscapes, nomadic life style and culture. Travel organizations in Mongolia date back to half a century ago, but the private sector-based tourism is barely twenty years old. Now Mongolia boasts 403 travel companies, 320 hotels, 647 resorts and tourist camps, all employing the graduates from over 56 educational establishments.[1] Mongolia takes an active part in United Nations World Tourism Organization, of which it is a member party.

Foreign tourist number

To boost foreign investment in tourism, the Government of Mongolia offers special tax exemption equaling up to 10 percent of the total investment if offered for construction of high-rated hotels and tourist complexes. Licenses for tourism business[2] were abolished and service provided by tour operators for expatriate visitors is now exempt from VAT. Standards and regulations are largely non-restrictive, with no complicated layers of bureaucracy issuing permission and exercising control.

A vivid example of the successful reform of the legal framework is the progressive increase of the number of visitors – the number reaching 450,000 in 2010 - tripling the 2000 estimate.[3] With one of the world's lowest population densities, the vastness of the Mongolian-Manchurian grassland, desert, as well as the numerous mountains, rivers and lakes offer plenty of adventure. Although backpacking is becoming more common, travel outside Ulanbataar is mostly arranged by tour operator companies.

Famous Naadam Festival

In January 2013, the Ministry of Culture, Sport and Tourism of Mongolia approved official slogan for Mongolia's tourism called “Go Nomadic, Experience Mongolia” [4] which, it believes, will properly position help boost tourism industry in Mongolia. However, after a year the Ministry replaced the official slogan to new "Mongolia - Nomadic by Nature.[5]

On March 5, 2014, during ITB Berlin 2014 exhibition in Germany, officials from the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism of Mongolia signed an agreement to become official partner country for ITB Berlin 2015.[6]

The Ministry of Culture, Sport and Tourism of Mongolia has been restructured into the Ministry of Environment, Green Development and Tourism in December, 2014 as a result of country's government cabinet change.[7]

Activity travels available include trekking, climbing, bird watching, horse riding, rafting, camel riding, yak caravan and overland motorcycle tours. Many of these tours focus strongly on ecology and wildlife, and almost all of them include the Gobi Desert as one of their destinations; apart from its numerous native animal species, the desert is famous for its fossilised dinosaur bones and eggs. Mongolia's lakes represent another good hiking destination, as do the Four Holy Peaks surrounding Ulaanbaatar or the Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park, in the Umnugobi.[8] The economy of Mongolia is expecting "unstoppable" growth as its natural resources are tapped,[9] which will enable further investment in infrastructure.


Most visitors arriving to Mongolia on short term basis for tourism were from the following countries of nationality:

Rank Country 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013
1  China 144,070 131,312 145,029 157,561 178,326
2  Russia 106,935 84,065 70,668 73,055 74,468
3  South Korea 74,985 57,587 47,213 45,476 45,178
4  Japan 22,582 19,985 19,277 18,282 18,178
5  United States 16,684 15,859 14,420 13,987 14,701
6  Kazakhstan 14,234 13,370 14,434 13,562 11,422
7  Germany 10,586 9,709 8,992 9,551 9,499
8  France 10,044 9,035 7,989 7,733 7,407
9  Australia 6,689 5,631 4,804 5,118 6,765
10  United Kingdom 6,012 6,161 6,148 5,758 6,391
Other 58,273 51,442 47,230 42,761 45,480
Total 471,094 404,156 386,204 392,844 417,815
Source: Ulaanbaatar Tourism Department[10][11][12][13]


The main festival is world-famous Naadam, which has been organised for centuries and is held on July 11 to July 13 in honor of the Democratic Revolution. Naadam consists of three Mongolian traditional sports: archery, long-distance horse-racing, and Mongolian wrestling. In 2013, The Ministry of Culture, Sport and Tourism of Mongolia published Mongolia Tourism Calendar of Events 2013, in which the Ministry collected all public events related to Mongolian tourism and culture.[14] Many events included in the calendar, which is also available for download online, are repeat events.

Other events include:

Hotels,Resorts and Travel Companies

Hotels in Ulaanbaatar

  • Shangri-La Ulaanbaatar
  • Hotel Mongolia
  • Sky Resort
  • Ramada Ulaanbaatar City Center
  • Holiday Inn Ulaanbaatar
  • Chinggis Khaan Hotel
  • Tuushin Hotel
  • Kempinski Hotel Khan Palace
  • Ulaanbaatar Hotel
  • Bayangol Hotel
  • Puma - Imperial Hotel
  • Best western Gobi's Kelso
  • Corporate Hotel
  • Discover Mongolia Travel
  • Amicus Travel Mongolia
  • Khongoryn Els travel company, Mongolia
  • Panoramic Journeys
  • Travel to Mongolia


Chinggis Khaan International Airport in Ulaanbaatar is the major international airport in the country, offering scheduled flights to and from Russia, China, South Korea, Singapore, Japan, Germany and Turkey.

See also


  1. ^ Ministry of Nature, Environment and Tourism, Mongolia
  2. ^ "Tourism in Mongolia | History & Facts About Mongolia Tourism 2020". Mongolia Tours. Retrieved February 6, 2020.
  3. ^ Mongolian travel directory
  4. ^ "Official Tourism slogan".
  5. ^ "Mongolian Tourism Ministry replaces slogan with new one in February 2014".
  6. ^ "Mongolian to participate as partner country for ITB Berlin 2015".
  7. ^ "New Minister of Mongolian Tourism Appointed".
  8. ^ Mongolian Travel Directory
  9. ^ "Mongolian Wolf to Be 'Unstoppable'". Moscow Times / Reuters.
  10. ^ "Statistics of Tourists to Mongolia" (PDF). Нийслэлийн Аялал. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  11. ^
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ [2]
  14. ^ Mongolia Tourism 2013 Calendar of Events is published
  15. ^ EZnis Airways halts its operation

External links

  • Discover Mongolia Travel
  • Bigges Tourism Information Website of Mongolia
  • Official Tourism Website of Mongolia
  • Official Tourism Website of Bayan-Ölgii, Mongolia
  • Official Tourism Website of Amicus Travel, Mongolia
  • Official Tourism Website of Samar Magic Tours, Mongolia
  • Official Tourism website of Khongoryn Els travel company, Mongolia
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