Toubou Front for the Salvation of Libya

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Toubou Front for the Salvation of Libya
جبهة التبو لإنقاذ ليبيا
Participant in Libyan Civil War, Post-civil war violence in Libya
Flag of the Toubou Front for the Salvation of Libya.svg
Active June 2007[1]–August 2011;
March 2012–present
Ideology Toubou nationalism
Leaders Issa Abdel Majid Mansur
Headquarters Oslo, Norway
Area of operations Southern Libya
Opponent(s) Libyan Army
Arab tribes (Zuwayya & Abu Seif)
Battles and war(s) 2008 Kufra conflict
2012 Sabha conflict
2012 Kufra conflict
2019 Battle of Sabha

The Toubou Front for the Salvation of Libya (Arabic: جبهة التبو لإنقاذ ليبيا‎; French: Front Toubou pour la Salut de la Libye) is a group created in mid-2007 to defend the rights and interests of the Toubou people in Libya. It is led by Issa Abdel Majid Mansur, a Libyan Toubou tribal leader, and has its headquarters in Oslo, Norway. The group, which had participated in the Libyan Civil War on the NTC side, was disbanded in August 2011, with the fall of Tripoli. Despite that, the group was revitalized in March 2012, with the aim of "protect the Toubou from ethnic cleansing", following early 2012 deadly clashes between Toubou and Arab militias in southern Libya, which caused the loss of hundreds of lives.

2008 Kufra conflict

In December 2007, the government of Libya stripped Toubou tribes from their citizenship, being accused on aligning with Chad in past wars, or of being Chadians, not Libyans (Toubous live at both sides of the common border). Tensions amounted along 2008, with Libyan officials urging Toubou tribes to depart to Chad, and finally exploited on 2 November 2008 in Kufra, when a protest against the exclusion of Toubou children from education and health care ended with the government local office on fire. During the next days, Toubous clashed with Zuwayya tribes, who were known for having been armed by the Libyan government during the war with Chad. Finally on 8 November, the Libyan Army intervened to stop the escalating violence encircling the town with troops and helicopters, and as of 14 November the clashes had ceased, apart from some minor skirmishes. On 10 November, Abdel Majid declared that the Toubou tribes could sabotage the Sarir oilfields near the oasis town, and denied that the clashes were between Toubous and other tribes, but against "regime troops".[2] On 20 November, a Toubou tribal meeting with Libyan officials was held in Kufra, which blame foreign media for distorting the incidents, rejected the TFSL as representative of the Toubous, defined Abdel Majid as "corrupt and irresponsible" and Muammar Gaddafi as "...the wise man of Africa, the founder of its unity and the strong advocate of its security, stability and freedom". Depending on sources, the final toll is believed to be between 11 and 30 killed, and a hundred wounded.[3][4]

Libyan civil war

During the Libyan Civil War, the TFSL and many Toubou militiamen joined the ranks of the NTC, fighting against the Libyan Army in southern Libya. In February 2011, forces commanded by Issa Abdel Majid Mansur briefly controlled Murzuq and Qatrun, being later repelled by Libyan government troops. Abdel Majid was tasked by the NTC in late 2011 on the issue of securing the borders with Chad and Sudan.[5]


  1. ^ "Factbox: Who are the Tibu?". Chicago Tribune (Reuters). 08-04-2012. Retrieved 2012-04-19. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ "In Libya, Toubou Tribes Threatening To Harm Oil Production". MEMRI blog (Al-Sharq Al-Awsat). 2008-11-11. Retrieved 2012-04-20.
  3. ^ "Libya seeks to downplay tribal violence in Kufra". The Daily Telegraph (WikiLeaks). 2011-01-31. Retrieved 2012-04-19.
  4. ^ "11 dead as violence erupts in Libya". Los Angeles Times. 08-11-2008. Retrieved 2012-04-19. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  5. ^ "1st Tebu Conference in Libya". Libya Herald. Retrieved 2012-04-19.
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