# Total bases

In baseball statistics, total bases is the number of bases a player has gained with hits. It is a weighted sum for which the weight value is 1 for a single, 2 for a double, 3 for a triple and 4 for a home run. Only bases attained from hits count toward this total. Reaching base by other means (such as a base on balls) or advancing further after the hit (such as when a subsequent batter gets a hit) does not increase the player's total bases. In box scores and other statistical summaries, total bases is often denoted by the abbreviation TB.[1][2]

The total bases divided by the number of at bats is the player's slugging average.

## Records

Hank Aaron's 6,856 career total bases make him the all-time MLB record holder.[3] Having spent the majority of his career playing in the National League, he also holds the NL record of 6,591 total bases.[4] Aaron hit for 300 or more total bases in a record 15 different seasons.[5] Ty Cobb's 5,854 total bases constitute the American League record.[6] Albert Pujols is the active leader and 9th all-time, with 5,640 TB through August 11, 2018.[7][8]

The single season MLB and American League records are held by Babe Ruth, who hit for 457 TB in the 1921 season.[9] The following season saw Rogers Hornsby set the National League record when he hit for 450 total bases.[10]

Shawn Green holds the single game total bases record of 19 TB. Green hit four home runs, a single and a double for the Los Angeles Dodgers against the Milwaukee Brewers on May 23, 2002.[11] The equivalent American League record is held by Josh Hamilton, who hit four home runs and a double (18 TB) for the Texas Rangers in a May 8, 2012, game versus the Baltimore Orioles.[11]

Dustin Pedroia is the only player to have hit for 15 total bases in an interleague game. Pedroia hit three home runs, a single and a double for the Boston Red Sox on June 24, 2010, in a game against the Colorado Rockies at Coors Field.[12]

The 2003 Boston Red Sox hit for 2,832 total bases in the AL; the National League team record for a single season is held by the 2001 Colorado Rockies (2,748 TB).[13] The Red Sox also have the record for most total bases by a team in one game: they hit for 60 TB in a 29–4 victory over the St. Louis Browns on June 8, 1950.[14]

Two players have hit for 14 total bases in a postseason game. Albert Pujols is the only player to accomplish this in the World Series, doing so for the St. Louis Cardinals in Game 3 of the 2011 World Series. Bob Robertson also achieved the feat while playing for the Pittsburgh Pirates in Game 2 of the 1971 National League Championship Series.[15] David Freese (50 TB in the 2011 postseason) holds the record for a single postseason, while Derek Jeter has the career postseason record of 302 total bases.[16]

The Boston Red Sox hit for 45 total bases in their 23–7 victory over the Cleveland Indians in Game 4 of the 1999 American League Division Series, a postseason record. The most total bases by a team in a World Series game is 34, by the Atlanta Braves in Game 5 of the 1991 World Series. They beat the Minnesota Twins by a score of 14–5.[17]

Ted Williams hit for a record 10 total bases in the All-Star Game when representing the American League in the 1946 edition.[18] The AL team hit for 29 TB in both the 1954 and 1992 editions of the All-Star Game, while the National League hit for their best ever (25 total bases) in the 1951 game.[19]

Among major league pitchers, Phil Niekro gave up the most total bases in a career (7,473),[20] while Robin Roberts (555 TB allowed in 1956) holds the single season record.[21] The record number of total bases allowed in a single game by one pitcher is 42, by Allan Travers of the Detroit Tigers.[22]

## References

1. ^ "Team Batting Game Finder: From 1988 to 2018, Playing for SFG, (requiring TB>=40), sorted by greatest TB". Baseball Reference. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
2. ^ "Giants 13, Braves 4". MLB.com. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
3. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for Total Bases". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 8, 2018.
4. ^ "Batting Season & Career Finder: Spanning Multiple Seasons or entire Careers, Playing in the NL, From 1871 to 2018, (requiring TB>=5500), sorted by greatest Total Bases". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 8, 2018.
5. ^ "Batting Season & Career Finder: For Single Seasons, From 1871 to 2018, (requiring TB>=300), sorted by greatest Seasons matching criteria". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 8, 2018.
6. ^ "Batting Season & Career Finder: Spanning Multiple Seasons or entire Careers, Playing in the AL, From 1871 to 2018, (requiring TB>=5500), sorted by greatest Total Bases". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 8, 2018.
7. ^ "Active Leaders & Records for Total Bases". Baseball Reference. Retrieved August 12, 2018.
8. ^ "Batting Season & Career Finder: Spanning Multiple Seasons or entire Careers, From 1871 to 2018, (requiring TB>=5000), sorted by greatest Total Bases". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 8, 2018.
9. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Total Bases". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 8, 2018.
10. ^ "Batting Season & Career Finder: For Single Seasons, From 1871 to 2018, (requiring TB>=425), sorted by greatest Total Bases". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 8, 2018.
11. ^ a b "Batting Game Finder: From 1908 to 2018, (requiring TB>=17), sorted by greatest TB". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 8, 2018.
12. ^ "Batting Game Finder: From 1908 to 2018, in Inter-league play, (requiring TB>=13), sorted by greatest TB". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 8, 2018.
13. ^ "Team Batting Season Finder: For Single Seasons, from 1871 to 2018, Total Bases>=2700, Standard statistics, Sorted by greatest Total Bases". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
14. ^ "Team Batting Game Finder: From 1908 to 2018, (requiring TB>=50), sorted by greatest TB". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
15. ^ "Batting Game Finder: In the Postseason, From 1903 to 2017, (requiring TB>=12), sorted by greatest TB". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
16. ^ "All-time and Single-Season Postseason Batting Leaders". Baseball Reference. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
17. ^ "Team Batting Game Finder: In the Postseason, From 1903 to 2017, (requiring TB>=32), sorted by greatest TB". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
18. ^ "Team Batting Game Finder: In the All-Star Game, From 1933 to 2017, (requiring TB>=8), sorted by greatest TB". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
19. ^ "Team Batting Game Finder: In the All-Star Game, From 1933 to 2017, (requiring TB>=22), sorted by greatest TB". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
20. ^ "Pitching Season & Career Finder: Spanning Multiple Seasons or entire Careers, From 1871 to 2018, (requiring TB>=6000), Stats only available back to 1908 and some partially complete., sorted by greatest Total Bases". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 8, 2018.
21. ^ "Pitching Season & Career Finder: For Single Seasons, From 1871 to 2018, (requiring TB>=475), Stats only available back to 1908 and some partially complete., sorted by greatest Total Bases". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 8, 2018.
22. ^ "Pitching Game Finder: From 1908 to 2018, (requiring TB>=35), sorted by greatest TB". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 9, 2018.