Toshiki Kaifu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Toshiki Kaifu
海部 俊樹
Toshiki Kaifu (File B).jpg
Official photograph
48th Prime Minister of Japan
In office
10 August 1989 – 5 November 1991
Monarch Akihito
Preceded by Sōsuke Uno
Succeeded by Kiichi Miyazawa
Minister of Finance
In office
14 October 1991 – 5 November 1991
Preceded by Ryutaro Hashimoto
Succeeded by Tsutomu Hata
Minister of Education
In office
28 December 1985 – 22 July 1986
Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone
Preceded by Hikaru Matsunaga
Succeeded by Masayuki Fujio
In office
24 December 1976 – 28 November 1977
Prime Minister Takeo Fukuda
Preceded by Michio Nagai
Succeeded by Shigetami Sunada
Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary
In office
9 December 1974 – 15 September 1976
Prime Minister Takeo Miki
Preceded by Seiroku Kajiyama
Succeeded by Hyosuke Kujiraoka
Personal details
Born (1931-01-02) 2 January 1931 (age 87)
Nagoya, Japan
Political party Liberal Democratic Party
(2003–present)
Other political
affiliations
Liberal Democratic Party (1960–1994)
New Frontier Party (1994–1998)
"Assembly of Independents" (1998)
Liberal Party (1998–2000)
Conservative Party (2000–2002)
New Conservative Party
(2002–2003)
Alma mater Chuo University
Waseda University
Signature

Toshiki Kaifu (海部 俊樹, Kaifu Toshiki, born 2 January 1931) is a Japanese politician who was the 76th and 77th Prime Minister of Japan from 1989 to 1991.[1]

Early life and education

Kaifu was born in Nagoya City, Aichi Prefecture, on 2 January 1931. He was educated at Chuo University and Waseda University.

Career

with the G7 leaders

A member of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), Kaifu ran successfully for the Diet in 1960 and served for sixteen terms totaling 49 years. He was education minister before rising to lead the party after the resignations of Takeshita Noboru and Sōsuke Uno, elected on the platform of "clean leadership." Kaifu became the 76th Prime Minister of Japan in August 1989, but his faction was too small to push through the reforms Kaifu sought, and the continuing repercussions of the Sagawa Express scandal caused problems. He resigned in February 1991 and was replaced by Kiichi Miyazawa.

In 1994, he left the LDP to become head of the newly founded Shinshinto (New Frontier Party). He supported Ichirō Ozawa's party until he returned to LDP in 2003. He was defeated in the election of 2009 by DPJ candidate Mitsunori Okamoto, which witnessed the end of almost uninterrupted LDP dominance since 1955. At the time of his defeat, he was the longest-serving member of the lower house of the Diet, and he was also the first former prime minister to be defeated at a re-election since 1963.

Honours

From the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia

  • Grand Cordon of the Order of the Paulownia Flowers (July 2011)

In popular culture

Kaifu is one of several world leaders depicted on the cover of Megadeth's 1990 album Rust in Peace.

References

  1. ^ "Toshiki Kaifu". Inter Press Service. Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  • KAIFU, Toshiki International Who's Who. Retrieved 3 September 2006.
Party political offices
Preceded by
Sosuke Uno
Director of Youth Division, Liberal Democratic Party
1966
Succeeded by
Takasaburo Naito
Preceded by
Takasaburo Naito
Director of Youth Division, Liberal Democratic Party
1968-1972
Succeeded by
Takeo Nishioka
Preceded by
Sosuke Uno
Chair of Diet Affairs Committee, Liberal Democratic Party
1976
Succeeded by
Shintaro Abe
Preceded by
Sosuke Uno
President of the Liberal Democratic Party
1989-1991
Succeeded by
Kiichi Miyazawa
New title Leader of the New Frontier Party
1994-1995
Succeeded by
Ichiro Ozawa
Political offices
Preceded by
Seiroku Kajiyama
Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary
1974–1976
Succeeded by
Hyosuke Kujiraoka
Preceded by
Michio Nagai
Minister of Education
1976–1977
Succeeded by
Shigetami Sunada
Preceded by
Hikaru Matsunaga
Minister of Education
1985–1986
Succeeded by
Masayuki Fujio
Preceded by
Sōsuke Uno
Prime Minister of Japan
1989–1991
Succeeded by
Kiichi Miyazawa
Preceded by
Ryutaro Hashimoto
Minister of Finance
1991
Succeeded by
Tsutomu Hata
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Kazuo Tanikawa
Youngest member of the House of Representatives
1960-1963
Succeeded by
Ryutaro Hashimoto
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Toshiki_Kaifu&oldid=823468789"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toshiki_Kaifu
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Toshiki Kaifu"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA