Toronto Pearson International Airport

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Toronto Pearson International Airport

Aéroport international Pearson de Toronto
Toronto Pearson Airport Logo.svg
YYZ Aerial 2.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Transport Canada
Operator Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA)
Serves Greater Toronto
Location Mississauga and Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Hub for
Focus city for
Time zone EST (UTC−05:00)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−04:00)
Elevation AMSL 569 ft / 173 m
Coordinates 43°40′36″N 079°37′50″W / 43.67667°N 79.63056°W / 43.67667; -79.63056Coordinates: 43°40′36″N 079°37′50″W / 43.67667°N 79.63056°W / 43.67667; -79.63056
Website www.torontopearson.com
Map
YYZ is located in Toronto
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Location within Toronto
YYZ is located in Ontario
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YYZ (Ontario)
YYZ is located in Canada
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YYZ (Canada)
YYZ is located in North America
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YYZ (North America)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
05/23 11,120 3,389 Asphalt/Concrete
06L/24R 9,697 2,956 Asphalt
06R/24L 9,000 2,743 Asphalt
15L/33R 11,050 3,368 Asphalt
15R/33L 9,088 2,770 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 47,130,358
Aircraft movements 465,555
Sources: Canada Flight Supplement[1]
Environment Canada[2]
Transport Canada[3]
Movements from GTAA[4]
Toronto Pearson Traffic Summary[5]

Lester B. Pearson International Airport, corporately branded as Toronto Pearson International Airport (IATA: YYZ, ICAO: CYYZ) (also known as Pearson Airport or Pearson), is the primary international airport serving Toronto, its metropolitan area, and surrounding region known as the Golden Horseshoe in the province of Ontario, Canada. It is the largest and busiest airport in Canada,[6] the second-busiest international air passenger gateway in the Americas,[7] and the 30th-busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic, handling 47.1 million passengers in 2017.[8] The airport is named in honour of Lester B. Pearson, Nobel Peace Prize laureate and 14th Prime Minister of Canada.

Toronto Pearson is located 22.5 kilometres (14.0 mi) northwest of Downtown Toronto, with the majority of the airport situated in the adjacent city of Mississauga, and a small portion of the airfield extending into the City of Toronto's western district of Etobicoke.[9] It features five runways and two passenger terminals along with numerous cargo and maintenance facilities on a site that covers 18.67 square kilometres (7.2 sq mi).[10]

Pearson Airport is the main hub for Air Canada.[11] It also serves as a hub for WestJet, cargo airline FedEx Express and as a base of operations for Air Transat and Sunwing Airlines. Pearson is operated by the Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) as part of Transport Canada's National Airports System,[12] and is one of eight airports in Canada with United States border preclearance.[13]

An extensive network of non-stop domestic flights is operated from Toronto Pearson by several airlines to all major and many secondary cities across all provinces of Canada.[14] As of 2018, over 75 airlines operate around 1,250 daily departures from the airport to more than 180 destinations across all six of the world's inhabited continents.[15][16][17]

History

In 1937, the Government of Canada agreed to support the building of two airports in the Toronto area. One site selected was on the Toronto Islands in Downtown Toronto, which is the present-day Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport. The other site selected was an area northwest of Toronto near the town of Malton, which was originally intended to serve as an alternate to the downtown airport but instead would become its successor.[18] The first scheduled passenger flight at the Malton Airport was a Trans-Canada Air Lines DC-3 that landed on August 29, 1939.[19]

During World War II the Royal Canadian Air Force established a Base at the Airport as a component of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan. The base RCAF Station Malton was home to several training schools and was in operation between 1940-1946.[20]

In 1958, the City of Toronto sold the Malton Airport to Transport Canada, who subsequently changed the name of the facility to Toronto International Airport.[21] The airport was officially renamed Lester B. Pearson International Airport in 1984, in honour of Toronto-born Lester B. Pearson, the fourteenth Prime Minister of Canada and recipient of the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize. The Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) assumed management, operation, and control of the airport in 1996, and has used the name Toronto Pearson International Airport for the facility since their acquisition.[22]

Terminals

Terminal 1 seen from the ramp

Toronto Pearson International Airport has two active public terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 3. Both terminals are designed to handle all three sectors of travel (domestic, transborder, and international), which results in terminal operations at Pearson being grouped for airlines and airline alliances, rather than for domestic and international routes.

A third public terminal, the Infield Terminal (IFT), currently acts as an extension of Terminal 3 providing additional bridged gates.

Terminal 1

Terminal 1 Check-in Hall
Inuksuk sculptures stand in front of the departures entrance at Terminal 1.

Measuring over 346,000 square metres (3,724,000 sq ft),[23] Terminal 1 is the largest airport terminal in Canada and the 12th largest in the world by floor space. Air Canada and all other Star Alliance airlines that serve Pearson are based at Terminal 1. Non-alliance airline Emirates also uses the terminal.

Terminal 1 was designed by a joint venture known as Airports Architects Canada made up of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP, Adamson Associates Architects and Moshe Safdie and Associates.[24] It contains 58 gates: D1, D3, D5, D7-D12, D20, D22, D24, D26, D28, D31–D45 (D32, D34, D36 also serve US flights and carry F designation), D51, D53, D55, D57 (also carry F designation), F60–F63, F64A–F64B, F65, F66A–F66B, F/E67–F/E81 (F68-F73 and F78-F81 serve both US and international flights but E74-E77 are international only), F91, and F93. Two of the gates, E73 and E75, can accommodate the Airbus A380.

Along with the standard customs and immigration facilities, Terminal 1 also contains special customs "B" checkpoints along the international arrivals walkway. Passengers connecting from an international or trans-border arrival to another international (non-U.S.) departure in Terminal 1 go to one of these checkpoints for passport control and immigration checks, then are immediately directed to Pier F for departure. This alleviates the need to recheck bags, pass through security screening, and relieves congestion in the primary customs hall.[25]

An 8-level parking garage with 8,400 public parking spaces (including 700 rental car spaces) [23] across from Terminal 1 is connected to the terminal by several elevated and enclosed pedestrian walkways.[21] There are five ChargePoint electric vehicle charging spots in the short term parking lot.[26]

Terminal 1 is home to the ThyssenKrupp Express Walkway, the world's fastest moving walkway.[27]

Terminal 3

The Grand Hall of Terminal 3

Terminal 3 is a 178,000-square-metre (1,916,000 sq ft) facility designed by B+H Architects and Scott Associates Architects Inc.[28] It is used by all SkyTeam and Oneworld airlines that serve Pearson, along with Air Transat, Etihad Airways, Sunwing Airlines, WestJet and all other airlines that are unaffiliated with an airline alliance (except Emirates, which uses Terminal 1). Terminal 3 has 46 gates: B1a-B1d, B2a, B2c, B3-B5, A6d-A6f, A7–A16, B17-B20 (Also, A17-A20 for transborder flights), B22-B29, C30-C36 and B37–B41.

A 5-level parking garage with 3,800 public parking spaces (including 600 rental car spaces) [23] is located directly across from the terminal along with the Sheraton Hotel, both of which are connected to Terminal 3 by an elevated pedestrian walkway.[21][29] There are five ChargePoint electric vehicle charging spots in daily parking.[30]

Since June 2018, the GTAA has used the Infield Terminal to act as an extension of Terminal 3 to provide additional bridged gates. Passengers on flights arriving or departing from gates at the Infield Terminal are transported by bus to/from Terminal 3.[31]

Infield Terminal

The Infield Terminal was originally built to handle traffic displaced during the development and construction of the current Terminal 1.[32] Its 11 gates (521 to 531) were opened gradually throughout 2002 and 2003,[33] and a business lounge was opened in 2005.[34][33] In 2009, the Infield Terminal (also known as the IFT) was closed for regular operations in conjunction with the official opening of the newly constructed Terminal 1. However the GTAA retained plans to reactivate the IFT for regular operations whenever necessary to accommodate seasonal or overflow demand.

Renovations were completed at the Infield Terminal in early 2018, and on June 5, 2018, the terminal was reactivated for summer operations by the GTAA to act as an extension of Terminal 3 with the purpose of providing required additional bridged gates. Passengers are transported by bus between Terminal 3 and the Infield Terminal.[31]

The IFT is also frequently used as a location to film major motion pictures and television productions.[35]

VIP Terminal

Skyservice FBO operates an 800-square-metre (8,611 sq ft) private VIP terminal at Toronto Pearson on Midfield Road, in the infield area of the airport.[36][37] The terminal handles most private aircraft arriving and departing at Pearson, providing passenger services that include 24/7 concierge, private customs and immigration facilities, personalized catering, showers, direct handling of baggage, and VIP ground transportation services.[36][38]

Infrastructure and operations

Runways

Toronto Pearson has five runways, three of which are aligned in the east-west direction, and two in the north-south direction. A large network of taxiways, collectively measuring over 40 km (25 mi) in length,[39] provides access between the runways and the passenger terminals, air cargo areas, and airline hangar areas.[40]

Cockpit view of runway 06R
Number Length Width ILS Alignment
05/23 3,389.4 metres (11,120 ft) 61 metres (200 ft) Cat. IIIa (05), Cat. I (23) East-West
06L/24R 2,955.6 metres (9,697 ft) 61 metres (200 ft) Cat. IIIa (6L), Cat. I (24R) East-West
06R/24L 2,743.2 metres (9,000 ft) 61 metres (200 ft) Cat. I (both directions) East-West
15L/33R 3,368 metres (11,050 ft) 61 metres (200 ft) Cat. I (both directions) North-South
15R/33L 2,770 metres (9,088 ft) 61 metres (200 ft) Cat. I (both directions) North-South

Airfield operations

Pearson is home to Toronto Area Control Centre, one of seven Air Control Centers in Canada, all of which are operated by Nav Canada. The airport's main control tower is located within the infield operations area. Pearson is one of two airports in Canada with a Traffic Management Unit (TMU) to control planes on the apron areas.[41] The TMU is located in the tower at Terminal 1.

Toronto Pearson Fire Rescue Unit 5

The Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) Fire and Emergency Service maintains 3 fire stations on the airport property, with a team of more than 80 firefighters that provide fire and rescue operations at Pearson. The fire service is equipped with 6 crash tenders as well as several pumpers, aerial ladders, and heavy rescue units.[42]

The airport's 115-member airfield maintenance unit is responsible for general maintenance and repairs at the airport.[9] From mid-November to mid-April, the unit is in winter mode armed with a $38 million snow removal budget.[43] The airport employs over 94 pieces of snow clearance equipment, including 11 Vammas PSB series[43] and 4 Oshkosh HT-Series[44] snowplow units, and 14 snow melters.[45]

Pearson Airport's Central De-icing Facility is the largest in the world, servicing about 10,500 aircraft each winter.[45] The six de-icing bays can handle up to 12 aircraft at a time and take between 2 and 19 minutes per aircraft.[46]

Cargo facilities

Toronto Pearson handles over 50% of total international air cargo in Canada.[47] The airport has three main cargo facilities, known as Cargo West (Infield), Cargo East (VISTA), and Cargo North (FedEx).[48]

The Cargo West facility (also known as the Infield Cargo Area) is located between runways 15L/33R and 15R/33L. It is a multi-tenant facility including three large buildings with 52,600 square metres (566,000 sq ft) of warehouse space, a common use cargo apron, vehicle parking, and a truck maneuvering area. A four-lane vehicle tunnel connects the Infield Cargo Area to the passenger terminal area of the airport.[49]

The Cargo East facility (also known as the VISTA cargo area) is located north of Terminal 3. The VISTA cargo area is a multi-tenant facility of several buildings organized in a U-shape, with 29,500 square metres (318,000 sq ft) of warehouse space and an adjacent common use cargo apron.[49]

The Cargo North facility is the Canadian hub for FedEx Express. The site occupies an area on the north side of the airport lands near runway 05/23, and is home to two buildings operated exclusively by FedEx with 32,100 square metres (346,000 sq ft) of warehouse space and a dedicated cargo apron.[49]

Other facilities

Pearson Airport has seven aircraft maintenance hangars, operated by Air Canada, Air Transat, Westjet, and the GTAA, which are used for line maintenance and routine aircraft inspections.[49] The airfield's north end has numerous hangars for personal private jets and charter aircraft, along with passenger facilities and maintenance services for them.[50]

The Greater Toronto Airports Authority maintains offices at 3111 Convair Drive, near the southeast corner of the airport. Gate Gourmet and CLS Catering Services both operate dedicated flight kitchen facilities at Pearson for airline catering services.[49] Aviation fuel (Jet A-1) is supplied by Esso Avitat and Shell Aerocentre, both located in the airport's infield area.[49]

Security

The Peel Regional Police is the primary law enforcement agency at Toronto Pearson.[51] The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) also maintain a Toronto Airport Detachment at Pearson which provides federal law enforcement services.[52]

The Canadian Air Transport Security Authority (CATSA) is responsible for security screening procedures at Pearson Airport. Other government agencies with security operations at Pearson include the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), and Transport Canada. In addition, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (CIS) also conduct operations at the airport to facilitate United States border preclearance.[53]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

Airlines Destinations Refs
Aer Lingus Dublin [54]
Aeroméxico Mexico City [55]
Air Canada Amsterdam, Antigua, Aruba, Austin, Beijing–Capital, Bermuda, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Calgary, Chicago–O'Hare, Copenhagen, Curaçao, Delhi, Denver, Dubai–International, Dublin, Edmonton, Fort McMurray, Frankfurt, Geneva, Grand Cayman, Halifax, Hong Kong, Houston–Intercontinental, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Milan–Malpensa, Montréal–Trudeau, Munich, New York–LaGuardia, Ottawa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Providenciales, Regina, Rome–Fiumicino, St. John's (NL), San Francisco, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Saskatoon, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Sydney (AU), Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tokyo–Haneda, Vancouver, Vienna (begins April 29, 2019),[56] Winnipeg, Zürich
Seasonal: Boston, Eagle/Vail, George Town/Exuma, Honolulu, Huatulco, Ixtapa–Zihuatanejo, Mumbai,[57] Newark, Portland (OR), Reykjavík–Keflavík, San Juan, Shannon, St. Maarten, Sydney (NS), Tokyo–Narita, West Palm Beach
[58]
Air Canada Express Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Charlotte, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Detroit, Fredericton, Hartford, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Kingston (ON), London (ON), Memphis, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Moncton, Montréal–Trudeau, Nashville, New Orleans, Newark, North Bay, Omaha, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Québec City, Raleigh/Durham, Saint John (NB), St. Louis, San Antonio, Sarnia, Sault Ste. Marie (ON), Sudbury, Thunder Bay, Timmins, Washington–Dulles, Washington–National, Windsor
Seasonal: Charlottetown, Gander, Mont Tremblant, Providence (RI), Savannah, Sydney (NS)
[58]
Air Canada Rouge Barbados, Bogotá, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Deer Lake, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Grenada, Havana, Holguín, Kelowna, Kingston–Norman Manley, Las Vegas, Liberia, Lima, Mexico City, Miami, Montego Bay, Nassau, Orlando, Panama City, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Port of Spain, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Québec City, St. Lucia–Hewanorra, St. Vincent–Argyle, Samaná, San Diego, San José de Costa Rica, Santa Clara, Tampa, Varadero, Victoria
Seasonal: Abbotsford, Athens, Barcelona, Belize City, Berlin–Tegel, Bucharest, Budapest, Cartagena, Charlottetown, Cozumel, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Kamloops, Lisbon, Manchester (UK), Nanaimo, Palm Springs, Porto, Prague, St. Kitts, San José del Cabo, Sarasota, Venice–Marco Polo, Warsaw–Chopin, Zagreb
[58]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle [59]
Air Transat Calgary, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Fort Lauderdale, Glasgow, Holguín, Lisbon, London–Gatwick, Manchester (UK), Montego Bay, Montréal–Trudeau, Orlando, Porto, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Samaná, Santa Clara, Vancouver, Varadero
Seasonal: Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Cartagena, Dublin, Edmonton,[60] Faro, Fort-de-France, Huatulco, Lamezia Terme, La Romana, Liberia, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Puerto Vallarta, Rome–Fiumicino, Saint Lucia–Hewanorra, Santo Domingo–Las Américas, St. Maarten (resumes December 22, 2018),[61] San José de Costa Rica, San Juan, Santiago de Cuba (begins December 19, 2018),[62] Split (begins June 20, 2019),[63] Tampa, Venice–Marco Polo, Zagreb
[64]
Alitalia Seasonal: Rome–Fiumicino [65]
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles (ends December 18, 2018),[66] Miami [67]
American Eagle Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Washington–National [67]
Austrian Airlines Vienna (ends April 28, 2019)[68] [69]
Avianca Costa Rica San Salvador [70]
Azores Airlines Lisbon, Ponta Delgada, Porto
Seasonal: Terceira
[71]
British Airways London–Heathrow
Seasonal: London–Gatwick
[72]
Brussels Airlines Brussels [73]
Caribbean Airlines Kingston–Norman Manley, Port of Spain [74]
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong [75]
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai–Pudong [76]
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou [77]
Condor Seasonal: Frankfurt [78]
Copa Airlines Panama City [79]
Cubana de Aviación Camagüey, Cayo Coco, Cayo Largo del Sur, Cienfuegos, Havana, Holguín, Santa Clara, Santiago de Cuba, Varadero [80]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Salt Lake City
Seasonal: Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul[citation needed]
[81]
Delta Connection Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK
Seasonal: Cincinnati
[81]
EgyptAir Cairo [82]
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion [83]
Emirates Dubai–International [84]
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa [85]
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi [86]
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan [87]
Flair Airlines Edmonton, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Miami
[88]
Fly Jamaica Airways Georgetown–Cheddi Jagan, Kingston–Norman Manley [89]
Hainan Airlines Beijing-Capital [90]
Icelandair Reykjavík–Keflavík [91]
Interjet Cancún, Mexico City [92]
Jet Airways Amsterdam, Delhi [93]
KLM Amsterdam [94]
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon [95]
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin [96]
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Seasonal: Munich
[97]
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore [98]
Philippine Airlines Manila [99]
Sunwing Airlines Antigua, Aruba, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Fort Lauderdale, Freeport, Holguín, Mazatlán, Montego Bay, Orlando, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Río Hato, Saint Lucia–Hewanorra, San José del Cabo, Santa Clara, St. Maarten (resumes February 28, 2019),[100] Varadero
Seasonal: Bonaire, Camagüey, Cozumel, Curaçao, Daytona Beach (begins January 29, 2019),[101] Gander, Grenada (begins December 16, 2018),[102] Huatulco, Ixtapa–Zihuatanejo, Liberia, Manzanillo (Cuba), Miami, Nassau, St. John's (NL), St. Petersburg/Clearwater, Stephenville, Saint Vincent–Argyle, Tobago (begins December 20, 2018),[103] Vancouver
[104]
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon [105]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk (ends December 31, 2018),[106] Istanbul–Havalimanı (begins January 1, 2019)[106] [107]
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil [108]
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, San Francisco (begins March 31, 2019)[109] [110]
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, Washington–Dulles [110]
WestJet Antigua, Aruba, Barbados, Bermuda, Calgary, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Charlottetown, Edmonton, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Grand Cayman, Halifax, Kelowna, Kingston–Norman Manley, Las Vegas, Liberia, London–Gatwick, Los Angeles, Montego Bay, Montréal–Trudeau, Nassau, New York–LaGuardia, Orlando, Ottawa, Port of Spain, Providenciales, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Regina, Saint Lucia–Hewanorra, San José de Costa Rica, Santa Clara, St. John's (NL), St. Maarten, Samaná, Saskatoon, Tampa, Vancouver, Varadero, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Barcelona (begins May 24, 2019),[111] Belize City, Cozumel, Curaçao, Deer Lake, Dublin, Glasgow, Holguín, Huatulco, Mérida, Miami, Nashville, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, San Juan, Sydney (NS), Victoria
[112]
WestJet Encore Boston, Fredericton, London (ON), Moncton, Montréal–Trudeau, Nashville, Ottawa, Québec City, Thunder Bay
Seasonal: Myrtle Beach
[112]
WOW air Reykjavík–Keflavík [113]

Cargo

Airlines Destinations Cargo Center
Cathay Pacific Cargo Anchorage, Hong Kong, New York–JFK VISTA
Cubana Cargo Havana VISTA
FedEx Express Calgary, Edmonton, Indianapolis, Memphis, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Montréal–Mirabel, North Bay, Sault Ste. Marie (ON), Sudbury, Timmins, Vancouver, Winnipeg FedEx
Korean Air Cargo Anchorage, New York–JFK, Seoul–Incheon Cargo West
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt Cargo West
Turkish Airlines Cargo Chicago–O'Hare, Istanbul–Atatürk, Maastricht VISTA
UPS Airlines Louisville VISTA

Ground transportation

A UP Express train approaching Terminal 1 station
The LINK Train approaching Terminal 1 Station
A passenger boards a TTC route 300B Bloor-Danforth bus at Terminal 1
A GO Transit coach at Terminal 1

Train

Bus

Taxi

Taxicabs and limousines can be accessed at designated taxi stands located outside of both Terminal 1 and Terminal 3. Only official airport-licensed taxis and limousines can legally pick up passengers at Pearson,[134] and all airport-licensed taxi and limo companies use GTAA authorized flat rate fares for travel from the airport.[135][136][137]

Rideshare

Transportation network company services Uber and Lyft are available at Pearson Airport. Designated rideshare pickup zones are located at both Terminal 1 and Terminal 3.[138]

Car

Toronto Pearson is directly accessible from Highway 427 and Highway 409 with Airport Road and Dixon Road providing local access to the airport.[139] There are 12,200 parking spaces available in parking garages adjacent to Terminal 1 and Terminal 3,[23] in addition to several other parking lots located in the immediate area.[140]

Car rentals are available from various major car rental agencies located in the parking garages adjacent to both terminals.[141] Car rentals are also available from off-airport car rental agencies located near Toronto Pearson Viscount Station, accessible from both terminals via the Link Train.[141]

Shuttle

Pearson is served by several out-of-town van and minibus shuttle operators which provide transportation from the airport to various settlements throughout Southern Ontario, and to select cities and towns in the American states of New York and Michigan.[142]

Proposed transit hub

In February 2017, the GTAA announced a proposed transit hub to be located across from Terminal 3 that would connect with Union Pearson Express and may connect with other transit lines extended to the airport like Line 5 Eglinton LRT and GO Transit Regional Express Rail.[143] This proposal would eliminate the Link Train connecting Terminals 1 and 3 with a bridge from the transit hub to Terminal 3 and another bridge connecting Terminal 3 to Terminal 1.[143]

Statistics

Annual traffic

Annual passenger traffic at Toronto Pearson International Airport
2003 through 2017
Year Total passengers % change Domesticc % change Transborderc % change Internationalc % change
2017[8] 47,130,358 Increase 6.3% 17,475,217 Increase 3.4% 12,855,891 Increase 6.6% 16,799,250 Increase 9.3%
2016[5] 44,335,198 Increase 8.0% 16,906,560 Increase 6.6% 12,054,296 Increase 8.1% 15,374,342 Increase 9.6%
2015[144] 41,036,847 Increase 6.4% 15,859,289 Increase 4.4% 11,154,435 Increase 6.2% 14,023,123 Increase 8.9%
2014[144] 38,571,961 Increase 6.8% 15,192,126 Increase 5.6% 10,506,070 Increase 6.8% 12,874,220 Increase 8.3%
2013[144] 36,107,306 Increase 3.4% 14,385,001 Increase 5.4% 9,838,121 Increase 3.9% 11,884,184 Increase 0.7%
2012[144] 34,911,850 Increase 4.4% 13,646,163 Increase 4.3% 9,464,858 Increase 5.4% 11,800,829 Increase 3.7%
2011[144] 33,435,277 Increase 4.7% 13,078,513 Increase 2.7% 8,979,103 Increase 4.1% 11,377,661 Increase 7.6%
2010[145] 31,936,098 Increase 5.2% 12,730,680 Increase 0.1% 8,628,851 Increase 6.9% 10,576,567 Increase 10.6%
2009[145] 30,368,339 Decrease -6.0% 12,730,047 Decrease -7.8% 8,074,027 Decrease -8.3% 9,564,265 Decrease -1.5%
2008[145] 32,334,831 Increase 2.8% 13,812,866 Increase 0.5% 8,805,898 Decrease -0.8% 9,716,067 Increase 10.1%
2007[145] 31,446,199 Increase 2.1% 13,744,155 Increase 3.3% 8,879,180 Decrease -0.3% 8,822,864 Increase 2.8%
2006[145] 30,794,581 Increase 2.9% 13,309,531 Increase 3.1% 8,906,324 Increase 1.2% 8,578,726 Increase 4.6%
2005[145] 29,914,750 Increase 4.5% 12,906,457 Increase 2.1% 8,803,505 Increase 4.5% 8,204,788 Increase 8.6%
2004[145] 28,615,981 Increase 15.7% 12,636,748 Increase 14.6% 8,422,537 Increase 15.1% 7,556,696 Increase 18%
2003[145] 24,739,312  –––– 11,021,760  –––– 7,316,287  –––– 6,401,265  ––––

Notes
  • ^c : For operational and statistical purposes, a distinction is made between "transborder" and "international" flights at Toronto Pearson and at any other airport in Canada with United States border preclearance. A "transborder" flight is a flight between Canada and a destination in the United States, while an "international" flight is a flight between Canada and a destination that is not within the United States or Canada, and a "domestic" flight is defined as a flight within the Canadian territories only.

Incidents and accidents

  • On October 3, 1959, Vickers Viscount CF-TGY of Trans-Canada Air Lines was written off when it landed short of the runway.[146] No fatalities among the 38 on board.
  • On February 10, 1960, a Super Constellation of Trans-Canada Air Lines was seriously damaged when it overran the runway after landing in bad weather. None of the 59 passengers and crew were injured.[147]
  • On June 13, 1964, Vickers Viscount CF-THT of Air Canada was damaged beyond economical repair when it crash-landed after the failure of two engines on approach.[148]
  • The airport's deadliest accident occurred on July 5, 1970, when Air Canada Flight 621, a DC-8 jet, flew on a Montreal–Toronto–Los Angeles route. The pilots inadvertently deployed spoilers before the plane attempted landing, forcing the pilots to abort landing and takeoff. Damage to the aircraft that was caused during the failed landing attempt caused the plane to break up in the air during the go-around, killing all 100 passengers and nine crew members on board when it crashed into a field southeast of Brampton. Controversy remains over the cleanup effort following the crash, as both plane wreckage debris and human remains from the crash are still found on the site.[149]
  • On August 30, 1970, Douglas C-47 CF-JRY of D G Harris Productions was damaged beyond economic repair in a storm.[150]
  • On June 26, 1978, Air Canada Flight 189 to Winnipeg overran the runway during an aborted takeoff, and crashed into the Etobicoke Creek ravine. Two of the 107 passengers on board the DC-9 were killed.
  • On June 22, 1983, Douglas C-47A C-GUBT of Skycraft Air Transport crashed on takeoff roll at Toronto International Airport while on an international cargo flight from Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, Ohio. Both of the crew members were killed.[151]
  • On August 2, 2005, Air France Flight 358, an Airbus A340-300 (registration F-GLZQ) inbound from Paris, landed on runway 24L during a severe thunderstorm, failed to stop, and ran off of the runway into the Etobicoke Creek ravine. The rear third of the plane burst into flames, eventually engulfing the whole plane except the cockpit and wings. There were 12 serious injuries, but no fatalities. The investigation predominantly blamed pilot error when faced with the severe weather conditions.[152]

See also

References

  1. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 19 July 2018 to 0901Z 13 September 2018.
  2. ^ "Synoptic/Metstat Station Information". Retrieved May 15, 2011.
  3. ^ "Airport Divestiture Status Report". Tc.gc.ca. January 12, 2011. Retrieved February 19, 2011.
  4. ^ "TORONTO PEARSON AIRCRAFT MOVEMENT" (PDF). Torontopearson.com. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
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External links

  • Official website
  • Malton: Farms to Flying Book by Kathleen A. Hicks - PDF
  • Past three hours METARs, SPECI and current TAFs for Toronto Pearson International Airport from Nav Canada as available.
  • Toronto Pearson airport data (at Airportsdata.net)


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