Tommaso Fiore

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Tommaso Fiore
Born (1884-03-07)March 7, 1884[1]
Died (1973-06-04)June 4, 1973[1]
Occupation teacher, writer, politician
Language Italian
Nationality Italian
Citizenship Italian
Genre essay
Subject land reform, politics, socialism
Notable works
Notable awards Viareggio Prize
Website
www.tommasofiore.it

Tommaso Fiore (7 March 1884 – 4 June 1973) was an Italian Meridionalist writer and a socialist intellectual and politician.[2] He's known for his attention and his descriptions and studies on the inhumane conditions of South Italy's and Apulian peasants at that time. He's also known for his Viareggio Prize-winning book Un popolo di formiche ("A people of ants"). In the 1920s, he was appointed as mayor (Italian: sindaco) of his hometown Altamura. During the twenty-year period of Italy's fascist era, he strenuously opposed the regime before being sent into internal exile in 1942 and then being jailed in 1943.

Life

And everywhere walls and walls, not ten, not twenty, but more, many more, horizontally aligned on the flanks of each relief, even a few meters away, to contain the ground, to collect and hold it among so much limestone. You may wonder how those people managed to dig and align so much stone. I believe this work would have frightened a people of giants. This is the most rugged and stony Murgia; [...] nothing more than the industriousness of a people of ants was needed in order to accomplish this massive work.

— Tommaso Fiore, Un popolo di formiche (1952)

Tommaso Fiore was born in a working-class family on 7 March 1884. After completing higher education in a seminary school located in Conversano (as it was normal at that time for gifted students who couldn't afford public high schools),[3] he studied classical literature at university and then he taught inside Italian classical lyceum schools. His interest were mostly focused on the poverty of South Italy's peasants and he struggled with his thoughts to find a solution to Southern Italy's economic failure (in Italian such scholars are called (in Italian)). He was also a strenuous socialist and he always fought for Independence and federalism of South Italy. He also studied the poverty and other issues related to Southern Italy's peasants. In 1920s he became mayor of Altamura, his hometown and he was a corageous opponent of fascism. He was sent into internal exile in 1942 and then jailed in 1943 because of his intense propaganda against fascism.[4][5]

On 19 August 1909, he also joined the Italian Freemasonry and he was appointed to the Masonic lodge number 1799 located in Altamura. On 7 February 1915, he was appointed as Master Mason.[6]

He collaborated with Italian newspaper La Rivoluzione liberale whose chief editor was Piero Gobetti, and with newspaper Quarto Stato founded by Pietro Nenni and Carlo Rosselli, where he explained his ideas about socialist reformation of South Italy.[5]

On 28 July 1943, he lost his son Graziano in the massacre of via Niccolò dell'Arca, in Bari, carried out by fascists. In the aftermath of World War II, he was appointed as Latin grammar and literature teacher at the University of Bari, where he also became Provveditore degli Studi ("Superintendent of Studies"). In 1952, his book Un popolo di formiche (which means "a people of ants") won the prestigious Viareggio Prize.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b http://www.tommasofiore.it/tommaso-fiore/68-tommaso-fiore-grande-maestro-e-meridionalista.html
  2. ^ Tanzarella, S. (2007). Gli anni difficili: Lorenzo Milani, Tommaso Fiore e le Esperienze pastorali. Christianoi : nuovi studi sul cristianesimo nella storia: Sezione moderna/contemporanea (in Italian). Il pozzo di Giacobbe. p. 187. ISBN 978-88-6124-003-2. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  3. ^ http://siba-ese.unisalento.it/index.php/itinerari/article/download/17489/14924
  4. ^ http://www.leccecronaca.it/index.php/2015/04/29/per-ristudiare-il-meridionalismo-di-tommaso-fiore/
  5. ^ a b c http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/tommaso-fiore_%28Dizionario-Biografico%29/
  6. ^ gnocchini-2005, p. 123

Works

  • Fiore, Tommaso (1952). Un popolo di formiche. Bari: Laterza. ISBN 88-87467-59-5.
  • Fiore, Tommaso (1955). Il cafone all'inferno. Torino: Einaudi. ISBN 88-88872-30-2.
  • Tommaso Fiore (30 October 1966). "Il sacco di Altamura". Intervento al Convegno Nazionale di studio su Gli albori del Risorgimento in Terra di Bari, indetto dal Comitato Provinciale di Bari dell'Istituto per la Storia del Risorgimento Italiano tenutosi a Bari nei giorni 29, 30, 31 ottobre 1966. Bari. inside Giuseppe Bolognese (1999). Zecher la chorban – Memoria del sacrificio. Tipografia Castellano – Altamura. pp. 59–82.
  • Tommaso Fiore. "Serie di articoli". La Rivoluzione liberale. Turin: Energie nove.

Bibliography

  • Gnocchini, Vittorio (2005). L'Italia dei liberi muratori. Rome: Mimesis. ISBN 88-8483-362-0.

External links

  • Exhibition of documents and photographs, by Altamuran association Il circolo delle formiche
  • Parco Letterario Formiche di Puglia dedicated to Tommaso Fiore
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