Tjalkadjara

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Tjalkadjara were an indigenous Australian tribe of Western Australia.

Country

The Tjalkadjara's tribal homelands lay northeast of Laverton as far as Lake Throssell. Their confines were in the vicinity of Darlot to the west, and to the north, around Lake Wells. Norman Tindale estimated their tribal lands as once having covered 11,300 square miles (29,000 km2).[1] Their neighbouring tribes were the Pini on their northeastern and northern flank; the Ngaanyatjarra to the northeast; the Mandjindja and the Nangatadjara east-southeast; the Waljen to their south, and the Kuwarra to their west.[2][3]

Resources

The water sources available to the Tjalkadjara were scarce and in good part thjey had to rely on what they could extract from the roots of eucalypts. They possessed a mine north of Laverton, at Taralguta, which was rich in solid red ochre that was much prized by other neighbouring tribes, and which formed an important part of their trading with others.[1]

History

The Tjalkadjara were eventually pushed out of their southern territory and forced to shift northwest to Darlot at the turn of the 19-20th centuries, as pressure was brought to bear on them from the Nangatadjara.[1]

Alternative names

  • Tjalkumara
  • Tjalkandjara
  • Tjalkakari. ( "come this way")
  • Wordako. (language name)
  • Tjalkani
  • Djalgani, Djalgandi, Tjalgandi
  • Erlistoun tribe.[a]
  • Dituwonga. (Waljen exonym).[1]

Notes

  1. ^ "I have not been able to obtain the name of the tribe occupying the country between Menzies and Lake Wells, including Erlistoun, Laverton, Duketon and other places in the Mount Margaret gold field."[4]

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d Tindale 1974, p. 257.
  2. ^ TTB 2016.
  3. ^ AIATSIS.
  4. ^ Mathews 1907, p. 364.

Sources

  • "AIATSIS map of Indigenous Australia". AIATSIS.
  • Mathews, R. H. (October–December 1907). "Languages of some tribes of Western Australia". Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society. 46 (187): 361–368. JSTOR 983478.
  • "Tindale Tribal Boundaries" (PDF). Department of Aboriginal Affairs, Western Australia. September 2016.
  • Tindale, Norman Barnett (1974). "Tjalkadjara (WA)". Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: Their Terrain, Environmental Controls, Distribution, Limits, and Proper Names. Australian National University Press. ISBN 978-0-708-10741-6.
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tjalkadjara&oldid=861503012"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tjalkadjara
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Tjalkadjara"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA