Titagarh

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Titagarh
Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
Barrackpore Trunk Road at Titagarh
Titagarh is located in West Bengal
Titagarh
Titagarh
Location in West Bengal, India
Titagarh is located in India
Titagarh
Titagarh
Titagarh (India)
Coordinates: 22°44′N 88°22′E / 22.74°N 88.37°E / 22.74; 88.37Coordinates: 22°44′N 88°22′E / 22.74°N 88.37°E / 22.74; 88.37
Country  India
State West Bengal
District North 24 Parganas
Region Greater Kolkata
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Body Titagarh Municipality
 • Chairman Prasanta Choudhary[1]
Area
 • Total 3.24 km2 (1.25 sq mi)
Elevation
15 m (49 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total 116,541
 • Density 36,000/km2 (93,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
700119
Telephone code +91 33
Vehicle registration WB
Lok Sabha constituency Barrackpore
Vidhan Sabha constituency Barrackpore

Titagarh is a city and a municipality of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is close to Kolkata and also a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA).

Geography

Cities and towns in the southern portion of Barrackpore subdivision in North 24 Parganas district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town,
N: neighbourhood/ administrative location
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Location

Titagarh is located at 22°44′N 88°22′E / 22.74°N 88.37°E / 22.74; 88.37.[2] It has an average elevation of 15 metres (49 feet).

96% of the population of Barrackpore subdivision (partly presented in the map alongside, all places marked in the map are linked in the full screen map) lives in urban areas. In 2011, it had a density of population of 10,967 per km2 The subdivision has 16 municipalities and 24 census towns.[3]

For most of the cities/ towns information regarding density of population is available in the Infobox. Population data is not available for neighbourhoods. It is available for the entire municipal area and thereafter ward-wise.

Titagarh is bounded by Barrackpore on the north, Khardaha on the east and south, and the Hooghly on the west.[4]

Police station

Titagarh police station under Barrackpore Police Commissionerate has jurisdiction over Titagarh municipal area.[5][6]

Map of Municipal Corporations and Municipalities.

Post Office

Titagarh has a delivery sub post office, with PIN 700119 in the North Presidency Division of kolkata district in Calcutta region. Other post offices with the same PIN are Bisalakshi Ghat, Bandipur, Bramhasthan and Patulia.[7]

Demographics

Population

Population of Titagarh 
Census Pop.
1901 16,065
1911 45,171 181.2%
1921 52,451 16.1%
1931 49,584 −5.5%
1941 57,416 15.8%
1951 71,622 24.7%
1961 76,429 6.7%
1971 88,218 15.4%
1981 104,534 18.5%
1991 114,085 9.1%
2001 124,213 8.9%
2011 116,541 −6.2%
Source:[8]


As per the 2011 Census of India, Titagarh had a total population of 116,541, of which 62,735 (54%) were males and 53,806 (46%) were females. Population below 6 years was 11,510. The total number of literates in Titagarh was 84,160 (80.13% of the population over 6 years). [9]

As of 2001 India census,[10] Titagarh had a population of 124,198. Males constitute 57% of the population and females 43%. Titagarh has an average literacy rate of 67%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 57%. In Titagarh, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Kolkata Urban Agglomeration

The following Municipalities, Census Towns and other locations in Barrackpore subdivision were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in the 2011 census: Kanchrapara (M), Jetia (CT), Halisahar (M), Balibhara (CT), Naihati (M), Bhatpara (M), Kaugachhi (CT), Garshyamnagar (CT), Garulia (M), Ichhapur Defence Estate (CT), North Barrackpur (M), Barrackpur Cantonment (CB), Barrackpore (M), Jafarpur (CT), Ruiya (CT), Titagarh (M), Khardaha (M), Bandipur (CT), Panihati (M), Muragachha (CT) New Barrackpore (M), Chandpur (CT), Talbandha (CT), Patulia (CT), Kamarhati (M), Baranagar (M), South Dumdum (M), North Dumdum (M), Dum Dum (M), Noapara (CT), Babanpur (CT), Teghari (CT), Nanna (OG), Chakla (OG), Srotribati (OG) and Panpur (OG).[11]

Migrants

The Jute Mills drew in a large labour force from the neighboring states of Bihar, Andhra Pradesh and Orissa, as well as eastern Uttar Pradesh, forming an overwhelming majority of the population in the area, living in shanty towns and bustees dotting the mill area. The proportion of migrants in the population was a stunning 90% in Titagarh [12]

Infrastructure

As per the District Census Handbook 2011, Titagarh municipal city covered an area of 3.24 km2. Amongst the civic amenities it had 34 km of roads and both open and closed drains. Amongst the educational facilities It had 85 primary schools, 10 middle schools, 10 secondary schools and 7 senior secondary schools. Amongst the commodities manufactured were jute, fertiliser and wagons. It had 4 bank branches.[13]

According to the Barrackpore administration, the facilities available at Titagarh include 80 km roads (65 pucca, 11 kuchha, 4 others), 80 km drains (50 pucca, 30 kuchha), 1 ferry ghat (Lakshmi ghat), 2 cinema halls (Lakshmi cinema hall, Sandhya cinema hall), medical centres (Titagarh Municipal Matrisadan, ESOPD, Health Admn Unit I, Health Admn Unit II) and 4 post offices/ sub post offices (Titagarh, Bramhasthan, Bisalaxmighat, Jeliapara).[14]

See also Cities and towns in Barrackpore subdivision

Economy

Industry

The Titagarh Paper Mills were set up at Titagarh and Kakinara in 1882.[15] The group consisted of two paper mills in West Bengal, along with several jute mills and other associated factories, including Kinnison Jute MIll, Titagarh Jute MIll No. 2, Standard Jute Mill, Empire Jute Mill, George Salter India, Britannia Engineering Works, a CESC generating station, and other facilities, most of which were located in Titagarh, and at one time held under and governed by a single managing agency. The Titagarh Paper Mills, long established as India's leading manufacturer of specialty papers, currency note paper, and newsprint, produced a total of 38,550 tons of paper in 1947.[15] The paper production facilities were extensively modernized and expanded between 1966 and 1974, to keep pace with the demands of India's burgeoning post-Independence press, and a third, leading-edge, paper mill of the TPM group was developed in Choudwar, Orissa, but the third paper mill was later sold to Ballarpur Industries Ltd.[16] The successor of Titagarh Paper Mills is Titagarh Industries Ltd.,[17] located in Kolkata and formed as an umbrella organization, which in 1994 acquired Titagarh Paper Mills and its related facilities in West Bengal. The diversified company now includes Titagarh Paper Mills,[18] Titagarh Wagons Ltd.,[19] Titagarh Steels,[20] and, in other locations, Continental Valves, TIL Valves, Tecalemit Industries Ltd., and Panihati Rubber Ltd. A brief about the industries in Titagarh follows.

  • Titagharh Industries Limited was incorporated in 2004. As of 2017, the directors of Titagarh Industries Ltd. are: Nandan Bhattacharya, Nikhil Kumar Barat, Ashoke Kumar Bose and Dinesh Arya.[21] As of 2017, Titaghur Paper Mills Co. Ltd. is in the process of striking off.[22] In 1998, Titagarh Industries Limited decided to spin off its steel and paper divisions into two different companies. In 2007, Titagarh Industries Limited changed its name to Titagarh Steels Limted.[23]
  • Titagarh Wagons Limited, established in 1997, is the second largest freight wagon manufacturer in India. It is headed by Jagdish Prasad Chowdhury, Executive Chairman of the company. It manufactures railway wagons, Bailey bridges, earth-moving and mining equipment etc. and a wholly owned subsidiary, Titagarh Marines Ltd. has forayed into ship building.[24][25][26]
  • The Empire Jute Co. Ltd. was established at Talpukur, Titagarh, in 1912. It employs around 3,000 people.[27][28]
  • Kinnison Jute Mill Co. Ltd. was incorporated in 1918. Kinnison Jute Mill was nationalised in 1980 and made a part of National Jute Manufactures Corporation Limited. It was closed in 2004 and after implementation of a revival scheme Kinnison Jute Mill was reopened in 2011.[29][30][31] The Union Cabinet, at a meeting held on 10 October 2018, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, gave the green signal for the closure of National Jute Manufacturers Corporation Ltd. (NJMC) along with its subsidiary Birds Jute and Exporters Ltd. (BJEL). NJMC had been incurring losses for several years and was under reference to BIFR since 1993. The Mills of NJMC which were proposed for revival, namely, Kinnison Mill at Titagarh, Khardah Mill at Khardah and RBHM Mill at Katihar were under suspension since August, 2016.[32][33]

There are a number of jute mills in the Titagarh area listed by the Jute Commissioner: Kelvin Jute Mill (Trend Vyapar), Titagarh Jute Mill (Loomtex Engineering) and Sunbeam Vanijya. These mills are not declared as closed[34] but they do not seem to be in operation. Information about these mills is not readily available.

KMDA

Titagarh municipality is included in the Kolkata Metropolitan Area for which the KMDA is the statutory planning and development authority.[35][36]

Transport

Kolkata new proposed metro route (Baranagar - Barrackpore)
Titagarh railway station

Barrackpore Trunk Road, now a part of State Highway 1 passes through Titagarh.[37]

78 is the most frequent bus in Titagarh which runs from Barrackpore Court to Esplanade via connect Titagarh. Besides many buses connect Titagarh to various neighbourhoods - 81/1 (Barasat to Rajchandrapur); S32, C28 and E32 (Barrackpore Court to Howrah) and S58 (Barrackpore Court to Salt Lake Karunamoyee).

Titagarh railway station on the Sealdah-Ranaghat line is 20 km from Sealdah Station.[38][37] It is part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway system.

Peer Ghat links to Maniktala Ferry Ghat (also popular as Sri Sri Radhaballabh Jiu Ganga Ghat) at Serampore. Lakshmi Ghat links to Mahesh Jagganath Ferry Ghat at Rishra.[37]

Education

The schools here are:

  • Titagarh A.G.M. High School, affiliated to West Bengal Board (Urdu medium)
  • Titagarh Angelo Vernacular High School, affiliated to West Bengal Board (Hindi medium)
  • Titagarh Free India High School, affiliated to West Bengal Board (Urdu medium)
  • Titagarh Arya Vidyalaya, affiliated to West Bengal Board (Hindi medium)

Culture

Annapurna temple

The Annapurna temple at Talpukur, Titagarh, was built in 1875, by Jagadamba Devi, youngest daughter of Rani Rashmoni. She was married to Mathur Mohan Biswas, who after the death of his first wife Karunamoyee, third daughter of Rani Rashmoni, married Jagadamba Devi. The temple was opened to devotees by Ramakrishna Paramahansadeb. The temple, located on the bank of the Ganges at Rasmani ghat, has many similarities with the Bhavatarini temple at Dakshineswar. it is a Navaratna temple.[39][40]

References

  1. ^ Official District Administration site Archived 2007-01-15 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Titagarh, India". Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  3. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4b. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  4. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Map of Barrackpore II CD Block on Page 379. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  5. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Table 2.1. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  6. ^ "Barrackpore Police Commissionerate". List of Police Stations with telephone numbers. West Bengal Police. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  7. ^ "Titagarh PIN Code". pincodezip.in. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  8. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  9. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  10. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  11. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomeration Having Population Above 1 Lakh. Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  12. ^ Goswami, Onkar, Calcutta’s Economy 1918-1970 The fall from Grace in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol II, edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, p 90, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-563697-X
  13. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803; Statement II: Physical Aspects and Location of Towns, Pages 791-794; Statement III: Civic and other Amenities, Pages 795-796; Statement IV: Medical Facilities 2009, Pages 803-805 Section: Educational, Recreational and Cultural Facilities. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  14. ^ "Titagarh Municipality". Barrackpore administration. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  15. ^ a b "History of Paper Technology in India". Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  16. ^ "Ballarpur Industries Limited (BILT)". Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  17. ^ "自分に合った風俗求人を見つけて高収入を得よう". Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  18. ^ [1]
  19. ^ Titagarh Wagons Ltd.
  20. ^ [2]
  21. ^ "Titagarh Industries Limited". Zauba Corp. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  22. ^ "Titaghur Paper Mills Co. Ltd". Zauba Corp. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  23. ^ "Titagarh Steels Limited [Merged]". ET Markets. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  24. ^ "Titagarh Wagons Limited". Business Statndard. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  25. ^ "Titagarh Wagons Limited". TWL. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  26. ^ "Wagon maker Titagarh forays into shipyard business". DNA India. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  27. ^ "The Empire Jute Co. Ltd". EJCL. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  28. ^ "Normalcy returns to Empire Jute Mill". The Times of India. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  29. ^ "Kinnison Jute Mill Co. Ltd". Zauba Corp. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  30. ^ "National Jute Manufactures Ltd". NJMC. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  31. ^ "Mills under suspension of work as on 26 June 2009". Jute Commissioner, Government of India. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  32. ^ "News Updates". PM India. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  33. ^ "Central government gives green signal to shut National Jute Manufacturers Corporation". Apparel Resources 11 October 2018. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  34. ^ "Indian Jute Mills". Locations. Jute Commissioner, Ministry of Tetlies. Retrieved 13 July 2018.
  35. ^ "Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authoity, Annual Report 2010-11". 1/1 Kolkata Metropolitan Area Map. KMDA. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  36. ^ "Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority, Annual Report 2010-11". 1 / 2 Role of KMDA. KMDA. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  37. ^ a b c Google maps
  38. ^ "31311 Sealdah-Kalyani Simanta Local". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  39. ^ "Shivshakti Annapurna Temple". Wordpress. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
  40. ^ "Shivashakti Annapurna Temple" (in Bengali). Temples of Bengal. Retrieved 24 March 2019.

External links

  • Kolkata/Northern fringes travel guide from Wikivoyage
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