Tino Sehgal

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Tino Sehgal
Born 1976 (age 42–43)
London, England
Nationality British–German
Occupation artist

Tino Sehgal (/ˈsɡəl/; German: [ˈzeːgaːl]; born 1976) is an artist of German and Indian descent, based in Berlin, who describes his work as "constructed situations".[1] He is also thought of as a choreographer who makes dance for the museum setting.[2]

Personal life

Sehgal was born in London and raised in Düsseldorf, Paris, and a town close to Stuttgart.[3] His father was born in British India, and was a member of the Punjabi Sehgal family, but "had to flee from what is today Pakistan when he was a child";[4] his mother was "a German native and homemaker."[5] He studied political economy and dance at Humboldt University, Berlin and Folkwang University of the Arts, Essen. He danced in the work of French experimental choreographers Jérôme Bel and Xavier Le Roy.[4] In 1999, Sehgal worked with the dance collective Les Ballets C. de la B. in Ghent, Belgium, and developed a piece entitled Twenty Minutes for the Twentieth Century, a 55-minute series of movements performed naked in twenty different dance styles, from Vaslav Nijinsky to George Balanchine to Merce Cunningham, and so forth.[3] He lives in Berlin with his two sons.

Career

The artist describes his works as 'constructed situations'. His materials are situations animated through references to art history and the participation of interpreters who use voice, reenactment, language, movement, dramaturgy and interaction to shape the experiences of vistors. He resists the production of physical objects in an extension of the logics of western conceptual art and as a part of his commitment to an ecological politics of production.[6] Sehgal's pieces are regularly staged in museums or galleries, and continuously executed by trained individuals he refers to as “interpreters”[3] for the entire duration of a show. The artwork is the constructed situation which arises between the audience and the interpreters of the piece.[7]

Untitled (2000)

Untitled (2000) or also called Twenty Minutes for the Twentieth Century, is one of his earliest works. A solo for a naked male dancer, initially performed by Sehgal himself and later by Frank Willens, Andrew Hardwidge and Boris Charmatz. In the work fragments of 20 dance styles form an idea of a canon of the history of 20th century dance practice. It cemented his interested in the frameworks of exhibitions by appropriating the idea of the historical retrospective in the space of the theatre.

This is good (2001)

For This is good (2001) a museum worker waves their arms and hops from one leg to the other, then states the title of the piece.[8]

Kiss (2002)

First exhibited at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, Kiss was his first work in an American museum. Presented in association with the MCA’s show "Collection Highlights," Kiss is a sculptural work— two dancers move together slowly through a series of postures reenacting images of kisses from classic works of art history;[9] the work appropriates the different amorous poses in Auguste Rodin's The Kiss (1889), Constantin Brâncuși's The Kiss (1908), Gustav Klimt's The Kiss (1907–08), Jeff Koons and La Cicciolina's Made in Heaven (1990–91) and various Gustave Courbet paintings from the 1860s one after the other.[10]

This objective of that object (2004)

For This objective of that object (2004) the visitor confronted by five people who remain with their backs to the visitors. The five chant, "The objective of this work is to become the object of a discussion," and if the visitor does not respond they slowly sink to the ground. If the visitor says something they begin a discussion.[11]

This is So Contemporary (2005)

In this work performers dance in a happy, emphatic way around visitors entering the exhibition space, singing, "Oh, this is so contemporary, contemporary, contemporary. Oh, this is so contemporary, contemporary, contemporary." The catchy melody and exciting dances left some of the museum visitors cheerful and dancing, themselves.

This you (2006)

In 2018, the Hirshhorn Museum acquired This You (2006), a piece of performance art featuring a solo female singer performing outdoors, [12] the performers themselves choose songs based on the mood they perceive the visitor to be in.[13]

This situation (2007)

ForThis situation (2007), Sehgal engaged the participation of a group of intellectuals. They occupied an otherwise empty gallery space and interacted with each other and the audience through discussions of a set of memorised quotes while moving in slow motion between different positions and postures from art history in a games-like form established by the artist.[14]

This Success/This Failure (2007)

In This Success/This Failure (2007) young children attempt to play without using objects and sometimes draw visitors into their games.[1][15]

This progress (2010)

Exhibited at the Guggenheim Museum, New York, the artist empties Frank Lloyd Wright's famed spiral gallery of all art work.[16] The museum visitor is met at the base of the spiral by a child, who asks a small group what they think progress is. As they begin their ascent up the spiral ramp the visitors continue their conversation until they are met by a high school student who picks up the conversation and asks further non-sequitur questions. Further still, they are met by a young adult and lastly an older adult who finishes their ascent to the upper-most point in the Guggenheim.[17]

This variation (2012)

For documenta XIII (2012) Sehgal orchestrated This variation, an immersive piece, developed with a group of dancers and the composer Ari Benjamin Meyers. The work places viewers in a nearly dark gallery among the performers who dance and sing acapella arrangements and improvisations of electronic music, using a score created by Sehgal to create an evolving dramaturgy and "an electrifying aural-spatial experience of pure, unencumbered imagination in action".[18]

These associations (2012)

In 2012, Sehgal was the 13th artist commissioned by the Tate Modern for its annual Unilever series. The first “live” work in the vast space, These associations consists solely of encounters between around 70 storytellers and visitors to the gallery.[19][20][21]

Exhibitions

Sehgal is the youngest artist to have represented Germany at the Venice Biennale (in 2005, together with Thomas Scheibitz). Sehgal had solo exhibitions at a number of important venues including the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam (2015); Museum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt (2007); the Institute of Contemporary Arts, London (2007, 2006, 2005); Kunsthaus Bregenz, Austria (2006), Kunstverein Hamburg (2006), Serralves Foundation, Porto (2005); Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven and Musée des Beaux-Arts, Nantes (2004).[6]

Collections

On the sale of his work, Sehgal stipulates that there is no written set of instructions, no written receipt, no catalogue, no pictures and no perceivable meaning.[1] The conversation that constitutes a Tino Sehgal sale consists of his talking to the buyer (usually a representative from a museum) before a notary and witnesses, generally with about five legal stipulations of the purchase: that the work be installed only by someone whom Sehgal himself has authorized via training and prior collaboration; that the people enacting the piece be paid an agreed-upon minimum; that the work be shown over a minimum period of six weeks (in order to avoid allegations of ephemerality); that the piece not be photographed; and that if the buyer resells the concept, he does so with this same oral contract. This means that his work is not documented in any way, apart from critical reviews both admiring and negative.[4][22][23] As of 2010, the "constructed situations" sold in editions of four to six (with Sehgal retaining an additional “artist’s proof”) at prices between $85,000 and $145,000 apiece.[3]

Sehgal's This Progress (2010) was the first live work to be acquired by the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum.[24]

Awards

  • 2004 – Bâloise Prize, Art Basel
  • 2006 – Shortlisted, Hugo Boss Prize
  • 2007 – Shortlisted, Preis der Nationalgalerie für Junge Kunst[25]
  • 2013 – Finalist, Turner Prize (for his “This Variation” and “These Associations” exhibitions)[26]
  • 2013 – Golden Lion for the best artist in the International Exhibition Il Palazzo Enciclopedico (The Encyclopedic Palace) in Venice Biennale 2013 (Central Pavilion, Giardini)[27]

See also

  • Debord, Guy (1957). Report on the Construction of Situations.

References

  1. ^ a b c Anne Midgette, The New York Times, Nov 25, 2007
  2. ^ Judith Macrkrell, The Guardian, November 27, 2013
  3. ^ a b c d Arthur Lubow (January 15, 2010), Making Art Out of an Encounter New York Times.
  4. ^ a b c Danielle Stein, "Tino Sehgal," GQ, November 2009.
  5. ^ Arthur Lubow, "Making Art Out of an Encounter," The New York Times Magazine, Jan. 17, 2010, p. 28.
  6. ^ a b Tino Sehgal, November 30, 2007 - January 10, 2008 Marian Goodman Gallery, New York.
  7. ^ TINO SEHGAL, March 6 – May 4, 2008 Magasin 3, Stockholm.
  8. ^ Alan Gilbert, "The Talking Lure", The Village Voice, Dec 4, 2007
  9. ^ "Annual Report Fiscal Year 2008". Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago. 2008. Archived from the original on 2011-08-09. Retrieved 2011-08-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  10. ^ Jörg Heiser Tino Sehgal Archived 2008-03-15 at the Wayback Machine Frieze, Issue 82, April 2004.
  11. ^ Lucy Steeds, Tino Seghal, Art Monthly, March 2005, pp28 - 29. Archived 2005-10-26 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ "Acquisitions of the month: August-September 2018". Apollo Magazine.
  13. ^ Taylor Dafoe (August 9, 2018), The Hirshhorn Museum Acquires Tino Sehgal’s ‘This You,’ Its First-Ever Performance Artwork artnet.
  14. ^ Tino Sehgal 2012, 17 July – 28 October 2012 Tate Modern, London.
  15. ^ Tom Morton Tino Sehgal Archived 2008-03-07 at the Wayback Machine Frieze, Issue 106, April 2007.
  16. ^ La Rocco, Claudia (March 2010). "Tino Sehgal". The Brooklyn Rail.
  17. ^ Alicia Desantis (March 12, 2010), At the Guggenheim, the Art Walked Beside You, Asking Questions New York Times.
  18. ^ Roberta Smith (June 14, 2012), Art Show as Unruly Organism New York Times.
  19. ^ Gareth Harris (July 26, 2012), Tragic event overshadows Tate Modern opening The Art Newspaper.
  20. ^ Alistair Sooke (July 24, 2012), Tino Sehgal, Turbine Hall, Tate Modern, review Daily Telegraph.
  21. ^ Adrian Searle (July 23, 2012), Tino Sehgal: These Associations – review The Guardian.
  22. ^ Tino Sehgal WIELS, Brussels.
  23. ^ Holland Cotter (January 31, 2010) In the Naked Museum: Talking, Thinking, Encountering.
  24. ^ Hilarie M. Sheets (January 22, 2015), When the Art Isn’t on the Walls: Dance Finds a Home in Museums New York Times.
  25. ^ guggenheim.org Archived 2008-02-25 at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ Allan Kozinn (April 25, 2013), Four Artists Named as Finalists for Britain’s Turner Prize New York Times.
  27. ^ June 1st, 2013 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-11-13. Retrieved 2014-02-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links

  • 2007 "Kultureflash" interview
  • 2005 Audio Arts interview
  • Frieze article
  • Frieze review of ICA show
  • The Independent review of ICA show
  • Sight and Sound profile
  • Art in America review of ICA show
  • Tino Sehgal at Fondazione Nicola Trussardi
  • "A Progress: Or, One Foot in Front of the Other" review of Guggenheim show from n+1
  • Tino Sehgal at the Aubette in Strasbourg
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