Timeline of the surrender of Axis forces at the end of World War II

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This is a timeline of the surrenders of the various armies of the Axis powers that marked the end of World War II. There are two lists: the first denotes surrenders in April–November 1945. The second one shows the surrenders of Japanese holdouts that only surrendered in the months, years, and even decades after the end of the war.

Table of surrenders

Country Forces it applies to Number of troops surrendered (if applicable) Commanding Officer Date surrender document signed (if applicable) Date surrender took effect (if applicable) Notes
Italy All forces of the Italian Social Republic 429,000 Maresciallo d'Italia Rodolfo Graziani April 29 May 1[citation needed]
Netherlands Kampfgruppen "General Seyffardt" of the 23rd SS Volunteer Panzer Grenadier Division Nederland in Halbe, Germany 500 Jürgen Wagner? May 1 May 1 Destroyed in the Halbe pocket
Germany Army Group C, in Italy and Western Austria nearly 1,000,000 Obergruppenführer Karl Wolff April 29 May 2, at 12:00 PM
Belgium (Flemish) 27th SS Volunteer Division Langemarck, at Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 6,000? Thomas Müller May 2 May 2
Latvia Components of the 15th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS, south of Schwerin, Germany c. 4,500 Karl Burk May 2 May 2
Germany/France/Other All forces in Berlin 480,000 (470,970 Germans, 30 French and 9,000 other foreigners) General der Artillerie Helmuth Weidling May 2 May 2, at 6:00 PM
Germany XXI Army and the Third Panzer Army at Hagenow, Germany 300,000 General der Infanterie Kurt von Tippelskirch (XXI Army); General der Panzertruppe Hasso von Manteuffel (III Panzer Army) Night of May 2–3 May 3
Netherlands Kampfgruppen "de Ruys" of the 23rd SS Volunteer Panzer Grenadier Division Nederland, west of Parchim, Germany 500 Jürgen Wagner? May 3 May 3
Germany 36th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS 700 None May 3 May 3
Germany Army Group H, in Northwest Germany, Schleswig-Holstein, Heligoland, the Frisian Islands, Denmark and other islands near Northwest Germany 880,000 Generaladmiral Hans-Georg von Friedeburg and General der Infanterie Eberhard Kinzel May 4 May 5, at 8:00 AM
Hungary 25th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS Hunyadi (1st Hungarian) and 26th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (2nd Hungarian), near Lake Attersee c. 29,606 (19,106 in the 25th, and 10,500 in the 26th) Józef Grassy May 3–5 May 5 Part of Army Group H
Germany U-291, U-779, U-883, U-1103, U-1406, U-1407, U-2341 and U-2356 257-306? (44-60? on U-291, 48-56? on U-779, 55-64? on U-883, 44-52? on U-1103, 19? on U-1406, 19? on U-1407, 14-18? on U-2341 and 14-18? on U-2356) Hermann Neumeister (U-291), Johann Stegmann (U-779), Johanes Uebel (U-883), Wilhelm Eisele (U-1103), Werner Klug (U-1406), Horst Heitz (U-1407), Hermann Böhm (U-2341) and Friedrich Hartel (U-2356) May 5 May 5 Surrendered in Cuxhaven
Germany U-2351 14-18? Werner Brückner May 5 May 5 Surrendered in Flensburg
Germany U-143, U-145, U-149, U-150, U-368, U-720 and U-1230 236-268? (25? on U-143, 25? on U-145, 25? on U-149, 25? on U-150, 44-60? on U-368, 44-60? on U-720 and 48? on U-1230) Walter Kasparek (U-143),

Friedrich-Karl Görner (U-145), Helmut Plohr (U-149), Jürgen Kriegshammer (U-150), Götz Roth (U-368), Wolf-Harald Schüer (U-720) and Hans Hilbig (U-1230)

May 5 May 5 Surrendered in Heligoland
Germany U-155, U-680 and U-1233 144-168? (48-60? on U-155, 48-60? on U-680, and 48? on U-1233) Friedrich Altmeier (U-155), Max Ulber (U-680), and Heinrich Niemeyer (U-1233) May 5 May 5 Surrendered in Baring Bay off Fredericia
Germany All forces in the Netherlands 120,000 Johannes Blaskowitz May 4 May 5, at 4:00 PM Separate surrender from the surrender in Northwest Germany and Denmark
Germany U-806 48? Klaus Hornbostel May 6 May 6 Surrendered in Aarhus
Other 17th SS Panzergrenadier Division Götz von Berlichingen, at Rottach-Egern 8,811 Georg Bochmann May 6 May 6
Germany Army Group G, in Bavaria 400,000 Hermann Foertsch May 4, at 2:30 PM May 6, at 12:00 PM
Germany All forces in Breslau 45,000 Hermann Niehoff May 6 May 6, at 6:00 PM
Germany/Soviet Union Twelfth Army and remnants of the Ninth Army, at Tangermünde c. 200,000 (195,000 German, 5,000 troops from the Soviet Union) Walther Wenck (12 Army) May 7 May 7 No commander for the 9th Army
Germany All forces in La Rochelle c. 22,000? Ernst Schirlitz May 7 May 7, at 11:45 PM
Germany/Italy All forces on the Dodecanese Islands c. 5,600 (more than 5,000 Germans and 600 Italians) Otto Wagener May 8 May 8, at 10:00 AM
Germany U-1198 44-56? Gerhard Peters May 8 May 8 Surrendered in Cuxhaven
Hungary (Germans) 18th SS Volunteer Panzergrenadier Division Horst Wessel, in Czechoslovakia 4,000? Heinrich Petersen May 8 May 8
Germany 1st Naval Infantry Division, along the Oder 2,000? Wilhelm Bleckwenn May 8 May 8
Germany 2nd Naval Infantry Division, in Schleswig-Holstein 2,000? Werner-Graf von Bassewitz-Levetzow May 8 May 8
Germany 6th Parachute Division Unknown Hermann Plocher May 8 May 8
Germany 7th Parachute Division, in Oldenburg Unknown Wolfgang Erdmann May 8 May 8
Germany 1st Fallschirm-Panzer Division Hermann Göring, in Dresden 5,000? Max Lemke May 8 May 8
Germany 32nd SS Volunteer Grenadier Division 30 Januar, in Tangermünde 5,000? Hans Kempin May 8 May 8
Germany 38th SS Division Nibelungen, in Alpen-Donau, Germany 6,000? Martin Strange May 8 May 8
Germany 4th SS Polizei Panzergrenadier Division, along the Elbe River c. 9,000? Walter Harzer May 8 May 8
Germany 35th SS and Police Grenadier Division, along the Elbe Unknown None May 8 May 8 Commanding officer killed on April 25
Germany 10th Parachute Division, in Austria Unknown Hans Kreysing May 8 May 8
Russia (Cossacks) XV SS Cossack Cavalry Corps in Austria 50,000 Hermann von Pannwitz May 8 May 8
Hungary (German) 31st SS Volunteer Grenadier Division, in Czechoslovakia 10,000? Wilhelm Trabandt May 8 May 8
Germany 16th SS Panzergrenadier Division Reichsführer-SS, in Klagenfurt, Austria c. 14,000? Otto Baum May 8 May 8
Germany 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen, in Linz, Austria c. 6,000? Sylvester Stadler May 8 May 8
Germany 6th SS Mountain Division Nord, in Austria c. 2,000 Franz Schreiber May 8 May 8
Germany 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend, in Enns, Austria c. 10,000 Hugo Kraas May 8 May 8 Made up the bulk of the I SS Panzer Corps
India Indian Legion, near Lake Constance 2,000 unknown May 8? May 8?
Germany 10th SS Panzer Division Frundsberg, in Teplice, Czechoslovakia c. 15,000? Franz Roestel May 8 May 8
Germany All forces in Norway c. 400,000 Franz Böhme May 8 May 8, at 11:00 PM
Germany All German forces N/A Wilhelm Keitel May 7 May 9, at 12:01 AM
Netherlands Most of the 34th SS Volunteer Grenadier Division Landstorm Nederland, near Oosterbeek 5,956 Martin Kohlroser May 9 May 9
Germany U-1194 48-56? Herbert Zeissler May 9 May 9 Surrendered in Cuxhaven
Germany U-510 48? Alfred Eick May 9 May 9 Surrendered in St. Nazaire
Germany All forces on Jersey 11,671 Vice Admiral Friedrich Hüffmeier May 9 May 9, at 10:00 AM
Hungary 37th SS Volunteer Cavalry Division Lützow, in Steyr 180 Karl Gesele May 9 May 9
Germany 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler, in Steyr, Austria c. 1,600 SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Waffen-SS Otto Kumm May 9 May 9 Made up part of the I SS Panzer Corps
Various 5th SS Panzer Division Wiking, in Czechoslovakia c. 14,000? Karl Ullrich May 9 May 9
Germany 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich, in Czechoslovakia c. 2,000? SS-Standartenführer Karl Kreutz May 9 May 9
Germany 3rd SS Panzer Division Totenkopf, in Czechoslovakia c. 1,000 Hellmuth Becker May 9 May 9
Yugoslav and Italian Germans 24th Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Karstjäger, in Yugoslavia c. 3,000 Adolf Wagner May 9 May 9
Germany All forces in the Heiligenbeil Pocket, the Danzig beachhead, the Hel Peninsula, and in the Vistula Delta c. 100,000[1] Dietrich von Saucken May 9 May 9, at 11:00 AM
Germany All forces in Dunkirk 20,000 Friedrich Frisius May 9 May 9, at 4:00 PM
Germany All forces in Bornholm c. 12,000 Gerhard von Kamptz May 9 May 9, at 4:30 PM
Germany U-1272 44-52? Hans Schatteburg May 10 May 10 Surrendered in Bergen
Germany/Latvia Army Group Courland, in the Courland Pocket c. 180,000 (165,000 Germans, 15,000 Latvians)[1] Carl Hilpert May 10 May 10
Germany All forces in Lorient c. 2,000? General Wilhelm Fahrmbacher May 10 May 10
Germany U-249 44-60? Uwe Kock May 10 May 10 Surrendered in Portland, United Kingdom
Germany U-1009, U-1058, U-1105 and U-1305 180-216? Dietrich Zehle (U-1009), Hermann Bruder (U-1058), Hans-Joachim Schwarz (U-1105) and Helmuth Christiansen (U-1305) May 10 May 10 Surrendered in Loch Eriboll
Germany U-1023 44-52? Heinrich-Andreas Schroeteler May 10 May 10 Surrendered in Weymouth, Dorset
Germany 16 crew members on U-877 off Bergen 16 N/A May 10 May 10 the rest continued on to Argentina
Germany All forces on Sark 281 Vice Admiral Friedrich Hüffmeier May 9 May 10
Galicia (Ukrainians) 1st Ukrainian Division of the Ukrainian National Army, in Italy 25,000? Pavlo Shandruk May 10 May 10
Croatia 373rd (Croatian) Infantry Division, west of Sisak 2,000? Hans Gravenstein May 10 May 10
Estonia Most of the 20th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS, at Mělník, Czechoslovakia 7,000? Berthold Maack May 11 May 11 Part of the III Panzer Corps
Estonia Elements of the 20th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Estonian), in Czechoslovakia 3,000 unknown May 11 May 11
Germany All forces in Saint-Nazaire 28,000 Major General Werner Junck May 10 May 11
Germany Army Group Centre c. 580,000[1] Ferdinand Schörner May 11 May 11 Schörner himself surrendered days later.
Germany U-293, U-802 and U-826 140-164? Erich Steinbrink (U-293), Helmut Schmoeckel (U-802) and Olaf Lübcke May 11 May 11 Surrendered in Loch Eriboll
Germany U-3008 57? Helmut Manseck May 11 May 11 Surrendered in Kiel
Croatia 369th (Croatian) Infantry Division, near Bleiburg, Austria c. 2,000 Fritz Neidholdt May 11 May 11
Germans from various areas 7th SS Volunteer Mountain Division Prinz Eugen, in Celje, Slovenia 20,000? August Schmidthuber May 11 May 11
Germany All forces on Crete 10,000 General Hans-Georg Benthack May 10 May 12 Unconfirmed sources put the date in June
Croatia 13th Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Handschar (1st Croatian) 12,000? Desiderius Hampel May 12 May 12
Germany All forces on Guernsey 11,755 VIce Admiral Friedrich Hüffmeier May 9 May 12, at 2:00 PM
Germany All forces under Carl Friedrich von Pückler-Burghauss c. 6,000[1] Carl Friedrich von Pückler-Burghauss May 12 May 12
Germany U-1109 44-52? Friedrich von Riesen May 12 May 12 Surrendered in Loch Eriboll
Germany U-218 44? Rupprecht Stock May 12 May 12 Surrendered in Bergen
Germany U-485 and U-541 92-108? (44-60? on U-485 and 48 on U-541) Friedrich Lutz (U-485) and Kurt Petersen (U-541) May 12 May 12 Surrendered in Gibraltar
Germany U-532, U-825, U-956 and U-1231 184-216? Ottoheinrich Junker (U-532), Gerhard Stoelker (U-825), Hans-Dieter Mohs (U-956) and Helmut Wicke (U-1231) May 13 May 13 Surrendered in Loch Eriboll
Germany U-739 44-60? Johannes Ney May 13 May 13 Surrendered in Emden, Germany
Germany U-1102 44-57? Erwin Sell May 13 May 13 Surrendered in Hohwacht Bay
Germany U-889 48? Friedrich Braeucker May 13 May 13 Surrendered in Shelbourne, Canada
Russia Russian Liberation Army (1st Division) c. 20,000[1] Sergei Bunyachenko May 14 May 14 Ordered to disband.
Germany U-244, U-516, U-764 and U-1010 180-220? Hans-Peter Mackeprang (U-244), Friedrich Petran (U-516), Hanskurt von Bremen (U-764) and Günther Strauch (U-1010) May 14 May 14 Surrendered in Loch Eriboll
Germany U-1110 44-52? Joachim-Walter Bach May 14 May 14 Surrendered in List auf Sylt
Germany U-1005 44-52? Hermann Lauth May 14 May 14 Surrendered in Bergen
Germany U-2326 14-18? Karl Jobst May 14 May 14 Surrendered in Dundee
Germany U-190 48? Hans-Erwin Reith May 14 May 14 Surrendered in the Bay of Bulls
Germany U-858 48? Thilo Bode May 14 May 14 Surrendered in Lewes, Delaware
Germany Army Group E c. 13,000[1] Alexander Löhr May 14 May 14 See Battle of Slivice
Germany U-805 48? Richard Bernardelli May 15 May 15 Surrendered in Portsmouth, New Hampshire
Germany U-901 48-56? Hans Schrenk May 15 May 15 Surrendered in Stavanger
Germany U-2336 14-18? Emil Klusmeier May 15 May 15 Surrendered in Kiel
Germany/Croatia/Slovenia/Montenegro A large column in Poljana, Prevalje 29,650 (1,000? Germans, 15,250? Croatians, 11,400 Slovenes, and 2,000 Montenegrins) N/A May 15 May 15, at 4 PM See Battle of Poljana
Germany All forces on Alderney 3,202 Vice Admiral Friedrich Hüffmeier May 16 May 16
Germany U-776 48-56? Lothar Martin May 16 May 16 Surrendered in Portland, United Kingdom
Germany U-873 55-64? Friedrich Steinhoff May 16 May 16 Surrendered in Portsmouth, New Hampshire
Germany U-255 44-60? Helmut Heinrich May 17 May 17 Surrendered in Loch Eriboll
Germany U-1228 48? Friedrich-Wilhelm Marienfeld May 17 May 17 Surrendered in Portsmouth, New Hampshire
Croatia Remnants of the 13th Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Handschar (1st Croatian), in Austria see previous section on this division N/A May 18 May 18
Germany U-234 12 Johann-Heinrich Fehler May 19 May 19 Surrendered in Portsmouth, New Hampshire
Georgia Georgian Legion on Texel 226[1] None (their commander, Shalva Loladze, was killed on April 23) May 20 May 20 see Georgian uprising on Texel

for more details

Germany All German forces on Texel 4,000[1] Klaus Breitner May 20 May 20 Fighting against the Georgian Legion
Germany A small company of soldiers on Minquiers reef[citation needed] 80? N/A May 23 May 23
Croatia Remnants of Croatian forces, in Odžak c. 1,800? N/A May 25 May 25 Some soldiers became guerrillas and fought until spring 1947. Everyone else was KIA. See Battle of Odžak for more details
Germany U-530 48? Otto Wermuth July 10 July 10 Surrendered at Mar del Plata
Germany U-977 28-44? Heinz Schäffer August 17 August 17 Surrendered at Mar del Plata (16 left the ship)
Japan All forces on Bougainville Island 21,335[2] Hitoshi Imamura August 21 August 21
Japan All forces in Manchuria 1,950,479[2] Otozō Yamada August 22 August 22
Japan All forces on Mili Atoll c. 2,282[3] Navy Captain Masanori Shiga August 22 August 22
Japan Air force personnel in central Bukidnon 4,000[2] Unknown August 23 August 23
Japan All forces on Shumshu 8,244 Tsutsumi Fusaki August 23 August 23
Japan All forces on Sakhalin 394,551[2] Lieutenant General Kiichiro Higuchi August 25 August 25
Japan Personnel in the Infanta area of Southern Luzon c, 1,500[2] August 30 August 30
Japan All forces on Marcus Island c. 2,542 Unknown August 31 August 31
Japan All forces on Bangka Island and Billiton Island Unknown Unknown September 1 September 1
Japan All forces in Bataan Unknown Unknown September 1 September 1
Japan All Japanese forces 2,354,946 Yoshijirō Umezu September 2 September 2, at 12:00 AM Formal surrender of all Japanese forces
Japan All forces on Rota Island 2,665 Shigeo Iwagawa September 2 September 2, at 1:00 AM
Japan All forces on Pagan c. 2,494[3] Colonel Umehachi September 2 September 2
Japan All forces in Penang 26,000[4][full citation needed] Jisaku Uozami September 2 September 2
Japan All forces in Thailand 114,351[2] Lieutenant Colonel Hamada September 2 September 2
Japan Forces in the southern Cagayan Valley, in the Philippines Unknown Colonel Matsui September 2 September 2
Japan All forces on Truk Atoll 28,000 Shunzaburo Mugikura September 3 September 3
Japan All forces in the Palau Islands 44,000 Lieutenant General Sadae Inoue September 3 September 3
Japan All forces in the Bonin Islands 23,379[2] Lieutenant Yoshio Tachibana September 3 September 3
Japan All forces in the Philippines 151,102[2] Tomoyuki Yamashita September 3, at 12:10 PM September 3
Japan Forces in Cebu 2,900[2] Unknown September 4? September 4?
Japan Forces in the Negros Occidental 1,400[2] Unknown September 4? September 4?
Japan Forces on Mindoro 7,000[2] Unknown September 4? September 4?
Japan All forces on Wake Island c. 4,139[3] Rear Admiral Shigematsu Sakaibara September 4 September 4
Japan All forces on Aguigan c. 200 Second Lieutenant Kinichi Yamada September 4 September 4
Germany Garrison on Bear Island 11 Lieutenant Wilhelm Dege September 4 September 4 see Operation Haudegen for more details
Japan All forces on Yap Island c. 5,917[3] Colonel Daihachi Itoh September 5 September 5
Japan All forces in the Kuril Islands 70,136[2] Tsutsumi Fusaki September 5 September 5
Japan All forces on Jaluit Atoll c. 2,311[3] Captain Nisuke Masuda September 5 September 5
Japan All forces on Ulithi September 5 September 5
Japan A small force in the Capisayan District of the Philippines More than 2,300[2] Unknown September 2 September 6
Japan All forces in the Bismarck Islands, Christmas Island, Wewak, the Solomon Islands and other Australian territories in the South Pacific 139,000 (41,384 in the Bismarck Islands (including 47,000 on New Britain),[2] 29.059 in the Solomon Islands,[2] 8,000 on Wewak[2] and 13,557 in other Islands) Hitoshi Imamura (Army), Admiral Jinichi Kusaka (Navy) September 6, at 11:27 AM September 6 Unknown number of soldiers in Christmas Island
Japan All forces in the Ryukyu Islands 62,414[2] Lieutenant General Nomi Toshiro September 7 September 7
Japan All forces on Kusaie c. 4,511[3] Lieutenant General Yoshikazu Hirada September 8 September 8
Japan The Japanese Northern Fleet September 8 September 8
Japan All forces on Morotai and Halmahera 126,000 Heitarō Kimura September 9 September 9
Japan All forces in China 1,541,973[2] Yasuji Okamura Morning of September 9 September 9
Japan All forces in Korea south of the 38th parallel 420,796 Lieutenant General Yoshio Kozuki Afternoon of September 9 September 9
All forces in Korea, north of the 38th parallel 595,418 Yoshio Kozuki September 9 September 9
Japan All forces in Borneo and the Dutch East Indies east of Lombok 42,459 (in Borneo)[2] Lieutenant General Fusataro Teshima September 8 September 9
Japan A Japanese force in China[5] c. 140,000 N/A September September Joined the Chinese Red Army
Japan All forces on Wotje Atoll and Maeolap Atoll c. 2,162 (1,066 on Wotje, 1,096 on Maeolap)[3] September 10 September 10
Japan All forces in North Borneo 10,300 Lieutenant General Masao Baba September 10 September 10
Japan All forces in Labuan see forces in Sarawak see forces in Sarawak September 10 September 10
Japan All forces in New Guinea 37,658[2] Hatazō Adachi September 11 September 11
Japan Thirty-Seventh Army, in Sarawak c. 15,000 Lieutenant General Masao Baba September 11 September 11
Japan All forces in Timor 3,235 Colonel Kaida Tatsuichi September 11 September 11
Japan All forces on Ponape Island c. 7,984[3] Lieutenant General Masao Watanabe September 11 September 11
Japan All forces in Singapore and the Dutch East Indies c. 585,000 (76,700 on Singapore, 65,540 on Java,[2] 188,546 in the Malay Pennsula, and 254,214 on the other islands) Hisaichi Terauchi September 12 September 12 Formal ceremony for the forces in the Malay Peninsula took place on February 22, 1946.
Japan All forces on Nauru 3,745 Captain Hisayuki Soeda September 13 September 13
Japan All forces in Burma 71,733[2] Hisaichi Terauchi September 13 September 13
Japan All forces in Hong Kong 19,222 General Takashi Sakai September 16 September 16
Japan All forces on Lamotrek September 16 September 16
Japan All forces on Namoluk September 17 September 17
Japan All forces on Woleai 1,600 September 19 September 19
Japan 38th Army in Indochina 106,184[2] Lieutenant General Yuitsu Tsuchihashi September 28 September 28
Japan All forces in Miyako Island and on Ishigaki Island 32,000 (in the Miyako Islands) September 29 September 29
Japan All forces on Ocean Island c. 760 Lieutenant Nahoomi Suzuki October 1 October 1
Japan All forces on Tobi, Sonsorol, and Merir 1,339 (439 on Tobi, 639 on Sonsoral and 269 on Merir) October 6 October 6
Japan All forces in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands c. 600? October 7 October 7
Japan North China Area Army Hiroshi Nemoto October 10 October 10
Japan Third Air Fleet None October 15 October 15
Japan All forces on Puluwat c. 1,253[3] Tatsuo Yasui October 16 October 16
Japan All forces in Sumatra 68,764[2] Moritake Tanabe October 21 October 21
Japan All forces in the Nomoi Islands c. 1,010[3] Unknown October 21 October 21
Japan All forces in Taiwan, the Paracel Islands, and the Spratly Islands 488,417 (in Taiwan)[2] Rikichi Andō September 9 (In Taiwan) October 25
Japan Military personnel on Lukunor[6][full citation needed] November November
Japan Twelfth Air Fleet None November 30 November 30

Table of Japanese holdouts

This table displays a chronology of Japanese holdouts throughout the Pacific. The pink-colored rows show unconfirmed holdouts, while the gray-colored rows show those holdouts who were aware the war was over, but did not surrender.

Country Forces the surrender applies to Commanding officer Number of troops surrendered (if applicable) Date of surrender (if applicable) Notes
Japan A company of soldiers on Saipan Captain Sakae Ōba 47 December 1, 1945
Japan Holdout on Corregidor[5] 1 December 1945
Japan Army personnel in Corregidor 20 January 1, 1946
Japan Unit south of Manila 48 January 25, 1946 originally 120, but many were killed
Japan A group of holdouts on Lubang 30 February 22, 1946
Japan Group of holdouts on Lubang 41 Early April 1946
Japan Major Sei Igawa in Indochina 1 1946 Volunteered as a staff officer with the Viet Minh; killed in a firefight with French troops.
Japan Navy Lieutenant HIdeo Horiuchi in Indonesia 1 August 13, 1946 Volunteered as a Lieutenant Colonel in the Indonesian Army; arrested by Dutch troops.
Japan Soldiers under Ei Yamaguchi in Pelelieu LIeutenant Ei Yamaguchi 34 April 1947
Japan Mortar team on Palawan 7 April 1947
Japan Stragglers in Luzon 15 April 1947
Japan Straggler in Guadalcanal 1 October 27, 1947
Japan Party of soldiers on Mindanao[5] 200 January 1948
Japan Soldiers in Guam 2 May 12, 1948
Japan Holdouts in the mountains in Manchuria[5] c. 20,000 late 1948
Japan Naval machine gunners Yamakage Kufuku and Matsudo Linsoki on Iwo Jima 2 January 6, 1949
Japan Holdouts in New Guinea 8 1949
Japan Commander Namataro Nagai on New Guinea[5] 1 before 1950
Japan Private First Class Yūichi Akatsu in the Philippine village of Looc, Occidental Mindoro 1 March 1950 Was on Lubang Island with Hiroo Onoda until surrender.
Japan Major Takuo Ishii in Indochina 1 May 20, 1950 Served with the Viet Minh as an adviser until he was killed by French troops.
Japan A petty officer on Anatahan Island 1 June 13, 1951 Reported the 18 men on Anatahan.
Japan Holdouts on Anatahan Island 18 June 27, 1951
Japan Corporal Shōichi Shimada on Lubang Island 1 May 1954 Shimada was with Hiroo Onoda until the former's death in a shootout with Philippine police.
Japan Lieutenant Kikuo Tanimoto in Indochina 1 1954 Volunteered as a Viet Minh adviser and commander. He returned to Japan after Vietnam's independence.
Japan Stragglers in Hollandia[5] 21 late 1954
Japan Seaman Noburo Kinoshita in the Luzon jungle 1 November 1955 Hanged himself after being captured.
Japan Japanese airmen Simada Kakuo, Simokubo Kumao, Odjima Mamoru and Jaegasi Sanzo in Hollandia 4 1955 Survivors of a larger group.
Japan Soldiers on Morotai 9 1956
Japan Lieutenant Sigheichi Yamamoto and corporals Unitaro Ishii, Masajii Izumida and Juhie Nakano on Mindoro Lieutenant Sigheichi Yamamoto 4 November 1956
Japan Private Bunzō Minagawa on Guam 1 May 1960
Japan Sergeant Masashi Itō on Guam 1 May 23, 1960 Mingawa's superior.
Japan A Lieutenant in Okinawa[5] 1 1963
Japan Holdout on Vella Lavella[5] 1 1965
Japan Holdout on Okinawa[5] 1 Late 1960s-Early 1970s Year unknown
Japan Corporal Shoichi Yokoi on Guam 1 January 1972 Served under Itō
Japan Private 1st Class KInshichi Kozuka on Lubang 1 October 1972 Was with Hiroo Onoda until Kozuka died in a shootout with Philippine police.
Japan LIeutenant Hiroo Onoda 1 March 1974
Taiwan (Amiss people) Private Teruo Nakamura on Morotai 1 December 18, 1974
Japan Straggler on Vella Lavella[5] 1 1978 unconfirmed
Japan Captain Fumio Nakaharu in Mount Halcon in the Philippines 1 January 1980 There were reports of him holding out, but a search party found no evidence aside from some huts.
Japan Holdouts on Vella Lavella 2 1981/1989 No evidence for the holdouts' existence.
Japan Shigeyuki Hashimoto and Kiyoaki Tanaka in Thailand 2 January 1990
Japan Possible holdouts on Kolombangara 2 or 3 1997
Japan A soldier in Mindoro Sangrayban 1 January 1997
Japan Unconfirmed holdouts in Mt. Makarakomburi[5] 0 2001 Unlikely

Number of troops surrendered

If one were to add up all of these numbers (including the minimum number of crew members on the U-boats), the number of troops surrendered would be as follows (in order of number of troops and organized by ethnicity/nation);

Country of origin Approximate number of soldiers surrendered
Japanese 9,779,248
Germans 4,889,905
Italians 429,600
Russians 70,000 (including 50,000 Cossacks)
Foreign-born Germans (Volksdeutsche) 37,000
Croatians 33,050
Other foreigners in the SS 31,811
Hungarians 29,786
Galician Ukrainians 25,000
Latvians 19,500
Slovenes 11,400
Estonians 10,000
Dutch 6,956
Flemish 6,000
Various Soviet Union people 5,000
Indians 2,000
Montenegrins 2,000
Georgians 226
French 30
Total 15,388,513

(NOTE: this table does not account for combat deaths.)

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Jones, Michael (2015). After Hitler: The Last Ten Days of World War II in Europe.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y "Chapter 14: Japan's Surrender". Reports of General MacArthur. 1. 1994 [1966].
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Takizawa (1) Alsleben (2), Akira (1) Allan (2) (1999–2000). "Japanese garrisons on the by-passed Pacific Islands 1944-1945". The Dutch East Indies 1941-1942. Archived from the original on 2016-01-06.
  4. ^ "The Real Japanese Surrender". The Sunday Times.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Japanese holdouts: Registry". wanpela.com.
  6. ^ The Typhoon of War: Micronesian Experiences in the Pacific War.
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