Timeline of Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a timeline of events related to Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections, and investigations into links between Trump associates and Russian officials.[1]

Relevant individuals

2016 Election cycle


  • Spring 2015: U.S. Intelligence intercepts conversations of Russian government officials discussing associates of Donald Trump in high volume.[2]
  • June 15: Donald Trump, a real estate developer and television personality, announces his candidacy for president.[3]
  • Summer: Hackers linked to the Russian FSB gain access to the DNC computer network.[4]
  • September: An FBI special agent contacts the Democratic National Committee to report that at least one DNC computer system had been hacked by an espionage team linked to the Russian government. The agent is transferred to a tech-support contractor at the help desk, who makes a cursory check of DNC server logs and does not reply to follow-up calls from the FBI agent, allegedly because of a belief that the call might have been a prank.[5]
  • September 21: On Hugh Hewitt’s radio program, Trump says, “The oligarchs are under [Putin’s] control, to a large extent. I mean, he can destroy them, and he has destroyed some of them… Two years ago, I was in Moscow . . . I was with the top-level people, both oligarchs and generals, and top-of-the-government people. I can’t go further than that, but I will tell you that I met the top people, and the relationship was extraordinary.”[6]
  • December 10: Retired Lieutenant General Michael T. Flynn gives a paid speech on world affairs in Moscow, at a gala dinner organized by RT News, an English-language Russian propaganda network. Flynn had appeared on RT as an analyst after he retired from the Army. The dinner is also attended by Russian President Vladimir Putin, who is the guest of honor.[7] Flynn is seated directly next to Putin; also seated at the head table are Green Party presidential candidate Jill Stein and members of Putin's inner circle, including Sergei Ivanov, Dmitry Peskov, and Alexey Gromov.[8] For his December speech, Flynn nets $33,500 of the $45,000 paid to his speakers’ bureau.[9] For all of 2015, Flynn receives more than $65,000 from companies linked to Russia.[10]

January-June 2016

  • February 29: Paul Manafort submits a five-page proposal to Trump outlining his qualifications to help Trump secure enough convention delegates and win the Republican presidential nomination. Manafort describes how he had assisted rich and powerful business and political leaders, including oligarchs and dictators in Russia and Ukraine: “I have managed presidential campaigns around the world.”[11]
  • March 19: Clinton presidential campaign chairman John Podesta is asked to change his email password in an apparent phishing attempt, believed to be spearheaded by Russian hackers. They successfully gain access to his account.[4]
  • March 21: In a Washington Post interview,[12] Trump identifies Carter Page as one of his foreign policy advisers. Page had helped open the Moscow office of investment banking firm Merrill Lynch and had advised Russian state-owned energy giant Gazprom, in which Page is an investor. He had blamed 2014 US sanctions relating to Russia’s annexation of Crimea for driving down Gazprom’s stock price.[13] Earlier in March 2016, Iowa tea party activist Sam Clovis had recommended Page to the Trump campaign.[14]
  • Spring 2016: U.S. intelligence officials’ suspicions about Russian meddling in the election grew after their counterparts in Europe warned that Russian money might be flowing into the presidential election.[2]
  • March 29: On Roger Stone's recommendation,[15] Manafort joins the Trump campaign as convention manager, tasked with lining up delegates.
  • April: According to Reuters, first known contacts between the Trump campaign and Russian officials.[16]
  • April: Hackers linked to the GRU gain access to the DNC computer network.[4]
  • April 20: Manafort becomes Trump’s campaign manager. Reports surface about his 2007 to 2012 ties to former President of Ukraine Victor Yanukovych, whom Manafort had helped to elect.[17]
  • Late April: The Democratic National Committee's IT department notices suspicious computer activity. Within 24 hours, the DNC contacts the FBI, and hires a private cybersecurity firm, CrowdStrike, to investigate.[18]
  • May: CrowdStrike determines that sophisticated adversaries—denominated Cozy Bear and Fancy Bear—had been responsible for the DNC hack. Fancy Bear, in particular, is suspected of affiliation with Russia’s Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU).[19]
  • May 26: The Associated Press reports Donald Trump has secured enough delegates to become the presumptive Republican nominee.[4]
  • June 3: Donald Trump Jr. receives an e-mail from Rob Goldstone, a British music publicist, offering on behalf of Emin Agalarov to meet an alleged Russian government official who “would incriminate Hillary and her dealings with Russia and would be very useful to your father,” as "part of Russia and its government’s support for Mr. Trump.” Trump Jr. responds "I love it," and schedules the meeting. Goldstone also offers to relay the information to Trump Sr. through his assistant, if it was desired.[20]
  • June 9: Jared Kushner, Manafort and Trump Jr. meet in Trump Tower with Goldstone, Natalia Veselnitskaya, a Russian attorney,[21] and Rinat Akhmetshin, a former Soviet counterintelligence officer.[22] Veselnitskaya is best known for lobbying against the Magnitsky Act, an American law that blacklists suspected Russian human rights abusers.[23]
  • Early June: At a closed-door gathering of high-powered foreign policy experts visiting with the prime minister of India, Page hails Putin as stronger and more reliable than President Obama and touts the positive effect that a Trump presidency would have on U.S.-Russia relations.[24]
  • June 13: A hacker(s) going by the persona of Guccifer 2.0 releases over 10,000 names from the DNC in two spreadsheets and a list of objectionable quotes from Sarah Palin.[25]
  • June 18: Five days later, Guccifer 2.0 dumps a new batch of documents from the DNC servers, including personal information of 20,000 republican donors and opposition research on Trump.[26]
  • June: The FBI sends a warning to states about "bad actors" probing state voter-registration databases and systems to seek vulnerabilities; investigators believe Russia is responsible.[27]

July–September 2016

  • July 7: In a lecture at the New Economic School in Moscow,[28] Page criticizes American foreign policy, saying that many of the mistakes spoiling relations between the US and Russia “originated in my own country.”[29] Page had received permission from the Trump campaign to make the trip.[30]
  • July 9: The Washington Post reports that Trump is considering Flynn for Vice President, with support from Senator Jeff Sessions.[31] Trump eventually selects Mike Pence, Governor of Indiana.
  • July 18–21: Republican Convention in Cleveland[32]
  • July 22: WikiLeaks publishes 20,000 emails from seven key officials of the Democratic National Committee (DNC). The emails shows them disparaging Bernie Sanders and favoring Hillary Clinton in the 2016 presidential primaries.[38]
  • July 24: DNC Chairwoman Debbie Wasserman Schultz is forced to resign over the email scandal.[39]
  • July 25–28: Democratic Convention in Philadelphia[40]
    • July 25: Based on assessments from cybersecurity firms, the DNC and the Clinton campaign say that Russian intelligence operators have hacked their e-mails and forwarded them to WikiLeaks.[41]
    • July 27: At a news conference, Trump urges Russia to "find Clinton's missing emails." The remark triggers a backlash from media and politicians who criticize Trump's "urging a foreign adversary to conduct cyberespionage" against his political opponent.[42][43] Trump replies that he was being "sarcastic".[44]
    • July 28: Hillary Clinton formally accepts the Democratic nomination.[45]
  • End July: CIA Director John Brennan, alarmed over intelligence that Russia is trying to "hack" the election, forms a working group of officials from the CIA, FBI and NSA.[46]
  • July: According to later testimony by James Comey, the FBI starts a counter-intelligence investigation about Russian interference, including possible coordination between Trump associates and Russia.[47]
  • August 4: Brennan calls his Russian counterpart Alexander Bortnikov, head of the Federal Security Service (FSB), to warn him against meddling in the presidential election.[46]
  • August 16: Stone tells Alex Jones that he is in contact with WikiLeaks director Julian Assange, claiming he has "political dynamite" on Clinton.[48]
  • August 18: The FBI issues a nationwide "flash alert" warning state election officials about foreign infiltration of election systems in two states, later reported to be Arizona and Illinois. The alert includes technical evidence suggesting Russian responsibility, and urges states to boost their cyberdefenses. Although labeled for distribution only to "NEED TO KNOW recipients," a copy is leaked to the media.[49]
  • August 19: Manafort resigns as Trump's campaign manager.[50]
  • August 26: Assange states that Clinton is causing "hysteria" about Russia, following her claims that Russian intelligence was behind the leaks.[51] He also says "The Trump campaign has a lot of things wrong with it, but as far as we can see being Russian agents is not one of them."[51]
  • September 8: Sessions meets with Kislyak a second time, in Sessions' office;[1] he later says they discussed Ukraine and terrorism.[52]
  • September 29: Comey testifies before the House Judiciary Committee, confirming that federal investigators have detected suspicious activities in voter registration databases, as stated in the August 18 alert.[53]

October–November 2016

  • October 7: WikiLeaks begins publishing thousands of emails from Clinton campaign manager John Podesta, revealing excerpts from Clinton's paid speeches to Wall Street.[54][55]
  • October 7: The DHS and the ODNI issue a joint statement[56] accusing the Russian government of breaking into the computer systems of several political organizations and releasing the obtained material via DCLeaks, WikiLeaks and Guccifer 2.0, with the intent "to interfere with the U.S. election process."[57]
  • October 19: During the third presidential debate, Clinton blames Russia for the DNC email leaks and accuses Trump of being a "puppet" of Putin.[58]
  • October 27: At the Valdai forum, Putin denounces American "hysteria" over accusations of Russian interference, saying “Does anyone seriously think that Russia can influence the choice of the American people?”[59]
  • October 31: Through the "red phone", President Obama tells President Putin to stop interfering or face "serious consequences".[60]

Trump transition

November–December 2016

  • November 8: Trump is elected President of the United States.[61]
  • November 10:
    • Kislyak states that Russia was not involved with U.S. election hacking.[62]
    • In a private Oval Office meeting, Obama warns Trump against hiring Flynn.[63]
  • November 18:
    • Trump announces he will nominate Sessions to be Attorney General[64] and Flynn as National Security Adviser.[65]
    • Elijah Cummings, ranking member of the House Oversight Committee, writes a letter to Pence warning that Flynn's connections to Russia and Turkey might create conflicts of interest. He asks the Trump administration's transition team for documents related to Flynn.[66]
  • December 1/2: According to an anonymous letter to the Washington Post citing leaked intercepts of Russian diplomatic communications, during a transition team meeting at Trump Tower, Kushner asks Kislyak about the potential to communicate directly with the Kremlin over a Russian-encrypted channel. Flynn also attends the meeting.[67]
  • Early December: In Russia, Sergei Mikhailov, FSB cyber chief, Ruslan Stoyanov, senior researcher with Kaspersky Lab, and Dmitry Dokuchayev, a hacker known as “Forb”, are arrested for treason.[68][69]
  • December: Kushner meets Russian banker and FSB Academy graduate Sergei Gorkov.[70] The meeting was first reported in March 2017, and attracted interest of federal and congressional investigators in May.[71]
  • December 9: Republican Senator John McCain delivers the Steele dossier to Comey.[citation needed]
  • December 13: Trump picks Rex Tillerson as Secretary of State; Russian officials praise the decision.[72]
  • December 15: Clinton tells a group of donors in Manhattan that Russian hacking was ordered by Putin "because he has a personal beef against me" due to her accusation in 2011 that Russian parliamentary elections that year were rigged.[73][74]
  • December 26: Oleg Erovinkin, a former KGB official, is found dead in the back seat of his car in Moscow. He was suspected of assisting former MI-6 agent Christopher Steele in compiling a dossier alleging Trump ties to Russia as part of opposition research.[75]
  • December 29:
    • Obama expels 35 Russian diplomats, locks down two Russian diplomatic compounds, and expands sanctions against Russia.[76]
    • Flynn has telephone conversations with Kislyak to discuss sanctions.[77]
  • December 30: Putin announces he will not retaliate against the U.S. expulsions, contrary to recommendations from Lavrov.[78] Trump approves.[79]

January 2017

  • January 5: Obama is briefed on the intelligence community’s findings.[citation needed]
  • January 6: The ODNI releases an unclassified report stating that "Putin ordered an influence campaign in 2016 aimed at the US presidential election".[80]
  • January 9: Kushner is named Senior Advisor to the President.[81]
  • January 10:
  • January 11:
    • Trump tweets "Russia has never tried to use leverage over me. I HAVE NOTHING TO DO WITH RUSSIA – NO DEALS, NO LOANS, NO NOTHING!".[84] USA Today says this is "not exactly true".[85]
    • Erik Prince, a Trump campaign donor, meets in the Seychelles with an unidentified Russian said to be close to Putin. The meeting was organized by the United Arab Emirates and reportedly includes talks of a "back-channel" with Moscow to try and influence Russian policy in the Middle East.[86]
  • January 13: President-elect Trump nominates U.S. Attorney Rod J. Rosenstein to serve as Deputy Attorney General.[87]
  • January 17: Sessions states in writing that he has not been "in contact with anyone connected to any part of the Russian government about the 2016 election."[88] Sessions has been accused of failing to disclose two meetings with Russian ambassador Kislyak.[89]
  • January 18/19: McClatchy[90] and the New York Times report that Trump associates Manafort, Page and Stone have been under investigation by the FBI, NSA, CIA, and FinCEN,[91] based on intercepted Russian communications and financial transactions.[92] Sources say "the investigators have accelerated their efforts in recent weeks but have found no conclusive evidence of wrongdoing."[91]
  • January 20: Obama leaves office.[93]

Trump administration

January 2017

  • January 20: Trump and Pence take office.[94]
  • January 21: Trump appoints Flynn as National Security Advisor.[95]
  • January 24: Flynn is interviewed by the FBI about his conversations with Kislyak.[96]
  • January 26: Acting Attorney General Sally Yates warns the Trump administration that Flynn has not been truthful about his contacts with Russia and that he may be vulnerable to blackmail by Russian intelligence.[97]
  • January 27:
    • White House Counsel Donald McGahn has further discussions with Yates on the Flynn matter.[98]
    • Trump and Comey have dinner at the White House at which Comey gets the impression that the president wants to "create some sort of patronage relationship." Comey will later testify the President reportedly asks the FBI Director for personal loyalty. Comey declines, offering "honesty".[99]
  • January 31: Trump dismisses Yates, citing her refusal to enforce Executive Order 13769.[100]

February 2017

  • Early February: Michael Cohen, Trump's personal attorney, delivers a pro-Russian Ukrainian peace plan to Flynn while visiting the White House. The plan was developed by Sater and Andrii Artemenko, a Ukrainian politician who said he was encouraged by "top aides" to Putin.[101]
  • February 8: Sessions is confirmed as Attorney General by a vote of 52 to 47;[102] he is sworn in the next day.[103]
  • February 9: Rep. Jerrold Nadler (D-NY) introduces a resolution of inquiry in relation to possible crimes relating to the financial dealings or collusion with Russia by President Trump.[104]
  • February 13: Flynn is dismissed after less than a month in office.[105]
  • February 14: Trump reportedly asks Comey to drop any investigation of Flynn. The White House denies the charge.[106]
  • February 20: Trump nominates H. R. McMaster to replace Flynn as National Security Advisor.[107] His continuing active military position is confirmed by the Senate on March 15.[108]

March 2017

  • March 1: Sessions comes under scrutiny after reports that he had contact with Russian government officials during the election campaign, even though he denied it during his confirmation hearings. Democratic representatives ask Sessions to resign his post as United States Attorney General.[109][110]
  • March 2: Sessions announces that he will recuse himself from any investigations into Russia's interference in the 2016 presidential election.[111]
  • March 3: In testimony to Congress, Comey says: “It makes me mildly nauseous to think that we might have had some impact on the election.” [112]
  • March 5: In a Meet the Press interview, former Director of National Intelligence James Clapper states that, as long as he was still in office, the NSA, FBI and CIA had found no evidence of collusion between Russia and the Trump campaign.[113]
  • March 11: U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara Says He Was Fired After Refusing to Quit.[114]
  • March 15: House Intelligence Committee Chairman Devin Nunes (R-CA) and Ranking Member Adam Schiff (D-CA) announce there is no evidence to back up the president's wiretapping allegation.[115]
  • March 20: The House Intelligence Committee holds its first public hearing. Both Comey and NSA Director Mike Rogers testify that there is no evidence for Obama administration "wiretapping" and Comey admits that there is indeed an FBI investigation of the "Russia thing" ongoing.[citation needed]
  • March 22: Nunes announces that he discovered the intelligence community "incidentally collected" the communications of some members of Trump's transition team, potentially including the president himself,[citation needed] and claims that the information was "widely disseminated". It is later confirmed that he learned this from an unnamed source during his White House visit on the previous day.[citation needed]
  • March 23: Rick Gates, longtime deputy to Manafort and Trump campaign advisor, is forced to leave the pro-Trump nonprofit 'America First Policies' after reports that Manafort sought to further Russian interests.[116]
  • March 27: Schiff and House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi call for Nunes' recusal from the investigation after details of his White House visit become public.[117]
  • March 30: Flynn tells the FBI and Congress that he would testify in exchange for immunity from prosecution.[118]
  • Late March: Trump asks Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats and NSA Director Mike Rogers to publicly deny any collusion between the Trump campaign and Russia. Both refuse, saying the requests were inappropriate.[119]

April 2017

May 2017

  • May 3: Senator Diane Feinstein of California, who is the senior Democrat on the Senate Intelligence Committee, states that there is "not yet" any evidence of collusion between Russia and the Trump campaign.[128]
  • May 4:
    • Rice refuses to testify to Congress.[129]
    • In a Wall Street Journal interview, Peter Smith, a GOP operative and independent opposition researcher says he tried to acquire the 33,000 deleted Clinton emails. Smith contacted several hackers who claimed to have data, including some potential Russian operatives. Flynn's son Michael G. Flynn was reportedly involved in the effort. Smith dies just 10 days after the interview, aged 81.[130][131]
  • May 8: President Trump directs Sessions and Rosenstein to make a case against FBI Director Comey in writing. The next day, Rosenstein hands a memo to Sessions providing the basis to recommend that Comey be dismissed.[132]
  • May 9:
    • Comey is dismissed from his position as FBI Director.[112]
    • Sean Spicer, White House Press Secretary, tells the press that "He [Trump] has no business in Russia. He has no connections to Russia."[133]
  • May 10: Trump holds a meeting in the White House with Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and Kislyak.
    • Trump reportedly tells Lavrov and Kislyak he fired Comey to relieve pressure caused by the investigation.[134]
    • Trump shares highly classified intelligence about ISIS with the Russians. The information had been obtained from allied intelligence sources without first seeking permission from them.[135] It is later confirmed that the intelligence came from Israel.[136]
  • May 12: Trump threatens Comey with alleged secret recordings of their conversations.[137]
Congressman Al Green's Floor Speech on the Impeachment of President Trump
  • May 17:
  • May 18: The Russian State Duma approves the nomination of former Deputy Defense Minister Anatoly Antonov to replace Kislyak as U.S. ambassador.[140]
  • May 19: Senator Feinstein repeats her statement of May 3 that no evidence of collusion was found, and adds that "there are rumors".[141]
  • May 22: Flynn refuses to hand over subpoenaed documents to the Senate Intelligence Committee, citing the Fifth Amendment against self-incrimination.[142]
  • May 23:
    • U.S. Department of Justice ethics experts declare Mueller ethically able to function as special counsel.[143]
    • The House Intelligence Committee hears testimony from former CIA Director John Brennan, who states that Russia "brazenly interfered in the 2016 election process" despite U.S. efforts to ward it off.[144]
  • May 24: U.S. media reports that Trump has hired lawyer Marc Kasowitz, his longtime legal counsel, to represent him in any inquiry.[145]
  • May 25: The Senate Intelligence Committee unanimously votes to give its Republican chairman Richard Burr, and Democratic vice chairman Mark R. Warner, "blanket authority" to issue subpoenas during their investigation.[146]
  • May 26:
    • The Washington Post reports that Kislyak told Moscow that Kushner wanted a secret communications channel with the Kremlin under Russian supervision.[147]
    • The Senate Intelligence Committee requests that the Trump campaign turn over "all of its emails, documents and phone records" related to Russia. Several months earlier, the committee had asked the campaign committee to preserve records.[148]
  • May 30:
    • Cohen is served with a target letter, informing him of investigations about his involvement by the special counsel and the congressional committees, urging him to preserve records.[149] Flynn partially agrees to turn over documents in the investigation.[150]
    • CNN reports about leaked intercepts of conversations between Kremlin officials discussing their potential influence on some Trump campaign members, including financial matters.[151]
  • May 31:
    • The House Intelligence Committee serves seven subpoenas – including those on Cohen and Flynn – for testimony, personal documents and business records.[152][153]
    • The FBI and congressional committees enquire about a possible third encounter between Sessions and Kislyak on April 27, 2016.[154]
    • The Trump administration offers to re-open the two Russian diplomatic compounds, in New York and Maryland, that had been locked down by the Obama administration on December 29, 2016.[155]
    • The White House announces that it will no longer take questions relating to Russia-Trump allegations, referring such questions to Trump's lawyers.[156]

June 2017

At a conference in St. Petersburg, NBC's Megyn Kelly repeatedly questioned Putin about Russian interference in the 2016 US elections.[157]
  • June 3: Mueller takes over an earlier probe into Manafort's activities in Ukraine. He may also look into the involvement of Sessions and Rosenstein in the dismissal of James Comey, in which case Rosenstein would recuse himself from supervising Mueller.[158]
  • June 5: The Intercept publishes a top secret NSA document which discusses the targeting by GRU of computer systems maintaining voter rolls in several states.[159][160] Reality Winner, an NSA contractor, is arrested for leaking the document.[161]
  • June 7:
    • Coats and Rogers testify to the Senate Intelligence Committee that they never felt pressured by Trump to do anything inappropriate, but decline to answer questions on private conversations with him.[162]
    • In a prepared written testimony to the Senate Intelligence Committee,[163] Comey confirms telling President Trump that he was not personally under any investigation, and refusing to say this publicly without prior approval from the Attorney General's office.[164] He also states that Trump felt the Russia story was a "cloud" that prevented him from performing his job as president.[164]
  • June 8: Comey testifies before the Senate Intelligence committee.[165]
  • June 12:
  • June 13:
    • The U.S. Senate agrees a new package of sanctions on Russia in retaliation to the election interference. The bill is drafted to prevent Trump from lifting sanctions unilaterally.[168]
    • Sessions testifies before the Senate Intelligence Committee.[169]
    • Rosenstein testifies to the Senate that he is the only person empowered to dismiss Robert Mueller, and that he sees no reason to do so.[170]
  • June 14: The Washington Post confirms that Mueller is investigating Trump for obstruction of justice, in relation to his dismissal of Comey.[171]
  • June 16: Trump tweets: "I am being investigated for firing the FBI Director by the man who told me to fire the FBI Director! Witch Hunt."[172]
  • June 18: Trump's lawyer Jay Sekulow states that he has not been notified of any investigation into Trump himself.[173]
  • June 19: ABC News contradicts the Post's report of June 14, saying no decision has yet been made on whether to investigate Trump for potential obstruction of justice.[174]
  • June 21: Kushner's lawyers provided an amended SF-86 to the FBI, their third such change, to list the meeting with the Russian lawyer.[175]
  • June 23: Kushner met with the FBI to be interviewed for his security clearance.[175]
  • June 27: Paul Manafort registers retroactively as a Foreign Agent with the United States Department of Justice, showing that his firm received $17.1 million over two years from Yanukovych's Party of Regions.[176]
  • June 30: On the Lawfare blog, British security consultant Matt Tait claims that he had a series of conversations with Smith in 2016, concerning Hillary Clinton's emails, an unnamed dark web contact, and a new Delaware company called KLS Research.[177][178]

July 2017

  • July 9: The New York Times first reports that Trump Jr., Kushner and Manafort met Veselnitskaya at Trump Tower on June 9, 2016.[21][179]
  • July 10–18: Further details about the Veselnitskaya meeting emerge in the press.
  • July 11: Trump Jr. tweets his emails about the Veselnitskaya meeting before the Times publishes them minutes later.[20][180]
  • July 12:
    • Two Democratic Party donors and a former party staff member file an invasion of privacy lawsuit against Trump’s campaign and Stone.[181]
    • Articles of Impeachment against President Trump are formally filed in the House of Representatives.[182]
  • July 14: NBC News reports that Rinat Akhmetshin, a former Soviet counterintelligence officer, was at the Veselnitskaya meeting.[22][183]
  • July 18:
    • The Washington Post identifies Ike Kaveladze as the eighth man in the Veselnitskaya meeting.[184]
    • The New York Times confirms that Donald Trump had an hour-long second undisclosed meeting with Vladimir V. Putin at the G-20 Summit.[185]
  • July 19:
    • The New York Times reports that Paul Manafort's accounts from his work in Ukraine and investing with a Russian oligarch indicate that he had been in debt to pro-Russia interests by as much as $17 million before he joined Trump’s presidential campaign in March 2016.[186]
    • Donald Trump, in an interview with the New York Times, threatened the job of Robert Mueller if the investigation comes near his personal finances.[187]
    • Deutsche Bank is cooperating with federal investigators about the Trump accounts, and the bank is expecting to eventually have to provide information to Robert Mueller.[188]
  • July 20:
    • Bloomberg News reports that Robert Mueller is investigating Donald Trump's business transactions.[189]
    • The Washington Post reports Trump is asking his attorneys about his ability to pardon himself and other key aides and family members.[190]

See also


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  27. ^ Tal Kopan, FBI director: Hackers 'poking around' voter systems, CNN (September 28, 2016).
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Further reading

External links

  • "Joint Statement from the Department Of Homeland Security and Office of the Director of National Intelligence on Election Security", October 7, 2016
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