Timeline of Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a timeline of major events related to election interference that Russia conducted against the U.S. 2016 elections. It also includes major events related to investigations into suspected inappropriate links between associates of then-presidential candidate Donald Trump and Russian officials.[1] Those investigations continued in 2017 and 2018.

Relevant individuals and organizations

A–K

L–Z

Before Donald Trump's candidacy

1986

1987

2005–2012

  • June 2005: Paul Manafort proposes a plan to Russian oligarch Oleg Deripaska under which Manafort would influence news coverage, business dealings, and politics in the former Soviet Union, Europe, and the United States "to benefit President Vladimir Putin's government." Manafort and Deripaska eventually signed a $10 million contract that started in 2006, and maintained a business relationship until at least 2009.[10]
  • 2007: Manafort founds Pericles Emerging Markets, an investment fund primarily backed by Deripaska.[11][12]
  • October 15, 2007: Trump praises Putin in an interview on CNN.[13]
  • 2007–2012: Manafort receives $12.7 million in undisclosed cash payments from Viktor Yanukovych's pro-Russian Ukrainian Party of Regions.[12]
  • 2008: Deripaska transfers $18.9 million to Pericles Emerging Markets to purchase Black Sea Cable. It is unclear what happened to the money: Deripaska demands an accounting of the funds in 2013, sues Pericles in 2014, and sues Manafort in 2018.[11][12][14]
  • July 2008: Trump sells the Palm Beach estate Maison de L'Amitie to Russian oligarch Dmitry Rybolovlev for a record $95 million. Trump bought the property for $41.35 million three years earlier and made only minor improvements.[15]
  • September 2008: Donald Trump Jr., then an executive vice president of The Trump Organization, states, "Russians make up a pretty disproportionate cross-section of a lot of our assets, say, in Dubai, and certainly with our project in SoHo and anywhere in New York. We see a lot of money pouring in from Russia."[16][17]
  • 2010
  • 2011: Maria Butina founds "Right to Bear Arms" organization.[20]
  • 2011–2013: Russians protest against the legislative and presidential election processes. Putin accuses then-U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton of interfering in Russian politics.[21]
  • April 29 – May 1, 2011: Nashville lawyer G. Kline Preston IV introduces Russian Senator Alexander Torshin to National Rifle Association president David Keene at the NRA annual meeting in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.[22][23] A witness claims financial support for Torshin by the NRA was discussed.[24]
  • May 7, 2011: Keene sends Torshin a handwritten letter offering to help in his endeavors.[24]
  • 2012
    • The FBI warns Representative Dana Rohrabacher that he is being targeted by Russian agents to recruit him as an "agent of influence", i.e. someone who can affect Washington policy.[25]
    • Italian MEP Gianni Pittella introduces Simona Mangiante, the future wife of George Papadopoulos, to Joseph Mifsud in Brussels. Mangiante worked for the European Parliament as an attorney specializing in child abduction cases. In 2018, Mangiante tells The Guardian, "I always saw Mifsud with Pittella.[3][26]
  • April 12–15, 2012: Alexander Torshin attends the NRA annual convention in St. Louis, Missouri with an "all access" pass.[27][28]
  • November 8, 2012: Torshin visits the NRA headquarters in Fairfax, Virginia.[27]
  • December 14, 2012: President Barack Obama signs the Magnitsky Act into law to punish Russian officials responsible for the death of Russian tax accountant Sergei Magnitsky in a Moscow prison in 2009.[29]

2013

  • January: Carter Page, a petroleum industry consultant, passes documents about the oil market to Victor Podobnyy, a Russian intelligence agent. He later claims the documents were public information. Podobnyy is charged with being an unregistered foreign agent in 2015.[30]
  • March 13: The FBI interviews Manafort about his offshore business dealings.[31]
  • March 19: Manafort has dinner with Rohrabacher as part of his unregistered lobbying efforts for the government of Ukraine. Vin Weber, a partner at Mercury Affairs, is also in attendance.[32] Three days later, Manafort gives Rohrabacher a $1,000 campaign contribution.[33] Richard Gates, Manafort's deputy, pleads guilty in 2018 to lying about the meeting to the FBI.[32]
  • April 13: Two Russian Foreign Intelligence Service agents discuss recruiting Page.[34][35]
  • May 3–5: Maria Butina and Alexander Torshin attend the National Rifle Association (NRA) convention in Houston, Texas.[36][37]
  • June 15–18: Attending the Miss USA 2013 pageant, Trump dines with Aras Agalarov, Emin Agalarov, and Rob Goldstone in Las Vegas.[38] The next day he announces that Miss Universe 2013 will be held in Moscow.[38] He sends Putin a letter inviting him to the pageant[39] and ponders on Twitter whether the Russian president will be his "new best friend".[40]
  • August: Eric Trump tells author James Dodson, "We don't rely on American banks [...] We have all the funding we need out of Russia", and says, "We go there all the time". In May 2017, Eric Trump calls this "fabricated" and an example of why people distrust the media.[41][16][42][43][44]
  • August 25: Page sends a letter to an academic press in which he claims to be an adviser to the Kremlin.[45]
  • October 17: In an appearance on the Late Show with David Letterman, Donald Trump says he has conducted "a lot of business with the Russians" and that he has met President Vladimir Putin.[46][47]
  • Early November: NRA president David Keene, Alan Gottlieb, Gottlieb's wife, and Paul Erickson attend the "Right to Bear Arms" conference in Moscow where they meet with Butina and Torshin.[48][22][49] Gottlieb and Keene are invited speakers at the event.[50][27][51] Gottlieb and his wife dine with Torshin and Butina, and receive "gifts that [display] research into their interests." In 2017, Gottlieb tells The Washington Post, "They wanted to keep communications open and form friendships."[22]
  • November 9: The Trump-owned Miss Universe pageant is held in Moscow, sponsored by VTB Bank.[41] According to various reports, the event's $20 million licensing fee is paid by a Moscow real estate development firm called the Crocus Group, whose president is Aras Agalarov and vice president is his son, pop singer Emin Agalarov.[52][53] While Putin does not attend, the event is attended by Vladimir Kozhin,[54] the head of the Kremlin's property department,[55] which is responsible for development projects.[56] After the event, Trump tells Real Estate Weekly, "the Russian market is attracted to me. I have a great relationship with many Russians".[16][57]
  • November 12: The Moscow Times reports that Trump is in talks with Russian companies to build a new Trump tower in Moscow.[58]
  • November 21: The Ukrainian crisis starts when President Viktor Yanukovych suspends preparations for the implementation of an association agreement with the European Union.
  • December 10: John Bolton promotes gun rights in Russia in a video made for "Right to Bear Arms", Maria Butina's organization.[59][36]

2014

2015

  • 2015: Russian oligarch Vladimir Potanin's investment fund AltPoint Capital Partners purchases ByteGrid LLC, which operates some of Maryland's election systems. Potanin is described as "very close" to Putin.[74] State officials are not informed of the purchase, and remain unaware until the FBI briefs them in July 2018.[75]
  • January 23: A court filing by the U.S. government contains a transcript of a recorded conversation between two members of a Russian SVR spy ring, Victor Podobnyy and Igor Sporyshev. Their conversation concerns efforts to recruit "Male-1", later confirmed as Carter Page. Podobnyy calls Page an "idiot" and tells Sporyshev, "You get the documents from him and tell him to go fuck himself".[34][30][76]
  • February: Dimitri Simes meets with Putin and other Russian officials in Moscow. Simes is the publisher of The National Interest and CEO of the think tank Center for the National Interest. The Center arranges meetings between Torshin, Butina, and U.S. government officials in April, and also arranges Trump's April 27, 2016, speech at the Mayflower Hotel.[77]
  • February 26–28: Maria Butina attends CPAC.[78][79]
  • March 18: Trump announces he is forming a presidential exploratory committee.[80]
  • Spring: U.S. Intelligence intercepts conversations of Russian government officials discussing associates of Donald Trump.[81]
  • April: Flynn begins advising ACU Strategic Partners, a company seeking to build nuclear power plants in the Middle East involving a sanctioned Russian company.[82]
  • April 10: Butina, Torshin, and David Keene attend a fundraiser in Tennessee for Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker.[83][48]
  • April 11–12: Torshin and Butina attend the NRA convention in Nashville, Tennessee.[48] Torshin briefly converses with Trump. Torshin and the Trump family dispute how much was said.[84]
  • Early April:
  • June: Flynn travels to the Middle East. In September 2017, members of Congress present evidence to Mueller that Flynn's purpose was to promote a Russian-backed plan for the building of 40 nuclear reactors, with "total regional security" to be provided by U.S.-sanctioned Russian weapons exporter Rosoboron.[85][86][87][88]

2016 presidential campaign

2015

  • June 16: Donald Trump announces his candidacy for president.[89]
  • June 17: In an interview on the Fox News show Hannity, Sean Hannity asks Trump if he has talked to Putin. Trump replies, "I don't want to say. But I got to meet all of the leaders. I got to meet all—I mean, everybody was there. It was a massive event. And let me tell you, it was tremendous."[90]
  • July: George Papadopoulos contacts Trump campaign manager Corey Lewandowski about joining the campaign as a policy advisor.[91]
  • July onward: Thousands of fake Twitter accounts run by the IRA begin to praise Trump over his political opponents by a wide margin, according to a later analysis by The Wall Street Journal.[92][93]
  • July 11: Maria Butina attends FreedomFest in Las Vegas, where Trump is speaking and taking questions. She asks Trump his stance on continuing sanctions; he replies he knows Putin and doesn't think sanctions are needed.[20] Reviewing a video of the encounter, Steve Bannon points out that "Trump had a fully developed answer".[94]
  • July 13: Butina is present at Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker's presidential candidacy announcement.[20]
  • July 24: Rob Goldstone emails Trump's assistant Rhona Graff, suggesting that Emin Agalarov could arrange a meeting between Putin and Trump.[95]
  • Summer: Hackers linked to the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB) gain access to the Democratic National Committee's computer network.[96] Dutch intelligence services alert their U.S. counterparts that a hacking group known as Cozy Bear has penetrated the DNC servers.[97]
  • August: Papadopoulos emails Michael Glassner, the executive director of Trump's campaign committee, expressing further interest in joining the campaign as a policy advisor. He continues corresponding with Glassner and Lewandowski for months, but is repeatedly told no position is available for him.[91]
  • August 4–6: Rohrabacher and Behrends travel to Russia.[98] While there, Rohrabacher meets Butina and Torshin for breakfast.[99] In July 2018, Rohrabacher tells Politico he dined with Butina and another congressman accompanying him on the trip.[100]
  • August 8: Roger Stone leaves the Trump campaign. The campaign says it fired Stone, but Stone insists he quit. He subsequently gives the press a resignation letter that the campaign says it never received.[101]
  • August 21: Sessions makes his first appearance at a Trump campaign rally.[102]
  • September:
    • An FBI special agent reports to the Democratic National Committee (DNC) that at least one of its computer systems has been hacked by an espionage team linked to the Russian government. The agent is transferred to a tech-support contractor at the help desk, who makes a cursory check of DNC server logs and does not reply to the agent's follow-up calls, allegedly because of a belief that the call might have been a prank.[103]
    • Jill Stein speaks briefly with Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov at a Russia Today gala in New York City.[104]
  • September–October: The Washington Free Beacon, a conservative website primarily funded by billionaire Paul Singer, hires Fusion GPS to perform opposition research on Trump. Initially a Marco Rubio supporter, Singer continues to fund the research after Rubio withdraws from the race.[105][106]
  • September 4–5: At the 2016 G20 Hangzhou summit, Obama confronts Putin about Russian cyber attacks, telling him to stop. Putin explains Russia's stance on the issue.[107]
  • September 11: Trump speaks at the Yalta European Strategy conference in Kiev via satellite. The organizer of the event, Victor Pinchuk, donates $150,000 to Trump's charity, the Trump Foundation.[108][109]
  • September 21: On Hugh Hewitt's radio program, Trump says, "The oligarchs are under [Putin's] control, to a large extent. I mean, he can destroy them, and he has destroyed some of them... Two years ago, I was in Moscow... I was with the top-level people, both oligarchs and generals, and top-of-the-government people. I can't go further than that, but I will tell you that I met the top people, and the relationship was extraordinary."[110]
  • September 26–27: Andy Wigmore meets Alexander Udod during the UKIP annual conference at the Doncaster Racecourse. Udod is a Russian diplomat and suspected Russian intelligence officer who is expelled from the U.K. in 2018 in retaliation for the poisoning of Sergei and Yulia Skripal. In October, Udod arranges a November lunch for Wigmore, Arron Banks, and the Russian ambassador to London, Alexander Yakovenko.[111][112][113]
  • October: For his remarks during a cybersecurity forum in Washington, D.C., Flynn receives $11,250 from Kaspersky Government Security Solutions Inc., the American subsidiary of Kaspersky Lab, owned by Eugene Kaspersky.[114][115]
  • October 28: Trump signs a letter of intent to construct a Trump-branded building in Moscow, a fact made public in August 2017.[116][117]
  • November
    • Trump associate Felix Sater emails Trump lawyer Michael Cohen: "Michael, I arranged for Ivanka to sit in Putin's private chair at his desk and office in the Kremlin [...] Our boy can become president of the USA and we can engineer it. I will get all of Putin's team to buy in on this".[118][52] Sater also tells Cohen that the Kremlin's VTB Bank is ready to finance a Trump Tower project in Moscow.[41]
    • Ivanka Trump tells Cohen to speak with former Russian Olympic weightlifter Dmitry Klokov about the proposed Trump tower in Moscow. Cohen and Klokov converse by phone and email. In one email, Klokov tells Cohen he can arrange a meeting between Trump and Putin. Cohen declines the offer.[119]
  • November 6: Andy Wigmore and Arron Banks have lunch with Russian ambassador Alexander Yakovenko at the ambassador's residence in London. Wigmore and Banks give Yakovenko a briefing on Brexit. In a June 2018 interview, Wigmore tells The Washington Post his goal for the meeting was to discuss finding a buyer for a banana plantation in Belize.[111][112]
  • November 17
    • Wigmore, Banks, and Cambridge Analytica executive Brittany Kaiser launch the Leave.EU campaign.[120][121]
    • Yakovenko introduces Wigmore and Banks to Russian oligarch Siman Povarenkin. In 2018, The Guardian reports that documents related to the meeting suggest Banks was offered business deals.[120]
  • November 19: The IRA creates the @TEN_GOP Twitter account. Purporting to be the "Unofficial Twitter account of Tennessee Republicans," it peaks at over 100,000 followers.[122]
  • December: Unable to find a position in the Trump campaign, Papadopoulos joins the Ben Carson campaign.[91]
  • December 8–13: Outspoken Trump supporter Milwaukee Sheriff David Clarke, former NRA President David Keene, future NRA President Pete Brownell, NRA Golden Ring of Freedom Chair Joe Gregory, major NRA donors Hilary[123] and Arnold Goldschlager, Outdoor Channel CEO Jim Liberatore,[124] and NRA member Paul Erickson, travel to Moscow for the "Right to Bear Arms" convention. They meet Russian government officials, including Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin[125] and Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov. Rogozin is under U.S. sanctions. Butina accompanies the delegation on a tour of the gun manufacturer ORSIS, where they meet with the company's executives, including Svetlana Nikolaev, president of ORSIS's parent company and wife of billionaire Konstantin Nikolaev (ru). They also meet with Torshin and Sergei Rudov, the head of the Saint Basil the Great Charitable Foundation. They attend a party at a Moscow hunting club hosted by Torshin and Pavel Gusev, the Chairman of the Public Council of the Russian Ministry of Defense. Clarke later files an ethics report showing that Butina's organization, "Right to Bear Arms", covered $6,000 of his expenses.[20][83][126][127][128][129][130] In May 2018, NRA spokeswoman Dana Loesch denies there was an NRA trip to Moscow, then clarifies in July 2018 that it wasn't an official trip.[131][132][133]
  • December 10: Flynn gives a paid speech on world affairs in Moscow, at a gala dinner organized by RT News.[134] Flynn had appeared on RT as an analyst after retiring from the U.S. Army. Putin is the dinner's guest of honor.[135] Flynn is seated next to Putin; also seated at the head table are Green Party presidential candidate Jill Stein and members of Putin's inner circle, including Sergei Ivanov, Dmitry Peskov, Victor Vekselberg, and Alexey Gromov.[136][137] For his speech, Flynn nets $33,500 of the $45,000 paid to his speakers bureau.[138] For all of 2015, Flynn receives more than $65,000 from companies linked to Russia.[139]
  • December 21: John Podesta receives an email, which is later leaked by WikiLeaks, advising the Hillary Campaign on how to approach the issue of Trump, recommending that the "best approach is to slaughter Donald for his bromance with Putin".[140]

January–March 2016

  • January:
    • Cohen attempts to contact Putin's personal spokesman Dmitry Peskov to request assistance with construction of a Trump-branded building in Moscow. Cohen asks in an email what it will take to move the project forward because "the communication between our two sides has stalled".[141][142]
    • Flynn applies to renew his security clearance for five years. In an interview with security investigators, he claims U.S. companies paid for his trip to the RT dinner in Moscow. Documents subsequently obtained by the House Oversight Committee show that RT paid for the trip.[143]
  • January 19: Konstantin Sidorkov, executive at VKontakte (commonly called VK, Russia's equivalent of Facebook), emails Trump Jr. and social media director Dan Scavino offering to help promote Trump's campaign to its nearly 100 million users. Goldstone brokered the overture. Sidorkov emails again on November 5, 2016.[144]
  • February–April: Papadopoulos works for the same company as Joseph Mifsud, the London Centre of International Law Practice.[26][145][146]
  • February 28: Sessions formally endorses Trump.[102]
  • February 29: Manafort submits a five-page proposal to Trump outlining his qualifications to help Trump secure enough convention delegates and win the Republican presidential nomination. Manafort describes how he assisted several business and political leaders, notably in Russia and Ukraine.[147]
  • March: Page begins working for the Trump campaign as an unpaid foreign policy adviser.[148][149][150]
  • Early March: Papadopoulos contacts Michael Glassner saying he is free again to join Trump's campaign. Glassner connects Papadopoulos with campaign co-chairman Sam Clovis. Clovis tells Papadopoulos that improving Russia relations is a top foreign policy goal for the campaign.[91]
  • March 3: Sessions is appointed to the Trump campaign's national security advisory committee.[102]
  • March 6: Papadopoulos learns he will be a foreign policy advisor for the Trump Campaign.[151][152][153] The campaign hires Papadopoulos on Ben Carson's recommendation.[154]
  • March 14: Papadopoulos first meets Maltese academic Joseph Mifsud while traveling in Italy.[151][155]
  • March 16: The FBI releases its Report of Investigation on Flynn's security clearance renewal application.[143]
  • March 19: Clinton presidential campaign chairman John Podesta is asked to change his email password in an apparent phishing attempt, believed to be spearheaded by Russian hackers. They gain access to his account.[96]
  • March 21
    • In a Washington Post interview,[156][157] Trump says Page and Papadopoulos are among his foreign policy advisers. Page had helped open the Moscow office of investment banking firm Merrill Lynch and advised Russian state-owned energy giant Gazprom, in which Page is an investor. He had blamed 2014 US sanctions relating to Russia's annexation of Crimea for driving down Gazprom's stock price.[158] Earlier in March 2016, Iowa tea party activist Sam Clovis had recommended Page to the Trump campaign.[159]
    • Hackers allegedly steal over 50,000 emails from Podesta's account.[160]
  • March 24: In London, Papadopoulos meets Mifsud and Olga Polonskaya, who falsely claims to be Putin's niece.[161] Polonskaya is in regular email contact with Papadopoulos, in one message writing, "We are all very excited by the possibility of a good relationship with Mr. Trump".[155]
  • March 29: On Stone's recommendation,[162] Manafort joins the Trump campaign as convention manager, tasked with lining up delegates.[163]
  • March 30: Alexandra Chalupa, who worked in the White House Office of Public Liaison during the Clinton administration, briefs the DNC's communications staff on Manafort's and Trump's ties to Russia.[164]
  • March 31: At the first meeting of Trump's foreign policy team, which includes Trump and Sessions, Papadopoulos speaks of his connections with Russia, and offers to negotiate a meeting between Trump and Putin. Sessions later states he opposed the idea.[155][165][166][167] The meeting is held at the yet-to-open Trump International Hotel Washington, D.C..[91]
  • Spring:
    • U.S. intelligence officials' suspicions of Russian meddling in the presidential election grow after their counterparts in Europe warn that Russian money might be flowing into the election.[81]
    • Stone tells associates he is in contact with Julian Assange.[168]

April–June 2016

  • April:
    • Between April and November 2016, there are at least 18 further exchanges by telephone and email between Russian officials and the Trump team.[169][170]
    • Hackers linked to the GRU gain access to the DNC computer network.[96]
    • Russian social media company SocialPuncher releases an analysis showing that Trump has quoted or retweeted Twitter bots 150 times since the beginning of 2016.[171][172]
    • The IRA starts buying online ads on social media and other sites. The ads support Trump and attack Clinton.[65][66]
    • Marc Elias, a lawyer at Perkins Coie and general counsel for the Clinton campaign, takes over funding of the Fusion GPS Trump investigation. He uses discretionary funds at his disposal and does not inform the campaign about the research.[173][174][106]
  • April 1–3:
    • Rohrabacher meets with Natalia Veselnitskaya in Moscow to discuss the Magnitsky Act. Vladimir Yakunin, under U.S. sanctions, is also present.[175][176] Rohrabacher later says he met Yakunin at the request of Kislyak.[177] He also meets with officials at the Russian Prosecutor General's office, where he receives a document full of accusations against Magnitsky. U.S. Embassy officials are worried Rohrabacher may be meeting with FSB agents. The meeting at the prosecutor's office is not on his itinerary.[175] The document is given to Rohrabacher by Deputy Prosecutor Viktor Grin, who is under U.S. sanctions authorized by the Magnitsky Act. Rohrabacher subsequently uses the document in efforts to undermine the Magnitsky Act.[177] His accepting the document from Grin, a sanctioned individual, and using it to influence U.S. government policy leads to a July 21, 2017, complaint being filed against Rohrabacher and his staff director, Paul Behrends, for violating Magnitsky Act sanctions.[178]
    • While in Moscow with Rohrabacher, Rohrabacher's aide Paul Behrends introduces Congressman French Hill to Veselnitskaya and Rinat Akhmetshin.[179][176] Veselnitskaya gives Hill a document nearly identical to the one Grin gave to Rohrabacher.[180]
  • April 4: A rally is held in Buffalo, New York, protesting the death of India Cummings. Cummings was a black woman who had recently died in police custody. The IRA's "Blacktivist" account on Facebook actively promotes the event, reaching out directly to local activists on Facebook Messenger asking them to circulate petitions and print posters for the event. Blacktivist supplies the petitions and poster artwork.[181]
  • April 6: Hackers allegedly spearphish the credentials of a Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC) employee.[160]
  • April 11: Manafort and Konstantin Kilimnik exchange emails about whether recent press coverage of Manafort joining the Trump campaign can be used to make them "whole" with Deripaska. Manafort is in debt to Deripaska for millions of dollars at the time.[11]
  • April 16: A rally protesting the death of Freddie Gray attracts large crowds in Baltimore. The IRA's Blacktivist Facebook group promotes and organizes the event, including reaching out to local activists.[182]
  • April 18: Mifsud introduces Papadopoulos to Ivan Timofeev, program director of the Kremlin-sponsored Valdai Discussion Club. Papadopoulos and Timofeev communicate for months about potential meetings between Russian government officials and members of the Trump campaign. Later records indicate that Timofeev discussed Papadopoulos with former Russian Foreign Minister Igor S. Ivanov.[161][155][153]
  • April 19: The domain DCLeaks.com is registered to "Carrie Feehan" and paid for using bitcoins.[160]
  • April 20: Manafort becomes Trump's campaign manager. Reports surface about his 2007 to 2012 ties to former President of Ukraine Victor Yanukovych, whom Manafort helped elect.[183]
  • April 23: A small group of white-power demonstrators hold a rally they call "Rock Stone Mountain" at Stone Mountain Park near Stone Mountain, Georgia. They are confronted by a large group of protesters, and some violent clashes ensue. The counterprotest was heavily promoted by IRA accounts on Tumblr, Twitter, and Facebook, and the IRA website blackmatters.com. The IRA uses its Blacktivist account on Facebook to reach out, to no avail, to activist and academic Barbara Williams Emerson, the daughter of Hosea Williams, to help promote the protests. Afterward, RT blames anti-racist protesters for violence and promotes two videos shot at the event.[181]
  • April 26:
    • Before the second Mifsud meeting, Papadopoulos emails Stephen Miller, informing him that Putin has extended an "open invitation" to Trump.[161][184]
    • Papadopoulos meets Mifsud in London again. Mifsud claims that he has learned that Russians are in possession of thousands of stolen emails that may be politically damaging to Clinton.[185][155][161]
  • April 27:
    • Trump, Sessions and Jared Kushner greet Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak at the Mayflower Hotel in Washington D.C. This contact is repeatedly omitted from testimony or denied.[157][186][187] Afterward, Kislyak reports the conversation with Sessions to Moscow.[188] Kushner is the first to publicly admit the Kislyak meeting took place in his prepared statement for Senate investigators on July 24, 2017.[189]
    • Trump speaks at the Mayflower Hotel at the invitation of The National Interest, the magazine of the Center for the National Interest.[77] He delivers a speech edited by Papadopoulos that calls for improved relations between the US and Russia. Papadopoulos brings the speech to the attention of Mifsud and Polonskaya, and tells Timofeev that it should be considered "the signal to meet".[155]
    • Papadopoulos tells Miller in an email that he has "some interesting messages coming in from Moscow about a trip when the time is right."[161][184]
    • Papadopoulos tells Lewandowski via email that Putin wants to meet Trump.[153]
  • Late April: The DNC's IT department notices suspicious computer activity. Within 24 hours, the DNC contacts the FBI, and hires a private cybersecurity firm, CrowdStrike, to investigate.[190]
  • May:
    • CrowdStrike determines that sophisticated adversaries—denominated Cozy Bear and Fancy Bear—are responsible for the DNC hack. Fancy Bear, in particular, is suspected of affiliation with Russia's Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU).[191]
    • Erickson contacts Trump campaign advisor Rick Dearborn. In an email headed "Kremlin Connection", Erickson seeks the advice of Dearborn and Sessions about how to arrange a meeting between Trump and Putin. Erickson suggests making contact at the NRA's annual convention in Kentucky. The communication refers to Torshin, who is under instructions to contact the Trump campaign.[192][193]
    • At Butina's urging, Christian activist Rick Clay emails Dearborn with the subject "Russian backdoor overture and dinner invite"[194] offering a meeting between Trump and Torshin.[195] Dearborn, then Sessions's Chief of Staff, sends an email mentioning a person from West Virginia seeking to connect Trump campaign members with Putin. Dearborn appears "skeptical" of the meeting request.[196] Jared Kushner rejects the request. Torshin and Trump Jr. later meet and speak at the NRA convention.[195]
    • Papadopoulos travels to Greece and meets with Greece's president, defense minister, foreign minister, and a former prime minister. Putin makes an official visit to Athens during Papadopoulos's trip.[197]
    • Stone and Michael Caputo meet in Miami with Russian national who reportedly called himself "Henry Greenberg" and, according to Greenberg, a Ukrainian friend Greenberg later identifies as "Alexei". Greenberg and Alexei offer Caputo and Stone political dirt on Hillary Clinton. Stone repeatedly denies knowingly meeting with any Russian nationals in 2016 until The Washington Post asks him about this meeting in June 2018.[198]
  • May 2: A second rally is held in Buffalo, New York, protesting the death of India Cummings. Like the rally on April 4, the event is heavily promoted by the IRA's Blacktivist Facebook account, including attempted outreach to local activists.[181]
  • May 4:
    • Papadopoulos forwards Lewandowski an email from his contact at the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) that offers a meeting between the MFA and Papadopoulos in Moscow. The next day, campaign co-chairman Sam Clovis replies, "[t]here are legal issues we need to mitigate, meeting with foreign officials as a private citizen."[153]
    • Trump becomes the only remaining candidate for the Republican presidential nomination when John Kasich withdraws.[199]
  • May 10: In London, during a night of heavy drinking, Papadopoulos tells the Australian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom, Alexander Downer, that the Russians have politically damaging material on Hillary Clinton. After WikiLeaks releases the DNC emails two months later, Australian officials pass this information to American officials.[155][184]
  • May 19–22: The NRA annual conference is held in Louisville, Kentucky. Trump and Trump Jr. attend. Trump Jr. speaks with Torshin and Butina.[200][201][202][203]
  • May 21:
    • Papadopoulos forwards a note from Timofeev to Manafort stressing the MFA's desire to meet with Trump. Manafort shoots down the idea in an email to Rick Gates.[91][153]
    • Two competing rallies are held in Houston to alternately protest against and defend the recently opened Library of Islamic Knowledge at the Islamic Da'wah Center. The "Stop Islamization of Texas" rally is organized by the Facebook group "Heart of Texas". The Facebook posting for the event encourages participants to bring guns. A spokesman for the group converses with the Houston Press via email but declines to give a name. The other rally, "Save Islamic Knowledge", is organized by the Facebook group "United Muslims of America" for the same time and location. Both Facebook groups are later revealed to be IRA accounts.[204][205]
  • May 25: The Westboro Baptist Church holds its annual protest of Lawrence High School graduation ceremonies in Lawrence, Kansas. The "LGBT United" Facebook group organizes counterprotesters to confront the Westboro protest, including by placing an ad on Facebook and contacting local people. About a dozen people show up. Lawrence High School students do not participate because they are "skeptical" of the counterprotest organizers. LGBT United is an IRA account that appears to have been created specifically for this event.[206]
  • May 26: The Associated Press reports that Trump has secured enough delegates to become the presumptive Republican nominee.[96]
  • May 27–28: Putin makes an official visit to Greece and meets with government leaders. His visit overlaps with a trip to Greece by Papadopoulos.[197][207]
  • May 29: The IRA hires an American to pose in front of the White House holding a sign that says, "Happy 55th Birthday, Dear Boss." "Boss" is a reference to Russian oligarch Yevgeny Prigozhin.[65][66]
  • June:
    • Around this time, the conspirators charged in the July 2018 indictment stage and release tens of thousands of stolen emails and documents using fictitious online personas, including "DCLeaks" and "Guccifer 2.0".[208]
    • The FBI sends a warning to states about "bad actors" probing state voter-registration databases and systems to seek vulnerabilities; investigators believe Russia is responsible.[209]
    • Fusion GPS hires Christopher Steele to research Trump's activities in Russia. A resultant 35-page document, later known as the Trump–Russia dossier or Steele dossier, is published on January 10, 2017, by BuzzFeed News.[210]
    • A former GRU officer arranges for Felix Sater and Michael Cohen to attend the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum, which Putin regularly attends. Sater wants to use the trip to push forward the Moscow Trump Tower deal. Cohen cancels at the last minute. Sater does not attend the forum.[211]
  • Early June: At a closed-door gathering of foreign policy experts visiting with the Prime Minister of India, Page hails Putin as stronger and more reliable than Obama and touts the positive effect a Trump presidency would have on U.S.–Russia relations.[212]
  • June 1:
    • Based upon a referral from Lewandowski, Papadopoulos emails Sam Clovis about more interest from the Russian government to set up a Trump meeting in Russia. He writes, "I have the Russian MFA asking me if Mr. Trump is interested in visiting Russia at some point."[213][214]
    • The IRA plans a Manhattan rally called "March for Trump" and buys Facebook ads promoting the event.[65][66]
  • June 1–2: Deripaska and Anton Inyutsyn, the Russian Deputy Minister of Energy, attend the Clean Energy Ministerial in San Francisco, California. Deripaska also visits UC Berkeley. The trip coincides with nearby Trump rallies in Sacramento and San Jose.[215]
  • June 3: Trump Jr. receives an e-mail from Goldstone offering, on behalf of Emin Agalarov, to meet an alleged Russian government official who "would incriminate Hillary and her dealings with Russia and would be very useful to your father", as "part of Russia and its government's support for Mr. Trump." Trump Jr. responds, "I love it," and schedules the meeting. Goldstone also offers to relay the information to Trump through his assistant.[216]
  • June 4: The IRA email account [email protected] sends news releases about the "March for Trump" rally to New York City media outlets.[65][66]
  • June 5: The IRA contacts a Trump campaign volunteer to provide signs for the "March for Trump" rally.[65][66]
  • June 6: Trump Jr. calls a blocked number: at Trump Tower, the private residence has a blocked number.[217] At a primary night rally in New York, Trump promises a speech discussing information about Clinton. Trump says "I am going to give a major speech on probably Monday of next week [June 13], and we are going to be discussing all of the things that have taken place with the Clintons".[218]
  • June 6–7: Trump Jr. and Emin Agalarov discuss setting up their June 9 meeting in three phone calls.[219]
  • June 8: The DCLeaks website comes online.[160]
  • June 9: Kushner, Manafort and Trump Jr. meet in Trump Tower with Goldstone, Russian attorney Natalia Veselnitskaya,[220] Russian-American lobbyist Rinat Akhmetshin,[221] Ike Kaveladze of Aras Agalarov's Crocus Group,[222] and a translator.[223] Veselnitskaya is best known for lobbying against the Magnitsky Act, an American law that blacklists suspected Russian human rights abusers.[224] Trump Jr. later acknowledges that he asked Veselnitskaya for damaging information about the Clinton Foundation and says she had none.[225] He calls a blocked number before (June 6) and after the meeting. Trump spends the day at Trump Tower, where the private residence has a blocked number, and holds no public events.[217]
  • June 11–12: The DNC expels Russian hackers from its servers. Some of the hackers had been accessing the DNC network for over a year.[226]
  • June 12: Julian Assange appears on the ITV television show Peston on Sunday. He tells Robert Peston that emails related to Clinton are "pending publication" and says, "WikiLeaks has a very good year ahead."[227][228]
  • June 14: The DNC publicly alleges that they have been hacked by Russian state-backed hackers.[227][226]
  • June 15:
    • Guccifer 2.0 claims credit for the DNC hacking and posts some of the stolen material to a website. CrowdStrike stands by their "findings identifying two separate Russian intelligence-affiliated adversaries present in the DNC network in May 2016."[229]
    • Gawker publishes an opposition research document on Trump that was stolen from the DNC. Guccifer 2.0 sent the file to Gawker.[160][230]
    • House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy and House Speaker Paul Ryan meet separately with Ukrainian Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman at the Capitol. Groysman describes to them how the Kremlin is financing populist politicians in Eastern Europe to damage democratic institutions. McCarthy and Ryan have a private meeting afterwards with GOP leaders that is secretly recorded. Toward the end of their conversation, after laughing at the DNC hacking, McCarthy says, "there's two people, I think, Putin pays: Rohrabacher and Trump...[laughter]...swear to God." Ryan then tells everyone to keep this conversation secret. A transcript of the recording becomes public a year later.[231][232]
  • June 19: After communicating with the MFA via email and Skype, Papadopoulos tells Lewandowski by email that the MFA is interested in meeting with a "campaign rep" if Trump can't meet with them. Papadopoulos offers to go in an unofficial capacity.[213][214]
  • June 20: Trump fires Lewandowski.[233]
  • June 22: Wikileaks reaches out to Guccifer 2.0 via Twitter. They ask Guccifer 2.0 to send them material because it will have a bigger impact if they publish it. They also specifically ask for material on Clinton they can publish before the convention.[160]
  • June 23:
  • June 24: The IRA group "United Muslims of America" buys Facebook ads for the "Support Hillary, Save American Muslims" rally.[65][66]
  • June 25:
    • The IRA's "March for Trump" rally occurs.[65][66]
    • The IRA Facebook group LGBT United organizes a candlelight vigil for the Pulse nightclub shooting victims in Orlando, Florida.[234][235]
  • June 29: Goldstone emails Trump campaign social media director Dan Scavino about promoting Trump on VKontakte. He says the email is a follow-up to his recent conversation with Trump Jr. and Manafort.[144]
  • Summer:
    • Papadopoulos is approached via LinkedIn by American-Belarussian Sergei Millian of the Russian-American Chamber of Commerce. Papadopoulos and Millian meet repeatedly in Manhattan to discuss starting an energy business together, to be financed by Russian billionaires "who are not under sanctions". They also discuss the possibility of a Trump Tower in Moscow.[155]
    • IRA employees use the stolen identities of four Americans to open PayPal and bank accounts to act as conduits for funding their activities in the United States.[65][66]

July 2016

  • July:
    • The IRA's translator project grows to over 80 employees.[65][66]
    • Page makes a five-day trip to Moscow.[236] The Steele dossier alleges that in July, Page secretly met Rosneft chairman Igor Sechin in Moscow, together with a "senior Kremlin Internal Affairs official, DIVYEKIN", that Sechin offered Trump a 19% stake in Rosneft (worth about $11 billion) in exchange for lifting the sanctions against Russia after his election,[237][238] and that Page confirmed, on Trump's "full authority", that he intended to lift the sanctions.[239][240][241]
  • July 5:
    • At Steele's London office, Steele reveals to an FBI agent from Rome some of his findings that indicate a wide-ranging Russian conspiracy to elect Trump.[155][242]
    • "United Muslims of America", an IRA group, orders posters with fake Clinton quotes promoting Sharia Law. The posters are ordered for the "Support Hillary, Save American Muslims" rally they are organizing.[65][66]
  • July 6: Guccifer 2.0 releases another cache of DNC documents and sends copies to The Hill.[243][244]
  • July 6–10: The IRA's "Don't Shoot" Facebook group and affiliated "Don't Shoot Us" website try to organize a protest outside the St. Paul, Minnesota, police headquarters on July 10 in response to the July 6 fatal police shooting of Philando Castile. Some local activists become suspicious of the event because St. Paul police were not involved in the shooting: Castile was shot by a St. Anthony police officer in nearby Falcon Heights. Local activists contact Don't Shoot. After being pressed on who they are and who supports them, Don't Shoot agrees to move the protest to the St. Anthony police headquarters. The concerned local activists investigate further and urge protesters not to participate after deciding Don't Shoot is a "total troll job." Don't Shoot organizers eventually relinquish control of the event to local organizers, who subsequently decline to accept any money from Don't Shoot.[245][246]
  • July 7:
    • In a lecture at the New Economic School in Moscow,[247] Page criticizes American foreign policy, saying that many of the mistakes spoiling relations between the US and Russia "originated in my own country."[248] Page had received permission from the Trump campaign to make the trip.[249] Page also meets Russian Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich during the visit.[250]
    • In an email exchange using his official Trump campaign email address, Manafort asks Kilimnik to forward an offer to provide "private briefings" to Deripaska.[251][252]
  • July 8: Page emails Trump campaign officials about his presentation at the New Economic School in Moscow. He describes meeting Russian Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich. He says Dvorkovich "expressed strong support for Mr. Trump and a desire to work together toward devising better solutions in response to the vast range of current international problems."[253]
  • July 9:
  • July 10: A Black Lives Matter protest rally is held in Dallas. A "Blue Lives Matter" counterprotest is held across the street. The Blue Lives Matter protest is organized by the "Heart of Texas" Facebook group, controlled by the IRA.[255][234][205]
  • July 12: An IRA group buys ads on Facebook for the "Down with Hillary" rally in New York City.[65][66]
  • July 13: A hacker or group calling themselves Guccifer 2.0 releases over 10,000 names from the DNC in two spreadsheets and a list of objectionable quotes from Sarah Palin.[244]
  • July 16: The IRA's Blacktivist group organizes a rally in Chicago to honor Sandra Bland on the first anniversary of her death. The rally is held in front of the Chicago Police Department's Homan Square building. Participants pass around petitions calling for a Civilian Police Accountability Council ordinance.[256][257]
  • July 18: Guccifer 2.0 dumps a new batch of documents from the DNC servers, including personal information of 20,000 Republican donors and opposition research on Trump.[258]
  • July 18–21: Republican Convention in Cleveland[259]
    • Nigel Farage encounters Roger Stone and Alex Jones at a restaurant. The next day, Stone contacts Manafort and suggests a meeting between Trump and Farage. Manafort responds that he will pass on the request.[111]
    • July 18:
      • Kislyak attends the convention, meeting Page and J. D. Gordon;[1] as Trump's foreign policy advisers, they stress that he would like to improve relations with Russia.[260] Sessions speaks with Kislyak at a Heritage Foundation event.[1][102]
      • Gordon lobbies to remove arms sales to Ukraine from the Republican platform, citing concerns over conflict escalation in Donbass.[261][262] In December 2017, Diana Denman, a Republican delegate who supported the weapons sale, says that Trump directed Gordon to weaken that position.[263]
    • July 21
      • Trump formally accepts the Republican nomination.[264]
      • Andy Wigmore and Nigel Farage encounter staffers for Mississippi Governor Phil Bryant at the bar in the Hilton Hotel. A staffer invites Wigmore and Farage to Mississippi.[111]
  • July 22: WikiLeaks publishes 20,000 emails from seven key DNC officials. The emails show them disparaging Bernie Sanders and favoring Hillary Clinton in the 2016 presidential primaries.[265]
  • July 23: The IRA-organized "Down with Hillary" rally is held in New York City. The agency sends 30 news releases to media outlets using the email address [email protected].[65][66]
  • July 24:
  • July 25–28: Democratic Convention in Philadelphia.[268]
  • July 25: Based on assessments from cybersecurity firms, the DNC and the Clinton campaign say that Russian intelligence operators have hacked their e-mails and forwarded them to WikiLeaks.[269]
  • July 27:
    • On or about this date "the Conspirators attempted after hours to spearphish for the first time email accounts at a domain hosted by a third-party provider and used by Clinton's personal office. At or around the same time, they also targeted seventy-six email addresses at the domain for the Clinton Campaign."[270][271]
    • Trump calls for Russia to give Clinton's missing emails to the FBI. His tweet is before his statements on the matter to the press.[272]
    • Trump tells a CBS affiliate in Miami, "I have nothing to do with Russia. Nothing to do. I never met Putin. I have nothing to do with Russia whatsoever." This contradicts his many claims since 2013 to have met Putin and done business in Russia.[39]
    • At a news conference, Trump says he "hopes" Russia can find Clinton's missing emails. The remark triggers a backlash from media and politicians who criticize Trump's "urging a foreign adversary to conduct cyberespionage" against his political opponent.[273][274] Trump responds that he was being "sarcastic".[275] A 2018 indictment alleges Russian intelligence officers began a spearphishing attack on Clinton campaign email accounts that night.[276]
  • July 28: Clinton formally accepts the Democratic nomination.[277]
  • July 29: Kilimnik sends Manafort an email requesting to meet in person so he can brief Manafort on a meeting he had "with the guy who gave you your biggest black caviar jar several years ago", saying he has important messages to deliver from this person.[11] In September 2017, The Washington Post reports that investigators believe Kilimnik and Manafort used the term "black caviar" in communications as a reference to expected payments from former clients.[278]
  • July 31:
    • The FBI starts a counter-intelligence investigation into Russian interference, including possible coordination between Trump associates and Russia.[279][280] The investigation is issued the code name "Crossfire Hurricane."[281]
    • In an interview on This Week, Trump told George Stephanopoulos that people in his campaign were responsible for changing the GOP's platform stance on Ukraine, but that he was not personally involved.[282]
    • Kilimnik again emails Manafort to confirm their dinner meeting in New York, saying he needs two hours "because it is a long caviar story to tell."[11]
  • July 31 – August 2: The FBI sends two agents to London who interview Alexander Downer, the Australian ambassador to the U.K., about his interactions with Papadopoulos.[281]
  • End July: CIA Director John Brennan, alarmed at intelligence that Russia is trying to "hack" the election, forms a working group of officials from the CIA, FBI, and NSA.[283]

August 2016

  • August: Trump donor Rebekah Mercer asks the CEO of Cambridge Analytica whether the company could better organize the Clinton-related emails being released by WikiLeaks.[284]
  • August 2: Manafort and Kilimnik meet at the Grand Havana Room in New York City.[287]
  • August 2–3: The IRA's "Matt Skiber" persona contacts the real "Florida for Trump" Facebook account. The "T.W." persona contacts other grassroots groups.[65][66]
  • August 3
    • Trump Jr., George Nader, Erik Prince, Stephen Miller, and Joel Zamel meet at Trump Jr.'s office in Trump Tower. Nader relays an offer from the leaders of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.) to help get Trump elected. Zamel pitches his Israeli company's services for a multi-million-dollar campaign to manipulate social media. It is not known whether the social media campaign occurred.[288]
    • A private jet carrying Deripaska's family arrives at Newark Liberty International Airport near New York City a little after midnight New York time and returns to Moscow that afternoon. The trip's timing is considered suspicious because it is within hours of Manafort's meeting with Kilimnik. In 2018, a spokesperson for Deripaska confirms the flights and passengers.[289]
  • August 4:
    • Brennan calls his Russian counterpart Alexander Bortnikov, head of the FSB, to warn him against meddling in the presidential election.[283]
    • The IRA's Facebook account "Stop AI" accuses Clinton of voter fraud during the Iowa Caucuses. They buy ads promoting the post.[65][66]
    • IRA groups buy ads for the "Florida Goes Trump" rallies. The 8,300 people who click on the ads are sent to the Agency's "Being Patriotic" Facebook page.[65][66]
    • Roger Stone tells Alex Jones in an interview on InfoWars that Julian Assange has proof of wrongdoing by the Clinton Foundation and is ready to release it.[290]
    • Stone sends Sam Nunberg an email in which he claims that he dined with Assange the night before.[290]
  • August 5:
    • Stone writes an article for Breitbart News in which he insists Guccifer 2.0 hacked the DNC, using statements by Guccifer 2.0 on Twitter and to The Hill as evidence for his claim. He tries to spin the DNC's Russia claim as a coverup for their supposed embarrassment over being penetrated by a single hacker.[291][292] The article leads to Guccifer 2.0 reaching out to and conversing with Stone via Twitter.[293]
    • In response to questions about Page's July 7 speech in Moscow, Hope Hicks describes him as an "informal foreign policy adviser [who] does not speak for Mr. Trump or the campaign."[212]
    • The IRA Twitter account @March_For_Trump hires an actress to play Hillary Clinton in prison garb and someone to build a cage to hold the actress. The actress and cage are to appear at the "Florida Goes Trump" rally in West Palm Beach, Florida on August 20.[65][66]
  • August 6: By videolink, Assange addresses the Green Party National Convention in Houston about the hacked DNC documents published by WikiLeaks.[294] Green candidate Jill Stein later states she does not know why or how this address was arranged.[104]
  • August 8: Stone, speaking in Florida to the Southwest Broward Republican Organization, claims he is in contact with Assange, saying, "I actually have communicated with Assange. I believe his next tranche of his documents pertain to the Clinton Foundation."[295][292] Stone later claims the communications were through an intermediary.[296]
  • August 9:
  • August 11: The IRA Twitter account @TEN_GOP claims that voter fraud is being investigated in North Carolina.[65][66]
  • August 12:
    • In a #MAGA Podcast, Stone says Assange has all the emails deleted by Huma Abedin and Cheryl Mills.[299]
    • Journalist Emma Best has two simultaneous conversations by Twitter direct message with Guccifer 2.0 and WikiLeaks. Best tries to negotiate the hosting of stolen DNC emails and documents on archive.org. WikiLeaks wants Best to act as an intermediary to funnel the material from Guccifer 2.0 to them. The conversation ends with Guccifer 2.0 saying he will send the material directly to WikiLeaks.[300]
    • Guccifer 2.0 releases a cache of documents stolen from the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee.[301]
  • August 13: Twitter and Wordpress temporarily suspend Guccifer 2.0's accounts.[301] Stone calls Guccifer 2.0 a hero.[302]
  • August 14: The New York Times reports that Manafort's name has been found in the Ukrainian "black ledger". The ledger, belonging to the Ukrainian Party of Regions, shows $12.7 million in undisclosed cash payments to Manafort from 2007 to 2012. Manafort's lawyer, Richard A. Hibey, says Manafort never received "any such cash payments".[12] The Associated Press later verifies some of the entries against financial records.[303]
  • August 15:
    • After several weeks of communications between Papadopoulos and his campaign superiors about an unofficial trip to Russia to meet with the MFA, Sam Clovis tells Papadopoulos, "I would encourage you [and Walid Phares to] make the trip[], if it is feasible." The trip never occurs.[213][214]
    • A Trump campaign county chair contacts the IRA through their phony email accounts to suggest locations for rallies.[65][66]
  • August 16:
    • Stone tells Alex Jones that he is in contact with Assange, claiming he has "political dynamite" on Clinton.[304]
    • The IRA buys ads on Instagram for the "Florida Goes Trump" rallies.[65][66]
    • Stone sends Guccifer 2.0 an article[305] he wrote for The Hill on manipulating the vote count in voting machines.[306] Guccifer 2.0 responds the next day, "@RogerJStoneJr paying u back".[302]
  • August 17:
    • Trump is warned in an FBI briefing that foreign adversaries including Russia would likely attempt to infiltrate his campaign. This is Trump's first classified briefing. Clinton receives a similar briefing in the same month.[307][308][309]
    • Steve Bannon is named Trump campaign CEO.[310]
    • Kellyanne Conway is named Trump campaign manager.[310]
  • August 18:
    • The FBI issues a nationwide "flash alert" warning state election officials about foreign infiltration of election systems in two states, later reported to be Arizona and Illinois. The alert includes technical evidence suggesting Russian responsibility, and urges states to boost their cyberdefenses. Although labeled for distribution only to "NEED TO KNOW recipients," a copy is leaked to the media.[311]
    • The IRA uses its [email protected] email account to contact a Trump campaign official in Florida. The email requests campaign support at the forthcoming "Florida Goes Trump" rallies. It is unknown whether the campaign official responded.[65][66]
    • The IRA pays the person they hired to build a cage for a "Florida Goes Trump" rally in West Palm Beach, Florida.[65][66]
  • August 19:
    • Manafort resigns as Trump's campaign manager.[312]
    • A Trump supporter suggests to the IRA Twitter account "March for Trump" that it contact a Trump campaign official. The official is emailed by the agency's [email protected] account.[65]
    • The IRA's "Matt Skiber" persona contacts another Trump campaign official on Facebook.[65][66]
    • Banks and Wigmore meet with Yakovenko for lunch. They discuss their upcoming trip to Mississippi and the Trump campaign.[121][111]
    • Volodymyr Ariev, a member of the Ukrainian parliament, formally asks the Prosecutor General of Ukraine to investigate Kilimnik based on media reports of his connections to Viktor Yanukovych and Russian intelligence.[313]
  • August 20: 17 "Florida Goes Trump" rallies are held across Florida. The rallies are organized by Russian trolls from the IRA.[66][314]
  • August 22: Florida GOP campaign advisor Aaron Nevins contacts Guccifer 2.0 and asks for material. Nevins sets up a Dropbox account and Guccifer 2.0 transfers 2.5 gigabytes of data into it. Nevins analyzes the data, posts the results on his blog, HelloFLA.com, and sends Guccifer 2.0 a link. Guccifer 2.0 forwards the link to Stone.[160][315]
  • August 23: The Smoking Gun reaches out to Guccifer 2.0 for comment on Guccifer 2.0's contacts with Roger Stone. Guccifer 2.0 accuses The Smoking Gun of working with the FBI.[302]
  • August 25
    • Trump names Sam Clovis as a campaign national co-chairman.[316]
    • Banks, Wigmore, and Nigel Farage attend a Trump fundraising dinner and participate in a Trump rally in the Mississippi Coliseum. Wigmore and Farage meet Trump for the first time at the dinner. At the rally, Trump introduces Farage to the crowd as "Mr. Brexit."[121][317][111]
    • Assange tells Megyn Kelly in an interview for The Kelly File that he will not release any damaging information on Trump. He also tells her significant information will be released on Clinton before November.[318]
  • August 26: After Clinton claims that Russian intelligence was behind the leaks, Assange says she is causing "hysteria" about Russia, adding, "The Trump campaign has a lot of things wrong with it, but as far as we can see being Russian agents is not one of them."[319]
  • August 26–27: Frederick Intrater registers several Internet domain names that are variations on the term "alt-right." The domain names are registered using his name and the name and contact information of his employer, private equity firm Columbus Nova. Intrater is the brother of Columbus Nova CEO Andrew Intrater and a cousin of Russian oligarch Viktor Vekselberg. Columbus Nova is the American investment arm of Vekselberg's business empire.[320]
  • August 27: The IRA Facebook group "SecuredBorders" organizes a "Citizens before refugees" protest rally at the City Council Chambers in Twin Falls, Idaho. Only a small number of people show up for the three-hour event, most likely because it is Saturday and the Chambers are closed.[321]
  • August 31:
  • Late August: CIA director John Brennan gives individual briefings to the Gang of Eight on links between the Trump campaign and Russian interference in the election.[324]

September 2016

  • September
  • September 2: Lisa Page writes in a text message to Peter Strzok that a meeting at the FBI was set up "because Obama wanted 'to know everything we are doing'."[327] Lisa Page was referring to the FBI investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 election, not the Clinton emails investigation, which had concluded months earlier.[328][327]
  • September 3: The IRA Facebook group "United Muslims of America" organizes a "Safe Space for Muslim Neighborhood" rally outside the White House, attracting at least 57 people.[329]
  • September 3–5: Wealthy Republican donor Peter W. Smith gathers a team to try to acquire the 30,000 deleted Clinton emails from hackers. He believes Clinton's private email server was hacked and copies of the emails were stolen.[330] Among the people recruited are former GCHQ information-security specialist Matt Tait,[331] alt-right activist Charles C. Johnson, former Business Insider CTO and alt-right activist Pax Dickinson, "dark web expert" Royal O'Brien, and Jonathan Safron.[332] Tait quickly abandons the team after learning the true purpose of the endeavor.[332] The team creates "KLS Research", an LLC registered in Delaware, as a vehicle "to avoid campaign reporting."[333] Hackers contacted in the search include "Guccifer 2.0" and Andrew Auernheimer (a.k.a. "weev").[332] The team finds five groups of hackers claiming to have the emails. Two of the groups are Russian. Flynn is in email contact with the team. Smith commits suicide on May 14, 2017, about ten days after telling the story to The Wall Street Journal but before the story is published in June.[330]
  • September 8:
    • Smith transfers $9,500 from KLS Research to his personal account, then withdraws $4,900 of it in cash and writes checks for the remaining amount. In August 2018, BuzzFeed News reports that the FBI suspects the money was used to pay hackers.[334]
    • Sessions meets with Kislyak a third time, in Sessions's office;[1] he later says they discussed Ukraine and terrorism.[335]
  • September 9
    • Papadopoulos contacts deputy communications director Bryan Lanza about a request from Interfax for an interview with Ksenia Baygarova. Lanza approves the interview.[91]
    • The IRA sends money to its American groups to fund the September 11 rally in Miami, and to pay the actress who portrayed Clinton at the West Palm Beach, Florida, rally.[65][66]
  • Mid-September: Papadopoulos approaches British government officials asking for a meeting with senior ministers. He is given a meeting with a mid-level Foreign Office official in London. Papadopoulos mentions he has senior contacts in the Russian government. British officials conclude he is not a major player and discontinue contact.[336]
  • September 20: Flynn meets with Rohrabacher. On November 10, 2017, the Mueller investigation is reported to have asked questions about this meeting.[337]
  • September 20–26: BlackMattersUS, an IRA website, recruits activists to participate in protests over the police shooting of Keith Lamont Scott in Charlotte, North Carolina. The IRA pays for expenses such as microphones and speakers.[338]
  • September 22
    • Senator Dianne Feinstein and Representative Adam Schiff issue a statement warning that Russia is trying to undermine the election. Their warning is based on what they learned from intelligence briefings as members of the Gang of Eight.[339]
    • The IRA buys ads on Facebook for "Miners for Trump" rallies in Pennsylvania.[65][66]
  • September 23: Yahoo News reports that U.S. intelligence officials are investigating whether Page has set up private communications between the Trump campaign and senior Russian officials, including talks on possibly lifting sanctions if Trump is elected.[340]
  • September 25
    • When asked by CNN about allegations linking Page to Russia, Conway denies that Page is part of the Trump campaign.[341][342]
    • Page sends Comey a letter asking that the FBI drop the reported investigation into his activities in Russia. He denies meeting with sanctioned Russian officials.[343]
  • September 26: Page tells Josh Rogin in an interview for The Washington Post that he is taking a leave of absence from the Trump campaign. He denies meeting with sanctioned individuals in Moscow.[344]
  • September 29:
    • Comey testifies before the House Judiciary Committee, confirming that federal investigators have detected suspicious activities in voter registration databases, as stated in the August 18 alert.[345]
    • Maria Butina meets J.D. Gordon at a party at the Swiss ambassador's residence. Gordon was the Director of National Security for the Trump campaign from February to August. That night, Paul Erickson emails Butina and Gordon offering to "add an electronic bridge" to their meeting at the party. In his email to Butina, Erickson writes that Gordon is "playing a crucial role in the Trump transition effort and would be an excellent addition to any of the U.S./Russia friendship dinners to occasionally hold." He writes that all the "right" people listen to Gordon on international security. Erickson's email to Gordon describes Butina as a "special friend" of the NRA and the special assistant to the deputy governor of the Bank of Russia.[346]
  • September 30: Ksenia Baygarova interviews Papadopoulos for Interfax on Trump's foreign policy positions in relation to Russia.[347] The interview was approved by Trump campaign deputy communications director Bryan Lanza. Baygarova later tells The Washington Post that she had been tasked to interview a representative from each campaign. She says Papadopoulos was the only person from the Trump campaign to respond. She describes him as not very experienced.[91]

October–November 2016

  • October: The FBI obtains a FISA warrant to monitor the communications of Page as well as two Russian banks suspected of being part of the Russian interference in the election.[35][348] The FISA Court finds there is probable cause to believe Page is a Russian agent.[349][350]
  • Early October: A team of FBI agents travel to Europe to speak with Steele about his dossier.[155] On or about the same date, Steele gives the FBI a dossier of allegations compiled by Cody Shearer, which corresponded "with what he had separately heard from his own independent sources." It includes the unverified allegation that Trump was sexually compromised by the Russian secret service at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel in Moscow in 2013.[351][352]
  • October 1: Stone tweets that something damaging to Clinton will happen soon.[353]
  • October 2
    • "Miners for Trump" rallies are held across Pennsylvania. The IRA uses the same techniques to organize the rallies as they used for the "Florida Goes Trump" rallies, including hiring a person to wear a Clinton mask and a prison uniform.[65][66]
    • Stone tells Alex Jones on InfoWars, "I'm assured the motherlode is coming Wednesday...I have reason to believe that it is devastating."[302]
  • October 3: Stone tweets that Assange will release something soon.[354]
  • October 5: (Wednesday) Stone tweets that a payload from Assange is coming.[160]
  • October 6: Stone tweets, "Julian Assange will deliver a devastating expose on Hillary at a time of his choosing. I stand by my prediction."[160]
  • October 7:
    • The DHS and the ODNI issue a joint statement[355] accusing the Russian government of breaking into the computer systems of several political organizations and releasing the obtained material via DCLeaks, WikiLeaks, and Guccifer 2.0, with the intent "to interfere with the U.S. election process."[356]
    • The Washington Post publishes a raw video tape from the television show Access Hollywood of Trump bragging about grabbing women by their genitals.[357] While the tape is not relevant to the Russian interference in the election, the distraction of its release lessens the public impact of the joint intelligence report released hours earlier and may have triggered WikiLeaks' Podesta emails release two hours later.[358][292]
    • WikiLeaks begins publishing thousands of emails from Clinton campaign manager John Podesta, revealing excerpts from Clinton's paid speeches to Wall Street.[359][360]
  • October 8: Kushner's company receives $370 million in new loans, including $285 million from Deutsche Bank, to refinance his portion of the former New York Times building. The size and timing of the Deutsche Bank loan draws scrutiny from the House Financial Services Committee, the Justice Department, and, later, the Mueller investigation. The concern is that the transaction may be related to Russian money laundering through Deutsche Bank.[361][362]
  • October 9: Banks, Wigmore, and Farage attend the second presidential debate in St. Louis, Missouri.[111]
  • October 11:
    • Trump Jr. travels to Paris to give a paid speech at the Ritz Hotel. The dinner event is sponsored by the Center of Political and Foreign Affairs, a group founded by Fabien Baussart and his business partner. Baussart is openly linked to Russian government officials. Randa Kassis, one of the hosts, travels to Moscow after the election and reports the details of the event to Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Mikhail Bogdanov.[363]
    • Podesta says he thinks the Trump campaign had advance notice of WikiLeaks's release of his emails.[160]
  • October 12: WikiLeaks writes to Trump Jr., "Hey Donald, great to see you and your dad talking about our publications" and "Strongly suggest your dad tweets this link if he mentions us."[364] Fifteen minutes later, Donald Trump tweets, "Very little pick-up by the dishonest media of incredible information provided by WikiLeaks. So dishonest! Rigged system!"[365]
  • October 13: WikiLeaks again denies communicating with Roger Stone.[366] Later that day, Stone and WikiLeaks communicate by private Twitter message.[160][367]
  • October 14:
    • Trump Jr. tweets a specific WikiLeaks link.[368]
    • Pence denies that the Trump campaign is working with WikiLeaks, stating that "nothing could be further from the truth".[369]
  • October 15: The Democratic Coalition Against Trump files a complaint with the FBI against Roger Stone for colluding with Russia. They ask the FBI to look into connections between Stone, the Trump campaign, and the hacking of Podesta's emails.[370]
  • October 16: The IRA's Instagram account "Woke Blacks" makes a post aimed at suppressing black voter turnout.[65][66]
  • October 19:
    Senator Harry Reid Letter to FBI Director James B. Comey[371]
    • The FBI and the DoJ apply for a FISA warrant to conduct surveillance on Page.[372]
    • During the third presidential debate, Clinton blames Russia for the DNC email leaks and accuses Trump of being a "puppet" of Putin.[373] Trump denies ever having met Putin and any connection to him.[374] Banks, Wigmore, and Farage are in attendance.[111]
    • A Financial Times probe finds evidence a Trump venture has links to alleged laundering network.[375]
    • Roger Stone denies having advance knowledge of WikiLeaks' release of Podesta's emails.[376]
  • October 21: WikiLeaks sends Trump Jr. private tweets suggesting that the campaign give them Trump's tax returns to publish so that they seem less of a "'pro-Trump' 'pro-Russia'" source.[365]
  • October 22: A large rally is held in Charlotte, North Carolina, protesting the police shooting of Keith Lamont Scott. The IRA website BlackMattersUS recruits unwitting local activists to organize the rally.[377] BlackMattersUS provides an activist with a bank card to pay for rally expenses.[338]
  • October 24: Trump announces at a Florida campaign rally, "I have nothing to do with Russia, folks. I'll give you a written statement."[342]
  • October 27: At the Valdai Discussion Club yearly forum, Putin denounces American "hysteria" over accusations of Russian interference, saying "Does anyone seriously think that Russia can influence the choice of the American people?"[378]
  • October 28: The FBI reopens its Hillary Clinton email investigation after a monthlong delay during which it focused on investigating the Trump campaign's connections to Russia, according to the report of the Justice Department's inspector general. Nine days after announcing he was reopening the probe, Comey said the FBI found nothing to change its July decision against bringing charges.[379][380]
  • October 30: Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid sends FBI Director James Comey a letter, asking him to reveal Trump's ties to the Russian Federation.[371]
  • October 31:
    • Through the "red phone", Obama tells Putin to stop interfering or face consequences.[381]
    • Mother Jones magazine's David Corn reports that a veteran spy, later publicly identified as Steele, gave the FBI information alleging a Russian operation to cultivate Trump, later known as the "Steele dossier".[382]
    • Slate publishes an article by Franklin Foer alleging that a Trump server was in suspicious contact with Alfa-Bank in Russia.[383] Snopes examined the story and rated it "Unproven". Several cyber security experts saw nothing nefarious, while the FBI was still investigating the matter: "One U.S. official said investigators find the server relationship 'odd' and are not ignoring it. But the official said there is still more work for the FBI to do. Investigators have not yet determined whether a connection would be significant."[384]
  • November: Mangiante quits the London Centre of International Law Practice after complaining to Mifsud about not being paid her salary.[26]
  • November 2: The IRA Twitter account @TEN_GOP alleges "#VoterFraud by counting tens of thousands of ineligible mail in Hillary votes being reported in Broward County, Florida."[citation needed] Trump Jr. retweets it.[65][66]
  • November 3: The IRA Instagram account "Blacktivist" suggests people vote for Stein instead of Clinton.[65][66]
  • November 5:
    • Konstantin Sidorkov again emails Trump Jr. and Trump campaign social media director Dan Scavino. He again offers to promote Trump to VK's 100 million users. His previous email was sent on January 19, 2016.[144]
    • Anti-Clinton "Texit" rallies are held across Texas. The IRA's "Heart of Texas" Facebook group organizes the rallies around the theme of Texas seceding from the United States if Clinton is elected. The group contacts the Texas Nationalist Movement, a secessionist organization, to help with organizing efforts, but they decline to help. Small rallies are held in Dallas, Fort Worth, Austin, and other cities. No one attends the Lubbock rally.[385][386][387]

Post-election transition

November–December 2016

  • November 8:
    • Trump is elected President of the United States.[388]
    • Rospatent, the Russian government agency responsible for intellectual property, grants 10-year extensions on four of Trump's trademarks.[389]
    • Hours after the polls close, the hashtag #Calexit becomes one of the top trends on Twitter. Within a few hours of the initial tweet,[390] #Calexit is mentioned over 100,000 times, including thousands of retweets by IRA accounts.[387]
  • November–December
  • November–January: During the transition period, the FBI warns Trump aide Hope Hicks at least twice that she may be approached by Russian government operatives using fake identities.[395][396]
  • November 10:
    • Kislyak states that Russia was not involved with U.S. election hacking.[397]
    • In a private Oval Office meeting, Obama warns Trump against hiring Flynn.[398]
    • Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov tells the Interfax news agency "there were contacts" with the Trump team during the campaign.[399]
    • Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova tells Bloomberg News that it was "normal practice" for Russian Embassy staffers to meet with members of the Trump campaign. She says the Clinton campaign declined requests for meetings.[399]
    • Mark Zuckerberg describes the idea that "fake news" on Facebook could have influenced the election as "crazy."[400][401]
  • November 11:
  • November 12:
    • Butina holds a birthday party at Cafe Deluxe in Washington, D.C., attended by Erickson and Trump campaign aides.[286][124] Butina claims to be part of Russian communications with the Trump campaign, something she has bragged about for months.[286]
    • A Trump protest called "Trump is NOT my President" attracts 5,000–10,000 protestors in Manhattan who march from Union Square to Trump Tower. The protest is organized by the IRA using their BlackMattersUS Facebook account.[65][66][405]
    • Banks, Farage and Wigmore visit Trump Tower unannounced and are invited inside by Bannon. They have a long meeting with Trump. Wigmore asks Trump's receptionist for the Trump transition team's contact information.[406][111][112]
  • November 13: Zakharova jokingly comments on the Rossiya 1 show Sunday Evening with Vladimir Solovyov that "our people in Brighton Beach won the election for Donald Trump."[407]
  • November 15
    • Devin Nunes replaces former Representative Mike Rogers as a Trump transition team national security advisor.[408]
    • Banks and Wigmore meet with Yakovenko in London; they discuss their November 12 meeting with Trump and Jeff Sessions's role in the new administration. At Yakovenko's request, Banks provides Yakovenko with contact information for the Trump transition team.[406][112][409][410]
  • November 18:
  • November 19:
    • The IRA organizes the "Charlotte Against Trump" rally in Charlotte, North Carolina.[65][66]
    • Barack Obama has a private meeting with Mark Zuckerberg at a gathering of world leaders in Lima, Peru. Obama urges Zuckerberg to take the threats of political disinformation and "fake news" seriously. Obama warns Zuckerberg that doing nothing will cause problems in the next election. Zuckerberg responds that there were only a few messages and doing something about the problem would be difficult.[401]
  • November 21:
  • Late November: Senior members of Trump's transition team warn Flynn about the dangers of contacting Kislyak, including that Kislyak's conversations are probably being monitored by the FBI and the NSA. Flynn is recorded a month later discussing sanctions with Kislyak.[417]
  • November 25: Trump announces K. T. McFarland will be the deputy national security advisor for his new administration after Paul Erickson lobbies former campaign officials and Trump donors to get her the position.[418][419]
  • November 30: On a recommendation from the GSA, Trump transition team members discuss installing Signal, an encrypted messaging app, on Flynn's phone to encrypt his communications.[420]
  • December: Concerned that the incoming Trump administration will suppress the information collected in the Russia investigation, the White House spreads it across government agencies to leave a trail for future investigators.[421]
  • December 1: According to an anonymous letter to The Washington Post citing leaked intercepts of Russian diplomatic communications, during a transition team meeting at Trump Tower, Kushner asks Kislyak about the potential to communicate directly with the Kremlin over a Russian-encrypted channel. Flynn also attends the meeting.[422][423]
  • Early December: In Russia, FSB cyber chief Sergei Mikhailov, senior Kaspersky Lab researcher Ruslan Stoyanov, and hacker Dmitry Dokuchayev (known as "Forb") are arrested for treason.[424][425]
  • December 9:
    • Republican Senator John McCain delivers the Steele dossier to Comey.[426]
    • The Trump transition team dismisses reported intelligence assessments finding Russian interference in the election. Their statement says, "These are the same people that said Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass destruction. The election ended a long time ago in one of the biggest Electoral College victories in history. It's now time to move on and 'Make America Great Again.'"[325]
  • December 10: Glenn R. Simpson tells Associate Deputy Attorney General Bruce Ohr that Michael Cohen was the "go-between from Russia to the Trump campaign." Simpson gives Ohr a memory stick containing evidence. Ohr memorializes the meeting in handwritten notes.[427]
  • December 12: Kislyak meets with Kushner's assistant, Avi Berkowitz, to arrange a meeting between Kushner and the FSB-connected Sergey Gorkov, head of sanctioned Russian bank Vnesheconombank.[41][428][429][430]
  • December 13:
    • Gorkov arrives from Moscow to secretly meet Kushner in New York, before flying to Japan, where Putin is holding a summit. The meeting is first reported in March 2017, and attracts the interest of federal and congressional investigators in May. Kushner later characterizes the meeting as brief and meaningless. The White House later describes the meeting as a diplomatic encounter. The bank later says they discussed Kushner's real estate business.[41][429][431]
    • Trump picks Rex Tillerson as Secretary of State; Russian officials praise the decision.[432]
  • December 15
  • December 18: Speaking to CBS News, Conway says it is "false" and "dangerous" to suggest that members of the Trump campaign spoke to any Russians during the campaign.[342][440]
  • December 22: At the direction of a "very senior member" of the transition team, Flynn asks Kislyak to delay or defeat a pending vote on a United Nations Security Council resolution. Flynn later pleads guilty to lying to the FBI about the effort to defeat the resolution.[441][442]
  • December 23: Kislyak calls Flynn and tells him Russia will not vote against the United Nations Security Council resolution they spoke about the day before.[442]
  • December 26: Oleg Erovinkin, a former KGB official, is found dead in the back seat of his car in Moscow. He was suspected of assisting Steele in compiling his dossier.[443]
  • December 29:
    • Following Executive Order 13757 signed the previous day, Obama's administration expels 35 Russian diplomats, locks down two Russian diplomatic compounds, and expands sanctions against Russia.[444][445][446][447] Flynn consults with the Trump transition team,[448][449] then speaks with Kislyak by telephone to request that Russia not escalate matters in response to Obama's actions.[450][451] Flynn later pleads guilty to lying to the FBI about his conversations with Kislyak regarding the new sanctions.[442]
    • Before Flynn's call to Kislyak, K. T. McFarland emails other Trump transition officials saying that Flynn will be speaking to Kislyak to try to prevent a cycle of retaliation over the newly imposed sanctions. The email is forwarded to Flynn, Reince Priebus, Steve Bannon, and Sean Spicer.[452]
    • The NCCIC releases a joint analysis report titled "GRIZZLY STEPPE – Russian Malicious Cyber Activity" as a follow-up to the October 7, 2016, joint statement on election security. The report describes methods used by Russian intelligence groups APT29 and APT28 to penetrate election-related servers.[453]
  • December 30: Putin announces he will not retaliate against the U.S. expulsions, contrary to recommendations from Lavrov.[454] In reply, Trump tweets "Great move on delay (by V. Putin) – I always knew he was very smart!"[455] This action is widely interpreted as praising Putin's actions.
  • December 31: Kislyak calls Flynn to tell him that Russia has decided not to retaliate based upon Flynn's request. Afterward, Flynn tells senior members of the transition team about his conversations with Kislyak and Russia's decision not to escalate.[442]

January 2017

  • January:
    • McGahn researches the Logan Act and federal laws related to lying to federal investigators. Records turned over to the Mueller investigation show McGahn believes Flynn violated one or more of those laws.[456]
    • The FBI obtains a new FISA warrant for Carter Page to replace the expired warrant from October 2016.[349][350]
  • Early January
  • January 4: The FBI begins investigating Flynn's December phone calls with Kislyak.[461]
  • January 5:
    Susan Rice's email to herself on January 20, 2017.
    • Obama is briefed on the intelligence community's findings.[462]
    • Flynn, Kushner and Steve Bannon meet with the King of Jordan. According to BuzzFeed, they discuss a plan to deploy American nuclear power plants in Jordan with security support from a Russian company. "People close to the three Trump advisers" deny the allegations.[463][464]
    • R. James Woolsey Jr., who became a senior adviser to Trump in September 2016, resigns amid Congressional hearings into cyber attacks and public statements by Trump critical of the United States Intelligence Community.[465]
  • January 6:
  • January 9:
    • Cohen and Vekselberg meet at Trump Tower to discuss their mutual desire to improve Russia's relationship with the U.S. under the Trump administration.[473] After President Trump was inaugurated, Cohen received a $1 million consulting contract from Columbus Nova, headed by Andrew Intrater who also attended the Vekselberg meeting.[474]
    • Kushner is named Senior Advisor to the President.[475]
    • Profexer, a Ukrainian hacker who is the author of a hacking tool described in the December 29, 2016, NCCIC report on Russian cyber attacks, goes dark. He turns himself in to the Ukrainian police and becomes a cooperating witness for the FBI. The Ukrainian police say he was not placed under arrest.[476]
  • January 10:
  • January 11:
    • Trump tweets, "Russia has never tried to use leverage over me. I HAVE NOTHING TO DO WITH RUSSIA – NO DEALS, NO LOANS, NO NOTHING!".[480] USA Today says this is "not exactly true".[481]
    • BBC News's Paul Wood writes that the salacious information in Steele's dossier was also reported by "multiple intelligence sources" and "at least one East European intelligence service".[482][483]
    • Erik Prince, a Trump campaign donor and brother of forthcoming Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, meets in the Seychelles with Kirill Dmitriev, CEO of the Russian government's $10bn Russian Direct Investment Fund. Prince will claim in August that he scarcely remembers Dmitriev. Dmitriev's identity is revealed in November 2017, and Prince confirms the meeting in an interview with House investigators on November 30.[484][485] The meeting was organized by the U.A.E. and reportedly includes talks of a "back channel" with Moscow to try to influence Russian policy in the Middle East.[439][486] George Nader, an adviser to Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan of the U.A.E., facilitates and attends.[487][460] In May 2018 Dmitriev suggests the meeting was more than a chance encounter.[488]
    • Michael Cohen tells Sean Hannity on The Sean Hannity Show that there is no relationship between Russia and the people around Trump or the Trump campaign.[489][490]
  • January 12:
    • Guccifer 2.0 denies having any relation to the Russian government.[160][491]
    • Deripaska's longtime American lobbyist Adam Waldman makes the first of nine visits with Julian Assange in 2017 at the Ecuadorian Embassy in London.[492]
  • January 13:
    • President-elect Trump nominates U.S. Attorney Rod J. Rosenstein as Deputy Attorney General.[493]
    • Sean Spicer claims in a press conference that Flynn had only one call with Kislyak, about setting up a call between Trump and Putin.[494] Emails from December show Spicer most likely knew Flynn discussed sanctions with Kislyak on December 29, 2016, and may have known about the purpose of the call in advance.[452]
    • Waldman visits Assange for the second time.[492]
  • January 15: Interviewed on CBS's Face the Nation and Fox News Sunday, Vice President-elect Pence repeatedly denies any connection between the Trump campaign team and Russians.[169] He also denies Flynn discussed sanctions with Kislyak.[494]
  • January 16: Anthony Scaramucci, then a member of the Trump transition team, meets Dmitriev at the World Economic Forum in Davos. They discuss possible joint investments with the Russian Direct Investment Fund, which is under U.S. sanctions.[486][495][496]
  • January 17
    • Sessions states in writing that he has not been "in contact with anyone connected to any part of the Russian government about the 2016 election."[497] Sessions had been accused of failing to disclose two meetings with Kislyak.[498]
    • Leonard Blavatnik, Alexander Shustorovich, and Sergei Kislyak attend the Chairman's Global Dinner, an invitation-only inaugural event. Other attendees include Michael Flynn, Paul Manafort, Steve Bannon, and Alexander Nix. Blavatnik and Shustorovich donated $1 million to the Trump inaugural fund. Nearly 20 years earlier, the Republican National Committee returned a six-figure donation to Shustorovich because of his past ties to the Russian government.[499][500]
  • January 18: Jared Kushner files his security clearance application without listing his meetings with Russians.[501]
  • January 18/19: McClatchy[502] and The New York Times report that Manafort, Page and Stone have been under investigation by the FBI, NSA, CIA, and FinCEN,[503] based on intercepted Russian communications and financial transactions.[504] Sources say "the investigators have accelerated their efforts in recent weeks but have found no conclusive evidence of wrongdoing."[503]
  • January 19
  • January 20: Barack Obama leaves office.[508] See Timeline of the presidency of Donald Trump

Investigations

2017

2018

Indictments and pleas

List of defendants[509]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Ford, Matt (March 9, 2017). "The Contacts Between Trump Associates and Russia: A Timeline". The Atlantic. Retrieved May 27, 2017. 
  2. ^ Polantz, Katelyn; Perez, Evan (March 30, 2018). "Source: Mueller pushed for Gates' help on collusion". CNN. 
  3. ^ a b Stephanopoulos, George; Mosk, Matthew (March 5, 2018). "Russia Investigation Romance: Key witness George Papadopoulos marries Italian lawyer". ABC News. Retrieved July 9, 2018. 
  4. ^ Abbie VanSickle (March 21, 2017). "Confused by Trump's Russia Ties? This timeline breaks it down for you". Medium.com. Retrieved 23 July 2018. 
  5. ^ Michael Stott and Catherine Belton (December 13, 2016). "Trump's Russian connections; Donald Trump's ties to Russia are back under the spotlight after the CIA concluded that Moscow had interfered in November's presidential election to help the Republican candidate win". FT.com. Retrieved 23 July 2018. ...the tycoon recalled in his book Trump: The Art of the Deal. Trump flew to Moscow at Dubinin's invitation to discuss the hotel project with the Soviet tourism agency. 
  6. ^ Abbie VanSickle (March 21, 2017). "Confused by Trump's Russia Ties? This timeline breaks it down for you". Medium.com. Retrieved 23 July 2018. July 3, 1987; Trump's first trip to Soviet Union. Trump traveled to the Soviet Union with his then-wife Ivana Zelnickova Winklmayr, a Czech model, to explore a hotel deal. 
  7. ^ Luke Harding (November 19, 2017). "The Hidden History of Trump's First Trip to Moscow; In 1987, a young real estate developer traveled to the Soviet Union. The KGB almost certainly made the trip happen". Politico.com. Retrieved 23 July 2018. 
  8. ^ Max Kutner (August 28, 2017). "Trump Considered Business With the Russian Government in 1987, and Newsweek Met Him in Moscow". Newsweek.com. Retrieved 23 July 2018. 
  9. ^ Megan Twohey and Steve Eder (January 16, 2017). "For Trump, Three Decades of Chasing Deals in Russia". NYTimes.com. Retrieved 23 July 2018. 
  10. ^ Horwitz, Jeff; Day, Chad (March 22, 2017). "AP Exclusive: Before Trump job, Manafort worked to aid Putin". Associated Press. Retrieved April 6, 2018. We are now of the belief that this model can greatly benefit the Putin Government if employed at the correct levels with the appropriate commitment to success. 
  11. ^ a b c d e Ioffe, Julia; Foer, Franklin (October 2017). "Did Manafort Use Trump to Curry Favor With a Putin Ally?". The Atlantic. Retrieved March 12, 2018. 
  12. ^ a b c d Kramer, Andrew E.; McIntire, Mike; Meir, Barry (August 14, 2016). "Secret Ledger in Ukraine Lists Cash for Donald Trump's Campaign Chief". The New York Times. Retrieved March 15, 2018. 
  13. ^ "Interview With Donald Trump". Larry King Live. CNN. October 15, 2007. Retrieved March 6, 2018. 
  14. ^ Dilanian, Ken; Winter, Tom (January 10, 2018). "Russian oligarch Oleg Deripaska sues Manafort and Gates in N.Y." NBC News. Retrieved July 3, 2018. 
  15. ^ Barrionuevo, Alexei (April 5, 2012). "Divorce, Oligarch Style". The New York Times. Retrieved March 6, 2018. 
  16. ^ a b c Pengelly, Martin (May 8, 2017). "Eric Trump said family golf courses attracted Russian funding, author claims". The Guardian. 
  17. ^ Heyer, Hazel (September 15, 2008). "Executive Talk: Donald Trump Jr. bullish on Russia and few emerging markets". ETurboNews. 
  18. ^ Barry, Rob; Stewart, Christopher S.; Forrest, Brett (May 17, 2017). "Russian State-Run Bank Financed Deal Involving Trump Hotel Partner". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 6, 2018. 
  19. ^ Meyer, Josh (June 27, 2018). "Mueller reveals closer Manafort ties to Russian oligarch". Politico. Retrieved June 27, 2018. 
  20. ^ a b c d Clifton, Denise; Follman, Mark (March 8, 2018). "The Very Strange Case of Two Russian Gun Lovers, the NRA, and Donald Trump". Mother Jones. Retrieved March 20, 2018. 
  21. ^ Shuster, Simon (July 25, 2016). "Vladimir Putin's Bad Blood With Hillary Clinton". Time. Retrieved December 14, 2017. 
  22. ^ a b c Helderman, Rosalind S.; Hamburger, Tom (April 30, 2017). "Guns and religion: How American conservatives grew closer to Putin's Russia". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 28, 2018. 
  23. ^ "NRA Annual Meetings & Exhibits 2011". Outdoor Channel. Retrieved May 28, 2018. 
  24. ^ a b Stedman, Scott (February 20, 2018). "In 2011 handwritten letter, NRA President offered help to Alexander Torshin for his "endeavors"". Medium. Retrieved May 28, 2018. 
  25. ^ Apuzzo, Matt; Goldman, Adam; Mazzetti, Mark (May 19, 2017). "F.B.I. Once Warned G.O.P. Congressman That Russian Spies Were Recruiting Him". The New York Times. Retrieved March 19, 2018. 
  26. ^ a b c d Harding, Luke; Kirchgaessner, Stephanie (January 18, 2018). "The boss, the boyfriend and the FBI: the Italian woman in the eye of the Trump-Russia inquiry". The Guardian. Retrieved July 9, 2018. 
  27. ^ a b c Follman, Mark (July 20, 2018). "NRA President Offered to Work With Accused Russian Spy's Group in Moscow". Mother Jones. Retrieved July 26, 2018. 
  28. ^ "NRA's Annual Meetings & Exhibits 2012: A Celebration of American Values". NRA-ILA. April 3, 2012. Retrieved July 26, 2018. 
  29. ^ "Statement by the Press Secretary on H.R. 6156". National Archives and Records Administration. December 14, 2012. Retrieved March 6, 2012. 
  30. ^ a b Watkins, Ali (April 4, 2017). "A Former Trump Adviser Met With A Russian Spy". BuzzFeed News. 
  31. ^ a b c Helderman, Rosalind S. (April 24, 2018). "Manafort interviewed twice by FBI before joining Trump's 2016 campaign, new documents show". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 24, 2018. 
  32. ^ a b Martin, Andrew; Voreacos, David (February 23, 2018). "Meeting That Gates Admits Lying About Matches Rohrabacher Dinner". Bloomberg LP. Retrieved March 13, 2018. 
  33. ^ Wire, Sarah D. (February 23, 2018). "Gates plea in Russia investigation centers on meeting with California congressman". LATimes.com. Retrieved March 8, 2018. 
  34. ^ a b United States v. Buryakov, et al (S. Dist. NY January 23, 2015) (“Indictment”). Text
  35. ^ a b Nakashima, Ellen; Barrett, Devlin; Entous, Adam (April 11, 2017). "FBI obtained FISA warrant to monitor former Trump adviser Carter Page". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 6, 2018. 
  36. ^ a b Bergengruen, Vera (July 16, 2018). "Accused Russian Agent Used The NRA And The National Prayer Breakfast To Influence US Policy, Charges Say". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved July 17, 2018. 
  37. ^ "NRA Annual Meetings and Exhibits 2013 | Events | Outdoor Channel". Outdoor Channel. Retrieved July 17, 2018. 
  38. ^ a b Diamond, Jeremy (July 13, 2017). "Exclusive: Video shows Trump with associates tied to email controversy". CNN. Retrieved March 6, 2018. 
  39. ^ a b Harris, Shane; Helderman, Rosalind S.; Demirjian, Karoun (March 9, 2018). "In a personal letter, Trump invited Putin to the 2013 Miss Universe pageant". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved March 10, 2018. 
  40. ^ Trump, Donald [@realDonaldTrump] (June 18, 2013). "Do you think Putin will be going to The Miss Universe Pageant in November in Moscow – if so, will he become my new best friend?" (Tweet). Retrieved March 6, 2018 – via Twitter. 
  41. ^ a b c d e Harding, Luke (December 21, 2017). "Is Donald Trump's Dark Russian Secret Hiding in Deutsche Bank's Vaults?". Newsweek. Retrieved January 6, 2018. 
  42. ^ Marusak, Joe (May 15, 2017). "Eric Trump said Russians financed golf courses, author insists". CharlotteObserver.com. Retrieved December 12, 2017. That's when he said Eric Trump told him, "We have pretty much all the money we need from investors in Russia," Dodson said. ... "This story is completely fabricated and just another example of why there is such a deep distrust of the media in our country #FakeNews," Eric Trump said. 
  43. ^ Littlefield, Bill (May 11, 2017). "A Day (And A Cheeseburger) With President Trump". WBUR-FM. Retrieved December 12, 2017. He said, 'Well, we don't rely on American banks. We have all the funding we need out of Russia.' I said, 'Really?' And he said, 'Oh, yeah. We've got some guys that really, really love golf, and they're really invested in our programs. We just go there all the time.' Now that was [a little more than] three years ago, so it was pretty interesting." 
  44. ^ Marusak, Joseph (May 14, 2017). "Author who said Eric Trump told him Russians financed golf courses defends statement". McClatchy DC. Retrieved December 12, 2017. 
  45. ^ Calabresi, Massimo; Abramson, Alana (February 4, 2018). "Carter Page Touted Kremlin Contacts in 2013 Letter". Time. Retrieved March 25, 2018. 
  46. ^ Nussbaum, Matthew (March 3, 2017). "The definitive Trump-Russia timeline of events". Politico. 
  47. ^ "Episode dated 17 October 2013" (video). The Late Show With David Letterman. CBS. October 17, 2013. Retrieved March 6, 2018 – via YouTube. 
  48. ^ a b c d "The Godfather Goes to Washington (Updated)". Trump/Russia. April 5, 2017. Retrieved July 18, 2018. 
  49. ^ Heidelberger, Cory Allen (March 27, 2017). "Maria Butina Connects Russians, NRA, Trump, Sibby, and Mathew Wollmann". Dakota Free Press. Retrieved July 17, 2018. 
  50. ^ Scannell, Kara; Murray, Sara; Ilyushina, Mary; Herb, Jeremy; Stark, Liz; Murphy, Paul; Kelly, Caroline; Bundy, Austen; Polantz, Katelyn (July 22, 2018). "The Russian accused of using sex, lies and guns to infiltrate US politics". CNN. Retrieved July 26, 2018. 
  51. ^ "Выступление Дэвида Кина (США) на 2-ом съезде Право на оружие (на английском)" [Speech by David Keene (USA) at the 2nd congress The right to arms (in English)] (video). Oleg Seolander. November 3, 2013. Retrieved July 26, 2018 – via YouTube. 
  52. ^ a b Toobin, Jeffrey (February 19, 2018). "Trump's Miss Universe Gambit". The New Yorker. Retrieved February 27, 2018. 
  53. ^ Bump, Philip (December 8, 2017). "Timeline: What we know about Trump's campaign, Russia and the investigation of the two". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 9, 2017. 
  54. ^ Corn, David; Levintova, Hannah (September 14, 2016). "How Did an Alleged Russian Mobster End Up on Trump's Red Carpet?". Mother Jones. Retrieved March 6, 2018. 
  55. ^ Reiter, Svetlana (May 19, 2017). "Exclusive: Putin's ex-wife linked to multi-million-dollar property business". Reuters. Retrieved March 6, 2018. 
  56. ^ Sinelschikova, Yekaterina (June 1, 2016). "'Putin's people': The mysterious agency that guards the president's life". Russia Beyond. Retrieved March 6, 2018. 
  57. ^ Putzier, Konrad (November 12, 2013). "Hotel trio aims to bring Manhattan to Moscow". Real Estate Weekly. Retrieved March 6, 2018. 
  58. ^ "Donald Trump Planning Skyscraper in Moscow". The Moscow Times. November 12, 2013. Retrieved March 6, 2018. 
  59. ^ "Выступление посла Джона Болтона в день празднования дня российской Конституции" (video). Право на оружие. December 10, 2013. Retrieved July 17, 2018 – via YouTube. 
  60. ^ "Donald Trump's 2014 political predictions" (video). Fox and Friends. Fox News. February 10, 2014. Retrieved March 6, 2018. 
  61. ^ "Executive Order 13660 – Blocking Property of Certain Persons Contributing to the Situation in Ukraine" (PDF). Federal Register. 79 (46). United States Treasury. March 10, 2014. Retrieved March 6, 2018. 
  62. ^ Schwab, Nikki (March 6, 2014). "Donald Trump Peppers CPAC Speeches With Humblebrags". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved March 6, 2018. 
  63. ^ Donald Trump [@realDonaldTrump] (21 March 2014). "Putin has become a big hero in Russia with an all time high popularity. Obama, on the other hand, has fallen to his lowest ever numbers. SAD" (Tweet). Retrieved 9 July 2018 – via Twitter.  7:00 pm
  64. ^ Donald Trump [@realDonaldTrump] (21 March 2014). "I believe Putin will continue to re-build the Russian Empire. He has zero respect for Obama or the U.S.!" (Tweet). Retrieved 9 July 2018 – via Twitter.  7:03pm
  65. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am Bump, Philip (February 16, 2018). "Timeline: How Russian trolls allegedly tried to throw the 2016 election to Trump". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 25, 2018. 
  66. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am United States of America vs. Internet Research Agency LLC, et al (United States District Court for the District of Columbia February 16, 2018) (“Indictment”). Text
  67. ^ "Donald Trump on how to revive the US economy" (video). Cashin' In. Fox News. April 12, 2014. Retrieved March 7, 2018. 
  68. ^ "NRA's Annual Meetings & Exhibits 2014". NRA-ILA. Retrieved July 17, 2018. 
  69. ^ "Donald Trump on Politics and Business" (video). C-SPAN. May 27, 2014. Retrieved March 7, 2018. 
  70. ^ Levy, Laurence (July 22, 2014). "Participation in US Elections" (PDF). Bracewell & Giuliani LLP. Retrieved March 23, 2018 – via MSNBC. 
  71. ^ Schecter, Anna R. (March 23, 2018). "Wylie: Foreigners worked for Cambridge Analytica on NC Senate campaign". NBC News. Retrieved 2018-03-23. 
  72. ^ a b c d Chen, Adrian (June 2, 2015). "The Agency". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 6, 2017. 
  73. ^ Cush, Andy (August 20, 2015). "Emails Link Kremlin Troll Farm to Bizarre New York Photography Exhibit". Gawker. Archived from the original on February 18, 2018. Retrieved April 10, 2018 – via Internet Archive. 
  74. ^ Data firm says Russian investors had no access to Maryland's voting system
  75. ^ Witte, Brian (July 14, 2018). "Officials: Russian firm used in Maryland election systems". AP News. Associated Press. Retrieved August 7, 2018. 
  76. ^ Goldman, Adam (April 4, 2017). "Russian Spies Tried to Recruit Carter Page Before He Advised Trump". The New York Times. 
  77. ^ a b Lynch, Sarah N.; Fabrichnaya, Elena (July 22, 2018). Darlin, Damon; Dunham, Will; McCool, Grant, eds. "Exclusive: Alleged Russian agent Butina met with U.S. Treasury, Fed officials". Reuters. Retrieved July 26, 2018. 
  78. ^ Bergengruen, Vera; Lytvynenko, Jane (July 18, 2018). "Guns, God, And Trump: How An Accused Russian Agent Wooed US Conservatives". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved August 7, 2018. 
  79. ^ "Archived: CPAC 2015 Agenda". Conservative Political Action Conference. 
  80. ^ Diamond, Jeremy (March 18, 2015). "Donald Trump launches presidential exploratory committee". CNN. Retrieved March 8, 2018. 
  81. ^ a b Harris, Shane (July 13, 2017). "Russian Officials Overheard Discussing Trump Associates Before Campaign Began". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved July 13, 2017. 
  82. ^ Strobel, Warren; Layne, Nathan; Landay, Jonathan (December 2, 2017). "Exclusive: Mideast nuclear plan backers bragged of support of top Trump aide Flynn". Reuters. Retrieved May 23, 2018. 
  83. ^ a b Altman, Alex; Dias, Elizabeth; Scherer, Michael (March 10, 2017). "Moscow Cozies Up to the Right". Time. Retrieved March 22, 2018. 
  84. ^ Arkhipov, Ilya; Pismennaya, Evgenia (April 5, 2017). "Putin Loyalists Are Invading Washington". Bloomberg LP. Retrieved March 21, 2018. 
  85. ^ Kirchgaessner, Stephanie (September 13, 2017). "Michael Flynn 'promoted US-Russian nuclear project from White House'". The Guardian. 
  86. ^ Landay, Jonathan (September 13, 2017). "Democrats probe whether Flynn pushed nuclear project as Trump aide". Reuters. 
  87. ^ Crilly, Rob (September 13, 2017). "Michael Flynn accused of promoting nuclear power project in Middle East while he worked at White House". The Daily Telegraph. 
  88. ^ "Democrats investigating whether Michael Flynn promoted plan to build nuclear reactors in Middle East while national security adviser". South China Morning Post. September 13, 2017. 
  89. ^ Trump, Donald (June 16, 2015). Here's Donald Trump's Presidential Announcement Speech (Speech). Time. Trump Tower, New York City. 
  90. ^ "Exclusive: Donald Trump on what made him run for president on 'Hannity'" (video). Fox News. June 17, 2015. Retrieved March 9, 2018. 
  91. ^ a b c d e f g h i Helderman, Rosalind S.; Hamburger, Tom (March 23, 2018). "'You should do it': Trump officials encouraged George Papadopoulos's foreign outreach, documents show". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 23, 2018. 
  92. ^ Maremont, Mark; Barry, Rob (November 6, 2017). "Russian Twitter Support for Trump Began Right After He Started Campaign". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 6, 2017. 
  93. ^ Kwong, Jessica (November 6, 2017). "Russia Was Helping Trump Just Days After He Entered the 2016 Primary". Newsweek. 
  94. ^ Stableford, Dylan (March 12, 2018). "Papadopoulos says that Trump personally encouraged him to arrange meeting with Putin, new book reports". Yahoo! News. Yahoo!. Retrieved March 22, 2018. 
  95. ^ Helderman, Rosalind S.; Hamburger, Tom (December 14, 2017). "Music promoter dangled possible Putin meeting for Trump during campaign". The Washington Post. 
  96. ^ a b c d Bump, Philip (July 11, 2017). "What happened and when: The timeline leading up to Donald Trump Jr.'s fateful meeting". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 12, 2017. 
  97. ^ Bosch van Rosenthal, Eelco (January 25, 2018). "Dutch intelligence first to alert U.S. about Russian hack of Democratic Party". Nieuwsuur. Retrieved March 9, 2018. 
  98. ^ "Report of Expenditures for Official Foreign Travel, Committee on Foreign Intelligence, House of Representatives, Expended Between July 1 and Sept. 30, 2015" (PDF). Congressional Record: H8356. November 18, 2015. Retrieved July 17, 2018. 
  99. ^ LaFraniere, Sharon; Rosenberg, Matthew; Goldman, Adam (July 17, 2018). "Maria Butina Loved Guns, Trump and Russia. It Was a Cover, Prosecutors Say". The New York Times. Retrieved July 17, 2018. 
  100. ^ Cheney, Kyle (July 17, 2018). "Rep. Rohrabacher: Indictment of NRA-linked Russian is 'stupid'". Politico. Retrieved July 20, 2018. 
  101. ^ Lee, MJ; Bash, Dana (August 10, 2015). "Trump campaign claims it fired top adviser – who says he quit". CNN. Retrieved March 9, 2018. 
  102. ^ a b c d Bump, Phillip (March 2, 2017). "Analysis What Jeff Sessions said about Russia, and when". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  103. ^ Lipton, Eric; Sanger, David E.; Shane, Scott (December 13, 2016). "The Perfect Weapon: How Russian Cyberpower Invaded the U.S." The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  104. ^ a b Schreckinger, Ben (June 20, 2017). "Jill Stein Isn't Sorry". Politico. 
  105. ^ Vogel, Kenneth P.; Haberman, Maggie (October 27, 2017). "Conservative Website First Funded Anti-Trump Research by Firm That Later Produced Dossier". The New York Times. Retrieved October 27, 2017. 
  106. ^ a b s:Senate Judiciary Committee Interview of Glenn Simpson
  107. ^ Sharman, Jon (December 17, 2016). "The Kremlin has responded to hacking allegations for the first time". The Independent. Retrieved February 8, 2018. 
  108. ^ Schmidt, Michael S.; Haberman, Maggie (April 9, 2018). "Mueller Investigating Ukrainian's $150,000 Payment for a Trump Appearance". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 9, 2018. 
  109. ^ "YES-2015_MP3EN_20150911.20-46" (video). YouTube. September 11, 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2018. 
  110. ^ Hewitt, Hugh (September 21, 2015). "Donald Trump Returns". The Hugh Hewitt Show. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  111. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Roig-Franzia, Manuel; Helderman, Rosalind S.; Booth, WIlliam; Hamburger, Tom; Timberg, Craig; Crites, Alice; Dawsey, Josh; Tate, Julie; Adam, Karla (June 28, 2018). "How the 'Bad Boys of Brexit' forged ties with Russia and the Trump campaign – and came under investigators' scrutiny". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 3, 2018. 
  112. ^ a b c d "Email trail shows how Arron Banks and Andy Wigmore were cultivated". The Sunday Times. June 10, 2018. Retrieved June 13, 2018. 
  113. ^ "BBC Parliament – UKIP Conference". BBC. Retrieved July 3, 2018. 
  114. ^ Goldman, Adam; Schwirtz, Michael (March 16, 2017). "Michael Flynn Was Paid by Russian-Linked Firms, Letter Shows". The New York Times. Retrieved February 6, 2018. 
  115. ^ Confessore, Nicholas; Rosenberg, Matthew; Hakim, Danny (June 18, 2017). "How Michael Flynn's Disdain for Limits Led to a Legal Quagmire". The New York Times. Retrieved February 6, 2018. 
  116. ^ Lizza, Ryan (August 29, 2017). "Trump's Real Estate-Interests in Russia". The New Yorker. 
  117. ^ Leonnig, Carol D.; Hamburger, Tom; Helderman, Rosalind S. (August 27, 2017). "Trump's business sought deal on a Trump Tower in Moscow while he ran for president". The Washington Post. 
  118. ^ Apuzzo, Matt; Haberman, Maggie (August 28, 2017). "Felix Sater, Trump Associate, Boasted That Moscow Business Deal 'Will Get Donald Elected'". The New York Times. 
  119. ^ Cormier, Anthony; Leopold, Jason; Loop, Emma (June 6, 2018). "Ivanka Trump Was In Contact With A Russian Who Offered A Trump-Putin Meeting". Buzzfeed News. Retrieved June 8, 2018. 
  120. ^ a b Cadwalladr, Carole; Jukes, Peter (July 8, 2018). "Revealed: Leave.EU campaign met Russian officials as many as 11 times". Retrieved July 11, 2018. 
  121. ^ a b c Cadwalladr, Carole; Jukes, Peter (June 9, 2018). "Arron Banks 'met Russian officials multiple times before Brexit vote'". The Guardian. Retrieved June 13, 2018. 
  122. ^ Collins, Ben; Poulsen, Kevin; Ackerman, Spencer; Woodruff, Betsy (October 18, 2017). "Trump Campaign Staffers Pushed Russian Propaganda Days Before the Election". The Daily Beast. Retrieved October 19, 2017. 
  123. ^ Mak, Tim; Nemtsova, Anna; Weiss, Michael; Zavadski, Katie (March 7, 2017). "Top Trump Ally Met With Putin's Deputy in Moscow". The Daily Beast. Retrieved August 4, 2018. 
  124. ^ a b Helderman, Rosalind S.; Balingit, Moriah; Harris, Shane; Hamburger, Tom; Crites, Alice; Nakashima, Ellen; Truong, Debbie; Ferris-Rotman, Annie (July 25, 2018). "Before her arrest as an alleged Russian agent, Maria Butina's proud defense of her homeland drew notice at American University". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 25, 2018. 
  125. ^ Дмитрий Рогозин [@Rogozin] (December 12, 2015). National rifle association ознакомилась с планами организации в 2017 г. в РФ Чемпионата мира по стрельбе из карабина [National rifle association got acquainted with the plans of the organization in 2017 in the Russian Federation of the World Championship in shooting from a rifle] (Tweet) (in Russian). Retrieved July 17, 2018 – via Twitter.  Photos of Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rozhin with NRA members are attached to the tweet.
  126. ^ Dickinson, Tim (April 2, 2018). "Inside the Decade-Long Russian Campaign to Infiltrate the NRA and Help Elect Trump". Rolling Stone. Retrieved April 7, 2018. 
  127. ^ Stone, Peter; Gordon, Greg (June 11, 2018). "Web of elite Russians met with NRA execs during 2016 campaign". McClatchyDC. Retrieved June 19, 2018. 
  128. ^ Stedman, Scott (April 6, 2018). "Kremlin discussed support for Maria Butina as she visited NRA headquarters in 2014". Medium. Retrieved July 16, 2018. 
  129. ^ Swaine, Jon (July 26, 2018). "Maria Butina: ties emerge between NRA, alleged spy and Russian billionaire". The Guardian. Retrieved July 26, 2018. 
  130. ^ Corn, David (May 7, 2018). "The Pentagon Considers This Russian Sniper Rifle a Big Threat to US Soldiers. The NRA Helped Promote It". Mother Jones. Retrieved July 26, 2018. 
  131. ^ Follman, Mark (July 19, 2018). "The NRA Has Deep Ties to Accused Russian Spy Maria Butina". Mother Jones. Retrieved July 26, 2018. 
  132. ^ Dana Loesch [@DLoesch] (May 8, 2018). "Any armed combatant is a threat. David Clarke isn't a "NRA official" and there was no NRA trip. thanks for allowing me to publicly correct you, David" (Tweet). Retrieved July 26, 2018 – via Twitter. 
  133. ^ Dana Loesch [@DLoesch] (July 16, 2018). "Clearly you struggle with reading comprehension as I said it wasn't an official trip. Be sure to spin hard though, I enjoy watching your efforts" (Tweet). Retrieved July 26, 2018 – via Twitter. 
  134. ^ Dilanian, Ken (March 16, 2017). "Russians Paid Mike Flynn $45K for Moscow Speech, Documents Show". NBC News. Retrieved March 20, 2018. 
  135. ^ Crowley, Michael (May–June 2016). "The Kremlin's Candidate: In the 2016 election, Putin's propaganda network is picking sides". Politico. 
  136. ^ Windrem, Robert (April 18, 2017). "Guess Who Came to Dinner With Flynn and Putin". NBC News. 
  137. ^ Goldman, Adam; Protess, Ben; Rashbaum, William K. (May 4, 2018). "Viktor Vekselberg, Russian Billionaire, Was Questioned by Mueller's Investigators". New York Times. Retrieved May 4, 2018. 
  138. ^ "Oversight Committee Releases Documents on Flynn's Trip to Russia". The New York Times. March 16, 2017. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  139. ^ Goldman, Adam; Schwirtz, Michael (March 16, 2017). "Michael Flynn Was Paid by Russian-Linked Firms, Letter Shows". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  140. ^ WikiLeaks [@wikileaks] (May 18, 2017). "As early as December 2015 Hillary Clinton campaign head John Podesta discussed Trump's "bromance with Putin"" (Tweet). Retrieved May 24, 2018 – via Twitter. 
  141. ^ Dougherty, Jill; Mortensen, Antonia; Smith-Spark, Laura (August 30, 2017). "Trump Jr. to testify in private before Senate Judiciary Committee: report". CNN. 
  142. ^ Helderman, Rosalind S.; Leonnig, Carol D.; Hamburger, Tom (August 28, 2017). "Top Trump Organization executive asked Putin aide for help on business deal". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 26, 2018. 
  143. ^ a b Cummings, Elijah E. (May 22, 2017). "Cummings Urges Chaffetz to Subpoena Flynn". The New York Times. Retrieved March 12, 2018. 
  144. ^ a b c Helderman, Rosalind S.; Troianovski, Anton; Hamburger, Tom (December 7, 2017). "Russian social media executive sought to help Trump campaign in 2016, emails show". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved March 16, 2018. 
  145. ^ Whitaker, Brian (November 6, 2017). "The Trump-Russia affair and an odd company in London". Medium. Retrieved July 9, 2018. 
  146. ^ Ryan, Missy; Mufson, Steven (March 22, 2016). "One of Trump's foreign policy advisers is a 2009 college grad who lists Model UN as a credential". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 9, 2018. 
  147. ^ Thrush, Glenn (April 8, 2017). "To Charm Trump, Paul Manafort Sold Himself as an Affordable Outsider". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  148. ^ Harding, Luke; Kirchgaessner, Stephanie (December 22, 2017). "Ex-Trump adviser Carter Page accused academics who twice failed his PhD of bias". The Guardian. Page was a little-known oil consultant who lived and worked in Moscow when he joined Trump's campaign in March 2016. 
  149. ^ Sheth, Sonam; Kranz, Michael (February 4, 2018). "Carter Page boasted about his Russia contacts 2 months after the FBI warned him the Kremlin was trying to recruit him as an agent". Business Insider. Page joined the Trump campaign in March 2016 as a foreign policy adviser. 
  150. ^ Robertson, Lori (February 7, 2018). "Q&A on the Nunes Memo". FactCheck.org. 
  151. ^ a b Case 1:17-cr-00182-RDM Document 19; United States of America v. George Papadopoulos (October 5, 2017). Text
  152. ^ Hamburger, Tom; Helderman, Rosalind S. (March 25, 2017). "'Anyone ... with a pulse': How a Russia-friendly adviser found his way into the Trump campaign". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 12, 2018. 
  153. ^ a b c d e Bump, Philip (October 30, 2017). "Timeline: How a Trump adviser tried to work with the Russian government". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 12, 2018. 
  154. ^ Meyer, Josh. "Papadopoulos claimed Trump phone call and larger campaign role". Politico. Retrieved November 17, 2017. 
  155. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k LaFraniere, Sharon; Mazzetti, Mark; Apuzzo, Matt (December 30, 2017). "How the Russia Inquiry Began: A Campaign Aide, Drinks and Talk of Political Dirt". The New York Times. Retrieved December 30, 2017. 
  156. ^ Post Opinions Staff (March 21, 2016). "A transcript of Donald Trump's meeting with The Washington Post editorial board". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  157. ^ a b Scarborough, Joe (November 2, 2017). "Why is Trump so obsessed with Russia? We're finally going to find out". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 3, 2017. 
  158. ^ Mider, Zachary (March 30, 2016). "Trump's New Russia Adviser Has Deep Ties to Kremlin's Gazprom". Bloomberg LP. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  159. ^ Mazzetti, Scott Shane, Mark; Goldman, Adam (April 19, 2017). "Trump Adviser's Visit to Moscow Got the F.B.I.'s Attention". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  160. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Bump, Philip (July 13, 2018). "Timeline: How Russian agents allegedly hacked the DNC and Clinton's campaign". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 15, 2018. 
  161. ^ a b c d e LaFraniere, Sharon; Kirkpatrick, David D.; Schwirtz, Michael (November 10, 2017). "A London Meeting of an Unlikely Group: How a Trump Adviser Came to Learn of Clinton 'Dirt'". The New York Times. 
  162. ^ Ho, Catherine (April 7, 2016). "From Ukraine to Trump Tower, Paul Manafort unafraid to take on controversial jobs". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  163. ^ "Donald J. Trump Announces Campaign Convention Manager Paul J. Manafort". DonaldJTrump.com (Press release). March 29, 2016. Archived from the original on March 30, 2016. Retrieved March 19, 2018 – via Internet Archive. 
  164. ^ Vogel, Kenneth P.; Stern, David (January 11, 2017). "Ukrainian efforts to sabotage Trump backfire". Politico. Retrieved March 6, 2018. 
  165. ^ Schmidt, Michael S.; Apuzzo, Matt; Shane, Scott (October 2, 2017). "Trump and Sessions Denied Knowing About Russian Contacts. Records Suggest Otherwise". The New York Times. 
  166. ^ "Clip of Attorney General Sessions testimony at oversight hearing" (Video). CSPAN. November 14, 2017. 
  167. ^ Oh, Inae (November 14, 2017). "Jeff Sessions Gets Hammered for Repeatedly Telling Congress "I Don't Recall" Russia Contacts". Mother Jones. Retrieved November 19, 2017. 
  168. ^ Hamburger, Tom; Dawsey, Josh; Leonnig, Carol D.; Harris, Shane (March 13, 2018). "Roger Stone claimed contact with WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange in 2016, according to two associates". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved March 13, 2018. 
  169. ^ a b c Moyers & Company (August 15, 2017). "A timeline: Mike Pence's role in the White House's Russia scandal". Raw Story. 
  170. ^ Parker, Ned; Landay, Jonathan; Strobel, Warren (May 18, 2017). "Exclusive: Trump campaign had at least 18 undisclosed contacts with Russians: sources". Reuters. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  171. ^ Edwards, Jim (April 11, 2016). "Trump has quoted Twitter bots 150 times, according to this analysis of his tweets". Business Insider. 
  172. ^ Edwards, Jim (October 1, 2017). "Twitter's Russia investigation should look at Trump's historic interactions with bots". Business Insider. 
  173. ^ Entous, Adam; Barrett, Devlin; Helderman, Rosalind S. (October 25, 2017). "Clinton campaign, DNC paid for research that led to Russia dossier". The Washington Post. p. A1. Retrieved March 13, 2018. 
  174. ^ Kranish, Michael (October 10, 2017). "Clinton lawyer kept Russian dossier project closely held". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 13, 2018. 
  175. ^ a b Gray, Rosie (July 19, 2017). "Russian Anti-Sanctions Campaign Turned to California Congressman". The Atlantic. Retrieved March 12, 2018. 
  176. ^ a b "Report of Expenditures for Official Foreign Travel, Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, Expended between Apr. 1 and June 30, 2016" (PDF). Congressional Record: H5331. September 12, 2016. Retrieved July 17, 2018. 
  177. ^ a b Hines, Nico (July 19, 2017). "GOP Lawmaker Got Direction From Moscow, Took It Back to D.C." The Daily Beast. Retrieved March 19, 2018. 
  178. ^ Hermitage Capital Management (July 21, 2017). "Notice of Apparent Violations of Magnitsky Act Sanctions by U.S. Persons Providing Services to SDN Viktor Grin" (PDF). Russian Untouchables. Retrieved March 19, 2018. 
  179. ^ Schreckinger, Ben (July 20, 2017). "The Hill Staffer at the Center of the Russia Intrigue". Politico. Retrieved July 16, 2018. 
  180. ^ Kramer, Andrew E.; LaFraniere, Sharon (October 27, 2017). "Talking Points Brought to Trump Tower Meeting Were Shared With Kremlin". The New York Times. Retrieved July 17, 2018. 
  181. ^ a b c Ackerman, Spencer; Resnick, Gideon; Collins, Ben (March 1, 2018). "Leaked: Secret Documents From Russia's Election Trolls". The Daily Beast. Retrieved March 29, 2018. 
  182. ^ Levin, Sam (September 30, 2017). "Did Russia fake black activism on Facebook to sow division in the US?". The Guardian. Retrieved April 2, 2018. 
  183. ^ Bump, Philip (August 30, 2016). "Donald Trump only hires the best people (at generating unhelpful headlines)". Washington Post. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  184. ^ a b c Ross, Chuck (April 22, 2018). "Exclusive: In private, Trump aide George Papadopoulos denies collusion". The Daily Caller. Retrieved August 13, 2018. 
  185. ^ Kelly, Meg (November 13, 2017). "All the known times the Trump campaign met with Russians". WashingtonPost.com. Retrieved November 26, 2017. 
  186. ^ McGowan, Mary Frances (November 1, 2017). "The Russia Timeline So Far…". NBCNews.com. Retrieved November 26, 2017. 
  187. ^ Philip Bump (November 20, 2017). "Where the Trump campaign and Russian actors overlapped". WashingtonPost.com. Retrieved November 26, 2017. 
  188. ^ Nakashima, Ellen; Miller, Greg (July 21, 2017). "Sessions discussed Trump campaign-related matters with Russian ambassador, U.S. intelligence intercepts show". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 21, 2017. 
  189. ^ Kushner, Jared (July 24, 2017). "Read Jared Kushner's Prepared Remarks". The New York Times. Retrieved March 22, 2018. 
  190. ^ Strauss, Daniel (June 14, 2016). "Russian government hackers broke into DNC servers, stole Trump oppo". Politico. 
  191. ^ Alperovitch, Dmitri (June 15, 2016). "Bears in the Midst: Intrusion into the Democratic National Committee". CrowdStrike. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  192. ^ Fandos, Nicholas (December 3, 2017). "Operative Offered Trump Campaign 'Kremlin Connection' Using N.R.A. Ties". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 3, 2017. 
  193. ^ Shelbourne, Mallory (December 3, 2017). "NRA member offered 'Kremlin connection' to Trump aide: report". The Hill. 
  194. ^ Apuzzo, Matt; Rosenberg, Matthew; Goldman, Adam; LaFraniere, Sharon; Shane, Scott; Delaquérière, Alain (November 17, 2017). "Top Russian Official Tried to Broker 'Backdoor' Meeting Between Trump and Putin". The New York Times. Retrieved July 18, 2018. 
  195. ^ a b Stone, Peter; Gordon, Greg (January 18, 2018). "FBI investigating whether Russian money went to NRA to help Trump". McClatchy DC. Retrieved March 21, 2018. 
  196. ^ Raju, Manu; Cohen, Marshall (August 23, 2017). "Top Trump aide's email draws new scrutiny in Russia inquiry". CNN. 
  197. ^ a b Witte, Griff (December 10, 2017). "The rise and striking fall of Trump adviser George Papadopoulos". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 12, 2018. 
  198. ^ Roig-Franzia, Manuel; Helderman, Rosalind S.; Crites, Alice; Barrett, Devlin; Abbakumova, Natasha (June 17, 2018). "Trump associate Roger Stone reveals new contact with Russian national during 2016 campaign". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 17, 2018. 
  199. ^ Diamond, Jeremy (May 4, 2016). "First on CNN: Kasich 'doing the right thing' by dropping out, Trump says". CNN. Retrieved March 13, 2018. 
  200. ^ Rubin, Jennifer (January 19, 2018). "Russians under every rock". The Washington Post. 
  201. ^ Beckett, Lois (January 18, 2018). "FBI investigates whether Russia banker used NRA to fund Trump campaign – report". The Guardian. 
  202. ^ Goldberg, Michelle (January 19, 2018). "Is This the Collusion We Were Waiting For?". The New York Times. 
  203. ^ Jackman, Tom; Helderman, Rosalind S. (July 16, 2018). "Maria Butina, Russian gun rights advocate, charged in U.S. with acting as Russian Federation agent". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 16, 2018. 
  204. ^ Malisow, Craig (May 11, 2016). "Hate Group Planning Islamic Library Protest Totally Doesn't Think They're a Hate Group". Houston Press. Retrieved March 30, 2018. 
  205. ^ a b Timberg, Craig; Dwoskin, Elizabeth (January 25, 2018). "Russians got tens of thousands of Americans to RSVP for their phony political events on Facebook". The Washington Post. 
  206. ^ Hlavacek, Joanna (November 1, 2017). "Facebook ad promoting 2016 Lawrence protest among those paid for by Russian trolls". Lawrence Journal-World. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 
  207. ^ Chrysopoulos, Philip (May 27, 2016). "Schedule of Vladimir Putin's Visit to Greece". Greek Reporter. Retrieved March 12, 2018. 
  208. ^ https://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4598929-Netyksho-Et-Al-Indictment.html
  209. ^ Kopan, Tal (September 28, 2016). "FBI director: Hackers 'poking around' voter systems". CNN. 
  210. ^ Blum, Howard (March 30, 2017). "How Ex-Spy Christopher Steele Compiled His Explosive Trump–Russia Dossier". Vanity Fair. Retrieved January 4, 2018. 
  211. ^ Leopold, Jason; Cormier, Anthony; Loop, Emma (April 13, 2018). "A Former Russian Spy Worked On A Trump Moscow Deal During The Presidential Campaign". Retrieved June 29, 2018. 
  212. ^ a b Mufson, Steven; Hamburger, Tom (August 5, 2016). "Trump adviser's public comments, ties to Moscow stir unease in both parties". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 15, 2018. 
  213. ^ a b c "USA v Papadopoulos – Statement of the Offense" (PDF). The New York Times Company. 
  214. ^ a b c Helderman, Rosalind S. (November 2, 2017). "Who's who in the George Papadopoulos court documents". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 13, 2018. 
  215. ^ Stedman, Scott (May 15, 2018). "Oleg Deripaska made previously unreported trip to United States during 2016 election". Medium. Retrieved July 16, 2018. 
  216. ^ Becker, Jo; Goldman, Adam; Apuzzo, Matt (July 11, 2017). "Russian Dirt on Clinton? 'I Love It,' Donald Trump Jr. Said". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 11, 2017. 
  217. ^ a b Jeremy Herb (May 18, 2018). "Trump Jr. called a blocked number before and after the Trump Tower meeting. Whom did he call?". CNN. Retrieved May 25, 2018. 
  218. ^ Kamisar, Ben (June 7, 2016). "Trump to give anti-Clinton speech". The Hill. Retrieved July 27, 2018. 
  219. ^ Bump, Philip (July 10, 2018). "Donald Trump Jr. said he didn't recall talking to Emin Agalarov. Agalarov remembers it". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 15, 2018. 
  220. ^ Apuzzo, Jo Becker, Matt; Goldman, Adam (July 9, 2017). "Trump's Son Met With Russian Lawyer After Being Promised Damaging Information on Clinton". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 9, 2017. 
  221. ^ Butler, Desmond (July 14, 2017). "Russian-American lobbyist says he was in Trump son's meeting". Associated Press. Retrieved July 14, 2017. 
  222. ^ Helderman, Rosalind S.; Hamburger, Tom (July 18, 2017). "Eighth person in Trump Tower meeting is identified". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved December 6, 2017. 
  223. ^ "Translator in Trump Jr. meeting identified as ex-State Dept. contractor". CBS News. July 14, 2017. Retrieved July 16, 2017. 
  224. ^ Becker, Jo; Apuzzo, Matt (July 8, 2017). "Trump Team Met With Lawyer Linked to Kremlin During Campaign". The New York Times. 
  225. ^ "Donald Trump Jr. Asked Russian Lawyer for Info on Clinton Foundation". NBC San Diego. December 5, 2017. 
  226. ^ a b Nakashima, Ellen (June 14, 2016). "Russian government hackers penetrated DNC, stole opposition research on Trump". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 5, 2018. 
  227. ^ a b Satter, Raphael (November 4, 2017). "Inside story: How Russians hacked the Democrats' emails". AP News. Retrieved March 13, 2018. 
  228. ^ "Assange on Peston on Sunday: 'More Clinton leaks to come'". ITV (Video). Peston on Sunday. June 12, 2016. Retrieved March 13, 2018. 
  229. ^ Nakashima, Ellen (June 15, 2016). "'Guccifer 2.0' claims credit for DNC hack". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 14, 2018. 
  230. ^ Biddle, Sam; Bluestone, Gabrielle (June 15, 2016). "This Looks Like the DNC's Hacked Trump Oppo File". Gawker. Retrieved July 15, 2018. 
  231. ^ Entous, Adam (May 17, 2017). "House majority leader to colleagues in 2016: 'I think Putin pays' Trump". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 14, 2018. 
  232. ^ "Read the transcript of the conversation among GOP leaders obtained by The Post". The Washington Post. 
  233. ^ Colvin, Jill; Peoples, Steve (June 20, 2016). "Trump fires his campaign manager in dramatic shake-up". Associated Press. Retrieved March 14, 2018. 
  234. ^ a b Geraghty, Jim (October 31, 2017). "What Russia Really Wants: A Divided, Paralyzed America". National Review. Retrieved April 2, 2018. 
  235. ^ Isaac, Mike; Shane, Scott (October 2, 2017). "Facebook's Russia-Linked Ads Came in Many Disguises". The New York Times. Retrieved April 2, 2018. 
  236. ^ Prokop, Andrew (February 2, 2018). "Carter Page, the star of the Nunes memo, explained". Vox. Retrieved April 13, 2018. 
  237. ^ Bertrand, Natasha (November 6, 2017). "Carter Page's testimony is filled with bombshells – and supports key portions of the Steele dossier". Business Insider. Retrieved December 29, 2017. 
  238. ^ Weindling, Jacob (January 11, 2017). "The 31 Most Explosive Allegations against Trump from the Leaked Intelligence Document". Paste. Retrieved December 29, 2017. 
  239. ^ Withnall, Adam; Sengupta, Kim (January 12, 2017). "The 10 key Donald Trump allegations from the classified Russia memos". The Independent. Retrieved December 29, 2017. 
  240. ^ Bertrand, Natasha (January 27, 2017). "Memos: CEO of Russia's state oil company offered Trump adviser, allies a cut of huge deal if sanctions were lifted". Business Insider. Retrieved December 29, 2017. 
  241. ^ Tracy, Abigail (November 7, 2017). "Is Carter Page Digging the Trump Administration's Grave? Three things the former campaign adviser revealed to Congress that should scare the White House". Vanity Fair. Retrieved December 29, 2017. 
  242. ^ Hamburger, Tom; Helderman, Rosalind S. (February 6, 2016). "Hero or hired gun? How a British former spy became a flash point in the Russia investigation". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 14, 2018. 
  243. ^ Guccifer 2.0. "Trumpocalypse and other DNC plans for July". Wordpress. Archived from the original on July 6, 2016. Retrieved March 14, 2016 – via Internet Archive. 
  244. ^ a b Uchill, Joe (July 13, 2016). "Guccifer 2.0 releases new DNC docs". The Hill. Retrieved March 14, 2018. 
  245. ^ Furst, Randy (November 1, 2017). "Did Russian hackers organize Castile protest? Activists say no". St. Cloud Times. Gannett Company. Retrieved April 2, 2018. 
  246. ^ O'Sullivan, Donie; Byers, Dylan (October 13, 2017). "Exclusive: Even Pokémon Go used by extensive Russian-linked meddling effort". CNN. Retrieved April 2, 2018. 
  247. ^ Katehon Think Tank (July 7, 2016), The Lecture of Trump's Advisor Carter Page in Moscow, retrieved May 29, 2017 
  248. ^ "Trump foreign policy adviser has advice for Russian grads". Associated Press. July 8, 2016. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  249. ^ Reilly, Steve (March 7, 2017). "Trump campaign gave Page permission for Moscow trip". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  250. ^ Schulberg, Jessica; Visser, Nick (July 11, 2017). "In New Testimony, Carter Page Forced To Reveal Meetings With Russian Officials". Huffington Post. 
  251. ^ Hamburger, Tom; Helderman, Rosalind S.; Leonnig, Carol D.; Entous, Adam (September 20, 2017). "Manafort offered to give Russian billionaire 'private briefings' on 2016 campaign". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved September 20, 2017. 
  252. ^ Dawsey, Josh (September 20, 2017). "Manafort used Trump campaign account to email Ukrainian operative". Politico. Retrieved March 14, 2018. 
  253. ^ Bump, Philip (November 7, 2017). "Russian officials and allies repeatedly signaled support for Trump to his campaign team". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 26, 2018. 
  254. ^ Costa, Robert (July 9, 2016). "A curveball in Trump's Veep search: He's seriously considering a retired general". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  255. ^ Kosoff, Maya (October 30, 2017). "How Russia Secretly Orchestrated Dozens of U.S. Protests". Vanity Fair. Retrieved March 31, 2018. 
  256. ^ Dahn, Andy (July 16, 2016). "Demonstrators Remember Sandra Bland, Demand Greater Police Accountability". CBS Chicago. Retrieved April 3, 2018. 
  257. ^ Russell, Josh [@josh_emerson] (September 29, 2017). "Google cache of "Rally in Memory of Sandra Bland" webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:Y_RWmh-kKuUJ:www.facebook.com/events/1751718638376338/+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us …" (Tweet). Retrieved April 3, 2018 – via Twitter. 
  258. ^ Uchill, Joe (July 18, 2016). "New Guccifer 2.0 dump highlights 'wobbly Dems' on Iran deal". The Hill. Retrieved July 27, 2016. 
  259. ^ Isenstadt, Alex (January 14, 2014). "GOP convention set for July 18–21 in 2016". Politico. Retrieved January 15, 2015. 
  260. ^ Murray, Sara; Acosta, Jim; Schleifer, Theodore (March 4, 2017). "More Trump advisers disclose meetings with Russia's ambassador". CNN. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  261. ^ Friedersdorf, Conor (March 3, 2017). "Trump's Untruths About Russia Are Piling Up". The Atlantic. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  262. ^ Naylor, Brian (August 6, 2016). "How The Trump Campaign Weakened The Republican Platform On Aid To Ukraine". NPR. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  263. ^ Johnson, Carrie (December 4, 2017). "2016 RNC Delegate: Trump Directed Change To Party Platform On Ukraine Support". NPR. Retrieved December 5, 2017. 
  264. ^ Healy, Patrick; Martin, Jonathan (July 21, 2016). "His Tone Dark, Donald Trump Takes G.O.P. Mantle". The New York Times. Retrieved July 22, 2016. 
  265. ^ Schleifer, Theodore; Scott, Eugene (July 24, 2016). "What was in the DNC email leak?". CNN. Retrieved July 27, 2016. 
  266. ^ Gearan, Anne; Rucker, Philip; Phillip, Abby (July 24, 2016). "DNC chairwoman will resign in aftermath of committee email controversy". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 30, 2017. 
  267. ^ ABC News (July 24, 2016). "'This Week' Transcript: Live from Philadelphia Democratic National Convention". This Week. ABC News. Retrieved March 15, 2018. 
  268. ^ "Live Updates: 2016 Democratic Convention". The Wall Street Journal. July 28, 2016. 
  269. ^ Lake, Eli (July 25, 2016). "Cyber-Experts Say Russia Hacked the Democratic National Committee". Bloomberg View. Retrieved October 23, 2016. 
  270. ^ Ben Kamisar (13 July 2018). "Indictment: Russians tried to hack Clinton around when Trump publicly asked them to". TheHill.com. Retrieved 13 July 2018. 
  271. ^ Dylan Scott (13 July 2018). "July 27, 2016: Trump publicly asked Russia to find Hillary's emails. They acted within hours.; Apparently, Russia was listening". Vox.com. Retrieved 13 July 2018. 
  272. ^ Trump, Donald [@realDonaldTrump] (July 27, 2016). "If Russia or any other country or person has Hillary Clinton's 33,000 illegally deleted emails, perhaps they should share them with the FBI!" (Tweet). Retrieved March 13, 2018 – via Twitter. 
  273. ^ Parker, Ashley; Sanger, David E. (July 27, 2016). "Donald Trump Calls on Russia to Find Hillary Clinton's Missing Emails". The New York Times. Retrieved May 29, 2017. Donald J. Trump said on Wednesday that he hoped Russian intelligence services had successfully hacked Hillary Clinton's email, and encouraged them to publish whatever they may have stolen, essentially urging a foreign adversary to conduct cyberespionage against a former secretary of state. 
  274. ^ Crowley, Michael; Pager, Tyler (July 27, 2016). "Trump urges Russia to hack Clinton's email". Politico. Donald Trump invited Russia to hack Hillary Clinton's emails on Wednesday, asking one of America's longstanding geopolitical adversaries to find 'the 30,000 emails that are missing' from the personal server she used during her time as secretary of state. 
  275. ^ Gass, Nick (July 27, 2016). "Trump on Russia hacking comments: 'Of course I'm being sarcastic'". Politico. Retrieved May 31, 2017. 
  276. ^ Dilanian, Ken (July 13, 2018). "The timing, the proof, the details: Takeaways from Mueller's new indictments". NBC News. Retrieved July 13, 2018. 
  277. ^ Bixby, Scott (July 28, 2016). "Democratic convention live: Hillary Clinton to officially accept nomination". The Guardian. Retrieved July 28, 2016. 
  278. ^ Hamburger, Tom; Helderman, Rosalind S.; Leonnig, Carol D.; Entous, Adam (September 20, 2017). "Manafort offered to give Russian billionaire 'private briefings' on 2016 campaign". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 6, 2018. 
  279. ^ Wilber, Del Quentin; Cloud, Davis S. (March 20, 2017). "Comey says FBI began investigation into Russia meddling in July". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 21, 2017. 
  280. ^ Bump, Philip (February 25, 2018). "What we learned from the Democratic response to the Nunes memo – and what we didn't". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 26, 2018. 
  281. ^ a b Apuzzo, Matt; Goldman, Adam; Fandos, Nicholas (May 16, 2018). "Code Name Crossfire Hurricane: The Secret Origins of the Trump Investigation". The New York Times. Retrieved July 5, 2018. 
  282. ^ "'This Week' Transcript: Donald Trump, Vice President Joe Biden, and Ret. Gen. John Allen". This Week. ABC News. July 31, 2016. Retrieved April 18, 2018. 
  283. ^ a b Sullivan, Eileen; Riechmann, Deb (May 23, 2017). "Brennan warned Russia against election meddling". The Boston Globe. Associated Press. Retrieved May 25, 2017. 
  284. ^ Ballhaus, Rebecca (October 27, 2017). "Trump Donor Asked Data Firm If It Could Better Organize Hacked Emails". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved October 27, 2017. 
  285. ^ "United States of America v. Mariia Butina Criminal Complaint". U.S. Department of Justice. July 14, 2018. Retrieved July 16, 2018. 
  286. ^ a b c Mak, Tim (February 23, 2018). "The Kremlin and GOP Have a New Friend – and Boy, Does She Love Guns". The Daily Beast. Retrieved March 20, 2018. 
  287. ^ Helderman, Rosalind S.; Hamburger, Tom; Weiner, Rachel; Crites, Alice; Barrett, Devlin; Zapotsky, Matt; Roth, Andrew (June 19, 2017). "At height of Russia tensions, Trump campaign chairman Manafort met with business associate from Ukraine". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 6, 2018.  ...the longtime acquaintances "talked about bills unpaid by our clients, about [the] overall situation in Ukraine...and about the current news," including the presidential campaign, according to a statement provided by Kilimnik...
  288. ^ Mazzetti, Mark; Bergman, Ronen; Kirkpatrick, David D. (May 19, 2018). "Trump Jr. and Other Aides Met With Gulf Emissary Offering Help to Win Election". The New York Times. Retrieved June 14, 2018. 
  289. ^ Walters, Greg (March 30, 2018). "Paul Manafort, a mysterious Russian jet, and a secret meeting". Vice News. Retrieved July 6, 2018. 
  290. ^ a b Kaczynski, Andrew; Borger, Gloria (April 4, 2018). "Stone, on day he sent Assange dinner email, also said 'devastating' WikiLeaks were forthcoming". CNN. Retrieved July 6, 2018. 
  291. ^ Stone, Roger (August 5, 2016). "Dear Hillary: DNC Hack Solved, So Now Stop Blaming Russia". Breitbart News. Retrieved March 15, 2018. 
  292. ^ a b c Goodman, Ryan (September 28, 2017). "How Roger Stone Interacted with Russia's Guccifer and Wikileaks". Newsweek. Retrieved March 15, 2018. 
  293. ^ Blake, Andrew (March 10, 2017). "Roger Stone, Trump confidant, acknowledges 'innocuous' Twitter conversation with DNC hackers". The Washington Times. Retrieved March 15, 2018. 
  294. ^ "Jullian Assange addressing the Green Party National Convention" (video). Nathaniel Lane. August 6, 2016 – via YouTube. 
  295. ^ "Roger Stone's Speech At The Southwest Broward Republican Organization (8/8/2016)" (video). Conservative Citizen. August 8, 2016. Retrieved March 15, 2018 – via YouTube.  Time offset 45:50.
  296. ^ Dovere, Edward-Isaac (March 27, 2017). "Roger Stone: 'They have no proof'". Politico. Retrieved March 15, 2018. 
  297. ^ WikiLeaks [@WikiLeaks] (August 9, 2016). "We are not aware of having communicated with Roger Stone. We do however take, and verify, anonymous tips wikileaks.org/#submit" (Tweet). Retrieved March 26, 2018 – via Twitter. 
  298. ^ Duarte, Esteban; Meyer, Henry; Pismennaya, Evgenia (August 9, 2016). "Mobster or Central Banker? Spanish Cops Allege This Russian Both". Archived from the original on August 10, 2016. Retrieved July 17, 2018 – via Internet Archive. 
  299. ^ "Roger Stone on #MAGA Podcast (8/12/2016)". Conservative Citizen. August 12, 2016. Retrieved March 15, 2018 – via YouTube. I believe Julian Assange—who I think is a hero fighting the police state—has all of the emails that Huma [Abedin] and Cheryl Mills, the two Clinton aides, thought they had erased... I think Assange has them. I know he has them. And I believe he will expose the American people to this information, you know, in the next 90 days.  Time offset 7:00.
  300. ^ Collier, Kevin (April 5, 2018). "These Messages Show Julian Assange Talked About Seeking Hacked Files From Guccifer 2.0". Buzzfeed News. Retrieved April 6, 2018. 
  301. ^ a b Loffredo, Nicholas (August 13, 2016). "'Guccifer 2.0' Suspended From Twitter After Latest Hack of Democrats". Newsweek. Retrieved July 15, 2018. 
  302. ^ a b c d Bastone, William (March 8, 2017). "Roger Stone's Russian Hacking "Hero"". The Smoking Gun. Retrieved July 14, 2018. 
  303. ^ Gillum, Jack; Day, Chad; Horwitz, Jeff (April 12, 2017). "AP Exclusive: Manafort firm received Ukraine ledger payout". Associated Press. Retrieved March 15, 2018. 
  304. ^ Kaczynski, Andrew; McDermott, Nathan; Massie, Chris (March 20, 2017). "Trump adviser Roger Stone repeatedly claimed to know of forthcoming WikiLeaks dumps". CNN. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  305. ^ Stone, Roger (August 16, 2016). "Can the 2016 election be rigged? You bet". The Hill. Retrieved July 13, 2018. 
  306. ^ Helderman, Rosalind S.; Roig-Franzia, Manuel (July 13, 2018). "Charges against Russian intelligence officers intensify spotlight on Trump adviser Roger Stone". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 13, 2018. 
  307. ^ Dilanian, Ken; Ainsley, Julia; Lee, Carol E. (December 18, 2017). "FBI told Trump Russians would try to infiltrate his campaign". NBC News. Retrieved December 18, 2017. 
  308. ^ Bertrand, Natasha (December 17, 2017). "The FBI warned Trump that Russia would try to infiltrate his campaign team". Business Insider. 
  309. ^ Bump, Philip (August 17, 2010). "After dismissing intelligence experts, Donald Trump heads in for his classified briefing". The Washington Post. 
  310. ^ a b Martin, Jonathan; Rutenberg, Jim; Haberman, Maggie (August 17, 2016). "Donald Trump Appoints Media Firebrand to Run Campaign". The New York Times. Retrieved March 15, 2018. 
  311. ^ Paganini, Pierluigi (August 31, 2016). "FBI flash alert says foreign hackers compromised state election systems". Cyber Defense Magazine. Retrieved May 30, 2017. 
  312. ^ Haberman, Maggie; Martin, Jonathan (August 19, 2016). "Paul Manafort Quits Donald Trump's Campaign After a Tumultuous Run". The New York Times. Retrieved May 27, 2017. 
  313. ^ Vogel, Kenneth P.; Stern, David (March 3, 2017). "Authorities looked into Manafort protégé". Politico. Retrieved July 6, 2018. 
  314. ^ Collins, Ben; Resnick, Gideon; Poulsen, Kevin; Ackerman, Spencer (September 20, 2017). "Exclusive: Russians Appear to Use Facebook to Push Trump Rallies in 17 U.S. Cities". The Daily Beast. Retrieved March 15, 2018. 
  315. ^ Gallagher, Sean (May 25, 2017). "Florida GOP consultant admits he worked with Guccifer 2.0, analyzing hacked data". Ars Technica. Retrieved July 15, 2018. 
  316. ^ Rucker, Philip; Costa, Robert (August 25, 2016). "Trump tangles with Latino newsman, launches fresh attacks on GOP rivals". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 15, 2018. 
  317. ^ Teague, Matthew (August 25, 2016). "Farage at Trump rally: 'I wouldn't vote for Clinton if you paid me'". The Guardian. Retrieved June 13, 2018. 
  318. ^ "Julian Assange tells Megyn Kelly why WikiLeaks isn't releasing dirt on Donald Trump". The Week. August 26, 2016. Retrieved July 14, 2018. 
  319. ^ "Assange blasts media for 'politicization' of election campaign in Fox interviews". Fox News. August 26, 2016. Retrieved May 25, 2017. 
  320. ^ Rosenberg, Eli (May 9, 2018). "Russia-linked company that hired Michael Cohen registered alt-right websites during election". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 27, 2018. 
  321. ^ Poulsen, Kevin; Collins, Ben; Ackerman, Spencer (September 12, 2017). "Exclusive: Russia Used Facebook Events to Organize Anti-Immigrant Rallies on U.S. Soil". The Daily Beast. Retrieved September 12, 2017. 
  322. ^ Uchill, Joe (August 31, 2016). "Guccifer 2.0 leaks docs from 'Pelosi's PC'". The Hill. Retrieved March 15, 2018. 
  323. ^ Guccifer 2.0 (August 31, 2016). "DCCC Docs from Pelosi's PC". Archived from the original on August 31, 2016. Retrieved March 15, 2018 – via Internet Archive. 
  324. ^ Lichtblau, Eric (April 6, 2017). "C.I.A. Had Evidence of Russian Effort to Help Trump Earlier Than Believed". The New York Times. Retrieved March 15, 2018. 
  325. ^ a b Entous, Adam; Nakashima, Ellen; Miller, Greg (December 9, 2016). "Secret CIA assessment says Russia was trying to help Trump win White House". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 26, 2018. 
  326. ^ Thomsen, Jaqueline (May 24, 2018). "Roger Stone sought dirt on Clinton from Assange during 2016 election: report". The Hill (newspaper). Retrieved July 15, 2018.  "Please ask Assange for any State or HRC e-mail from August 10 to August 30—particularly on August 20, 2011," Stone wrote in a September 2016 email to Randy Credico, a New York radio host who had recently interviewed Assange.
  327. ^ a b Darcy, Oliver (February 7, 2018). "Right-wing media obsesses over FBI text message story; hours later it's debunked". CNN Money. Retrieved February 8, 2018. 
  328. ^ Wilber, Del Quentin (February 7, 2018). "Text From 2016 Shows Obama's Interest in FBI Employees' Work". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved February 9, 2018. 
  329. ^ Collins, Ben; Poulsen, Kevin; Ackerman, Spencer (September 27, 2017). "Exclusive: Russians Impersonated Real American Muslims to Stir Chaos on Facebook and Instagram". The Daily Beast. Retrieved September 28, 2017. 
  330. ^ a b Skiba, Katherine; Heinzmann, David; Lighty, Todd (July 13, 2017). "Peter W. Smith, GOP operative who sought Clinton's emails from Russian hackers, committed suicide, records show". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 15, 2018. 
  331. ^ Bertrand, Natasha (October 16, 2017). "Mueller has interviewed the cybersecurity expert who said he was 'recruited to collude with the Russians'". Business Insider. 
  332. ^ a b c d e Schreckinger, Ben (July 11, 2017). "GOP Researcher Who Sought Clinton Emails Had Alt-Right Help". [Politico]]. Retrieved August 13, 2018. 
  333. ^ Bertrand, Natasha (July 1, 2017). "'I got recruited to collude with the Russians': An unexpected player has added a new layer to the Trump campaign's Russia ties". Business Insider. Retrieved April 9, 2018. 
  334. ^ Leopold, Jason; Cormier, Anthony (August 10, 2018). "GOP Operative Made "Suspicious" Cash Withdrawals During Pursuit Of Clinton Emails". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved August 10, 2018. 
  335. ^ "Session: Discussed Ukraine & terrorism with Russian amb". CNBC (video). March 2, 2017. 
  336. ^ Helderman, Rosalind S.; DeYoung, Karen; Hamburger, Tom (October 31, 2017). "For 'low level volunteer,' Papadopoulos sought high profile as Trump adviser". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 15, 2018. 
  337. ^ Ainsley, Julia (November 10, 2017). "Mueller probing pre-election Flynn meeting with pro-Russia congressman". NBC News. Retrieved April 4, 2018. 
  338. ^ a b Adams, Rosalind; Brown, Hayes (October 17, 2017). "These Americans Were Tricked Into Working For Russia. They Say They Had No Idea". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved April 2, 2018. 
  339. ^ Miller, Greg; Nakashuma, Ellen; Entous, Adam (June 23, 2017). "Obama's secret struggle to punish Russia for Putin's election assault". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 15, 2017. 
  340. ^ Isikoff, Michael (September 23, 2016). "U.S. intel officials probe ties between Trump adviser and Kremlin". Retrieved March 16, 2018. 
  341. ^ Cohen, David (September 25, 2016). "Conway denies Trump campaign ties to Russia figure". Politico. 
  342. ^ a b c d Holpuch, Amanda (July 11, 2017). "Timeline: Trump and associates denied Russia involvement at least 20 times". Guardian. 
  343. ^ Page, Carter (September 25, 2016). "Letter from Carter Page to James Comey" (PDF). The Washington Post. Retrieved March 16, 2018. 
  344. ^ Rogin, Josh (September 26, 2016). "Trump's Russia adviser speaks out, calls accusations 'complete garbage'". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 27, 2018. All of these accusations are just complete garbage. 
  345. ^ Tribune news services (September 30, 2016). "U.S. official: Hackers targeted voter registration systems of 20 states". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 24, 2018. 
  346. ^ Helderman, Rosalind S.; Leonnig, Carol D.; Crites, Alice; Harris, Shane (August 3, 2018). "Trump associate socialized with alleged Russian agent Maria Butina in final weeks of 2016 campaign". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 3, 2018. 
  347. ^ Baygarova, Ksenia (September 30, 2016). "George Papadopoulos: Sanctions have done little more than to turn Russia towards China". Interfax. Retrieved March 23, 2018. 
  348. ^ Borger, Julian (March 8, 2017). "Why James Clapper's Trump comments may not conflict with reports of secret court order". The Guardian. Retrieved March 26, 2018. 
  349. ^ a b "Carter Page FISA documents" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved July 21, 2018. 
  350. ^ a b Savage, Charlie (July 21, 2018). "Carter Page FISA Documents Are Released by Justice Department". The New York Times. Retrieved July 21, 2018. 
  351. ^ Kirchgaessner, Stephanie; Hopkins, Nick (January 30, 2018). "FBI has second dossier on possible Trump-Russia collusion". The Guardian. 
  352. ^ Harding, Luke (November 15, 2017). "How Trump walked into Putin's web". The Guardian. 
  353. ^ Roger Stone [@RogerJStoneJr] (October 1, 2016). "[email protected] is done." (Tweet). Archived from the original on October 2, 2016. Retrieved July 14, 2018 – via Twitter. 
  354. ^ Roger Stone [@RogerJStoneJr] (October 3, 2016). "I have total confidence that @wikileaks and my hero Julian Assange will educate the American people soon" (Tweet). Archived from the original on October 16, 2016. Retrieved July 14, 2018 – via Twitter. 
  355. ^ "Joint Statement from the Department Of Homeland Security and Office of the Director of National Intelligence on Election Security". Department of Homeland Security. October 7, 2016. Retrieved April 10, 2017. 
  356. ^ Nakashima, Ellen. "US government officially accuses Russia of hacking campaign to interfere with elections". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 7, 2016. 
  357. ^ Fahrenthold, David A. (October 8, 2016). "Trump recorded having extremely lewd conversation about women in 2005". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 8, 2016. 
  358. ^ Lubben, Alex (June 23, 2017). "This one insane day changed the course of U.S. politics forever". Vice News. Retrieved March 15, 2018. 
  359. ^ Koran, Laura; Merica, Dan; LoBianco, Tom (October 7, 2016). "WikiLeaks posts apparent excerpts of Clinton Wall Street speeches". CNN. Retrieved January 6, 2017. 
  360. ^ "18 revelations from Wikileaks' hacked Clinton emails". BBC News. October 27, 2016.
  361. ^ Kranish, Michael (June 25, 2017). "Kushner firm's $285 million Deutsche Bank loan came just before Election Day". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 30, 2018. 
  362. ^ Protess, Ben; Silver-Greenberg, Jessica; Enrich, David (December 22, 2017). "Prosecutors Said to Seek Kushner Records From Deutsche Bank". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 23, 2017. 
  363. ^ Ross, Brian; Mosk, Matthew; Momtaz, Rym (March 2, 2017). "For Donald Trump Jr., lingering questions about meeting with pro-Russia group". ABC News. Retrieved March 27, 2018. 
  364. ^ Leonnig, Carol D.; Helderman, Rosalind S. (November 13, 2017). "Donald Trump Jr. communicated with WikiLeaks during 2016 campaign". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 14, 2017. 
  365. ^ a b Ioffe, Julia (November 13, 2017). "The Secret Correspondence Between Donald Trump Jr. and WikiLeaks". The Atlantic. 
  366. ^ WikiLeaks [@wikileaks] (October 13, 2016). "Editorial: WikiLeaks has never communicated with Roger Stone as we have previously, repeatedly stated twitter.com/search?f=tweets&vertical=default&q=from%3Awikileaks%20stone%20-oliver&src=typd …" (Tweet). Retrieved July 15, 2018 – via Twitter. 
  367. ^ Bertrand, Natasha (February 2018). "Roger Stone's Secret Messages with WikiLeaks". The Atlantic. Retrieved March 27, 2018. 
  368. ^ Blake, Aaron (November 14, 2017). "The clear timeline suggesting Donald Trump Jr. coordinated with WikiLeaks". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 14, 2017. 
  369. ^ Nelson, Louis (October 14, 2016). "Pence denies Trump camp in cahoots with WikiLeaks". Politico. 
  370. ^ Uchill, Joe (October 15, 2016). "Anti-Trump group files FBI complaint over alleged Russian collusion". The Hill (newspaper). Retrieved July 15, 2018. 
  371. ^ a b Tracy, Abigail (October 31, 2016). "Harry Reid Accuses the F.B.I. of Withholding "Explosive Information" About Trump". Vanity Fair. Retrieved February 2, 2018. 
  372. ^ Zapotosky, Matt; Demirjian, Karoun; Costa, Robert; Nakashima, Ellen (January 29, 2018). "How a classified four-page Russia memo triggered a political firestorm". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 6, 2018. 
  373. ^ Blake, Aaron (October 19, 2016). "The final Trump-Clinton debate transcript, annotated". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 3, 2017. 
  374. ^ Osborne, Samuel (October 20, 2017). "Donald Trump denies he's ever met Putin despite someone called Donald Trump once saying he had". The Independent. 
  375. ^ Burgis, Tom (October 19, 2016). "Dirty money: Trump and the Kazakh connection". Financial Times. Retrieved October 26, 2017. 
  376. ^ Stone, Roger (October 19, 2016). "Stone: Wikileaks, Mike Morell, Russia, and Me". Breitbart. Retrieved July 15, 2018. 
  377. ^ Henderson, Bruce; Harrison, Steve (October 19, 2018). "Charlotte shooting protest had hidden help – a Russian troll farm, news site says". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved April 2, 2018. 
  378. ^ Doroshev, Anton; Arkhipov, Ilya (October 27, 2016). "Putin Says U.S. Isn't Banana Republic, Must Get Over Itself". Bloomberg News. Retrieved February 2, 2017. 
  379. ^ Eric Lichtblau (19 July 2018). "Urgent FBI Investigation Into Russian Interference Delayed Clinton Email Revelations Until Days Before 2016 Election". TheIntercept.com. Retrieved 20 July 2018. 
  380. ^ "A Review of Various Actions by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Department of Justice in Advance of the 2016 Election". justice.gov. Retrieved 20 July 2018. 
  381. ^ Arkin, William M.; Dilanian, Ken; McFadden, Cynthia (December 19, 2016). "What Obama Said to Putin on the Red Phone About the Election Hack". NBC News. Retrieved December 22, 2016. 
  382. ^ Corn, David (October 31, 2016). "A Veteran Spy Has Given the FBI Information Alleging a Russian Operation to Cultivate Donald Trump". Mother Jones. Retrieved December 19, 2017. 
  383. ^ Foer, Franklin (October 31, 2016). "Was a Trump Server Communicating With Russia?". Slate. 
  384. ^ Kim LaCapria (March 10, 2017). "Trump Organization Computer Server Tied to Russian Bank?". Snopes.com. Retrieved February 23, 2018. 
  385. ^ Bertrand, Natasha (September 14, 2017). "Texas secession movement: Russia-linked Facebook group asked us to participate in anti-Clinton rallies". Business Insider. Retrieved April 2, 2018. 
  386. ^ "Texit Rallies Kick Off Across the State Without Local Support". everythinglubbock.com (video). November 5, 2016. Retrieved April 2, 2018. 
  387. ^ a b Yates, Will; Wendling, Mike (November 4, 2017). "'Russian trolls' promoted California independence". BBC News. Retrieved April 2, 2018. 
  388. ^ "Presidential Election Results: Donald J. Trump Wins". The New York Times. November 9, 2016. Retrieved December 20, 2016. 
  389. ^ McIntire, Mike (June 18, 2017). "Russia Renewed Unused Trump Trademarks in 2016". The New York Times. Retrieved March 12, 2018. 
  390. ^ Valeria [@yourmegabasic] (November 8, 2016). "California should secede. We are the richest state in the U.S. Therefore it is strong enough to be its own country. #Calexit" (Tweet). Retrieved April 3, 2018 – via Twitter. 
  391. ^ Day, Chad; Braun, Stephen (August 4, 2017). "APNewsBreak: Flynn details tie to data firm, transition pay". AP News. Archived from the original on August 4, 2017. Retrieved April 11, 2018 – via Internet Archive. 
  392. ^ Flynn, Michael (January 22, 2017). "Michael Flynn amended public financial disclosure". Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved April 11, 2018 – via Internet Archive. 
  393. ^ Menn, Joseph (December 15, 2016). Weber, Jonathan; Adler, Leslie, eds. "U.S. election agency breached by hackers after November vote". Reuters. Retrieved May 30, 2018. 
  394. ^ Halpern, Sue (April 18, 2018). "America Continues to Ignore the Risks of Election Hacking". The New Yorker. Retrieved May 30, 2018. 
  395. ^ Sommerfeldt, Chris (December 8, 2016). "FBI reportedly warned top Trump adviser Hope Hicks about Russians contacting her during the transition". New York Daily News. 
  396. ^ Agence France-Presse (December 8, 2016). "FBI warned Trump aide Hope Hicks over emails from Russians: report". The Daily Telegraph. 
  397. ^ Macfarquhar, Neil; Baker, Peter (March 2, 2017). "Sergey Kislyak, Russian Envoy, Cultivated Powerful Network in U.S." The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 3, 2017. 
  398. ^ Dovere, Edward-Isaac; Nussbaum, Matthew (May 8, 2017). "Obama warned Trump about Flynn, officials say". Politico. Retrieved May 24, 2017. 
  399. ^ a b Filipov, David; Roth, Andrew (November 10, 2016). "Moscow had contacts with Trump team during campaign, Russian diplomat says". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 5, 2018. 
  400. ^ Ohlheiser, Abby (November 11, 2016). "Mark Zuckerberg denies that fake news on Facebook influenced the elections". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 11, 2018. 
  401. ^ a b Entous, Adam; Dwoskin, Elizabeth; Timberg, Craig (September 24, 2017). "Obama tried to give Zuckerberg a wake-up call over fake news on Facebook". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved September 25, 2017. 
  402. ^ Appleton, Rory (November 11, 2016). "President-elect Donald Trump adds congressman Devin Nunes to transition team". The Fresno Bee. Retrieved March 20, 2018. 
  403. ^ Cook, Nancy (November 11, 2017). "How Flynn – and the Russia scandal – landed in the West Wing". Politico. Retrieved March 30, 2018. 
  404. ^ Hutchins, Ryan (December 6, 2017). "Christie: Warning about Flynn among reasons I was fired from Trump transition". Politico PRO. Retrieved December 6, 2017. 
  405. ^ Breland, Ali (October 31, 2017). "Thousands attended protest organized by Russians on Facebook". The Hill. Retrieved March 25, 2018. 
  406. ^ a b Sabbagh, Dan (June 12, 2018). "Arron Banks tells MPs: I have no business interests in Russia". The Guardian. Retrieved June 13, 2018.  "What's wrong with that? We gave them a telephone number," Banks said. The committee heard Wigmore had obtained the number after he supplied one for No 10 to a receptionist for Donald Trump. According to Wigmore, she said: "You're British, do you have the telephone number for No 10 Downing Street? We do not have [a] relationship with the British or any of these governments."
  407. ^ "Захарова: еврейские деньги были ключевым фактором выборов США" [Zakharova: Jewish money was the key factor in US elections] (in Russian). kramola.info. November 19, 2016. Retrieved May 8, 2018. 
  408. ^ Neidig, Harper (November 15, 2016). "Mike Rogers leaves Trump transition team". The Hill. Retrieved March 20, 2018. 
  409. ^ Kerbaj, Richard; Wheeler, Caroline; Harper, Tom (June 10, 2018). "Revealed: Brexit backer Arron Banks's golden Kremlin connection". The Sunday Times. Retrieved June 13, 2018. The ambassador was obviously keen to know how our meeting [with Trump] went. 
  410. ^ Kirkpatrick, David D.; Rosenberg, Matthew (June 29, 2018). "Russians Offered Business Deals to Brexit's Biggest Backer". The New York Times. Retrieved July 5, 2018. 
  411. ^ Lichtblau, Eric (November 18, 2016). "Donald Trump Selects Senator Jeff Sessions for Attorney General". The New York Times. Retrieved November 18, 2016. 
  412. ^ Bradner, Eric; Murray, Sara; Browne, Ryan (November 18, 2016). "Trump offers Flynn job of national security advisor". CNN. Retrieved May 27, 2017. 
  413. ^ Cummings, Elijah (November 18, 2016). "Letter to Vice President-elect Michael Pence" (PDF). 
  414. ^ Woolf, Nicky; Elgot, Jessica (November 22, 2016). "Nigel Farage would be great UK ambassador to US, says Donald Trump". The Guardian. Retrieved July 12, 2018. 
  415. ^ Donald J. Trump [@realDonaldTrump] (November 21, 2016). "Many people would like to see @Nigel_Farage represent Great Britain as their Ambassador to the United States. He would do a great job!" (Tweet). Retrieved July 12, 2018 – via Twitter. 
  416. ^ Smith, Peter W. (November 21, 2016). "Nation-States Not Involved In Campaign-Related Email Leaks". peterwsmith.com. Archived from the original on June 29, 2017. Retrieved August 13, 2018 – via Internet Archive. 
  417. ^ Miller, Greg; Entous, Adam (May 5, 2017). "Flynn was warned by Trump transition officials about contacts with Russian ambassador". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 16, 2018. 
  418. ^ Helderman, Rosalind S.; Hamburger, Tom; Harris, Sean; Leonnig, Carol D.; Barrett, Devlin; Costa, Robert; Troianovski, Anton (July 17, 2018). "'She was like a novelty': How alleged Russian agent Maria Butina gained access to elite conservative circles". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 20, 2018. 
  419. ^ Markon, Jerry; Tumulty, Karen; Demirjian, Koroun; Terris, Ben (November 25, 2016). "Trump fills White House counsel and deputy national security posts". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 20, 2018. 
  420. ^ Cameron, Dell (December 19, 2017). "Trump Transition Team Discussed Michael Flynn Using Signal to Encrypt Conversations, Emails Show". Gizmodo. Retrieved December 20, 2017. 
  421. ^ Rosenberg, Matthew; Goldman, Adam; Schmidt, Michael S. (March 1, 2017). "Obama Administration Rushed to Preserve Intelligence of Russian Election Hacking". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 9, 2017. 
  422. ^ Nakashima, Ellen; Entous, Adam; Miller, Greg (May 26, 2017). "Russian ambassador told Moscow that Kushner wanted secret communications channel with Kremlin". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 27, 2017. 
  423. ^ "Jared Kushner's Statement To Congress About Russia, Annotated". NPR. July 24, 2017. Retrieved March 30, 2018. 
  424. ^ Муртазин, Ирек. "Троянский код" [The Trojan Code]. Новая газета – Novayagazeta.ru (in Russian). Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  425. ^ LeVine, Steve. "Three Russian cyber arrests, one suspicious death, and a new twist in the US election hack". Quartz. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  426. ^ Borger, Julian (January 11, 2017). "John McCain passes dossier alleging secret Trump-Russia contacts to FBI". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved August 4, 2017. 
  427. ^ Solomon, John (August 9, 2018). "The handwritten notes exposing what Fusion GPS told DOJ about Trump". The Hill. Retrieved August 12, 2018. 
  428. ^ Bertrand, Natasha (May 28, 2017). "Report suggests potentially alarming development in Jared Kushner's meeting with the head of a sanctioned Russian bank". Business Insider. 
  429. ^ a b David Filipov, Amy Brittain, Rosalind S. Helderman and Tom Hamburger (June 1, 2017). "Explanations for Kushner's meeting with head of Kremlin-linked bank don't match up". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 16, 2018. 
  430. ^ Harper, Steven (November 21, 2017). "A Timeline: Everything We Know About Kushner's Role in the Russia Mess". BillMoyers.com. Retrieved November 26, 2017. 
  431. ^ Rosenberg, Matthew; Mazzetti, Mark; Haberman, Maggie (May 29, 2017). "Investigation Turns to Kushner's Motives in Meeting With a Putin Ally". The New York Times. Retrieved May 30, 2017. 
  432. ^ Egan, Matt; Horowitz, Julia; Isidore, Chris (December 11, 2016). "Behind the deep ties between Exxon's Rex Tillerson and Russia". CNN Money. CNN. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  433. ^ Chozick, Amy (December 16, 2016). "Clinton Says 'Personal Beef' by Putin Led to Hacking Attacks". New York Times. 
  434. ^ Merica, Dan; Zeleny, Jeff (December 16, 2016). "Clinton says Putin grudge led Russia to hack: 'He has a personal beef against me'". CNN. [dead link]
  435. ^ a b c Miller, Greg; Jaffe, Greg; Rucker, Philip (December 14, 2017). "Doubting the intelligence, Trump pursues Putin and leaves a Russian threat unchecked". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 16, 2017. Following a rehearsed plan, Clapper functioned as moderator, yielding to Brennan and others on key points in the briefing, which covered the most highly classified information U.S. spy agencies had assembled, including an extraordinary CIA stream of intelligence that had captured Putin's specific instructions on the operation. […] organized around two main objectives—destabilizing U.S. democracy and preventing Hillary Clinton, who is despised by Putin, from reaching the White House. 
  436. ^ Raju, Manu (September 18, 2017). "Exclusive: Rice told House investigators why she unmasked senior Trump officials". CNN. Retrieved June 19, 2018. 
  437. ^ Ainsley, Julia; Lee, Carol E.; Windram, Robert; Lehren, Andrew W. (March 12, 2018). "Qataris opted not to give info on Kushner, secret meetings to Mueller". NBC News. Retrieved June 19, 2018. 
  438. ^ Lee, Carol E.; Ainsley, Julia (June 1, 2018). "Jared Kushner close friend Rick Gerson now under scrutiny from Mueller". NBC News. Retrieved June 19, 2018. 
  439. ^ a b Entous, Adam; Miller, Greg; Sieff, Kevin; DeYoung, Karen (April 3, 2017). "Blackwater founder held secret Seychelles meeting to establish Trump-Putin back channel". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 16, 2018. 
  440. ^ "Face the Nation Transcript December 18, 2016: Conway, Kissinger, Donilon". CBS News. December 18, 2016. Retrieved March 18, 2018. 
  441. ^ Litman, Harry (December 1, 2017). "Michael Flynn's Guilty Plea: 10 Key Takeaways". The New York Times. 
  442. ^ a b c d "U.S. v. Flynn Statement of The Offense" (PDF). United States Department of Justice. December 1, 2017. Retrieved March 16, 2018. 
  443. ^ Mendick, Robert (January 27, 2017). "Mystery death of ex-KGB chief linked to MI6 spy's dossier on Donald Trump". The Telegraph. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  444. ^ Lee, Carol E.; Sonne, Paul (December 30, 2016). "U.S. Sanctions Russia Over Election Hacking; Moscow Threatens to Retaliate". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 25, 2017. 
  445. ^ Obama, Barack (December 29, 2016). "Statement by the President on Actions in Response to Russian Malicious Cyber Activity and Harassment". WhiteHouse.gov. White House Office of the Press Secretary. Retrieved December 11, 2017. 
  446. ^ "FACT SHEET: Actions in Response to Russian Malicious Cyber Activity and Harassment". White House. Retrieved December 11, 2017. 
  447. ^ Parks, Miles (December 5, 2017). "The 10 Events You Need To Know To Understand The Michael Flynn Story". NPR. Retrieved December 10, 2017. 
  448. ^ Matt Ford (December 15, 2017). "The 18 Days That Haunt Trump's Presidency; A timeline of the events that led up to former National-Security Adviser Michael Flynn's departure from the White House". The Atlantic. Retrieved December 17, 2017. According to filings from the special counsel's office, which were publicly released in December 2017, Flynn calls an unnamed senior official on the Trump transition team at Mar-a-Lago to discuss what he should tell Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak about the administration's stance on the sanctions. (Kislyak had contacted him the day before.) They and other members of the team at the president's Florida estate agree that they do not want Russia to escalate the diplomatic crisis. After the initial call, Flynn speaks with Kislyak multiple times by phone and urges him not to exacerbate the situation. U.S. intelligence officials intercept the calls as part of their routine surveillance of foreign dignitaries. 
  449. ^ Schmidt, Michael S.; LaFraniere, Sharon (December 4, 2017). "McFarland Contradicted Herself on Russia Contacts, Congressional Testimony Shows". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 4, 2017. 
  450. ^ Miller, Greg; Entous, Adam; Nakashima, Ellen (February 9, 2017). "National security adviser Flynn discussed sanctions with Russian ambassador, despite denials, officials say". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 27, 2017. 
  451. ^ Michael S. Schmidt (December 1, 2017). "Documents Reveal New Details on What Trump Team Knew About Flynn's Calls With Russia's Ambassador". The New York Times. Retrieved December 4, 2017. 
  452. ^ a b Schmidt, Michael S.; LaFraniere, Sharon; Shane, Scott (December 2, 2017). "Emails Dispute White House Claims That Flynn Acted Independently on Russia". The New York Times. Retrieved March 30, 2018. 
  453. ^ "GRIZZLY STEPPE – Russian Malicious Cyber Activity" (PDF). National Cybersecurity and Communications Integration Center. December 29, 2016. Retrieved March 16, 2018.  Reference Number: JAR-16-20296A
  454. ^ Latukhina, Kyra (December 30, 2016). "Путин решил не высылать американских дипломатов" [Putin decided not to expel U.S. diplomats]. Rossiyskaya Gazeta (in Russian). Retrieved April 11, 2017. 
  455. ^ Donald Trump [@realDonaldTrump] (December 30, 2016). "Great move on delay (by V. Putin) – I always knew he was very smart!" (Tweet). Retrieved May 29, 2017 – via Twitter. 
  456. ^ Waas, Murray (December 20, 2017). "White House Counsel Knew in January Flynn Probably Violated the Law". Foreign Policy. 
  457. ^ Blum, Howard (November 22, 2017). "Exclusive: What Trump Really Told Kislyak After Comey Was Canned". Vanity Fair. 
  458. ^ Buncombe, Andrew (November 23, 2017). "US intelligence official told Israel Russia had 'leverage' over Trump, says report". The Independent. 
  459. ^ Stein, Jeff (December 21, 2017). "Putin's Man in the White House? Real Trump Russia Scandal is Not Mere Collusion, U.S. Counterspies Say". Newsweek. 
  460. ^ a b Thomas, Pierre; Meek, James Gordon (April 6, 2018). "Mueller has evidence that Trump supporter's meeting with Putin ally may not have been a chance encounter: Sources". ABC News. Retrieved June 20, 2018. 
  461. ^ Rosenberg, Matthew; Mazetti, Mark (May 17, 2017). "Trump Team Knew Flynn Was Under Investigation Before He Came to White House". The New York Times. Retrieved March 16, 2018. 
  462. ^ Flegenheimer, Matt; Shane, Scott (January 5, 2017). "Countering Trump, Bipartisan Voices Strongly Affirm Findings on Russian Hacking". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 4, 2017. 
  463. ^ Leopold, Jason; McDaniel, Chris; Cormier, Anthony (September 15, 2017). "Trump Advisers Secretly Met With Jordan's King While One Was Pushing A Huge Nuclear Power Deal". BuzzFeed. 
  464. ^ Brennan, Christopher (September 15, 2017). "Trump advisers secretly met Jordanian king during transition: report". New York Daily News. 
  465. ^ Rucker, Philip (January 5, 2017). "Former CIA director James Woolsey quits Trump transition team". The Washington Post. 
  466. ^ File:ODNI Statement on Declassified Intelligence Community Assessment of Russian Activities and Intentions in Recent U.S. Elections.pdf
  467. ^ "Assessing Russian Activities and Intentions in Recent US Elections" (PDF). Office of the Director of National Intelligence. January 6, 2017. 
  468. ^ Perlroth, Nicole; Wines, Michael; Rosenberg, Matthew (September 1, 2017). "Russian Election Hacking Efforts, Wider Than Previously Known, Draw Little Scrutiny". The New York Times. Retrieved March 16, 2018. 
  469. ^ Shabad, Rebecca (January 6, 2017). "Will Trump accept U.S. intelligence assessment on Russia hacking after briefing?". CBS News. Retrieved March 16, 2018. 
  470. ^ Greenwood, Max (January 12, 2017). "FBI director briefed Trump on dossier: reports". The Hill. Retrieved March 16, 2018. 
  471. ^ Sanger, David E.; Rosenberg, Matthew (July 18, 2018). "From the Start, Trump Has Muddied a Clear Message: Putin Interfered". The New York Times. Retrieved July 18, 2018. 
  472. ^ Hulse, Carl (June 8, 2017). "Trump's Interactions With Comey: Criminal or Clueless?". The New York Times. Retrieved March 16, 2018. 
  473. ^ Shimon Prokupecz, Kara Scannell and Jeremy Her (May 25, 2018). "Russian oligarch met with Michael Cohen at Trump Tower during transition". CNN. Retrieved May 25, 2018. 
  474. ^ https://www.axios.com/michael-cohen-russian-billionaire-oligarch-trump-tower-42f1e3b2-00b3-4540-9c6e-1ba87a43ea86.html
  475. ^ Trump, Donald J. (January 9, 2017)."President-Elect Donald J. Trump Names Jared Kushner Senior Advisor to the President" (Press release). N.Y.C.:GreatAgain. Trump today announced Jared Kushner will serve as Senior Advisor to the President... Kushner, a widely respected businessman and real estate developer was instrumental in formulating and executing the strategy behind President-elect Trump's historic victory..."
  476. ^ Kramer, Andrew E.; Higgins, Andrew (August 16, 2017). "In Ukraine, a Malware Expert Who Could Blow the Whistle on Russian Hacking". The New York Times. Retrieved March 16, 2018. 
  477. ^ Abramson, Alana (March 2, 2017). "Here's Exactly What Jeff Sessions Said About Russia at his Confirmation Hearing". Time. Retrieved May 27, 2017. 
  478. ^ Bensinger, Ken (January 10, 2017). "These Reports Allege Trump Has Deep Ties To Russia". BuzzFeed. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  479. ^ Trump, Donald J. [@realDonaldTrump] (January 10, 2017). "'BuzzFeed Runs Unverifiable Trump-Russia Claims' #FakeNews t.co/d6daCFZHNh" (Tweet). Retrieved March 16, 2018 – via Twitter. 
  480. ^ Trump, Donald J. [@realDonaldTrump] (January 11, 2017). "Russia has never tried to use leverage over me. I HAVE NOTHING TO DO WITH RUSSIA – NO DEALS, NO LOANS, NO NOTHING!" (Tweet). Retrieved May 29, 2017 – via Twitter. 
  481. ^ Durando, Jessica (January 11, 2017). "Trump says 'I have nothing to do with Russia.' That's not exactly true". USA Today. Retrieved May 29, 2017. 
  482. ^ Lange, Jeva (January 11, 2017). "BBC claims a second source backs up Trump dossier". The Week. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 
  483. ^ Hope, Bradley; Rothfeld, Michael; Cullison, Alan (January 11, 2017). "Christopher Steele, Ex-British Intelligence Officer, Said to Have Prepared Dossier on Trump". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved January 18, 2017. 
  484. ^ Demirjian, Karoun (November 30, 2017). "Erik Prince tells House investigators he met with Kremlin-linked banker in Seychelles". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved December 1, 2017. 
  485. ^ Goldstein, David; Wieder, Ben; Kumar, Anita (November 30, 2017). "As Prince goes before intel panel, UAE and Seychelles meeting with Russian on the agenda". mcclatchydc. Retrieved December 1, 2017. 
  486. ^ a b c d Banco, Erin (November 28, 2017). "Trump Envoy Erik Prince Met with CEO of Russian Direct Investment Fund in Seychelles". The Intercept. 
  487. ^ Mazzetti, Mark; Kirkpatrick, David D.; Goldman, Adam (March 6, 2018). "Adviser to Emirates With Ties to Trump Aides Is Cooperating With Special Counsel". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 7, 2018. 
  488. ^ Matthew Mosk, Patrick Reevell, James Gordon Meek (May 24, 2018). "Putin ally suggests Seychelles meeting with Erik Prince more than chance encounter over a beer". abcnews.go.com. Retrieved May 25, 2018. 
  489. ^ Massie, Chris; Kaczynski, Andrew (May 15, 2018). "Trump's lawyer falsely claimed in 2017 interview that Trump Organization had no recent activity in Russia". CNN. Retrieved June 21, 2018.  "There's no relationship," Cohen told Hannity in the January 11, 2017 appearance. "The last time that there was any activity between the Trump Organization—actually, wasn't even really the Trump Organization, it was the Miss Universe pageant, it was held in Moscow," Cohen said, referring to the pageant held in 2013.
  490. ^ "Michael Cohen On The Sean Hannity Show" (audio). The Sean Hannity Show. January 11, 2017. Retrieved June 21, 2018 – via SoundCloud. 
  491. ^ Guccifer2 (January 12, 2017). "Here I am Again, My Friends!". Guccifer 2.0. Retrieved July 15, 2018. 
  492. ^ a b Kirchgaessner, Stehanie; Harding, Luke (June 20, 2018). "US lobbyist for Russian oligarch visited Julian Assange nine times last year". The Guardian. Retrieved August 20, 2018. 
  493. ^ Horwitz, Sari; Nakashima, Ellen (January 14, 2017). "U.S. attorney in Baltimore is Trump's pick to be deputy attorney general". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 31, 2017. 
  494. ^ a b Bump, Philip (May 17, 2017). "The fall of Michael Flynn: A timeline". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 16, 2018. 
  495. ^ a b Arkhipov, Ilya; Donahue, Patrick (January 17, 2017). "Trump Aide Talks Investment With Sanctioned Kremlin Fund". Bloomberg LP. Archived from the original on January 17, 2017. Retrieved June 20, 2018 – via Internet Archive. 
  496. ^ Elder, Miriam (January 17, 2017). "Trump's Translator Wants The Global Elite To Understand Him". Buzzfeed News. Retrieved June 20, 2018. 
  497. ^ Nomination of Jeff Sessions to be Attorney General of the United States: Questions for the Record Submitted January 17, 2017: Questions From Senator Leahy, United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary p. 26.
  498. ^ Entous, Adam; Nakashima, Ellen; Miller, Greg (March 1, 2017). "Sessions met with Russian envoy twice last year, encounters he later did not disclose". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 27, 2017. 
  499. ^ a b c Mosk, Matthew; Santucci, John (June 28, 2018). "Special counsel eyeing Russians granted unusual access to Trump inauguration parties". ABC News. Retrieved June 28, 2018. 
  500. ^ Hensch, Mark (January 17, 2017). "Trump lands in DC for pre-inaugural dinner". The Hill. Retrieved June 28, 2018. 
  501. ^ Becker, Jo; Rosenberg, Matthew (April 6, 2017). "Kushner Omitted Meeting With Russians on Security Clearance Forms". The New York Times. Retrieved March 16, 2018. 
  502. ^ Stone, Peter; Gordon, Greg (January 18, 2017). "FBI, 5 other agencies probe possible covert Kremlin aid to Trump". McClatchy. 
  503. ^ a b Schmidt, Michael S.; Rosenberg, Matthew; Goldman, Adam; Apuzzo, Matt (January 19, 2017). "Intercepted Russian Communications Part of Inquiry Into Trump Associates". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 20, 2017. 
  504. ^ Greenwood, Max (January 19, 2017). "Manafort part of intelligence review of intercepted Russian communications". The Hill. Retrieved March 22, 2017. 
  505. ^ Warren, Elizabeth; Cardin, Benjamin L. (January 19, 2017). "Letter to Steve Mnuchin" (PDF). www.warren.senate.gov. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 27, 2017. Retrieved June 20, 2018 – via Internet Archive. 
  506. ^ Kellogg, Matt (May 12, 2017). "Letter to Elizabeth Warren" (PDF). Retrieved June 20, 2018 – via DocumentCloud. 
  507. ^ Rashbaum, William K.; Protess, Ben; McIntire, Mike (May 25, 2018). "At Trump Tower, Michael Cohen and Oligarch Discussed Russian Relations". Retrieved May 26, 2018. 
  508. ^ McAfee, Tierney (January 20, 2017). "The Obamas Welcome Donald and Melania Trump to the White House Just Before Inauguration". People. Retrieved January 22, 2017. 
  509. ^ Andrew Prokop (June 8, 2018). "All of Robert Mueller's indictments and plea deals in the Russia investigation so far; That we know of". Vox. Retrieved July 6, 2018. 

Further reading

External links

  • The giant timeline of everything Russia, Trump and the investigations, PBS NewsHour
  • "Joint Statement from the Department Of Homeland Security and Office of the Director of National Intelligence on Election Security", October 7, 2016
  • Bill Moyers: Interactive Timeline: Everything We Know About Russia and President Trump
  • Committee to Investigate Russia
  • Data, Democracy and Dirty Tricks, 19 March 2018 Channel 4
  • The Trump Russia Investigation. WhatTheFuckJustHappenedToday.com
  • Trump and Russia: A timeline of the investigation
  • Tracking the Russia investigations, CNN
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Timeline_of_Russian_interference_in_the_2016_United_States_elections&oldid=855765577"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Russian_interference_in_the_2016_United_States_elections
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Timeline of Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA