Timeline of Jakarta

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Jakarta, Indonesia.

Prior to 19th century

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The Tijgersgracht canal lined with the houses of the city's most prominent families, c. 1682

19th century

  • 1804 – Negara Palace built.
  • 1811 – British took power.[4]
  • 1814
    • Dutch rule of city restored.[4]
    • Theatre built.
  • 1821 – Schouwburg Weltevreden concert hall built.
  • 1829 – Hotel de Provence established.
  • 1836 – 3 February: the first government steamboat, Willem I, arrived at the Batavia shipyard of Island Onrust. This was followed by the arrival of another steamer from the "Nederland" Royal Mail line in September 1871.[7]
  • 1837 – Frederik-Hendrik citadel built.[4]
  • 1851 – Medical school founded.[4]
  • 1853
    • "Society for the promotion of industry and agriculture" established.[4]
    • By the end of 1853, the first exhibition of agricultural products and native arts and crafts was held in Batavia.[7]
  • 1860 – Gymnasium William III established.[4][7]
  • 1864
    • March – a concession was granted to the Netherlands Indian Railway Company for the construction of a railway between Batavia and Buitenzorg.[7][8]
    • Zoo established by Vereneging Plantenen Dierentuin.[9]
  • 1868 – Gedung Gajah museum opens.
  • 1869
    • The opening of Suez canal reduces the voyage from Europe to Batavia to 5 weeks.[10]
    • Batavia Tramway Company started the horse-tram line, 'nr 1: Old Batavia' (now Kota Tua). The route started at Amsterdam Poort in the northern end of Prinsenstraat (now Jalan Cengkeh) and then reached Molenvliet (Jalan Gajah Madah) and Harmonie.[11]
  • 1870
  • 1871
  • 1877 – A boom occurred in the international trade activity with Europe and the increase of shipping led to the construction of a new harbor at Tanjung Priok between 1877 and 1883.[7]
  • 1878 – 1 June: Commemoration of the first centenary of the Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences was held on June 1, 1878.[7]
  • 1879 – Gambir Palace built.
  • 1880 – Population of Batavia: 96,957.[4]
  • 1881
    • 1 December: the first dock of the Netherlands Indian Dry Docks Company was opened on Pulau Amsterdam (Eiland Amsterdam, present Pulau Untung Jawa) in the roadsteads of Batavia.[7]
    • Batavia-Buitenzorg-Cicurug railway line completed.[8]
  • 1882
    • Batavia-Buitenzorg-Cicurug-Sukabumi railway line completed.[8]
    • Horse-tram lines were reconstructed into steam tram lines.
  • 1883
    • Batavia-Buitenzorg-Cicurug-Sukabumi-Cianjur railway line completed.[8]
    • 12 August to 19 November: an exhibition of agricultural products and native arts and crafts was held at Batavia's Koningsplein.[7]
    • Dutch Indies Telephone Company established in Batavia.[7]
  • 1884
  • 1886 – Tanjung Priok Station completed, connecting Tanjung Priok harbor with Batavia.[7]
  • 1888 – 15 January: an anatomical and bacterial laboratory established in Batavia.[7]
  • 1886 – Tanjung Priok harbor built.[4]
  • 1894 – 1 November: Batavia-Surabaya connected with the opening of the railway section Tasikmalaya-Maos
  • 1895 – 16 July: Pasteur Institute established.[7]
  • 1898 – Population of Batavia: 115,567.[4]
  • 1899 – The electric train operated. It was the first ever electric train in the Kingdom of Netherlands.[11]

20th century



21st century



See also


  1. ^ Yaneo Ishii, ed. (1998), "Kelapa (Batavia)", The junk trade from Southeast Asia: translations from the Tôsen fusetsu-gaki, 1674–1723, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, ISBN 9812300228 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Forbes 2004.
  3. ^ a b John Bowman, ed. (2000). "Indonesia". Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture. USA: Columbia University Press. p. 436+. ISBN 978-0-231-50004-3. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Britannica 1910.
  5. ^ a b c David Lea and Colette Milward, ed. (2001). "Indonesia". Political Chronology of South East Asia and Oceania. Political Chronologies of the World. Europa Publications. pp. 58–80. ISBN 978-1-135-35659-0. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f Kusno 2014.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Teeuwen, Dirk (2007). Landing stages of Jakarta/Batavia. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f GEDENKBOEK, Staatsspoor en Tremwegen in Nederlandsch Indie 1875–1925
  9. ^ Vernon N. Kisling, ed. (2000). "Zoological Gardens of Asia: Indonesia (chronological list)". Zoo and Aquarium History. USA: CRC Press. ISBN 978-1-4200-3924-5. 
  10. ^ de Jong 1998, p. 283.
  11. ^ a b Teeuwen, Dirk Rendez Vous Batavia From horsepower to electrification. Tramways in Batavia-Jakarta, 1869–1962. (Rotterdam, 2007) [1] Archived 13 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ a b c d Kooy 2014.
  13. ^ Merrillees 2012, p. 138.
  14. ^ "Netherlands: Dutch East Indies". Statesman's Year-Book. London: Macmillan and Co. 1921. 
  15. ^ a b "Jakarta Encyclopedia", Jakarta.go.id, Jakarta Capital City, retrieved 30 September 2015 
  16. ^ "Indonesia". Europa World Year Book. Europa Publications. 2004. ISBN 978-1-85743-254-1. 
  17. ^ "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1965. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations. 1966. 
  18. ^ a b Nas 2005.
  19. ^ "Southeast Asia, 1900 A.D.–present: Key Events". Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  20. ^ "Jakarta Post". 28 July 2001. Archived from the original on 3 February 2016. 
  21. ^ A. Lin Neumann (1998). "Bringing Back a Legend: Tempo Magazine Reopens in Jakarta". Special Reports. New York: Committee to Protect Journalists. 
  22. ^ United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1976). "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1975. New York. pp. 253–279. 
  23. ^ Gunawan Tjahjono (2003). "Reviving the Betawi Tradition: The Case of Setu Babakan". Traditional Dwellings and Settlements Review. International Association for the Study of Traditional Environments. 15 – via University of California, Berkeley. 
  24. ^ United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1987). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1985 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 247–289. 
  25. ^ "Sister Cities of Los Angeles". USA: City of Los Angeles. Retrieved 30 December 2015. 
  26. ^ United Nations Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Statistics Division (1997). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1995 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 262–321. 
  27. ^ Pluralism Project (2007). "International Portrait: Indonesia". Harvard University. 
  28. ^ a b East Asia’s Changing Urban Landscape, World Bank, 2015 
  29. ^ a b c BBC News. "Indonesia Profile: Timeline". Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  30. ^ "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2011. United Nations Statistics Division. 2012. 
  31. ^ a b Jakarta in Figures 2014 (PDF), Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi DKI Jakarta, ISSN 0215-2150 
  32. ^ "After Disaster, Governor Faced with Challenge of Keeping Jakarta Dry". New York Times. 20 February 2013. 
  33. ^ "Indonesian capital Jakarta hit by deadly flooding". BBC News. 17 January 2013. 

This article incorporates information from the Indonesian Wikipedia and German Wikipedia.


Published in the 20th century
  • "Batavia", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York, 1910, OCLC 14782424 – via Internet Archive 
  • de Jong, J.J.P. (1998). De waaier van het fortuin: van handelscompagnie tot koloniaal imperium : de Nederlanders in Azië en de Indonesische archipel. Sdu. ISBN 9789012086431. 
  • Schellinger and Salkin, ed. (1996). "Jakarta". International Dictionary of Historic Places: Asia and Oceania. UK: Routledge. p. 395+. ISBN 9781884964046. 
  • Susan Abeyasekere. Jakarta: A History. Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1987.
  • Abidin Kusno, "Modern Beacon and Traditional Polity: Jakarta in the Time of Sukarno," chapter 2 Behind the Postcolonial: Architecture, Urban Space and Political Cultures in Indonesia (London: Routledge, 2000) 49–70.
Published in the 21st century
  • Merrillees, Scott (2012). Greetings from Jakarta: Postcards of a Capital 1900-1950. Equinox Publishing. ISBN 9789793780887. 
  • "Jakarta". Understanding Slums: Case Studies for the Global Report 2003. United Nations Human Settlements Programme and University College London. 2003. 
  • Ooi Keat Gin, ed. (2004). "Batavia". Southeast Asia: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. pp. 226–229. ISBN 978-1-57607-770-2. 
  • Dean Forbes (2004). "Jakarta". In Josef Gugler. World Cities beyond the West: Globalization, Development, and Inequality. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521830036. 
  • Pratiwo; Peter J.M. Nas (2005). "Jakarta: Conflicting Directions". In Peter J.M. Nas. Directors of Urban Change in Asia. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-134-26737-8. 
  • Jerome Tadie (2012). "Fires, Urban Environments, and Politics in Contemporary Jakarta". In Greg Bankoff; et al. Flammable Cities: Urban Conflagration and the Making of the Modern World. USA: University of Wisconsin Press. pp. 372–389. ISBN 978-0-299-28383-4. 
  • Abidin Kusno (2014). "Jakarta's City Hall". In Swati Chattopadhyay and Jeremy White. City Halls and Civic Materialism: Towards a Global History of Urban Public Space. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-317-80228-0. 
  • Michelle Kooy and Karen Bakker (2014). "(Post)Colonial Pipes: Urban Water Supply in Colonial and Contemporary Jakarta". In Freek Colombijn and Joost Coté. Cars, Conduits, and Kampongs: The Modernization of the Indonesian City, 1920–1960. Brill. pp. 63–86. ISBN 978-90-04-28072-4. 

External links

  • ArchNet. "Jakarta". Archived from the original on 2009. 

Coordinates: 6°12′0″S 106°48′0″E / 6.20000°S 106.80000°E / -6.20000; 106.80000

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