Timeline of Durban

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Durban in the eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality, KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa.

19th century

  • 1824 - British settlement of Port Natal established on land "acquired...through treaties with the Zulu king Shaka."[1]
  • 1835 - Settlement renamed "Durban" after British colonial administrator Benjamin D'Urban.[1]
  • 1841 - Printing press in operation (approximate date).[2]
  • 1846 - "Native reserves" created.[3]
  • 1851 - Natal Times newspaper begins publication.[4]
  • 1852 - Mercury newspaper begins publication.[4]
  • 1854
    • "First Town Council, consisting of 8 members representing four wards" created.[5]
    • George Cato becomes mayor.
    • Natal Bank in business.[5]
    • D'Urban Club formed.
  • 1860
    • 26 June: Natal Railway (Market Square-Customs Point) begins operating in Durban.[1]
    • Indian workers begin to arrive in Durban.[3]
  • 1863 - Population: approximately 5,000 (3,390 white, 1,380 black and 230 Asian).[5]
  • 1865 - Sites for Albert Park and Victoria Park established.[6]
  • 1870 - Durban Fire Department founded.[5]
  • 1880 - Magazine Barracks built.
  • 1885 - Town Hall built.[5]
  • 1888 - Lord's cricket ground established.
  • 1889 - Natal cricket team formed.
  • 1896 - Population: 31,877.[6]

20th century

1900s-1950s

1960s-1990s

21st century

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Tuttle 2005.
  2. ^ Alan Charles Gore Lloyd (1914). J.Y.W. Macalister; Alfred W. Pollard, eds. "Birth of Printing in South Africa". The Library: a Quarterly Review of Bibliography and Library Lore. London. 5: 31–43. ISSN 0024-2160 – via HathiTrust. Incuadi yesibini yabafundayo  Free to read
  3. ^ a b c d Hendricks 2003.
  4. ^ a b Lloyd's 1906.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Durban Timeline 1497-1990". Cape Town: South African History Online. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  6. ^ a b Henderson 1904.
  7. ^ Steven Anzovin and Janet Podell, ed. (2000). Famous First Facts. H.W. Wilson Co. ISBN 0824209583. 
  8. ^ "British Empire: Province of Natal". Statesman's Year-Book. London: Macmillan and Co. 1921 – via HathiTrust. 
  9. ^ "Indian Newspapers in KwaZulu-Natal – 150 years of Indian Journalism". Ulwazi Programme (in English and Zulu). eThekwini Municipality. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  10. ^ "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1955. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations. pp. 171–184. 
  11. ^ "Packed house sees Durban's first world premiere", Natal Witness, 16 November 1951 – via Disa.ukzn.ac.za  Free to read
  12. ^ "Southern Africa, 1900 A.D.–present: Key Events". Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 25 September 2017. 
  13. ^ "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1965. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations. 1966. pp. 140–161. 
  14. ^ "Movie Theaters in Durban, South Africa". CinemaTreasures.org. Los Angeles: Cinema Treasures LLC. Retrieved 25 September 2017. 
  15. ^ United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office. "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1980. New York. pp. 225–252. 
  16. ^ Jacqueline Audrey Kalley; et al., eds. (1999). Southern African Political History: A Chronology of Key Political Events from Independence to Mid-1997. Greenwood. ISBN 978-0-313-30247-3. 
  17. ^ United Nations Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Statistics Division (1997). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1995 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 262–321. 
  18. ^ "South Africa". Africa South of the Sahara 2003. Regional Surveys of the World. Europa Publications. 2003. ISSN 0065-3896. 
  19. ^ "Durban.gov.za". Durban Metro Council. Archived from the original on 29 March 1996 – via Wayback Machine. Local Government - Durban - South Africa 
  20. ^ "Population of Capital Cities and Cities of 100,000 or More Inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2012. United Nations Statistics Division. 2013. 
  21. ^ "South Africa profile: Timeline". BBC News. Retrieved 25 September 2017. 
  22. ^ Durban Local History Museums (ed.). "About". Ulwazi Programme (in English and Zulu). eThekwini Municipality. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  23. ^ "Field day for music in Durban", The Mercury, South Africa, June 26, 2013 – via LexisNexis Academic, (Subscription required (help)) 
  24. ^ "South African mayors". City Mayors.com. London: City Mayors Foundation 25 September 2017. 
  25. ^ "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2015. United Nations Statistics Division. 2016. 

Bibliography

published in 19th-20th centuries

  • J. Forsyth Ingram (1895). "Durban". Colony of Natal: an official illustrated handbook and railway guide. London. 
  • "Principal Towns in Natal: Durban", Natal Almanac Directory and Yearly Register, Pietermaritzburg: P. Davis & Sons, 1897 
  • W. P. M. Henderson (1904). Durban: Fifty Years' Municipal History. Durban: Robinson & Co. 
  • Twentieth Century Impressions of Natal: Its People, Commerce, Industries, and Resources. Twentieth Century Impressions. Lloyd's Greater Britain Publishing Company. 1906. 
  • "Durban", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York, 1910, OCLC 14782424 – via Internet Archive 
  • Leo Kuper; Hilstan Watts; Ronald Davies (1958). Durban: A study in racial ecology. Jonathan Cape. OCLC 958188774. 
  • P. Maylam (1982). "Shackled by the Contradictions: The Municipal Response to African Urbanization in Durban, c. 1920-1950". African Urban Studies. Michigan State University. ISSN 0736-6760. 
  • Dowlat Ramdas Bagwandeen (1983). The question of 'Indian penetration' in the Durban area and Indian politics, 1940-1946 (PhD). University of Natal.  Free to read
  • Paul Maylam (1985), Richard Haines; Gina Buijs, eds., "Aspects of African Urbanization in the Durban Area before 1940", Struggle for Social and Economic Space: Urbanization in Twentieth Century South Africa, University of Durban-Westville, ISBN 0949947733 
  • R. Posel (1985). "Durban Ricksha Pullers' Strikes of 1918 and 1930". Journal of Natal and Zulu History. University of Natal. ISSN 0259-0123. 
  • R.J. Davies (1991). "Durban". In Anthony Lemon. Homes Apart: South Africa's Segregated Cities. Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-33321-0. 
  • Timothy Andrew Nuttall (1991). Class, race and nation: African politics in Durban, 1929-1949 (PhD). University of Oxford.  Free to read
  • David Hemson (1996). "Beyond the Frontier of Control: Trade Unionism and the Labour Market in the Durban Docks". Transformation: Critical Perspectives on Southern Africa. University of Natal (30). ISSN 0258-7696 – via African e-Journals Project.  Free to read
  • Paul Maylam; Iain Edwards, eds. (1996). The People's City: African Life in Twentieth-century Durban. University of Natal Press. ISBN 978-0-86980-934-1. 
  • Nelson Tozivaripi Sambureni (1997). The apartheid city and its labouring class: African workers and the independent trade union movement in Durban, 1959-1985 (PhD). University of South Africa – via Disa.ukzn.ac.za.  Free to read

published in 21st century

  • Bill Freund (2001). "Contrasts in Urban Segregation: A Tale of Two African Cities, Durban (South Africa) and Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire)". Journal of Southern African Studies. 27. JSTOR 823314. 
  • Antoine Bouillon (2002). "Citizenship and the city: the Durban centre-city in 2000". Transformation. University of Natal (48). ISSN 0258-7696 – via African e-Journals Project. 
  • Bill Freund; Vishnu Padayachee, eds. (2002). (D)urban Vortex: South African City in Transition. University of Natal Press. 
  • Brij Maharaj (2002), "Post Apartheid Metro Boundaries: Conflicts, Contestations and Compromises in Durban", Rencontres scientifiques franco-Sud-Africaines de l'innovation territoriale – via Halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr  Free to read
  • "Durban". Understanding Slums: Case Studies for the Global Report 2003. United Nations Human Settlements Programme and University College London. 2003. 
  • Cherl Hendricks (2003). "Durban, South Africa". In Paul Tiyambe Zeleza; Dickson Eyoh. Encyclopedia of Twentieth-Century African History. Routledge. ISBN 0415234794. 
  • Exit, Voice and Tradition: Loyalty to Chieftainship and Democracy in Metropolitan Durban, South Africa, London: Crisis States Research Centre, 2005 – via International Relations and Security Network 
  • Aran S. MacKinnon (2005). "Durban". In Kevin Shillington. Encyclopedia of African History. Fitzroy Dearborn. ISBN 978-1-57958-245-6. 
  • Kate Tuttle (2005). "Durban". In Kwame Anthony Appiah; Henry Louis Gates. Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-517055-9. 
  • Bill Freund (2007). "Globalisation and the African city: Touba, Abidjan, Durban". The African City: A History. Cambridge University Press. p. 177+. ISBN 978-0-521-52792-7. 
  • Case study: Metropolitan Governance, EThekwini (Durban), South Africa, United Nations Human Settlements Programme, 2015  Free to read
  • Ralph Callebert (2017). On Durban's Docks: Zulu Workers, Rural Households, Global Labor. Rochester NY: University of Rochester Press. ISBN 9781580469074. 

External links

Coordinates: 29°53′00″S 31°03′00″E / 29.883333°S 31.05°E / -29.883333; 31.05

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