Ticinese dialect

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Ticinese
ticines, ticinées
Native to Switzerland
Italy
Region Switzerland:
Ticino
Graubünden (in the Moesa District)
Italy:
Piedmont (parts of the Province of Verbano-Cusio-Ossola)
Native speakers
108,000 (2011)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog tici1238[2]

Ticinese (ticines, ticinées) is a comprehensive denomination for the varieties of the Lombard language spoken in Canton Ticino (Tessin) and in the north of the Province of Varese. The term Ticinesi refers to the citizens of Ticino or speakers of the language.

Ticinese koiné refers to a koiné form used by speakers of local dialects (particularly those diverging from the koinè itself, as, e.g., Leventinese, etc.) when communicating with speakers of other Western Lombard dialects of Ticino, the Grisons (collectively known as Swiss Italian) or Italian Lombardy[citation needed].

Status

Ticinese is generally more vital than the Western Lombard varieties spoken in Italy, with a significant number of young speakers. Some radio and television programmes in Ticinese, mostly comedies are broadcast by the Italian language broadcasting company RTSI.

A dictionary and some studies on the Ticinese variants are published by CDE – Centro di dialettologia e di etnografia, a cantonal research institution.

Examples

Some possible expressions and idioms:

English Ticinese Italiano
Delicious potatoes Patati delizios Patate deliziose
To be naive Beev l'acqua dal cudee Credere a tutto ed a tutti
One makes nothing out of nothing Chi gha al goss al gha quaicoss, se l gha nagot al gha al goss da carez Con niente si fa nulla

See also

References

  1. ^ "Population résidante permanente de 15 ans et plus, ventilée selon les langues parlées à la maison". Office fédéral de la statistique. Retrieved 13 August 2013. Multiple choices were allowed, up to a limit of 3 languages.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Ticinese". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

Bibliography

  • Centro di dialettologia e di etnografia, LSI – Lessico dialettale della Svizzera italiana, Bellinzona 2004.
  • Comrie, Bernard, Matthews, Stephen and Polinsky, Maria: The Atlas of Languages: The Origin and Development of Languages Throughout the World. Rev. ed., New York 2003.
  • Lurà, Franco: Il dialetto del Mendrisiotto, Mendrisio–Chiasso 1987.
  • Lurati, Ottavio: Dialetto e italiano regionale nella Svizzera italiana, Lugano 1976.
  • Petrini, Dario: La koinè ticinese (Romanica Helvetica vol. 105), Bern 1988.
  • VSI – Vocabolario dei dialetti della Svizzera italiana, Lugano / Bellinzona 1952–.

External links

  • Dialectal lexicon of Italophone Switzerland - Official dictionary for the dialect
  • RTSI: Acquarelli popolari - Media files in Ticinese (site metalanguage and some media files are in Italian
  • Examples of Italian and Ticinese idioms with meanings (Lugano)
  • Examples of Italian and Ticinese idioms with meanings (Basso Mendrisiotto)
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