Three Forms of Unity

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The Three Forms of Unity is a collective name for the Belgic Confession, the Canons of Dort, and the Heidelberg Catechism, which reflect the doctrinal concerns of continental Calvinism and are accepted as official statements of doctrine by many of the Reformed churches.


The Synod held at Dort

From 1618 to 1619 the Dutch government, on behalf of the Dutch Reformed Church, called and convened the Synod of Dort. Dutch delegates, along with twenty-seven Reformed representatives from eight other countries, met at this Synod of Dort, where they collectively summarized their views in what was called the "Canons of Dort".[1]

This same Synod then added these Canons to two other documents, both of which were in common use by the Dutch Church at the time: the Heidelberg Catechism (1563) and the Belgic Confession (1561).[1]

In so doing, the Synod sought:

  1. to formalize their understanding of the biblical teachings on the Trinity, the incarnation, predestination, justification, and the church;
  2. to allow members to gather together in unity around fundamental, shared beliefs;
  3. to relegate certain non-essential ideas (political positions, educational platforms, etc.) to a lower status to prevent the churches from needlessly splitting — the forms also provide a basis upon which ecumenical efforts can proceed based on whether a body accepts the essentials laid out in these forms

The different documents each serve different purposes.

External links

  • Text and description of the Three Forms from Philip Schaff's Creeds of the Evangelical Protestant Churches at the Christian Classics Ethereal Library:
    • Belgic Confession (in the original French with a translation into English)
    • Heidelberg Catechism (in the original German with a translation into English)
    • Canons of Dort (in the original Latin with a translation into English)
  • Audio Recordings of the Three Forms of Unity in MP3 format


  1. ^ a b FRC: Canons of Dort – Historical Background Archived 30 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
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