Thornton-Cleveleys

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Thornton-Cleveleys
Thornton-Cleveleys is located in the Borough of Wyre
Thornton-Cleveleys
Thornton-Cleveleys
Shown within Wyre Borough
Thornton-Cleveleys is located in the Fylde
Thornton-Cleveleys
Thornton-Cleveleys
Shown on the Fylde
Thornton-Cleveleys is located in Lancashire
Thornton-Cleveleys
Thornton-Cleveleys
Thornton-Cleveleys shown within Lancashire
Population 31,157 (2001 Census)
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Thornton-Cleveleys
Postcode district FY5
Dialling code 01253
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire
53°52′26″N 3°01′16″W / 53.874°N 3.021°W / 53.874; -3.021Coordinates: 53°52′26″N 3°01′16″W / 53.874°N 3.021°W / 53.874; -3.021

Thornton-Cleveleys is a conurbation consisting of the twin towns of Thornton and Cleveleys. The two towns formed a joint urban district from 1927 until 1974, before becoming part of Wyre.

The two towns constitute part of the Blackpool Urban Area.

Political geography

The civil parish of Thornton became an urban district in 1900, and was then renamed Thornton-Cleveleys in 1927.[1] On 1 April 1974, the urban district became part of the Borough of Wyre. Thornton-Cleveleys corresponds with five wards of the borough.

According to the 2001 census Thornton-Cleveleys has a population of 25,547, increasing to 28,703 at the 2011 census. The population of the individual borough council wards was recorded as:

  • Bourne: 6,121 (2011 = 6,676)
  • Cleveleys Park: 5,994 (2011 = 5,940)
  • Jubilee: 4,186 (2011 = 4,025)
  • Staina: 5,267 (2011 = 6,111)
  • Victoria: 5,851 (2011 = 5,951)

History

Thornton is first mentioned in 1086 in the Domesday Book, where it was referred to as Torentum. At the time it covered a large area including what are now Cleveleys and Fleetwood, and had a very low population density. It is thought that a settlement had existed at the site since the Iron Age, and a Roman road passes close to the village. The area remained lightly populated until 1799, when the marshland around the village was drained and agricultural production began on a large scale.[2]

A railway station was opened in Thornton in 1865. The opening of salt works at nearby Burn Naze by the United Alkali Company in the early 1890s (later becoming ICI) led to significant expansion of the village, with new houses and community buildings constructed. Thornton became an urban district council in 1900, surviving until 1974 when it became part of the Wyre Borough Council.[2]

Transport

Thornton for Cleveleys railway station was formerly the principal intermediate stop on the Fleetwood branch of the LMS/British Rail London Midland Region railway, running from Poulton-le-Fylde, but it has been years since the station was used, and with the recent fencing-over of the level crossing in Station Road/Victoria Road East in order to prevent youths from congregating on the tracks, the glory days of Thornton are long since gone. However, a decision by an action group based in Poulton means they will finance a feasibility study into bringing the railway back to Thornton and Fleetwood.[3]

Amenities

Marsh Mill, a large well-preserved windmill, built in 1794, is a prominent landmark. It was commissioned by Bold Hesketh, uncle of Peter Hesketh (later Peter Hesketh-Fleetwood) who would go on to play a prominent role in the expansion of Fleetwood. Tragedy struck in May 1930, when a Miss Alice Baldwin and a Mrs Mary Jane Bailey visited the windmill with an interest in purchasing it. However, when both women stepped onto the fantail platform, the platform collapsed and the women fell to their deaths.

Thornton contains a number of schools, including Baines Endowed Primary School, Thornton Primary School, Stanah Primary School, Royles Brook Primary School and Millfield Science and Performing Arts College. The public library, situated at Four Lane Ends, was closed down in the Autumn of 2016 as a result of cost cutting measures by Lancashire County Council. This decisions was hugely unpopular and despite protests and a petition, the decision to close the library wasn't overturned.[4]

Sport

Thornton-Cleveleys is home to Thornton-Cleveleys R.U.F.C. who play rugby in the RFU Northern Division, North Lancs 1. Their home ground is the YMCA sport centre in Thornton.

Thornton-Cleveleys F.C. play in the West Lancashire Football League, they play their home matches at New Bourne Park.[5]

Fylde Flyers Ice Hockey Team are based in the SubZero Leisure Ice Rink (opened in 2011), Jubilee Park, Thornton-Cleveleys, and play in the EIHA North Division 2.

The town boasts two cricket clubs - Thornton-Cleveleys C.C. and Norcross C.C. both playing in the Moore & Smalley Palace Shield competition and both having three senior sides and several junior teams in a variety of age groups.

Thornton Judo Club was established in 1974, formerly at The Sports centre and now at the Scout Hall on Marsh Road. It is a Member club of The British Judo Council and The British Judo Association.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Thornton-Cleveleys UD Lancashire through time | Administrative history of Local Government District: hierarchies, boundaries
  2. ^ a b History - Thornton Through Time
  3. ^ "Boost for plans to reopen Poulton to Fleetwood rail link". Blackpool Gazette. 8 August 2007. Retrieved 18 September 2007. 
  4. ^ "Welcome to the Library and Information web site - Thornton Home Page". Lancashire County Council. Retrieved 26 February 2008. 
  5. ^ http://www.thorntoncleveleysfc.org

External links

  • Thornton Through Time
  • Thornton Community News - A locally-distributed news magazine
  • [1]
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