Thomas Hamilton, 2nd Earl of Haddington

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Thomas Hamilton, 2nd Earl of Haddington (25 May 1600 – 30 August 1640) was a Scottish nobleman.


Thomas Hamilton, Lord Binning was the eldest son of Thomas Hamilton, 1st Earl of Haddington and his second wife, Margaret Foulis of Colinton. Until his accession to his father's Earldom, he was known by the courtesy title Lord Binning. Following education abroad Binning returned to Scotland where he attended Parliament in 1621.[1] Binning attended his father at the funeral of King James in London, and later was a canopy bearer during Charles I's 1633 coronation in Edinburgh at Holyrood Abbey.

Binning succeeded to his father's titles in 1637, and the following year, at the King's urging, signed the National Covenant. At the start of the Bishops' War, Haddington was commissioned Major General for the Lothians, under General Leslie. When General Leslie advanced into England in 1640, he left armaments behind at Duns, Haddington retrieved them back to his headquarters at Dunglass Castle, to prevent their capture by the English garrison at Berwick upon Tweed. On 29 August, he beat back an attempt of the garrison of Berwick to capture a magazine of victuals and arms near Coldstream. [2]

On 30 August 1640, a huge explosion took place in the powder magazine of the castle, destroying it. Haddington standing in the courtyard reading correspondence from Leslie to his kinsfolk and men was killed. Others killed were Haddington's brother, Robert Hamilton of Wester Binning, his natural brother, Patrick Hamilton, his cousins John Hamilton of Redhouse, Alexander Hamilton of Innerwick with his son, Haddington's brother in law Colonel Sir John Erskine, and the Minister of Bonkyl Kirk, Master John Gaittis.[3]

Marriage and Issue

Haddington married Lady Catherine Erskine (d.1635), daughter of John Erskine, 18th Earl of Mar and Lady Mary Stuart, herself a daughter of Esmé Stewart, 1st Duke of Lennox, and by her had issue:

Following his Countess's death in 1635, Haddington married secondly in 1640 to Lady Jean Gordon, daughter of George Gordon, 2nd Marquess of Huntly, and Lady Anne Campbell, herself a daughter of Archibald Campbell, 7th Earl of Argyll and by her had issue a posthumous daughter:



  1. ^ Balfour Paul, vol iv, pp 315-316
  2. ^  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHenderson, Thomas Finlayson (1892). "Hamilton, Thomas (1600-1640)". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 29. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  3. ^ Balfour Paul, vol iv, pp315-316


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