Thomas Allcock

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Thomas Allcock
Thomas Allcock.jpg
Thomas Allcock with the 4th New York Heavy Artillery
Born 27 January 1815
Birmingham, England
Died 28 December 1891
New York City, New York
Buried Dale Cemetery
Ossining, New York
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1861–1866
Rank Union Army LTC rank insignia.png Lieutenant Colonel
Union Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg Bvt. Brigadier General
Unit 4th New York Heavy Artillery Regiment
Battles/wars American Civil War
Other work inventor, founder of the Allcock Manufacturing Company

Thomas Allcock (1815–1891) was the inventor of a plaster for pain relief, the founder of the Allcock Manufacturing Company and an artillery officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Early life

Allcock was born and educated in Birmingham, England. At age 15, he studied and practiced chemistry. Allcock emigrated to the United States in 1845, settled in New York and opened a drug store. In 1854, he invented a porous plaster for the relief of pain, and subsequently formed Allcock Manufacturing.

Military career

Allcock joined the New York State Militia, and was appointed Captain on 27 October 1856 with the Second Brigade, a post he held until the outbreak of the American Civil War. Allcock was made Assistant Adjutant General on 13 April 1861, headquartered in the New York Depot. On January 4, 1862, he mustered with the 4th New York Heavy Artillery as major.[1]

Allcock was engaged in the battles of the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, North Anna, Totopotomoy, Hanover Court House, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, first and second Deep Bottom, Weldon Railroad, and Ream's Station. Allcock was wounded while in command of the Third Battalion at the First Battle of Ream's Station on 25 August 1864, for which he was appointed brevet colonel.[2] Allcock was on detached duty as an invalid from September 1864 to December 2, 1865 when he was discharged due to the end of the war.[2]

On February 21, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Allcock to the grade of brevet brigadier general of volunteers, to rank from March 13, 1865, and the United States Senate confirmed the nomination on April 10, 1866.[3]

Allcock returned to New York after the war and joined up with Benjamin Brandreth in the manufacturing and sale of popular patent medicines.


Thomas Allcock died on 27 December 1891 of a stroke. He was buried at Dale Cemetery in Ossining, New York. He was survived by two sons and two daughters.[4]


  1. ^ Kirk, Hyland C. (1890). Heavy Guns and Light: A History of the 4th New York Heavy Artillery. New York, NY: C.T. Dillingham. p. 447. Retrieved 21 April 2009.
  2. ^ a b Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1. p. 101.
  3. ^ Eicher, 2001, p. 739.
  4. ^ "Gen. Thomas Allcock Dead". New York Times. 28 December 1891. Retrieved 21 April 2009.

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