Third Lubbers cabinet

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Third Lubbers cabinet
Lubbers–Kok cabinet
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
61st cabinet of the Netherlands
Kabinet-Lubbers III.jpg ZetelsLubbersIII.svg
The installation of the Third Lubbers cabinet on 7 November 1989
Date formed 7 November 1989 (1989-11-07)
Date dissolved 22 August 1994 (1994-08-22)
(Demissionary from 10 May 1994 (1994-05-10))
People and organisations
Head of state Queen Beatrix
Head of government Ruud Lubbers
Deputy head of government Wim Kok
No. of ministers 14
Ministers removed
(Death/resignation/dismissal)
7
Total no. of ministers 19
Member party Christian Democratic Appeal
(CDA)
Labour Party
(PvdA)
Status in legislature Grand coalition (Centre)
Opposition party People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Opposition leader Joris Voorhoeve (1989–1990)
Frits Bolkestein (1990–1994)
History
Election(s) 1989 election
Outgoing election 1994 election
Legislature term(s) 1989–1994
Incoming formation 1989 formation
Outgoing formation 1994 formation
Predecessor Second Lubbers cabinet
Successor First Kok cabinet
Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
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The Third Lubbers cabinet, also called the Lubbers–Kok cabinet was the cabinet of the Netherlands from 7 November 1989 tot 22 August 1994. The cabinet was formed by the political parties Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) and Labour Party (PvdA) after the election of 1989. The centre grand coalition cabinet was a majority government in the House of Representatives. It was the last of three cabinets of Ruud Lubbers, the Leader of the Christian Democratic Appeal as Prime Minister, with Wim Kok the Leader of the Labour Party serving as Deputy Prime Minister.[1]

Term

The cabinet was formed with a view to social reform. This was impossible because of the then bad shape of the Dutch economy, which made large reductions in government spending necessary. The reduction of the social care for disabled people led to the demonstrations against the Dutch government in 1992. Many angry socialists left the Labour Party. The coalition lost heavily during the elections of 1994.

Term

Changes

On 18 September 1990 Minister of Agriculture, Nature and Fisheries Gerrit Braks (CDA) resigned after the Labour Party in the House of Representatives indicated that they had lost confidence in his ability to remain in office after strongly disagreeing in his animal welfare and fraud policy. Minister of Social Affairs and Employment Bert de Vries (CDA) served as acting Minister of Agriculture, Nature and Fisheries until 28 September 1990 when State Secretary for Economic Affairs Piet Bukman (CDA) was appointed as Minister of Agriculture, Nature and Fisheries. That same day Member of the House of Representatives Yvonne van Rooy (CDA), the former State Secretary for Economic Affairs was installed as his successor as State Secretary for Economic Affairs. That same day the function of State Secretary of Agriculture, Nature and Fisheries was re-implemented, Mayor of Haaksbergen Dzsingisz Gabor (CDA) was sworn in and assigned the portfolios of environmental policy, nature policy and agricultural management.

On 3 January 1993 Minister for Foreign Affairs Hans van den Broek (CDA) resigned after he was appointed as European Commissioner for External Relations and Enlargement. That same day Pieter Kooijmans (CDA), a former State Secretary for Foreign Affairs who until then had been working as a professor of International law at the Leiden University was appointed as his successor.

On 1 June 1993 State Secretary for Defence Berend-Jan van Voorst tot Voorst (CDA) resigned after he was appointed as Queen's Commissioner of Limburg. That same day Member of the House of Representatives Ton Frinking (CDA) succeed him.

On 5 June 1993 State Secretary for Social Affairs and Employment Elske ter Veld (PvdA) resigned after gaining insufficient support from her own Labour Party in the House of Representatives for a new widow's pension act. On 9 June 1993 State Secretary for Education and Sciences Jacques Wallage (PvdA) was appointed as her successor. That same day Roel in 't Veld (PvdA), who until then had been working as a professor of Public administration at the Erasmus University Rotterdam was installed as his successor as State Secretary for Education and Sciences. On 19 June 1993 just 10 days after taking office Roel in 't Veld resigned after he was discredited due to additional positions he held when he was a professor. On 2 July 1993 Job Cohen (PvdA), who until then had been working as rector magnificus of the State University of Limburg and as a professor of Jurisprudence was appointed as his successor.

On 10 January 1994 Minister of the Interior Ien Dales (PvdA) unexpectedly died from a heart Attack at the age of 62. Minister of Justice Ernst Hirsch Ballin (CDA) served as acting Minister of the Interior until 18 January 1994 when Mayor of Amsterdam Ed van Thijn (PvdA) was installed as her successor.

On 26 February 1994 State Secretary for Welfare, Health and Culture Hans Simons (PvdA) resigned after he was appointed as a alderman in Rotterdam, because the cabinet was already nearing the end of its term he was not replaced.

On 27 May 1994 Minister of the Interior Ed van Thijn (PvdA) and Minister of Justice Ernst Hirsch Ballin (CDA) resigned over illegal interrogation techniques used by the police. They were succeeded by their State Secretaries, Dieuwke de Graaff-Nauta (CDA) became Minister of the Interior and Aad Kosto (PvdA) became Minister of Justice.

Due to the installment of a new European Parliament, several members resigned their functions to become members of this new parliament on 16 July 1994 and because the cabinet was already demissionary their portfolios were assigned to other ministers. The portfolio of Minister of Transport and Water Management was added to Minister of Economic Affairs Koos Andriessen (CDA), The portfolio of Minister of Welfare, Health and Culture was added to Minister of for Education and Sciences Jo Ritzen (PvdA).

Cabinet Members

Ministers Title/Ministry Term of office Party
Ruud Lubbers Ruud Lubbers
(1939–2018)
Prime Minister General Affairs 4 November 1982 –
22 Augustus 1994
[Retained]
Christian Democratic Appeal
Wim Kok Wim Kok
(1938–2018)
Deputy Prime Minister /
Minister
Finance 7 November 1989 –
22 Augustus 1994
Labour Party
Ien Dales Ien Dales
(1931–1994)
Minister Interior 7 November 1989 –
10 January 1994
[Died]
Labour Party
Ernst Hirsch Ballin Dr.
Ernst Hirsch Ballin
(born 1950)
10 January 1994 –
18 January 1994
[Ad interim]
Christian Democratic Appeal
Ed van Thijn Ed van Thijn
(born 1934)
18 January 1994 –
27 May 1994
[Res]
Labour Party
Dieuwke de Graaff-Nauta Dieuwke de Graaff-Nauta
(1930–2008)
27 May 1994 –
22 Augustus 1994
Christian Democratic Appeal
Hans van den Broek Hans van den Broek
(born 1936)
Minister Foreign Affairs 4 November 1982 –
3 January 1993
[Retained] [Appt]
Christian Democratic Appeal
Pieter Kooijmans Dr.
Pieter Kooijmans
(1933–2013)
3 January 1993 –
22 Augustus 1994
Christian Democratic Appeal
Ernst Hirsch Ballin Dr.
Ernst Hirsch Ballin
(born 1950)
Minister Justice 7 November 1989 –
27 May 1994
[Res]
Christian Democratic Appeal
Aad Kosto Aad Kosto
(born 1938)
27 May 1994 –
22 August 1994
Labour Party
Koos Andriessen Dr.
Koos Andriessen
(born 1928)
Minister Economic Affairs 7 November 1989 –
22 Augustus 1994
Christian Democratic Appeal
Relus ter Beek Relus ter Beek
(1944–2008)
Minister Defence 7 November 1989 –
22 Augustus 1994
Labour Party
Hedy d'Ancona Hedy d'Ancona
(born 1937)
Minister Welfare, Health
and Culture
7 November 1989 –
16 July 1994
[Res]
Labour Party
Jo Ritzen Dr.
Jo Ritzen
(born 1945)
16 July 1994 –
22 August 1994
[Ad interim]
Labour Party
Minister Education and
Sciences
7 November 1989 –
3 August 1998
Bert de Vries Dr.
Bert de Vries
(born 1938)
Minister Social Affairs and
Employment
7 November 1989 –
22 Augustus 1994
Christian Democratic Appeal
Hanja Maij-Weggen Hanja Maij-Weggen
(born 1943)
Minister Transport and
Water Management
7 November 1989 –
16 July 1994
[Res]
Christian Democratic Appeal
Koos Andriessen Dr.
Koos Andriessen
(born 1928)
16 July 1994 –
22 August 1994
[Ad interim]
Christian Democratic Appeal
Gerrit Braks Gerrit Braks
(1933–2017)
Minister Agriculture, Nature
and Fisheries
4 November 1982 –
18 September 1990
[Retained] [Res]
Christian Democratic Appeal
Bert de Vries Dr.
Bert de Vries
(born 1938)
18 September 1990 –
28 September 1990
[Ad interim]
Christian Democratic Appeal
Piet Bukman Piet Bukman
(born 1934)
28 September 1990 –
22 August 1994
Christian Democratic Appeal
Hans Alders Hans Alders
(born 1952)
Minister Housing, Spatial Planning
and the Environment
7 November 1989 –
22 August 1994
Labour Party
Ministers without portfolio Title/Portfolio/Ministry Term of office Party
Jan Pronk Jan Pronk
(born 1940)
Minister Development Cooperation

(within Foreign Affairs)
7 November 1989 –
3 August 1998
Labour Party
Ruud Lubbers Ruud Lubbers
(1939–2018)
Minister Netherlands Antilles
and Aruba Affairs

(within Interior)
7 November 1989 –
14 November 1989
[Ad interim]
Christian Democratic Appeal
Ernst Hirsch Ballin Dr.
Ernst Hirsch Ballin
(born 1950)
14 November 1989 –
27 May 1994
[Res]
Christian Democratic Appeal
Ruud Lubbers Ruud Lubbers
(1939–2018)
27 May 1994 –
22 August 1994
Christian Democratic Appeal
State Secretaries Title/Portfolio/Ministry Term of office Party
Dieuwke de Graaff-Nauta Dieuwke de Graaff-Nauta
(1930–2008)
State Secretary • Provincial Government Affairs
• Local Government Affairs
• Government Reform
• Emergency Services
• Disaster Management

(within Interior)
14 July 1986 –
27 May 1994
[Retained] [Appt]
Christian Democratic Appeal
Piet Dankert Piet Dankert
(1934–2003)
State Secretary • European Affairs
• NATO Affairs
• Benelux Affairs

(within Foreign Affairs)
7 November 1989 –
16 July 1994
[Res]
Labour Party
Marius van Amelsvoort Marius van Amelsvoort
(1930–2006)
State Secretary • Fiscal Affairs
• Tax and Customs Administration
• Local Government Finances
• State Lottery

(within Finance)
7 November 1989 –
22 August 1994
Christian Democratic Appeal
Aad Kosto Aad Kosto
(born 1938)
State Secretary • Integration
• Immigration
• Asylum Affairs
• Family Law
• Youth Justice
• Copyright Law
• Rehabilitation
• Prevention
• Minority Affairs

(within Justice)
7 November 1989 –
27 May 1994
[Appt]
Labour Party
Piet Bukman Piet Bukman
(born 1934)
State Secretary • International Trade
• Export Promotion
• Retail Policy
• Competition Policy
• Regional Development
• Consumer Protection
• Tourism Affairs

(within Economic Affairs)
7 November 1989 –
28 September 1990
[Appt]
Christian Democratic Appeal
Yvonne van Rooy Yvonne van Rooy
(born 1951)
28 September 1990 –
22 August 1994
Christian Democratic Appeal
Berend-Jan van Voorst tot Voorst Baron
Berend-Jan van
Voorst tot Voorst

(born 1944)
State Secretary • Equipment Policy
• Military Justice
• Veteran Affairs

(within Defence)
7 November 1989 –
1 June 1993
[Appt]
Christian Democratic Appeal
Ton Frinking Ton Frinking
(born 1931)
1 June 1993 –
22 August 1994
Christian Democratic Appeal
Netherlands politic personality icon.svg Hans Simons
(born 1947)
State Secretary • Youth Policy
• Elderly Policy
• Disability Affairs

(within Welfare, Health
and Culture
)
7 November 1989 –
26 February 1994
[Res]
Labour Party
Elske ter Veld Elske ter Veld
(1944–2017)
State Secretary • Social Security
• Unemployment Affairs
• Occupational Safety
• Social Services
• Poverty Policy
• Equality
• Emancipation

(within Social Affairs and
Employment
)
7 November 1989 –
4 June 1993
[Res]
Labour Party
Jacques Wallage Jacques Wallage
(born 1946)
9 June 1993 –
22 August 1994
Labour Party
Jacques Wallage Jacques Wallage
(born 1946)
State Secretary • Primary Education
• Secondary Education
• Special Education

(within Education and
Sciences
)
7 November 1989 –
9 June 1993
[Appt]
Labour Party
Roel in 't Veld Dr.
Roel in 't Veld
(born 1942)
• Secondary Education
• Higher Education
• Science Policy

(within Education and
Sciences
)
9 June 1993 –
19 June 1993
[Res]
Labour Party
Job Cohen Dr.
Job Cohen
(born 1947)
• Higher Education
• Special Education
• Adult Education
• Science Policy

(within Education and
Sciences
)
2 July 1993 –
22 August 1994
Labour Party
Netherlands politic personality icon.svg Dzsingisz Gabor
(born 1940)
State Secretary • Environmental Policy
• Nature Policy
• Agricultural Management
• Food Policy
• Rural Development
• Environmental Remediation
• Fisheries
• Forestry
• Animal Welfare

(within Agriculture, Nature
and Fisheries
)
28 September 1990 –
22 August 1994
Christian Democratic Appeal
Enneüs Heerma Enneüs Heerma
(1944–1999)
State Secretary • Urban Planning
• Public Housing
• Spatial Planning

(within Housing, Spatial Planning
and the Environment
)
27 October 1986 –
22 August 1994
[Retained]
Christian Democratic Appeal
Source: (in Dutch) Kabinet-Lubbers III Rijksoverheid
Retained Retained this position from the previous cabinet.
Res Resigned.
Ad interim Served ad interim.
Died Died in office.
Appt Appointment: Hans van den Broek appointed European Commissioner; Dieuwke de Graaff-Nauta appointed Minister of the Interior; Aad Kosto appointed Minister of Justice; Piet Bukman appointed Minister of Agriculture, Nature and Fisheries; Berend-Jan van Voorst tot Voorst appointed Queen's Commissioners of Limburg; Jacques Wallage appointed State Secretary for Social Affairs and Employment.

References

  1. ^ (in Dutch) "Rendement van een jaar kabinet Lubbers/Kok: 9,9 miljard voornieuw beleid". NRC Handelsblad. 18 September 1990. Retrieved 13 February 2018.

External links

Official
  • (in Dutch) Kabinet-Lubbers III Parlement & Politiek
  • (in Dutch) Kabinet-Lubbers III Rijksoverheid
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