Theodorus Bailey Myers

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Theodorus Bailey Myers (December 13, 1821 – June 16, 1888), was an American lawyer, philanthropist, served as a colonel in the U.S. Military, and a collector of books and historical manuscripts.


Myers was born to Major Mordecai Myers (who received his title during the War of 1812) and Charlotte Bailey, niece of Theodorus Bailey (politician) and sister of Theodorus Bailey (naval officer). Myers was likely named for these two familial influences. He studied law at Kinderhook Academy and was conferred his degree in 1842.

Myers was involved with many scientific and social organizations. He was a founding fellow of the American Geographical Society,[1] member of the New York Yacht Club, Century Club, Union Club of the City of New York, and a Commissioner of the New York City Fire Department. He also served on the Boards of Managers for the New York Institution for the Blind and the Women's Hospital, where he developed a friendship with fellow collector of Americana, Dr. Thomas Addis Emmet, who would posthumously organize Myers' manuscripts.[2]

At the outbreak of the Civil War, Myers served as quartermaster of the Baltic with the New York 12th Regiment. He also served on the military staff of General Butler[3][4] and later, General Wool.

He died on June 16, 1888 and was interred at Green-Wood Cemetery.


During his lifetime, Colonel Myers wrote many brochures on topics of American history.[5] Among his collection is a complete set of autographs of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, the letters of which he published as a special issue of Historical magazine.[6] Upon his death, Myers had amassed a library of about 1600 documents, 3000 printed books, and 1600 pamphlets. His collection was donated to The New York Public Library by his widow, daughter, and daughter-in-law, in 1899.[7] Colonel Myers' collection of weapons, as well as that of his son, Theodorus Bailey Myers Mason were donated to the United States National Museum.[8]


  1. ^ "Theodorus Bailey Myers," Journal of the American Geographical Society of New York, 1888, vol. 20, iss. 1, pg. 271.
  2. ^ Julian-James, Cassie Mason Myers (1908). Biographical sketches of the Bailey-Myers-Mason families, 1776 to 1905. p. 24. 
  3. ^ Julian-James, Cassie Mason Myers (1908). Biographical sketches of the Bailey-Myers-Mason families, 1776 to 1905. p. 25. 
  4. ^ "Obituary: Colonel Theodorus Bailey Myers", New-York Tribune. Jun 17, 1888.
  5. ^ "Death of T.B. Myers." New York Times, June 17, 1888.
  6. ^ Historical Magazine. November, 1868. Vol 4, iss. 5
  7. ^ "The Theodorus Bailey Myers Collection." Bulletin of the New York Public Library, April, 1900. Vol. 4, iss. 4. Pages 112-114. The collection guide to the manuscripts is available online: []
  8. ^ "Arms for National Museum." New York Times. Sep 28, 1912. Page 8.
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