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The Boat Race 1873

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30th Boat Race
Date 29 March 1873 (1873-03-29)
Winner Cambridge
Margin of victory 3 lengths
Winning time 19 minutes 35 seconds
Overall record
(Cambridge–Oxford)
14–16
Umpire Joseph William Chitty
(Oxford)

The 30th Boat Race took place on the 29 March 1873. The Boat Race is an annual side-by-side rowing race between crews from the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge along the River Thames. In a race umpired by former Oxford rower Joseph William Chitty, Cambridge won by three lengths in a time of 19 minutes and 35 seconds, the fastest time in the history of the event. It was the first time that rowers raced on sliding seats.

Background

Joseph William Chitty was the umpire for the 1873 Boat Race.

The Boat Race is a side-by-side rowing competition between the University of Oxford (sometimes referred to as the "Dark Blues")[1] and the University of Cambridge (sometimes referred to as the "Light Blues").[1] The race was first held in 1829, and since 1845 has taken place on the 4.2-mile (6.8 km) Championship Course on the River Thames in southwest London.[2][3] Cambridge went into the race as reigning champions, having defeated Oxford by two lengths in the previous year's race, while Oxford led overall with sixteen wins to Cambridge's thirteen.[4]

Although the use of sliding seats had been considered the previous year, the then-Cambridge boat club president John Goldie disallowed the Light Blue boat manufacturer Harry Clasper from fitting them.[5] However, for the 1873 race, both boats were, for the first time, fitted with the innovation.[6]

Cambridge were coached by John Graham Chambers (who rowed for Cambridge in the 1862 and 1863 races, and was non-rowing boat club president for the 1865 race)[7] Oxford's coach was Robert Lesley, the non-rowing president of Oxford University Boat Club (who had rowed in the 1871 and 1872 races).[8]

Joseph William Chitty (who had rowed for Oxford twice in 1849 (in the March and December races) and the 1852 race) returned as umpire for the race (with Robert Lewis-Lloyd having officiated the previous year)[5] while the starter was Edward Searle.[9]

Crews

The Cambridge crew weighed an average of 11 st 11 lb (74.7 kg), 5.25 pounds (2.4 kg) more than their opponents.[10] Oxford saw four former Blues return from the 1872 crew, while Cambridge's crew included three rowers who had participated the previous year, in James Brooks Close, Charles Stokes Read and Constantine William Benson.[6]

Seat Cambridge
University of Cambridge coat of arms.svg
Oxford
Oxford-University-Circlet.svg
Name College Weight Name College Weight
Bow J. B. Close 1st Trinity 11 st 3 lb C. C. Knollys Magdalen 10 st 12.5 lb
2 E. Hoskyns Jesus 11 st 2 lb J. B. Little Christ Church 10 st 13 lb
3 J. E. Peabody 1st Trinity 11 st 7 lb M. G. Farrer Brasenose 12 st 4 lb
4 W. C. Lecky-Browne Jesus 12 st 1.5 lb A. W. Nicholson Magdalen 12 st 9 lb
5 T. S. Turnbull Trinity Hall 12 st 12.5 lb R. S. Mitchison Pembroke 12 st 7.5 lb
6 C. S. Read (P) 1st Trinity 12 st 13 lb W. E. Sherwood Christ Church 11 st 1 lb
7 C. W. Benson 3rd Trinity 11 st 5 lb J. A. Ormsby Lincoln 11 st 1.5 lb
Stroke H. E. Rhodes Jesus 11 st 1.5 lb F. T. Dowding St John's 11 st 0 lb
Cox C. H. Candy Gonville and Caius 7 st 5 lb G. E. Frewer St John's 7 st 6 lb
Source:[6]
(P) – boat club president (Robert Lesley was a non-rowing president for Oxford)[11]

Race

The Championship Course, along which the race is conducted

Oxford won the toss and elected to start from the Surrey station, handing the Middlesex side of the river to Cambridge.[6] The race commenced at 2.32pm. Oxford's higher stroke rate enabled them to make "a good race of it", and remained in contention for the first mile-and-a-half to Hammersmith Bridge, but in doing so exhausted themselves. Cambridge eased off and won the race by three lengths.[12] The winning time was 19 minutes and 35 seconds, the fastest time in the history of The Boat Race and 29 seconds faster than the previous record set in the 1869.[4]

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Dark Blues aim to punch above their weight". The Observer. 6 April 2003. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  2. ^ Smith, Oliver (25 March 2014). "University Boat Race 2014: spectators' guide". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
  3. ^ "The Course". The Boat Race Company Limited. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Boat Race – Results". The Boat Race Company Limited. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Drinkwater, p. 66
  6. ^ a b c d Burnell, p. 60
  7. ^ Burnell, p. 104
  8. ^ Burnell, pp. 110–111
  9. ^ Burnell, pp. 49, 97
  10. ^ Drinkwater, p. 67
  11. ^ Burnell, pp. 50–51
  12. ^ Drinkwater, pp. 66–67

Bibliography

  • Burnell, Richard (1979). One Hundred and Fifty Years of the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race. Precision Press. ISBN 0950063878. 
  • Dodd, Christopher (1983). The Oxford & Cambridge Boat Race. Stanley Paul. ISBN 0091513405. 
  • Drinkwater, G. C.; Sanders, T. R. B. (1929). The University Boat Race – Official Centenary History. Cassell & Company, Ltd. 

External links

  • Official website

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