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The Boat Race 1870

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27th Boat Race
1870 Oxford-Cambridge Boat Race.jpg
An artist's aerial view of the 1870 Boat Race
Date 6 April 1870 (1870-04-06)
Winner Cambridge
Margin of victory 1 and 1/2 lengths
Winning time 22 minutes 4 seconds
Overall record
(Cambridge–Oxford)
11–16
Umpire Joseph William Chitty
(Oxford)

The 27th Boat Race between crews from the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge took place on the River Thames on the 6 April 1870. Cambridge won by one-and-a-half lengths in a time of 22 minutes 4 seconds, their first victory since the 1860 race.

Background

The Boat Race is a side-by-side rowing competition between the University of Oxford (sometimes referred to as the "Dark Blues")[1] and the University of Cambridge (sometimes referred to as the "Light Blues").[1] The race was first held in 1829, and since 1845 has taken place on the 4.2-mile (6.8 km) Championship Course on the River Thames in southwest London.[2][3] Oxford went into the race as reigning champions, having defeated Cambridge by three lengths in the previous year's race and led overall with sixteen wins to Cambridge's ten.[4]

Cambridge were coached by George Morrison who had also coached them in 1869. He had rowed in the 1859, 1860 and 1861 races and had also acted as a non-rowing president for the 1862 race,[5] yet the previous year's decision to engage a member of the opposing university was greeted with consternation and considered by many Cantabrigians as "a disgrace to the Club".[6] Morrison had also coached Oxford six times previously.[7] Oxford's coach was Frank Willan,[7] who had rowed in four victories for the Dark Blues between the 1866 and the 1869 race. He also rowed for Oxford against Harvard University in 1869.[8] The race was umpired by Joseph William Chitty who had rowed for Oxford twice in 1849 (in the March and December races) and the 1852 race, while the starter was Edward Searle.[9]

Crews

The two sets of rowers averaged the same weight, at 11 st 13.25 lb (75.7 kg) each.[10] Oxford's crew contained four Blues, two of whom (S. D. Darbishire and W. D. Benson) were rowing in their third consecutive race. Similarly, Cambridge saw four of the 1869 crew return including the Cambridge University Boat Club president John Goldie and John Dale.[11]

The Championship Course, along which the race is conducted
Seat Cambridge
University of Cambridge coat of arms.svg
Oxford
Oxford-University-Circlet.svg
Name College Weight Name College Weight
Bow E. S. L Randolph 3rd Trinity 10 st 11.5 lb R. W. B. Mirehouse University 11 st 0 lb
2 J. H. Ridley Jesus 11 st 9.5 lb A. G. P. Lewis University 11 st 2.5 lb
3 J. W. Dale Lady Margaret Boat Club 12 st 2.5 lb T. S. Baker Queen's 12 st 9 lb
4 E. A. A. Spencer 2nd Trinity 12 st 4.5 lb J. E. Edwards-Moss Balliol 13 st 0 lb
5 W. H. Lowe Christ's 12 st 7.5 lb F. E. H. Payne St John's 12 st 10 lb
6 E. L. Phelps Sidney Sussex 12 st 1.5 lb S. H. Woodhouse University 11 st 4 lb
7 J. F. Strachan Trinity Hall 11 st 13 lb W. D. Benson (P) Balliol 11 st 13 lb
Stroke J. H. D. Goldie (P) Lady Margaret Boat Club 12 st 0 lb S. D. Darbishire Balliol 11 st 11 lb
Cox H. E. Gordon 1st Trinity 7 st 12 lb F. H. Hall Corpus Christi 7 st 7 lb
Source:[10]
(P) – boat club president[12]

Race

According to Drinkwater, despite Oxford being "manifestly the weaker crew",[10] they were pre-race favourites based on their "prestige".[10] A report in The Graphic noted that only two steamers were present, following the race, one carrying the umpire, the other to transport the Edward, Prince of Wales (who later became King Edward VII) and the Francis, Prince of Teck amongst others.[13]

Our stroke was worth his weight i' gold,
And well did Granta's sons
Take up the time they'd given them
By Goldie of St John's!

S. H. Catty[13]

Oxford won the toss and elected to start from the Surrey station, handing the Middlesex side of the river to Oxford.[10] Cambridge took an early lead even though their stroke rate was lower than that of the Dark Blues, and led by three-quarters of a length by the time the crews shot Hammersmith Bridge. Oxford stayed in touch for the next 0.5 miles (0.8 km) but following a spurt, they almost levelled the race by Chiswick Eyot. Cambridge's stroke John Goldie led a surge to pull back ahead of Oxford, and despite their best efforts, Oxford could not recover. Cambridge won by one-and-a-half lengths in a time of 22 minutes 4 seconds. The victory was Cambridge's first since the 1860 race, and brought the overall record to 16–11 in Oxford's favour.[4]

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Dark Blues aim to punch above their weight". The Observer. 6 April 2003. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  2. ^ Smith, Oliver (25 March 2014). "University Boat Race 2014: spectators' guide". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
  3. ^ "The Course". The Boat Race Company Limited. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Boat Race – Results". The Boat Race Company Limited. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  5. ^ Burnell, p. 100
  6. ^ MacMichael, p. 351
  7. ^ a b Burnell, p. 111
  8. ^ Burnell, p. 102
  9. ^ Burnell, pp. 49, 97
  10. ^ a b c d e Drinkwater, p. 64
  11. ^ Dodd, p. 298
  12. ^ Burnell, pp. 50–51
  13. ^ a b Dodd, p. 95

Bibliography

  • Burnell, Richard (1979). One Hundred and Fifty Years of the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race. Precision Press. ISBN 0950063878. 
  • Dodd, Christopher (1983). The Oxford & Cambridge Boat Race. Stanley Paul. ISBN 0091513405. 
  • Drinkwater, G. C.; Sanders, T. R. B. (1929). The University Boat Race – Official Centenary History. Cassell & Company, Ltd. 
  • MacMichael, William Fisher (1870). The Oxford and Cambridge Boat Races: From A.D. 1829 to 1869. Deighton. 

External links

  • Official website
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