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The Boat Race 1862

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19th Boat Race
Date 12 April 1862 (1862-04-12)
Winner Oxford
Margin of victory 10 lengths
Winning time 24 minutes 34 seconds
Overall record
(Cambridge–Oxford)
10–9
Umpire Joseph William Chitty
(Oxford)

The 19th Boat Race between crews from the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge took place on the River Thames on 12 April 1862. Oxford won by 10 lengths in a time of 24 minutes and 34 seconds, taking the overall record to 10–9 in Cambridge's favour.

Background

The Boat Race is a side-by-side rowing competition between the University of Oxford (sometimes referred to as the "Dark Blues")[1] and the University of Cambridge (sometimes referred to as the "Light Blues").[1] The race was first held in 1829, and since 1845 has taken place on the 4.2-mile (6.8 km) Championship Course on the River Thames in southwest London.[2][3] The rivalry is a major point of honour between the two universities and followed throughout the United Kingdom and worldwide.[4] Oxford went into the race as reigning champions, having won the 1861 race by sixteen lengths, with Cambridge leading overall with ten victories to Oxford's eight.[5]

Both University crews were downselected from trials eights, with varied success. The Cambridge crew set a record time during practice, while Oxford "were in very rough condition".[6] Just one former Blues returned to the crew, instead of the four who had been expected. Morale was so low in the Dark Blue camp that it was suggested that they write to Cambridge claiming that they could not assemble a crew. The Oxford University Boat Club president and coach George Morrison refused this course of action and the race was set for 12 April 1862.[7][8]

The boats were built by J. and S. Salter of Oxford.[9] The race was umpired by Joseph William Chitty who had rowed for Oxford twice in 1849 (in the March and December races) and the 1852 race,[10] while the starter was Edward Searle.[11][12]

Crews

The Oxford crew weighed an average of 11 st 11.375 lb (74.8 kg), 12.25 pounds (5.6 kg) per rower more than their Light Blue opposition.[13] Poole and Hoare returned for the Oxford crew while Cambridge's crew featured three returning Blues in Robert Fitzgerald, Henry Collings and George Richards.[13]

Walter Bradford Woodgate (left) rowed at bow for Oxford while Sir Robert Uniacke-Penrose-Fitzgerald, 1st Baronet (right) occupied the five seat for Cambridge.
Seat Cambridge
Oxford
Oxford-University-Circlet.svg
Name College Weight Name College Weight
Bow P. F. Gorst Lady Margaret Boat Club 10 st 4 lb W. B. Woodgate Brasenose 11 st 6 lbs
2 J. G. Chambers 3rd Trinity 11 st 5 lb O. S. Wynne Christ Church 11 st 3 lb
3 E. Sanderson Corpus Christi 10 st 10 lb W. B. R. Jacobson Christ Church 12 st 4 lb
4 W. C. Smyly 1st Trinity 11 st 5 lb R. E. L. Burton Christ Church 12 st 5 lb
5 R. U. P. Fitzgerald Trinity Hall 11 st 3 lb A. Morrison Balliol 12 st 8.5 lb
6 H. H. Collings 3rd Trinity 11 st 2 lb A. R. Poole Trinity 12 st 5 lb
7 J. G. Buchanan 1st Trinity 10 st 12 lb C. R. Carr Wadham 11 st 2.5 lb
Stroke G. H. Richards (P) 1st Trinity 10 st 5 lb W. M. Hoare Exeter 11 st 1 lb
Cox F. H. Archer Corpus Christi 5 st 2 lb F. Hopwood Christ Church 7 st 3 lb
Source:[13]
(P) – boat club president (G. Morrison was Oxford's non-rowing president)[14]

Race

The Championship Course, along which the race is conducted

Weather conditions on the day of the race were described as "excessively cold" with "a smart breeze" although "the sun shone brilliantly."[15] Oxford won the toss and elected to start from the Middlesex station, handing the Surrey side of the river to Cambridge.[12] The Light Blues took an early lead but Oxford were soon level with them by the time they passed the Star and Garter pub. With the steadier stroke, Oxford took the lead and were clear of Cambridge by Craven Cottage. They extended their lead further, to such an extent that even though the Light Blue cox Richards made a spurt at the Soap Works, his boat had been surrounded by the steamers, and overtaken by one. The disruption from steamers would become so severe that in the 1864 race, both boat club presidents threatened to postpone the race unless the steamers remained behind the two crews.[16]

The Dark Blues held a three-length advantage by the time they shot Hammersmith Bridge, and despite another spurt from Cambridge off Chiswick Eyot, the lead had extended to at least 100 yards (91 m) by Barnes Bridge.[17] Oxford won by 10 lengths in a time of 24 minutes 34 seconds. It was their third win in four years and secured Oxford's ninth win in the event compared to Cambridge's ten.[5] Contemporary rower and author William MacMichael suggested: "Of these two crews it is scarcely necessary to say more than that if they did not reach the consummate excellence of some which we have been accustomed to look back upon as the highest standard of form and beauty, they were yet a good average specimen of University rowing."[18]

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Dark Blues aim to punch above their weight". The Observer. 6 April 2003. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  2. ^ Smith, Oliver (25 March 2014). "University Boat Race 2014: spectators' guide". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 20 June 2014. 
  3. ^ "The Course". The Boat Race Company Limited. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "Former Winnipegger in winning Oxford–Cambridge Boat Race crew". CBC News. 6 April 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Boat Race – Results". The Boat Race Company Limited. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  6. ^ MacMichael, p. 288–289
  7. ^ MacMichael, p. 289
  8. ^ Burnell, p. 110
  9. ^ MacMichael, p. 295
  10. ^ Burnell, pp. 49, 97
  11. ^ Drinkwater, p. 52
  12. ^ a b MacMichael, p. 292
  13. ^ a b c MacMichael, pp. 291–292
  14. ^ Burnell, pp. 50–51
  15. ^ MacMichael, p. 291
  16. ^ Drinkwater, p. 54
  17. ^ MacMichael, p. 292–293
  18. ^ MacMichael, p. 293

Bibliography

  • Burnell, Richard (1979). One Hundred and Fifty Years of the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race. Precision Press. ISBN 0950063878. 
  • Dodd, Christopher (1983). The Oxford & Cambridge Boat Race. Stanley Paul. ISBN 0091513405. 
  • Drinkwater, G. C.; Sanders, T. R. B. (1929). The University Boat Race – Official Centenary History. Cassell & Company, Ltd. 
  • MacMichael, William Fisher (1870). The Oxford and Cambridge Boat Races: From A.D. 1829 to 1869. Deighton. 

External links

  • Official website
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