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The Boat Race 1861

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18th Boat Race
Date 16 March 1861 (1861-03-16)
Winner Oxford
Margin of victory 16 lengths
Winning time 23 minutes 30 seconds
Overall record
(Cambridge–Oxford)
10–8
Umpire Joseph William Chitty
(Oxford)

The 18th Boat Race took place on the River Thames on 16 March 1861. Held annually, The Boat Race is a side-by-side rowing race between crews from the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge. The 1861 event, which featured the first ever non-British competitor, suffered numerous interruptions from river traffic. Oxford won by 16 lengths.

Background

Breakfast of chops and steaks, bread-and-butter and tea. Lunch 1/2 a pint of beer and bread-and-butter or a sandwich, or a glass of sherry and biscuits ... For dinner, we had four days a week beef and mutton, on the others fowls, fish (on Sundays), and once or twice a light pudding. We were always careful to have the same beer; 1 pint every day. After dinner, two glasses of port, never allowed large glasses, but occasionally after hard work an extra glass.

Oxford Book recounting the dining regime of the Oxford crew[1]

The Boat Race is a side-by-side rowing competition between the University of Oxford (sometimes referred to as the "Dark Blues")[2] and the University of Cambridge (sometimes referred to as the "Light Blues").[2] The race was first held in 1829, and since 1845 has taken place on the 4.2-mile (6.8 km) Championship Course on the River Thames in southwest London.[3][4] Cambridge went into the race as reigning champions, having defeated Oxford by one length in the previous year's race and led overall with ten wins to Oxford's seven.[5]

The challenge to race was sent from Oxford in the October term which was accepted by Cambridge.[6] Both boats were built specifically for the race, Cambridge's by Searle and Oxford's by Salter.[7] Oxford were "occasionally looked after" by H. Baxter, who rowed in the 1860 race, and C. G. Lane who represented the Dark Blues in the 1858 and 1859 races.[8] The race was umpired by Joseph William Chitty who had rowed for Oxford twice in 1849 (in the March and December races) and the 1852 race.[9]

Crews

The Cambridge crew weighed an average of 11 st 4.875 lb (71.9 kg), 0.875 pounds (0.4 kg) per rower more than their Dark Blue opposition.[10] George Morrison returned to the Oxford crew, having rowed in the previous year's race. Cambridge saw Chaytor, Blake, Coventry and Hall return. The race featured the first non-British rower in the history of the event: William Robertson of Wadham College, Oxford was educated at Geelong Grammar School in Australia before representing the Dark Blues at number four.[11][12]

Robert Uniacke-Penrose-Fitzgerald rowed at number seven for Cambridge.
Seat Cambridge
University of Cambridge coat of arms.svg
Oxford
Oxford-University-Circlet.svg
Name College Weight Name College Weight
Bow G. H. Richards Trinity 10 st 4 lb W. Champneys Brasenose 10 st 11 lb
2 H. J. Chaytor Jesus 11 st 3 lb E. B. Merriman Exeter 10 st 1 lb
3 W. H. Tarleton St John's 11 st 0 lb H. E. Medlicott Wadham 12 st 4 lb
4 J. S. Blake Corpus Christi 12 st 10 lb W. Robertson Wadham 11 st 3 lb
5 M. Coventry (P) Trinity Hall 13 st 3 lb G. Morrison (P) Balliol 12 st 8 lb
6 H. H. Collings Trinity 10 st 11 lb A. R. Poole Trinity 12 st 3 lb
7 R. U. P. Fitzgerald Trinity Hall 11 st 2 lb H. G. Hopkins Corpus Christi 10 st 8 lb
Stroke J. Hall Magdalene 10 st 6 lb W. M. Hoare Exeter 10 st 10 lb
Cox T. K. Gaskell 3rd Trinity 8 st 3 lb S. O. B Risdale Wadham 9 st 0 lb
Source:[10]
(P) – boat club president[13]

Race

The Championship Course, along which the race is conducted

As a result of strong winds and a large volume of land water running into the river, the race was re-scheduled for 11am.[14] Cambridge won the toss and elected to start from the Middlesex station, handing the Surrey station to Oxford.[7] The starter, Edward Searle, gave the command to start, with neither boat taking an early advantage. By the Star and Garter pub, Cambridge had edged ahead and spurted to take a half-length lead and by the Duke's Head pub, the Light Blues had moved further in front. A steering error from Gaskell, the Cambridge cox, saw their lead eroded such that Oxford led by Craven Cottage.[7] At the football ground, rough water created by one of the nearby steamboats (who, according to MacMichael, had "shamefully put her paddle-wheels into motion") caused a swell to slow the Oxford boat.[15]

The Dark Blue crew's rhythm combined with more poor steering from Cambridge allowed Oxford to pull away, three lengths ahead by the Crab Tree and six by Hammersmith Bridge. Further interruption to Cambridge's passage came from a sailing barge which they forced to steer around, and by Chiswick, they were ten lengths behind. Oxford suffered briefly at the hands of a barge blocking their route but by Barnes Bridge were at least twelve lengths ahead. They passed the flag boat (indicating the finish of the race) at the Ship Tavern in a time of 23 minutes 30 seconds,[a] and a lead of 16 lengths.[15] It was the largest winning margin since the 1841 race and would be the first in a series of nine consecutive victories for Oxford.[5]

References

Footnotes

^a Although the official website of The Boat Race Company Limited records the winning time as 23 minutes 3 seconds, MacMichael and Burnell list the time as 23 minutes 30 seconds.

Notes

  1. ^ MacMichael, p. 287
  2. ^ a b "Dark Blues aim to punch above their weight". The Observer. 6 April 2003. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  3. ^ Smith, Oliver (25 March 2014). "University Boat Race 2014: spectators' guide". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "The Course". The Boat Race Company Limited. Retrieved 6 November 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Boat Race – Results". The Boat Race Company Limited. Retrieved 6 November 2014. 
  6. ^ MacMichael, p. 286
  7. ^ a b c MacMichael, p. 282
  8. ^ MacMichael, p.285
  9. ^ Burnell, pp. 49, 97
  10. ^ a b MacMichael, p. 284
  11. ^ Burnell, p. 38
  12. ^ Burnell, p. 101
  13. ^ Burnell, pp. 50–51
  14. ^ MacMichael, p. 281–282
  15. ^ a b MacMichael, p. 283

Bibliography

  • Burnell, Richard (1979). One Hundred and Fifty Years of the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race. Precision Press. ISBN 0950063878. 
  • Dodd, Christopher (1983). The Oxford & Cambridge Boat Race. Stanley Paul. ISBN 0091513405. 
  • Drinkwater, G. C.; Sanders, T. R. B. (1929). The University Boat Race – Official Centenary History. Cassell & Company, Ltd. 
  • MacMichael, William Fisher (1870). The Oxford and Cambridge Boat Races: From A.D. 1829 to 1869. Deighton. 

External links

  • Official website
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