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The Boat Race 1846

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8th Boat Race
Date 3 April 1846 (1846-04-03)
Winner Cambridge
Margin of victory 3 lengths
Winning time 21 minutes 5 seconds
Overall record
(Cambridge–Oxford)
6–2
Umpire C. J. Selwyn

The 8th Boat Race between crews from the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge took place on the River Thames on 3 April 1846. Umpired by Charles Jasper Selwyn, Cambridge won in a time of 21 minutes 5 seconds, with a winning margin of three lengths. The race was held on the ebb tide, starting in Mortlake and ending in Putney. For the first time, outriggers were used by both crews.

Background

The Championship Course along which the Boat Race is competed. For the 1846 event, the crews raced on the ebb tide, so started at Mortlake (marked as Finish) and ended in Putney (marked as Start).

The Boat Race is a side-by-side rowing competition between the University of Oxford (sometimes referred to as the "Dark Blues")[1] and the University of Cambridge (sometimes referred to as the "Light Blues").[1] The race was first held in 1829, and since 1845 has taken place on the 4.2-mile (6.8 km) Championship Course on the River Thames in southwest London.[2][3]

Following their ten-length defeat in the previous year's race,[4] Oxford sent their challenge to Cambridge in February 1846, proposing that the race should take place at Easter.[5] The umpire for the race was Charles Jasper Selwyn.[6][7] Cambridge went into the race leading the contest overall, with five wins to Oxford's two since the inaugural race in 1829.[4] On one of only a handful of occasions, the race was rowed on the ebb tide, from Mortlake to Putney.[8]

For the first time in the history of the race, both boats used outriggers. Cambridge "rowed in an outrigger built by Searle, 60 ft in length, 2 ft 8 in in breadth", while Oxford's boat was "expressly built for this match by King of Oxford" and 58 ft 6 in long.[9] Both crews had professional coaches: Oxford used John Noulton while Cambridge were trained by Robert Coombes, a champion sculler.[10] It marked the start of the debate over the use of professional coaches which was not resolved until the 1852 race.[8]

Crews

The Cambridge crew weighed an average of 11 st 8.375 lb (73.5 kg), 3.25 pounds (1.5 kg) more per rower than their opponents.[11] Oxford saw three Blues return from the 1845 race in Royds, Stapylton and Milman; Harkness and Hill returned for Cambridge.[11]

Seat Cambridge
University of Cambridge coat of arms.svg
Oxford
Oxford-University-Circlet.svg
Name College Weight Name College Weight
Bow George Francis Murdoch Lady Margaret Boat Club 10 st 2 lb H. S. Polehampton Pembroke 10 st 9 lb
2 George Frederick Holroyd 1st Trinity 11 st 1 lb E. C. Burton Christ Church 11 st 0 lb
3 Stephen Thomas Clissold 3rd Trinity 12 st 0 lb W. U. Heygate Merton 11 st 8 lb
4 William Pickering Cloves 1st Trinity 12 st 12 lb E. H. Penfold St John's 11 st 8 lb
5 Edmond Wilder Magdalene 13 st 2 lb John W. Conant St John's 12 st 4 lb
6 Robert Harkness (P) Lady Margaret Boat Club 11 st 6 lb F. C. Royds Brasenose 11 st 9 lb
7 Ed. Parker Wolstenholme 1st Trinity 11 st 1 lb W. C. Stapylton Merton 10 st 12 lb
Stroke Charles Gray Hill 2nd Trinity 11 st 1 lb W. H. Milman (P) Christ Church 11 st 0 lb
Cox T. B Lloyd Lady Margaret Boat Club 9 st 8 lb C. J. Soanes St John's 9 st 13 lb
Source:[11]
(P) – boat club president

Race

At Hammersmith Bridge Cambridge had drawn half a boat's length ahead, but Oxford put on such a desperate spurt and came up as before. But this was their final effort; for pulling with unparalleled pluck and resolution, they had taken it all out of themselves.

The Cambridge Book[12]

Conditions for the race were described by MacMichael as "very fine, and the little wind there was with the tide."[6] The race commenced shortly after 11.10am, started by Edward Searle.[13] Oxford won the toss and elected to start from the Surrey station, handing Cambridge the Middlesex side of the river.[14][6] Despite taking an early lead, Oxford were soon caught and Cambridge drew away, holding a third-of-a-length lead by Chiswick. As the long bend began to favour Oxford, Cambridge slowed in shallow water allowing the Dark Blues to close some of the discrepancy, but by Hammersmith Bridge, Cambridge were back to a half-length lead. A final surge from Oxford once again closed the gap, but Cambridge pulled away to take the victory in a record time of 21 minutes 5 seconds and by a margin of three lengths.[15]

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Dark Blues aim to punch above their weight". The Observer. 6 April 2003. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
  2. ^ Smith, Oliver (25 March 2014). "University Boat Race 2014: spectators' guide". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
  3. ^ "The Course". The Boat Race Company Limited. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Boat Race – Results". The Boat Race Company Limited. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
  5. ^ MacMichael, p. 133
  6. ^ a b c MacMichael, p. 134
  7. ^ Burnell p. 49
  8. ^ a b "Early races". The Boat Race Company Limited. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
  9. ^ MacMichael pp. 133, 136
  10. ^ Wigglesworth, Neil (20 February 1992). "The Social History of English Rowing". Routledge. p. 64. ISBN 978-0-71-463415-9.
  11. ^ a b c MacMichael, p. 138
  12. ^ MacMichael, p. 135
  13. ^ MacMichael, pp. 134, 137
  14. ^ Burnell, p. 55
  15. ^ MacMichael, pp. 134–35

Bibliography

  • Burnell, Richard (1979). One Hundred and Fifty Years of the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race. Precision Press. ISBN 978-0-9500638-7-4.
  • Dodd, Christopher (1983). The Oxford & Cambridge Boat Race. Stanley Paul. ISBN 978-0-09-151340-5.
  • Drinkwater, G. C.; Sanders, T. R. B. (1929). The University Boat Race – Official Centenary History. Cassell & Company, Ltd.
  • MacMichael, William Fisher (1870). The Oxford and Cambridge Boat Races: From A.D. 1829 to 1869. Deighton.

External links

  • Official website
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