The Beloved (Rossetti painting)

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The Beloved
Dante Gabriel Rossetti - The Bride - WGA20108.jpg
Artist Dante Gabriel Rossetti
Year 1865–1866
Medium oil on canvas
Dimensions 80 cm × 76 cm (31 in × 30 in)
Location Tate Britain, London

The Beloved (also The Bride) is an oil painting on canvas by English artist Dante Gabriel Rossetti, first painted in 1865 and now in Tate Britain.


This painting illustrates the Song of Solomon. Two passages from the Song of Solomon are inscribed on the picture's gilded frame:

My beloved is mine and I am his (2:16)


Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better than wine (1:2)

The bride, caught in the action of moving back her veil, is attended by four virginal bridesmaids and an African page boy. All contrast strikingly with the red hair and pale skin of the bride: not just the African skin and features, but also the varying shades of brunette hair and dark caucasian skin tones of all four bridesmaids. It has been suggested that this colour contrast, carefully painted as a frame to the bride's features, was influenced by a controversial painting by Édouard Manet, entitled Olympia (first exhibited in 1865). Rossetti made a visit to Manet while working on The Beloved, and the painting also owes much to the works of Titian.[1]

Rossetti arranged the bride in a head-dress which is distinctly recognisable as Peruvian, and in a Japanese gown. Again, this abundance of exotic fabric frames the face of the bride, dominant in the centre of the canvas, with its western-European features. Rossetti ostensibly finished this oil in 1866, but continued to make changes to it throughout his life.[2]

See also


  1. ^ J. Treuherz, E. Prettejohn, and E. Becker. Dante Gabriel Rossetti. London: Thames & Hudson (2003).
  2. ^ V. Surtees. Dante Gabriel Rossetti. Vol.I, Oxford: Clarendon Press (1971).

Further reading

  • Doughty, Oswald (1949) A Victorian Romantic: Dante Gabriel Rossetti London: Frederick Muller
  • Fredeman, William E. (Ed.) (2002-8) The correspondence of Dante Gabriel Rossetti. 7 Vols. Brewer, Cambridge.
  • Hilto, Timoth (1970). The Pre-Raphelites. London: Thames and Hudson, New York: Abrams.
  • Linafelt, Tod (2002). "Biblical Love Poetry (...and God)". Journal of the American Academy of Religion 70 (2).
  • Pope, Marvin H. (1977). Song of Songs: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary.Anchor Bible 7C. 2 volumes. Garden City, New York: Doubleday.
  • Ash, Russell (1995). Dante Gabriel Rossetti. London: Pavilion Books.
  • Surtees, Virginia (1971). Dante Gabriel Rossetti. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Treuherz, Julian, Prettejohn, Elizabeth, and Becker, Edwin (2003). Dante Gabriel Rossetti. London: Thames & Hudson.
  • Todd, Pamela (2001). Pre-Raphaelites at Home, New York: Watson-Giptill Publications.

External links

  • The Rossetti Archive
  • Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery's Pre-Raphaelite Online Resource
  • Official website of Tate Britain
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