Thaxted

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Thaxted
Thaxted Windmill and Church - geograph.org.uk - 158193.jpg
Thaxted Windmill and Church
Thaxted is located in Essex
Thaxted
Thaxted
Thaxted shown within Essex
Population 2,845 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference TL615315
Civil parish
  • Thaxted
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DUNMOW
Postcode district CM6
Dialling code 01371
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Essex
51°57′16″N 0°20′46″E / 51.9544°N 0.3461°E / 51.9544; 0.3461Coordinates: 51°57′16″N 0°20′46″E / 51.9544°N 0.3461°E / 51.9544; 0.3461

Thaxted is a town and civil parish in the Uttlesford district of northwestern Essex, England.

History

Governance

An electoral ward of the same name exists. The population of this ward at the 2011 census was 3,512.[2]

Thaxted has a Parish Council with limited statutory powers.

Thaxted has two District Council representatives on Uttlesford District Council as well as one councillor on Essex County Council

Demography

Thaxted's population of around 2,000 has remained almost unchanged down the centuries.[according to whom?] Thaxted had a total of 2,845 residents according to the 2011 Census. In 1829 there were 2,293 people living in Thaxted; in 1848 there were 2,527.

At the time of the 1881 census that figure had fallen to 1,914, and fell further by 1921 to 1,596. In 2001, the population was 2,526.[citation needed]

Community

The Thaxted Society celebrated its fiftieth year in 2013 and published the 100th issue of the Thaxted Bulletin in winter 2017. A conservation charity it was founded to safeguard and promote Thaxted's legacy and considerable charms. It has a standing remit from its membership to scrutinise and respond to local planning and Government planning regulation and policy.

The annual Thaxted Festival takes place over four weekends in June and July every year, presenting a programme of musical concerts.[3]

Thaxted football club, the Thaxted Rangers, has a senior team and youth teams.

Landmarks

John Webb's Windmill

Horham Hall -

Horham Hall may refer to the timber framed late medieval hall in Thaxted, England or to the brick hall built in its place by Sir John Cutte (d. 1520) in the early 16th century.

Horham Hall

The original hall was built as a moated manor house circa 1470 but was largely demolished by Sir John Cutte. Further parts, including the chapel, were demolished in succeeding centuries, but the remaining building was restored in 1840–50. Its Great Hall has a fine oriel window and there is a staircase tower on the north side. The renovated building is grade I listed.

The present house was built some time between 1510 and 1515 by Sir John Cutte, who was under-treasurer to Henry VIII. It was built in brick in two storeys in a quadrilateral layout with a gatehouse and incorporated some elements of the former building. The house was visited by Elizabeth I both as a princess and as Queen (1571 and 1578). It is believed the Tower was built for her to watch the local hunt. The newer hall is also a grade I listed building.

After descending in the Cutte family the house passed through several owners. It was vacant for a long time in the 19th century before being sold in 1905 to the Humphry family. During the Second World War the house was used as a Barnardo’s home, and after the war was acquired by Arctic explorer and war hero Sir George Binney. In 1968 the estate land, which consisted of several farms, was sold off and the hall itself purchased by the Ward-Thomas family. It is now the home of retired novelist Evelyn Anthony, Mrs Michael Ward-Thomas. Very extensive major work and entirely contemporary repairs on the house and facilities were carried out by Mr Sandy Shand prior to the Ward-Thomas family returning to Horham Hall.

Thaxted Morris Men

Thaxted Morris Men

Founded in 1911 at the initiative of Conrad Noel, Vicar of Thaxted, as part of the revival of interest in Morris dancing, begun by Cecil Sharp and others, Thaxted Morris Men are the oldest surviving revival side in the country.

One of the first public performances was for the local celebrations of the coronation of King George V.

The 1920s saw meetings being organised between some of the Revival clubs.

Thaxted were hosts in 1927 and, except for the war years, there has been a meeting every year since, the only club in the country so to do.

Film

In the early 1950's the town was used as the location for the film Time Gentlemen, Please!

Released in 1952 to be precise, the British comedy film was directed by Lewis Gilbert and starred actors like Eddie Byrne, Dora Bryan and Sid James.

The Plot -

The Prime Minister undertakes a tour of the cities and towns with the highest percentage figures of employment: Glasgow, Newcastle, Cardiff, and at the top of the list at 99.9%, Little Hayhoe, a small town in Essex (filmed in Thaxted) with a population of 2,000. The 0.1% is Irishman Daniel "Dan" Dance, who is well-liked by most of the residents. The council, however, are eager to put him out of the way before the Prime Minister arrives. Councillor Eric Hace orders Police Constable Tumball to arrest Dan for skipping out without paying his bill at Hace's pub. Sir Digby Montague, as the head of the council and the local magistrate, plans to sentence him to a week in the gaol.

When Sir Digby finds that his maid Sally, who happens to be Dan's granddaughter, has been giving Dan Sir Digby's leftovers for dinner regularly, he promptly sacks her.

Miss Mouncey, another council member, comes up with a notion: Dan should go live in the almshouse, which has been empty for 50 years. Vicar Reverend Simpson informs the Crouches, the custodians, that the regulations are to be strictly enforced, even though they are 400 years old. Among other things, the rules dictate that he be washed by the matron every night and wear an old-fashioned uniform. When he returns drunk the next night, he is put in stocks. Displeased by this, the villagers pelt Timothy Crouch with food.

Bill Jordan is sympathetic to Dan's plight (and attracted to Sally). He reminds the councillors that an election will be held before the Prime Minister's visit.

When Simpson dies, he is replaced by the Reverend Soater, a much more lenient man and an Irishman himself. Soater examines the rules (written in Latin) to see if he can do anything to help his countryman. He discovers that the rents for the extensive lands indicated on a map are supposed to first go to the upkeep of the almshouses, and the remainder distributed to the inmates daily. He estimates that the rents amount to almost £7,000 per annum. Dan, as the only inmate, is entitled to £20 a day! After consulting a lawyer the next day, Soater gives Dan £20, plus the arrears from when Soater arrived. The news spreads quickly. Dan treats everyone to drinks and gifts.

Sir Digby offers Dan a very easy job, though with a much smaller salary, to leave the almshouse. When that ploy fails, Hace schemes to make Dan late for the daily 9.00pm closing of the almshouse gates, which would disqualify him; he enlists Miss Mouncey to help distract Dan. Fortunately, Dan gets Miss Mouncey drunk, and she blurts out the plot. Dan rushes back to the almshouse just in time.

Meanwhile, Bill Jordan goes out on a date with Peggy Stebbins and, at her insistence, kisses her. Then he quickly drives over to Sally's lodgings and kisses her without a word of explanation. They both enjoy it, but Sally becomes annoyed when he admits Peggy put the idea into his head and slams the door on him.

With the council election coming up, Mr. Spink, who owns the local factory, suggests that Dan run for office. Dan is uninterested at first, but soon changes his mind. He is joined by Bill Jordan, Spink and Mary Wade, the shopkeeper who now employs Sally. Hace comes up with a scheme to make Dan look foolish by recruiting 11 tramps for the almshouse, but Souter cites a regulation that the new additions must be approved by the residents. Dan, of course, rejects them.

The new candidates are all elected. Sally is so overjoyed, she kisses Bill. Dan rushes back to the almshouse at 9.00, but instead of staying, he exacts revenge on the Crouches, then heads back to the festivities. He announces that now that he has disqualified himself, the money will go to more worthy causes and the almshouses will be converted to a day nursery for the workers. Spink offers Dan a job suitable to his talents: mattress tester. With that, Little Hayhoe reaches its goal of 100% employment and welcomes the Prime Minister ... in a typically English downpour.

Notable people

Gallery

See also

The Hundred Parishes

References

  1. ^ "Town population 2011". Retrieved 27 September 2015. 
  2. ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 27 September 2015. 
  3. ^ Ward, Amy (September 2008). "A Centre for Culture". Essex Life. Archant: 94. Retrieved 24 January 2009.  (Registration required).
  4. ^ "Conrad Noel". Henry S. Salt Archive. Retrieved 25 November 2014. 
  5. ^ http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/opinion/obituaries/article2084335.ece

External links

Media related to Thaxted at Wikimedia Commons

  • Thaxted Church on Essex Churches website
  • Pictures and information on Thaxted station from subbrit.org.uk
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Thaxted&oldid=840128909"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thaxted
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Thaxted"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA