Thala, Tunisia

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Thala
Tāla
تالة
Thala.JPG
Thala is located in Tunisia
Thala
Thala
Location in Tunisia
Coordinates: 35°34′N 8°40′E / 35.567°N 8.667°E / 35.567; 8.667Coordinates: 35°34′N 8°40′E / 35.567°N 8.667°E / 35.567; 8.667
Country Tunisia
Governorate Kasserine
Elevation 1,017 m (3,337 ft)
Population (2014)[1]
 • Total 18,230

Thala (Arabic: تالة‎, translit. Tāla) is a town and commune in Tunisia. It is located in the Kasserine Governorate since 1956. As of the 2004 census it had 13,968 inhabitants.[1] The altitude of Thala is 1,017 metres (3,337 ft), which makes it the highest and the coldest town in the country.

History

Ruins at Thala

During the Roman Empire Thala was the site of a Roman colony called Thélepte, and was the seat of an ancient bishopric.

In 1906, an attack by local bedouin on the French civil administration offices during the Thala-Kasserine Disturbances was the first violent resistance to French authority under the protectorate.

Thala was the scene of fierce fighting during World War II, in the late stages of the Battle of the Kasserine Pass. The 10th Panzer Division sought to exploit its early success against US forces. In a series of defensive actions on 21 February 1943, the British 26th Armoured Brigade, part of Nickforce, blocked an advance by the German division's Kampfgruppe which, despite coming under the personal command of Erwin Rommel, were finally unable to make headway through fire from British tanks and artillery.[2]

Geography

Climate

The climate in Thala is semi-arid (BSh/BSk, according to the Köppen climate classification), with Mediterranean influences. Summers are moderately hot (by Saharan standards) and dry, and winters are chilly and wetter. Snowfalls can occur sometimes.

Climate data for Thala, Tunisia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
10.7
(51.3)
15.2
(59.4)
18.0
(64.4)
23.4
(74.1)
28.7
(83.7)
32.6
(90.7)
31.6
(88.9)
25.9
(78.6)
22.4
(72.3)
14.7
(58.5)
10.0
(50)
20.22
(68.4)
Average low °C (°F) 2.7
(36.9)
3.1
(37.6)
5.7
(42.3)
7.6
(45.7)
11.7
(53.1)
16.0
(60.8)
19.0
(66.2)
18.7
(65.7)
15.1
(59.2)
13.0
(55.4)
7.2
(45)
3.9
(39)
10.31
(50.58)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 25.6
(1.008)
24.0
(0.945)
30.4
(1.197)
43.4
(1.709)
35.8
(1.409)
20.2
(0.795)
10.7
(0.421)
16.5
(0.65)
49.2
(1.937)
28.3
(1.114)
30.4
(1.197)
57.4
(2.26)
371.9
(14.642)
Source: Weather Online.[3]

References

  1. ^ a b Recensement de 2004 (Institut national de la statistique) (in French)
  2. ^ United States Army in World War II - Mediterranean Theater of Operations - Northwest Africa: Seizing the Initiative In the West, by George F. Howe, Department of the Army 1957 (pp. 464-466)
  3. ^ Tunisia climate - Travel planner Thala
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