Thakur (title)

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Thakur is a feudal title and a surname used by a class of communities in India and Nepal.

The word Thakur means lord, god or master,[1][2] The title was used by rulers of several princely states including Ambliara, Vala, Morbi and Varsoda. Sons of Thakurs, were given the title of Kunwar, denoting the prince.

In the zamindari system, Thakurs were landlords who used to collect revenue in their jagir (feudatory estate).[3]

A Thakur's (e)state, called Thakurate,[4] reached salute state rank in the British Empire of India. The Thakore Sahib of Dhrol,[5] Thakur Sahib of Limbdi,[6] Thakur Sahib of Palitana and Thakur Sahib of Rajkot[7] were recognised with hereditary 9-gun salutes, while the Thakur Sahib of Gondal received an 11-gun salute.

Etymology

It is derived from the Sanskrit word thākura meaning deity, idol, chief or man of rank.[8][9]

Princely states ruled by Thakurs

Thakurs

Thakur served as the title of many princely states,[10] including: Beja State, Bija State, Chuda State, Dhadi State, Kachhi Baroda State, Kathiwada State, Kawarda State, Khirasra State, Kunihar State, Mahlog State, Mohanpur State, Ranasan State, Sanjeli State, Sayla State, Tharad State, Valasna State, Wadagam State.

In some states, the Thakur's title was later changed, notably:

In Tharoch State, the ruler's title of Rana was changed to Thakur, before being reverted to Rana again later.

Compound variants

The title had loftier compound variants, notably:[11]

Thikana

Thikana is the fief or princely state ruled by the thakurs.

See also

References

  1. ^ Page 915, Yule, Henry. Hobson-Jobson: A glossary of colloquial Anglo-Indian words and phrases... London: J. Murray, 1903.
  2. ^ "Thakur Name Meaning". Ancestry.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  3. ^ Powell, Baden Henry Baden (2015-09-27). "Full Text". The Land-Systems of British India, Vol. 1: Being a Manual of the Land-Tenures and of the Systems of Land-Revenue Administration Prevalent in the Several Provinces. Forgotten Books. ISBN 9781331559207. 
  4. ^ "Agarsingji Raisingji vs Bai Naniba on 9 April, 1914". Indian Kanoon. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  5. ^ Wright, Colin. "DHROL: Jai Singh, Thakur Sahib of Dhrole (1824-1886).". British Library. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  6. ^ Rathore, Abhinay. "Limbdi (Princely State)". Rajput Provinces of India. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  7. ^ Strathcarron, Ian (2013-07-24). The Indian Equator: Mark Twain's India Revisited. Courier Corporation. ISBN 9780486315805. 
  8. ^ Retrieved on 2013-09-21 from Sanskrit Dictionary for Spoken Sanskrit by Klaus Glashoff.
  9. ^ "Thakur". Every Culture. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  10. ^ "www.worldstatesmen.org". Princely States of India (here K-Z). Retrieved 2016-12-12. 
  11. ^ "www.worldstatesmen.org". Princely States of India (here A-J). Retrieved 2016-12-12. 

External links and Sources

  • WorldStatesmen - India - princely states; here: K-Z
  • RoyalArk - India - here: Salute States
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