Thakur (title)

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Thakur or Thakore is a feudal title and a surname used by upper class communities in India and Nepal. "Thakur" title was used by the Royal families of India, but 24 years after the Independence of India, the concept of Kingdoms and Monarchy were abolished by the Democratic Government, under the 26th Constitutional amendment of 1971[1] that abolished privy purses.

The word Thakur means lord, god or master,[2][3] The title was used by rulers of several princely states including Ambliara, Vala, Morbi and Varsoda. Sons of Thakurs, were given the title of Kunwar, denoting the prince.

In the zamindari system, Brahmins, Kayastha and Rajput Thakurs were landlords who used to collect revenue in their jagir (feudatory estate).[4]

A Thakur's (e)state, called Thakorate,[5] reached salute state rank in the British Empire of India. The Thakore Sahib of Dhrol,[6] Thakore Sahib of Limbdi,[7] Thakore Sahib of Palitana and Thakore Sahib of Rajkot[8] were recognised with hereditary 9-gun salutes, while the Thakur Sahib of Gondal received an 11-gun salute.,

Etymology

It is derived from the Sanskrit word thākura meaning deity, idol, chief or man of rank.[9][10] Hindu god, Dharma Thakur is worshipped in the Rarh region folklore.[11][12]

Princely states ruled by Thakurs

Thakurs

Thakur served as the title of many princely states,[13] including: Beja State, Bija State, Chuda State, Dhadi State, Kachhi Baroda State, Kathiwada State, Kawarda State, Khirasra State, Kunihar State, Mahlog State, Mohanpur State, Ranasan State, Sanjeli State, Sayla State, Tharad State, Valasna State, Wadagam State.

In some states, the Thakur's title was later changed, notably:

In Tharoch State, the ruler's title of Rana was changed to Thakur, before being reverted back to Rana again later.

Compound variants

The title had loftier compound variants, notably:[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ "THE CONSTITUTION (AMENDMENT)". indiacode.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-03-19. 
  2. ^ Page 915, Yule, Henry. Hobson-Jobson: A glossary of colloquial Anglo-Indian words and phrases... London: J. Murray, 1903.
  3. ^ "Thakur Name Meaning". Ancestry.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  4. ^ Powell, Baden Henry Baden (2015-09-27). "Full Text". The Land-Systems of British India, Vol. 1: Being a Manual of the Land-Tenures and of the Systems of Land-Revenue Administration Prevalent in the Several Provinces. Forgotten Books. ISBN 9781331559207. 
  5. ^ "Agarsingji Raisingji vs Bai Naniba on 9 April, 1914". Indian Kanoon. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  6. ^ Wright, Colin. "DHROL: Jai Singh, Thakur Sahib of Dhrole (1824-1886).". British Library. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  7. ^ Rathore, Abhinay. "Limbdi (Princely State)". Rajput Provinces of India. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  8. ^ Strathcarron, Ian (2013-07-24). The Indian Equator: Mark Twain's India Revisited. Courier Corporation. ISBN 9780486315805. 
  9. ^ Retrieved on 2013-09-21 from Sanskrit Dictionary for Spoken Sanskrit by Klaus Glashoff.
  10. ^ "Thakur". Every Culture. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  11. ^ Inc, Merriam-Webster (1999-01-01). Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of World Religions. Merriam-Webster. ISBN 9780877790440. 
  12. ^ "Dharma-Thakur | Indian deity". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  13. ^ "www.worldstatesmen.org". Princely States of India (here K-Z). Retrieved 2016-12-12. 
  14. ^ "www.worldstatesmen.org". Princely States of India (here A-J). Retrieved 2016-12-12. 

External links and Sources

  • WorldStatesmen - India - princely states; here: K-Z
  • RoyalArk - India - here: Salute States
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