Thakur (title)

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Thakur or Thakore (Sanskrit: ठक्कुर) is a feudal title and a surname used by various communities in India and Nepal. The word Thakur means lord, god or master,[1][2] The title was used by rulers of several princely states including Ambliara, Vala, Morbi and Varsoda.

In the zamindari system, Brahmins & Rajput Thakurs were landlords who used to collect revenue in their jagir (feudatory estate).[3]

A Thakur's (e)state, called Thakorate,[4] could occasionally reach salute state rank (mostly Maharajas or Nawabs -not all of those- or at last -few of the- Rajas) in the British Empire of India. The Thakore Sahib of Dhrol,[5] Thakore Sahib of Limbdi,[6] Thakore Sahib of Palitana and Thakore Sahib of Rajkot[7] were recognised with hereditary 9-guns salutes. While the Thakur Shaib of Gondal had an 11-guns salute.

Etymology

It is derived from the Sanskrit word thākura meaning deity, idol, chief or man of rank.[8][9] Hindu god, Dharma Thakur is worshipped in the Rarh region folklore.[10][11]

Princely states ruled by Thakurs

Compound variants

The title had a loftier compound variants, notably :[12]

Thakurs as such

Just Thakur was the title in many princely states,[13] including : Beja State, Bija State, Chuda State, Dhadi State, Kachhi Baroda State, Kathiwada State, Kawarda State, Khirasra State, Kunihar State, Mahlog State, Mohanpur State, Ranasan State, Sanjeli State, Sayla State, Tharad State, Valasna State, Wadagam State.

In other states, just Thakur was later supplanted by a promotion, notably :

However in Tharoch State, the Ranas were demoted to Thakur, later promoted back to Rana.

See also

References

  1. ^ Page 915, Yule, Henry. Hobson-Jobson: A glossary of colloquial Anglo-Indian words and phrases... London: J. Murray, 1903.
  2. ^ "Thakur Name Meaning". Ancestry.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  3. ^ Powell, Baden Henry Baden (2015-09-27). "Full Text". The Land-Systems of British India, Vol. 1: Being a Manual of the Land-Tenures and of the Systems of Land-Revenue Administration Prevalent in the Several Provinces. Forgotten Books. ISBN 9781331559207. 
  4. ^ "Agarsingji Raisingji vs Bai Naniba on 9 April, 1914". Indian Kanoon. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  5. ^ Wright, Colin. "DHROL: Jai Singh, Thakur Sahib of Dhrole (1824-1886).". British Library. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  6. ^ Rathore, Abhinay. "Limbdi (Princely State)". Rajput Provinces of India. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  7. ^ Strathcarron, Ian (2013-07-24). The Indian Equator: Mark Twain's India Revisited. Courier Corporation. ISBN 9780486315805. 
  8. ^ Retrieved on 2013-09-21 from Sanskrit Dictionary for Spoken Sanskrit by Klaus Glashoff.
  9. ^ "Thakur". Every Culture. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  10. ^ Inc, Merriam-Webster (1999-01-01). Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of World Religions. Merriam-Webster. ISBN 9780877790440. 
  11. ^ "Dharma-Thakur | Indian deity". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  12. ^ "www.worldstatesmen.org". Princely States of India (here A-J). Retrieved 2016-12-12. 
  13. ^ "www.worldstatesmen.org". Princely States of India (here K-Z). Retrieved 2016-12-12. 

External links and Sources

  • WorldStatesmen - India - princely states; here: K-Z
  • RoyalArk - India - here: Salute States
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