Thai Americans

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Thai Americans
ชาวอเมริกันเชื้อสายไทย
Chang-eng-bunker-PD.png
Tera Patrick 2010.jpg
Tiger Woods 2007.jpg
Assistant Secretary of Public and Intergovernmental Affairs Tammy Duckworth.jpg
Kostonfandangle.jpg
Myra Molloy.jpg
2PM Nichkhun Buck Horvejkul.jpg
Christine Teigen 2012 Shankbone.JPG
Brenda Song 2009 (Cropped).jpg
Total population
300,319 (2016)
Regions with significant populations
Los Angeles, Northeast, Northern Virginia, Texas, West Coast
Languages
American English, Isan, Thai
Religion
Dharma Wheel.svg Theravada Buddhism, Christian
Related ethnic groups
Thai people, Asian Americans

Thai Americans (Thai: ชาวอเมริกันเชื้อสายไทย; formerly referred to as Siamese Americans) are Americans who or whose ancestors, came from Thailand. They include both people of native Thai and Thai Chinese descent.

History in the US

According to the MPI Data Hub, there are 253,585 Thai people who immigrated to the Unites States as of 2016, composing 0.0057% of all immigrants that year. In comparing data from the MPI Data Hub to the U.S. Census Bureau, there are significant inconsistencies of total current population. According to the U.S. Census, there are currently 300,319 Thai people living in the Unites States today, with an error margin of +/- 14,326.

Data Compiled from MPI Data Hub

Thai immigration to the United States proceeded very slowly. It began in earnest during and after the Vietnam War, in which Thailand was an ally of the US and South Vietnam. Records show that in the decade between 1960 and 1970, some 5,000 Thais immigrated to the United States. In the following decade, the number increased to 44,000. From 1981 to 1990, approximately 64,400 Thai citizens moved to the United States.

The general trend of Thai immigration can be stated at a relatively steady rising pace save for the peak in 2006, which marks the dissolution of the Thai Parliament in February and a subsequent coup in the following September. From 2007-2008, numbers dip back down to regular rate until 2009, which proceeded a year of military and political turmoil due to the disconnect between the monarchic Royal Army and the relatively newly established democratic government in 2006.

According to the 2000 census there were 150,093 Thais in the United States.

In 2009, 304,160 US residents listed themselves as Thais.[1]

Demographics

Los Angeles, California has the largest Thai population outside of Asia. It is home to the world's first Thai Town. In 2002, it was estimated that over 80,000 Thais and Thai Americans live in Los Angeles. Other large Thai communities are in Clark County, Nevada; Cook County, Illinois; Tarrant County, Texas; Orange County, California; San Bernardino County, California; San Diego County, California; San Francisco, California; Fresno, California; Sacramento, California; King County, Washington; Fairfax County, Virginia; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Queens, New York; Seattle, Washington and Montgomery County, Maryland.

Statistics

Data from Migration Policy Institute[2]

Thai-born population:

Year Number Margin of error
2000 169,801 -
2006 186,526 +10,506
2007 195,948 +9,668
2008 199,075 +8,633
2009 203,384 +8,921
2010 222,759 +9,960
2011 239,942 +13,087

New legal permanent residents:

Year Number
2000 3,753
2001 4,245
2002 4,144
2003 3,126
2004 4,318
2005 5,505
2006 11,749
2007 8,751
2008 6,637
2009 10,444
2010 9,384
2011 9,962

Thais who acquire US citizenship:

Year Number
2000 5,197
2001 4,088
2002 4,013
2003 3,636
2004 3,779
2005 4,314
2006 4,583
2007 4,438
2008 6,930
2009 4,962
2010 4,112
2011 5,299

Cultural influence on America

Thai Americans are famous for bringing Thai cooking to the United States. Thai cuisine is popular across the country. Even non-Thai restaurants may include Thai-influenced dishes on their menu.

Thai culture's prominence in the United States is disproportionate to their numbers. The stationing of American troops in Thailand during the Vietnam War exposed the GIs to Thai culture and cuisine, and many of them came home with Thai wives.

Political involvement

Formerly, the Thai American community took no part in politics. However, with the recent controversy over former prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra, activity in the Thai community increased. Prior to his overthrow, there had been protests against him at the Thai consulate in Los Angeles.

In 2003, two Thai Americans ran in municipal elections, one in Anaheim, California, the other in Houston, Texas. Both lost. However, on November 7, 2006, Gorpat Henry Charoen became the first US official of Thai origin, when he was elected to the La Palma City Council in California. On December 18, 2007, he became the first Thai American mayor of a US city.

Tammy Duckworth, a Thai American Iraq War veteran, ran for Congress as a Democrat in Illinois's 6th district in the 2006 mid-term election. She was narrowly defeated, and served for two years as Assistant Secretary of Public and Intergovernmental Affairs for the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. She was previously the director of the Illinois Department of Veterans Affairs. She was considered a likely nominee for appointment to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by Barack Obama's election to the Presidency of the United States; however, Roland Burris was appointed instead. On November 6, 2012 Duckworth was elected to the US Congress to represent the 8th District of Illinois. On November 8, 2016, she was elected as the junior Senator from Illinois, the seat previously held by Barack Obama.

Bhumibol Adulyadej, the previous King and Head of the State of Thailand, was born at the Mount Auburn Hospital in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on December 5, 1927.[3] At the time, his father was studying at Harvard University. He is the only American-born monarch in history.

Notable people

  • Pornthip Nakhirunkanok Simon, Miss Universe 1988
  • Allison Sansom, Miss Universe Thailand 2014
  • Anthony Ampaipitakwong, professional soccer player
  • Todd Angkasuwan, music video and documentary film director
  • Chang and Eng Bunker, Siamese twins
  • Anthony Burch, writer of video game Borderlands 2
  • Amanda Mildred Carr, BMX racer
  • Michael Chaturantabut, actor and martial artist
  • Cherry Chevapravatdumrong, producer and story editor on Family Guy
  • Johnny Damon, MLB player
  • Charles Djou, politician
  • Tammy Duckworth, politician and military officer
  • Lada Engchawadechasilp, beauty pageant queen
  • Kevin Kaesviharn, football player
  • Sanit Khewhok, artist
  • Eric Koston, professional skater
  • Lynn Kriengkrairut, ice dancer
  • Nichkhun, singer
  • Thakoon Panichgul, fashion designer
  • Utt Panichkul, actor, model and VJ
  • Ben Parr, author
  • Tera Patrick, pornographic actress
  • John Pippy, politician
  • Stacy Prammanasudh, golfer
  • Jocelyn Seagrave, television actress
  • Alex Sink, former Chief Financial Officer for the state of Florida
  • Prim Siripipat, sportscaster
  • Brenda Song, actress
  • Tamarine Tanasugarn, professional tennis player
  • Kevin Tancharoen, dancer, choreographer, television producer and film director
  • Maurissa Tancharoen, actress, singer, dancer, television producer/writer and lyricist
  • Chrissy Tiegen, model, TV host, food blogger
  • Traphik or Timothy DeLaGhetto, rapper, comedian, and videographer on YouTube
  • Tiger Woods, professional golfer
  • Tata Young, singer, actress and former model who lives in Bangkok
  • Janie Tienphosuwan, actress
  • Rama IX, ninth monarch of Thailand from the Chakri dynasty as Rama IX.
  • See also

    Sources

    1. We the People Asians in the United States Census 2000 Special Reports
    2. Vong, Pueng. Unrest in the Homeland Awakens the Thai Community IMDiversity March 29, 2006
    3. Asian American Action Fund 2006 endorsed candidates

    References

    1. ^ American Community Survey 2009
    2. ^ "Migration Data Hub". migrationinformation.org. Retrieved 5 April 2018. 
    3. ^ Times, Barbara Crossette and Special To the New York. "Bangkok Journal; Once Upon a Time a Good King Had 4 Children . ." nytimes.com. Retrieved 5 April 2018. 

    External links

    • ThaiNewYork.com
    • Thaitown USA News
    • Asian Pacific Newspaper
    • Siam Media Newspaper
    • Sereechai Newspaper
    • Yearning to be Free: US Immigration and Thai Sex Workers, Thailand Law Forum, 30 June 2010
    Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Thai_Americans&oldid=859133793"
    This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thai_Americans
    This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Thai Americans"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA