Territoire de Belfort's 1st constituency by-election, 2018

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Territoire de Belfort's 1st constituency by-election, 2018
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  Ian Boucard (cropped).jpg Christophe Grudler (cropped).jpg
Nominee Ian Boucard Christophe Grudler Jean-Raphaël Sandri

  2015-03-18 22-44-33 meeting-soc-belfort (cropped).jpg
Nominee Anais Beltran Arthur Courty Vincent Jeudy

Incumbent deputy


A by-election will be held in Territoire de Belfort's 1st constituency on 28 January 2018, with a second round on 4 February if no candidate secures a majority of votes in the first round. The by-election was called due to the invalidation of the election of Ian Boucard, candidate of The Republicans (LR), in the June 2017 legislative elections by the Constitutional Council on 8 December 2017.


The night of the second round of the 2017 legislative election in Territoire de Belfort's 1st constituency on 18 June, Christophe Grudler, candidate of the Democratic Movement (MoDem), announced that he would file an appeal with the Constitutional Council appealing the election of Ian Boucard of The Republicans (LR). In particular, Grudler suspected that Boucard was responsible for the distribution of an electoral leaflet purporting to be from La France Insoumise (FI) and featuring imagery of Jean-Luc Mélenchon; the party subsequently confirmed that it was not responsible for the leaflet.[1]

On 8 December, the constitutional council resolved to annul the result of the election in the constituency, arguing that the distribution of leaflets purporting to be from La France Insoumise and the National Front (FN) by the campaign of Boucard without the consent of either party, of which 10,000 and 15,000 were printed, respectively, would have been sufficient to influence enough voters in the constituency to vote differently in the second round, given the small vote margin separating the candidates. As a result, a by-election will be held within the constituency to fill the vacant seat.[2]

On 15 December 2017, the by-election was scheduled for 28 January 2018, with a second round on 4 February should no candidate secure a majority of votes in the first round.[3] Candidates will be required to file between 2 and 5 January.[4]


The first candidates to officially declare their candidacies were Ian Boucard for The Republicans, Christophe Grudler for the MoDem and La République En Marche! (REM), Yves Fontanive for Lutte Ouvrière (LO), and Jonathan Vallart for the Popular Republican Union (UPR), with Jean-Raphaël Sandri invested again by the National Front.[5] The left-of-centre parties discussed the possibility of a union to present a single candidate,[6] with these discussions ultimately resulting in a union candidacy led by Anaïs Beltran for La France Insoumise, supported by the Citizen and Republican Movement (MRC) and French Communist Party (PCF), while the Socialist Party (PS) nominated Arthur Courty as its candidate, and Europe Ecology – The Greens (EELV) nominated Vincent Jeudy, who received 6.5% of the vote in the department's other constituency during the 2017 legislative elections.[7] Julie Kohlenberg received the investiture of Debout la France (DLF),[8] and Sophie Montel, a Member of European Parliament who joined Florian Philippot in leaving the FN to form The Patriots, within which she serves as vice president, also contested the by-election.[9] The by-election is the first electoral challenge between The Patriots and the National Front, and is considered important given the stronger implantation of Montel within the region compared to the little-known Sandri.[10]

On 9 January 2018, the Union of Democrats and Independents (UDI) announced its support for Boucard, with UDI deputy Michel Zumkeller, who represents the neighboring constituency, not having faced a LR opponent in the June 2017 legislative elections.[11] Many politicians visited the constituency ahead of the by-election to increase turnout, and also given the political importance of the by-election. On 18 January, Christian Jacob, president of the LR group in the National Assembly, visited the constituency in support of Boucard,[12] as well as deputy Annie Genevard. On 19 January, MoDem minister Jacqueline Gourault and president of the MoDem group in the National Assembly Marc Fesneau visited in support of Grudler,[10] followed by Philippot in support of Montel and FN deputy Gilbert Collard and mayor of Hénin-Beaumont Steeve Briois in support of Sandri on 20 January,[12] with Sébastien Chenu to provide support later as well.[10] Alexis Corbière will visit in support of Beltran on 24 January, as will Clémentine Autain,[13] followed by François Bayrou and Christophe Castaner in a joint meeting in support of Grudler on 25 January.[12] Nicolas Dupont-Aignan and François Asselineau will also visit to support the candidates of their respective parties.[13]

A debate co-hosted by Catherine Eme-Ziri of France 3 Franche-Comté and Emilie Pou of France Bleu Belfort Montbéliard between Boucard, Grudler, Sandri, Montel, Beltran, and Courty was broadcast live online on 12 January, before being shown on "Dimanche en Politique" on France 3 Franche-Comté on 14 January. Philippe Piot, journalist for L'Est Républicain in Belfort, was also be present at the debate.[14]

2017 election result

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Christophe Grudler MoDem 7,379 31.83 9,131 49.25
Ian Boucard LR 5,493 23.70 9,410 50.75
Jean-Raphaël Sandri FN 4,057 17.50
Anais Beltran FI 2,821 12.17
Bastien Faudot PSMRC 2,110 9.10
Philippe Legros DIV 431 1.86
Sabine Verdant PCF 334 1.44
Christiane Petitot LO 243 1.05
Jonathan Vallart UPR 175 0.75
Mustafa Cetin DIV 139 0.60
Romain Lagache DIV 0 0.00
Votes 23,182 100.00 18,541 100.00
Valid votes 23,182 97.35 18,541 87.59
Blank votes 430 1.81 1,840 8.69
Null votes 200 0.84 788 3.72
Turnout 23,812 49.74 21,169 44.25
Abstentions 24,061 50.26 26,669 55.75
Registered voters 47,873 47,838
Source: Ministry of the Interior, political parties

2018 by-election result

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Arthur Courty PS
Ian Boucard LRUDI
Yves Fontanive LO
Christophe Grudler MoDemREM
Jonathan Vallart UPR
Julie Kohlenberg DLF
Sophie Montel LP
Jean-Raphaël Sandri FN
Anais Beltran FIMRCPCF
Vincent Jeudy EELV
Valid votes
Blank votes
Null votes
Registered voters
Source: Prefect of Territoire de Belfort


  1. ^ Sophie Courageot (8 December 2017). "Belfort : L'élection du député LR Ian Boucard invalidée par le Conseil Constitutionnel". France 3 Bourgogne Franche-Comté. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  2. ^ "Décision n°2017-5067 AN du 8 décembre 2017". Conseil constitutionnel. 8 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  3. ^ "Décret n° 2017-1693 du 15 décembre 2017 portant convocation des électeurs pour l'élection d'un député à l'Assemblée nationale (1re circonscription du département du Territoire de Belfort)". Légifrance. 15 December 2017. Retrieved 18 December 2017. 
  4. ^ "Elections législatives partielles des 28 janvier et 04 février 2018 dans la 1ère circonscription". Préfecture du Territoire de Belfort. 22 December 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  5. ^ Nicolas Wilhelm (20 December 2017). "Territoire de Belfort : une campagne éclair pour la législative partielle". France Bleu Belfort-Montbéliard. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  6. ^ Isabelle Rolland; Emilie Pou (8 December 2017). "Première circonscription du Territoire de Belfort : il y aura une nouvelle élection législative d'ici 3 mois". France Bleu Belfort-Montbéliard. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  7. ^ Nicolas Wilhelm (2 January 2018). "Législative partielle à Belfort : la gauche en ordre dispersé". France Bleu Belfort-Montbéliard. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  8. ^ Catherine Eme-Ziri (5 January 2018). "Qui sont les 10 candidats pour la législative partielle dans le Territoire de Belfort ?". France 3 Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. Retrieved 5 January 2018. 
  9. ^ Marylou Magal (3 January 2018). "Sophie Montel : « Rallumer l'espoir du patriotisme »". Le Point. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  10. ^ a b c Anne-Laëtitia Béraud (20 January 2018). "Législative partielle sur le Territoire de Belfort: Election-test pour la macronie et embouteillage à l'extrême droite". 20 minutes. Retrieved 20 January 2018. 
  11. ^ "L'UDI soutient les candidats LR lors de deux législatives partielles". Europe 1. Agence France-Presse. 9 January 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2018. 
  12. ^ a b c Ludovic Vigogne; Béatrice Houchard (16 January 2018). "A Belfort, bousculades garanties pour la prochaine législative partielle". L'Opinion. Retrieved 16 January 2018. 
  13. ^ a b Jean-Pierre Tenoux (20 January 2018). "FN, Patriotes : choc électoral à Belfort". Le Dauphiné Libéré. Retrieved 20 January 2018. 
  14. ^ Catherine Eme-Ziri (9 January 2018). "Election législative partielle dans le Territoire de Belfort: LE débat !". France 3 Bourgogne Franche-Comté. Retrieved 9 January 2018. 

External links

  • Results of past legislative by-elections from the Ministry of the Interior (in French)
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