Ternate City

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Ternate
Kota Ternate
City
Skyline of Ternate
Skyline of Ternate
Official seal of Ternate
Seal
Motto: Maku Gawene
Ternate is located in Indonesia Maluku
Ternate
Ternate
Ternate is located in Indonesia
Ternate
Ternate
Location in Maluku and Indonesia
Coordinates: 0°41′N 127°24′E / 0.683°N 127.400°E / 0.683; 127.400
Country  Indonesia
Province  North Maluku
Government
 • Mayor Burhan Abdurrahman
 • Vice Mayor Abdullah Taher
Area
 • Total 111.39 km2 (43.01 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 204,215
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)
Time zone Indonesia Eastern Time (UTC+9)
Area code (+62) 921
Website www.ternatekota.go.id/

Ternate (Indonesian: Kota Ternate) is the largest city in the province of North Maluku in Indonesia. It is primarily located on the island of Ternate in the Maluku Islands, but its area includes several small neighbouring islands - notably Moti, Hiri and Batang Dua. The total area is 111.4 sq.km, and its population at the 2010 Census was 185,705;[1] the latest official estimate (as at January 2014) was 204,215. Sofifi City, the new provincial capital situated nearby on the 'mainland' portion of Halmahera island close to Ternate and Tidore, has taken over the functions of provincial capital from Ternate.

Ternate was the seat of the Sultanate of Ternate. Today the Sultanate still exists, although it no longer holds any political power.

Greater Ternate City spreads around the eastern half of Ternate Island up to 10 kilometres from the airport to Bastiong port. The commercial centre stretches 2 kilometres from the bus terminal near Fort Oranye to Ahmad Yani Port where Pelni ships arrive.[2] The current Sultan's Palace, built in 1796, is now partly a museum. The large Fort Oranye, built by the Dutch in 1607, was the home of the Dutch East Indies Company until it moved to Batavia (Jakarta) around 1619. According to a news report by the Huffington Post, the U.S. Geological Survey said that a 6.6-magnitude shallow, strong earthquake (12 miles under the Molucca Sea) struck off Ternate on Monday, November 14, 2011, but an official of the Indonesian meteorological and geophysics agency said there was little risk of a tsunami.[3]

Transport

Sultan Babullah Airport is the main gateway to the city, serving several flights to other cities in Indonesia such as Jakarta, Makassar and Surabaya. Recently the airport has been upgraded to meet the increase of demand.

The Ahmad Yani seaport is the main seaport of Ternate, which served different type of ships from different parts of the archipelago. Ships operated by Pelni connects Ternate with other cities such as Ambon and Manado.

Climate

Administration

Ternate city (which includes various minor islands as well as the main island of Ternate) is divided into 7 districts (kecamatan) as detailed below. with their areas and 2010 Census population. Four of these districts are on the island of Ternate, while the remaining three each consist of a smaller neighbouring island.

District (kecamatan) English version Area
km²[4]
Population
2010 Census[5]
Ternate Tengah Central Ternate 10.9 52,072
Ternate Selatan South Ternate 17.0 63,746
Ternate Utara North Ternate 14.4 45,574
Pulau Ternate Ternate island * 37.2 14,692
Moti Moti (Island) 24.8 4,399
Pulau Batang Dua Batang Dua Island 29.0 2,487
Pulau Hiri Hiri Island 6.7 2,735

Note * Pulau Ternate district now consists of the more rural western half of Ternate island.

Tourism

There are numerous old forts that was built by different empires during the colonial era scattered around the city. Examples of fort built by the Portuguese are Fort Kalamata and Fort Tolukko. Fort Oranje, which was built by the Dutch, is the largest fort in the island. It was the headquarter of the Dutch East India Company until it was moved to Batavia (Jakarta) in 1619. Some forts no longer exists, only leaving only some ruins, such as Fort Kastela, which was built by the Spanish.

The palace of the Sultan of Ternate still exists. It is now converted into a museum. The museum displayed some old artifacts from the Sultanate of Ternate at its maximum extent, such as weapons, armors and traditional Ternatean clothes.

There are several beaches on the island that offer spectacular views, such as Tobololo beach and Sulamadaha beach. There are also some beautiful lakes on the island, such as Laguna Lake and Tolire Lake[6]

City of Ternate with Mount Gamalama at the background

See also

  • Ternate, Cavite, a municipality in the Philippines where some from Old Ternate migrated.

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  2. ^ Witton, Patrick (2003). Indonesia (7th edition). Melbourne: Lonely Planet. p. 166. ISBN 1-74059-154-2. 
  3. ^ "Strong, Shallow Earthquake Hits Eastern Indonesia". Huffington Post. November 13, 2011. 
  4. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  5. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  6. ^ 7 Tempat Wisata di Ternate Yang Bisa Dikunjungi

Coordinates: 0°47′N 127°22′E / 0.783°N 127.367°E / 0.783; 127.367

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