Ternate, Cavite

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Municipality of Ternate
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(From left) The municipal hall of Ternate, the town's welcome arch, the Santo Niño Parish Church, the town plaza and the public market
Nickname(s): Hispanic Centre of Cavite
Map of Cavite with Ternate highlighted
Map of Cavite with Ternate highlighted
Ternate is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°17′N 120°43′E / 14.28°N 120.72°E / 14.28; 120.72Coordinates: 14°17′N 120°43′E / 14.28°N 120.72°E / 14.28; 120.72
Country  Philippines
Region Calabarzon (Region IV-A)
Province Cavite
District 7th District
Founded 1663
Barangays 10 (see Barangays)
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Herminio C. Lindo
 • Vice Mayor Salvador Jr. C. Gubio
 • Electorate 14,186 voters (2016)
 • Total 59.93 km2 (23.14 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 23,157
 • Density 390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Ternateño
Time zone UTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code 4111
PSGC 042121000
IDD:area code +63 (0)46
Climate type Tropical monsoon climate
Income class 4th municipal income class
Revenue (₱) 65,613,505.47 (2016)
Native languages Chavacano
Website www.ternate.cavite.gov.ph

Ternate, officially the Municipality of Ternate, (Tagalog: Bayan ng Ternate, Chavacano: Municipio de Ternate, is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cavite, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 23,157 people.[3]

Formerly known as Bahra, the municipality is named after Ternate island of Indonesia where migrants from then Dutch East Indies originated.


The Merdicas (also spelled Mardicas or Mardikas) were Catholic natives of the islands of Ternate and Tidore of the Moluccas, converted during the Portuguese occupation of the islands by Jesuit missionaries. The islands were later captured by the Spanish who vied for their control with the Dutch. In 1663, the Spanish garrison in Ternate were forced to pull out to defend Manila against an impending invasion by the Chinese pirate Koxinga (sacrificing the Moluccas to the Dutch in doing so). A number of Merdicas volunteered to help, eventually being resettled in a sandbar near the mouth of the Maragondon river (known as the Bahra de Maragondon) and Tanza, Cavite.[4]

The invasion did not occur as Koxinga fell ill and died. The Merdicas community eventually integrated into the local population. Today, the place is called Ternate after the island of Ternate in the Moluccas, and the descendants of the Merdicas continue to use their Spanish creole (with Portuguese and Papuan influence) which came to be known as Ternateño Chabacano.[4]


Ternate is politically subdivided into ten barangays (three urban and seven rural).[2]

  • Bucana
  • Población 1 (Barangay 1)
  • Población 2 (Barangay 2)
  • Población 3 (Barangay 3)
  • San José
  • San Juan 1
  • Sapang 1
  • Población 1 A
  • San Juan 2
  • Sapang 2


Population census of Ternate
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 2,460 —    
1918 2,803 +0.87%
1939 4,082 +1.81%
1948 2,383 −5.80%
1960 5,345 +6.96%
1970 5,930 +1.04%
1975 6,593 +2.15%
1980 9,739 +8.11%
1990 11,981 +2.09%
1995 14,236 +3.28%
2000 17,179 +4.11%
2007 20,457 +2.44%
2010 19,297 −2.10%
2015 23,157 +3.53%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]

In the 2015 census, the population of Ternate, Cavite, was 23,157 people,[3] with a density of 390 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,000 inhabitants per square mile.


In addition to Tagalog, the community continue to use one of several Spanish-based creole varieties found in the Philippines, collectively known as Chabacano (Ternateño Chavacano); Locals however call this vernacular simply as Bahra.


  • Philippine Independent Church (Aglipayan)
  • Roman Catholic Church
  • Iglesia Ni Cristo
  • Jehovah's Witnesses
  • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
  • Church of Alpha Omega Christian Ministries Inc.
  • Assembly of God
  • United Church of Christ in the Philippines (UCCP)
  • Muslim


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Province: Cavite". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ a b John. M. Lipski, with P. Mühlhaüsler and F. Duthin (1996). "Spanish in the Pacific". In Stephen Adolphe Wurm & Peter Mühlhäusler. Atlas of Languages of Intercultural Communication in the Pacific, Asia, and the Americas: Texts, Volume 2 (PDF). Walter de Gruyter. p. 276. ISBN 9783110134179.
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  6. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  7. ^ "Province of Cavite". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External links

  • Philippine Standard Geographic Code
  • Philippine Census Information
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