Tenth Dynasty of Egypt

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The Tenth Dynasty of ancient Egypt (sometimes notated Dynasty X) is often combined with 7th, 8th, 9th and early 11th Dynasties under the group title First Intermediate Period.[1]

Rulers

The 9th Dynasty was founded at Herakleopolis Magna, and the 10th Dynasty continued there. At this time Egypt was not unified, and there is some overlap between these and other local dynasties. The Turin Canon lists eighteen kings for this royal line, but their names are damaged, unidentifiable, or lost.[2]

The following is a possible list of rulers of the Tenth Dynasty based on the Turin Canon, as egyptologists have differing opinions about the order of succession within the two dynasties. Among them, only Wahkare Khety and Merykare are undoubtedly attested by archaeological finds:

Tenth Dynasty (according to Hayes) (c. 2130 - 2040 BCE)[3]
Name Comments
Meryhathor(?) Existence doubtful, known from a damaged graffito at Hatnub
Neferkare VIII Might be the Kaneferre mentioned in the tomb of the nomarch Ankhtifi
Wahkare Khety III Possibly the purported author of the Teaching for King Merykare
Merykare Main opponent of the Theban pharaoh Mentuhotep II
[name lost] An ephemeral ("x months") successor of Merykare


References

  1. ^ Shaw, Ian, ed. (2000). The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt. Oxford University Press. p. 480. ISBN 0-19-815034-2. 
  2. ^ Sir Alan Gardiner, Egypt of the Pharaohs, Oxford University Press, 1961, pp. 112-13.
  3. ^ William C. Hayes, in The Cambridge Ancient History, vol 1, part 2, 1971 (2008), Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-077915, p. 996.



Preceded by
Ninth Dynasty
Dynasty of Egypt
c. 2130 – 2040 BCE
Succeeded by
Eleventh Dynasty
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