Taumarunui (New Zealand electorate)

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Taumarunui was a parliamentary electorate in the King Country in the Manawatu-Wanganui region of New Zealand from 1908 to 1919. The electorate was represented by two Members of Parliament.

Population centres

In the 1907 electoral redistribution, a major change that had to be allowed for was a reduction of the tolerance to ±750 to those electorates where the country quota applied. The North Island had once again a higher population growth than the South Island, and three seats were transferred from south to north. In the resulting boundary distribution, every existing electorate was affected, and three electorates were established for the first time, including the Taumarunui electorate. These changes took effect with the 1908 election.[1]

The initial area covered by the Taumarunui electorate was quite large. Settlements that were initially included were Taumarunui, Turangi, Ohakune, Waiouru, Pipiriki, Raetihi, Ohura, Waitara, Mokau, Awakino, Kawhia, Otorohanga, and Te Kuiti.[2] In the 1911 electoral redistribution, large areas went to adjacent electorates, and Ohakune, Waiouru, Pipiriki, and Raetihi went to the Waimarino electorate, while Kawhia went to the Waikato electorate.[3]

In the 1918 electoral redistribution, the Taumarunui electorate was abolished, and the vast majority of its area went to the Waitomo and Waimarino electorates.[4]

History

William Thomas Jennings of the Liberal Party was the first representative from 1908 to 1911.[5] In the 1911 election, Jennings was defeated by the Reform Party member Charles Wilson.[6] Jennings had won the electorate back in 1914, but on 14 May 1915, the election was declared void.[6] Jennings won the electorate in the subsequent 1915 by-election and held it to 1919.[5]

Members of Parliament

The electorate was represented by two Members of Parliament:[7]

Key

 Liberal    Reform  

Election Winner
1908 election William Thomas Jennings
1911 election Charles Wilson
1914 election William Thomas Jennings
1915 by-election
(Electorate abolished in 1919; see Waitomo and Waimarino)

Election results

1915 by-election

Taumarunui by-election, 1915[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Jennings 3,850 50.98
Reform Charles Wilson 3,701 49.02
Majority 149 1.97
Turnout 4,551

Notes

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 71f.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 70.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 74f.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 74–79.
  5. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 208.
  6. ^ a b Wilson 1985, pp. 208, 246.
  7. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 272.
  8. ^ Taumarunui by-election. Auckland Star. XLVI. 17 June 1915. p. 4. Retrieved 13 September 2015.

References

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.
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