Tarabya of Toungoo

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Tarabya of Toungoo
တောင်ငူ တရဖျား
Viceroy of Toungoo
Reign c. April 1440 – 2 January 1446
Predecessor Saw Oo II
Successor Minkhaung I
Monarch Minye Kyawswa I
Governor of Yanaung
Reign c. May 1439 – c. April 1440
Monarch Minye Kyawswa I
Governor of Amyint
Reign c. February 1434 – c. May 1439
Monarch Mohnyin Thado (1434−39)
Minye Kyawswa I (1439)
Born c. 1390s
Died 2 January 1446
6th waxing of Tabodwe 807 ME[note 1]
Toungoo (Taungoo)
Issue Minkhaung I
Father Tarabya of Pakhan
Religion Theravada Buddhism

Tarabya of Toungoo (Burmese: တောင်ငူ တရဖျား, pronounced [tàʊɴŋù təɹəpʰjá]) was viceroy of Toungoo from 1440 to 1446. Prior to Toungoo, he had held governorships at Amyint and Yanaung.

Brief

He was a son of Gov. Tarabya of Pakhan, and younger brother of Queen Saw Min Hla.[1] He was appointed governor of Amyint with the title of Tarabya in early 1434 by King Mohnyin Thado.[note 2] In 1439, King Minye Kyawswa I succeeded the Ava throne, and appointed Tarabya governor of the strategic town of Yanaung in the Prome region as a step to regain Toungoo which had been in revolt since 1426.[2]

In 1440,[note 3] Tarabya partook in the Ava expedition to Toungoo that retook the region. For his success, Tarabya was appointed viceroy of Toungoo.[2]

According to the Toungoo Yazawin chronicle, a court astrologer predicted in 1442 that the viceroy would die at midnight on 5th waxing of Tabodwe 807 ME (1 January 1446). Angered by the prediction, he sent the astrologer to jail. The chronicle continues that the viceroy died at the midnight of 1 January 1446 as he was taking a shower.[3] His son Minkhaung succeeded, and freed the astrologer from jail.[4]

Tarabya ruled for nearly six years.[3] Tarabya was a brother-in-law of Crown Prince Minye Kyawswa of the Forty Years' War fame. Moreover, starting with the Maha Yazawin chronicle, all royal chronicles identify Tarabya of Toungoo as an ancestor (paternal great-great-great grandfather) of King Bayinnaung of Toungoo Dynasty.[5]

Notes

  1. ^ (Sein Lwin Lay 2006: 31): He died at the midnight of 5th waxing of Tabodwe 807 ME (1 January 1446), which means the day had already turned over to 2 January 1446. Note that the traditional Burmese astronomical day runs from midnight to midnight but the traditional civil day runs from sunrise to sunrise. Thus, from a civil day standpoint, it was still 5th waxing of Tabodwe 807 ME, even at or past midnight before sunrise.
  2. ^ (Hmannan Vol. 2 2003: 69–70): The king made the appointment after a series of failed campaigns to Pinle, Yamethin and Taungdwin; the campaigns began in the dry season of 1433–34, and took 3 months. It means the appointment was made c. February 1434.
  3. ^ (Sein Lwin Lay 2006: 30): Toungoo surrendered in 802 ME (30 March 1440 to 29 March 1441), after which Tarabya was appointed governor. Since (Sein Lwin Lay 2006: 31) also says Tarabya ruled for about six years before his death in January 1446, Tarabya may have become governor in early 802 ME (c. April 1440).

References

  1. ^ Hmannan Vol. 2 2003: 70
  2. ^ a b Sein Lwin Lay 2006: 30
  3. ^ a b Sein Lwin Lay 2006: 31
  4. ^ Sein Lwin Lay 2006: 32
  5. ^ Thaw Kaung 2010: 118–119

Bibliography

  • Kala, U (1724). Maha Yazawin (in Burmese). 1–3 (2006, 4th printing ed.). Yangon: Ya-Pyei Publishing. 
  • Sein Lwin Lay, Kahtika U (1968). Mintaya Shwe Hti and Bayinnaung: Ketumadi Taungoo Yazawin (in Burmese) (2006, 2nd printing ed.). Yangon: Yan Aung Sarpay. 
  • Thaw Kaung, U (2010). Aspects of Myanmar History and Culture. Yangon: Gangaw Myaing. 
Tarabya of Toungoo
Born: c. 1390s Died: 2 January 1446
Royal titles
Preceded by
Saw Oo II
Viceroy of Toungoo
c. April 1440 – 2 January 1446
Succeeded by
Minkhaung I
Preceded by
Governor of Yanaung
c. May 1439 – c. April 1440
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Governor of Amyint
c. February 1434 – c. May 1439
Succeeded by
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