Tanchon

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Tanchon
단천시
Municipal City
Korean transcription(s)
 • Chosŏn'gŭl 단천시
 • Hancha
 • McCune-Reischauer Tanch'ŏn si
 • Revised Romanization Dancheon-si
Map of South Hamgyong showing the location of Tanchon
Map of South Hamgyong showing the location of Tanchon
Tanchon is located in North Korea
Tanchon
Tanchon
Map of North Korea showing the location of Tanchon
Coordinates: 40°27′29″N 128°54′40″E / 40.458°N 128.911°E / 40.458; 128.911Coordinates: 40°27′29″N 128°54′40″E / 40.458°N 128.911°E / 40.458; 128.911
Country North Korea
Province South Hamgyong Province
Administrative divisions 39 tong, 39 ri
Area
 • Total 2,170 km2 (840 sq mi)
Population (est.)
 • Total 360,000

Tanch'ŏn (Korean pronunciation: [tan.tsʰʌn]) is a port city in northeastern South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea. It has a population of approximately 360,000. Tanch'ŏn borders the Sea of Japan (East Sea of Korea), into which the Namdae River flows.

Administrative divisions

Tanch'ŏn is divided into 39 tong (neighbourhoods) and 39 ri (villages):

  • Chich'o-dong
  • Chikchŏl-dong
  • Chŏnjin-dong
  • Haean 1-dong
  • Haean 2-dong
  • Hanggu 1-dong
  • Hanggu 2-dong
  • Hanggu 3-dong
  • Kŭmbong-dong
  • Kŭmgol 1-dong
  • Kŭmgol 2-dong
  • Kŭmgol 3-dong
  • Kŭmsan-dong
  • Kwangch'ŏn-dong
  • Muhak-tong
  • Munhwa-dong
  • Naemun-dong
  • Namp'ung-dong
  • Paeg'am-dong
  • Paekkŭmsan-dong
  • Ponsan-dong
  • Pukch'ŏn-dong
  • Puktu-dong
  • P'ugŏ-dong
  • Ryongdae-dong
  • San'gwang-dong
  • Sao-dong
  • Sindanch'ŏn 1-dong
  • Sindanch'ŏn 2-dong
  • Taehŭng 1-dong
  • Taehŭng 2-dong
  • Taesin-dong
  • T'amsi-dong
  • Tŏkhŭng-dong
  • Tong'am-dong
  • Tonsan-dong
  • Yangch'ŏn-dong
  • Yangsan-dong
  • Yŏng'ung-dong
  • Changnae-ri
  • Chŏngdong-ri
  • Chŭngsal-li
  • Hwajang-ri
  • Kaŭng-ri
  • Kawŏl-li
  • Mun'am-ri
  • Munho-ri
  • O'mong-ri
  • Paeksal-li
  • Pokp'yŏng-ri
  • Ponghwa-ri
  • Rip'a-ri
  • Ryŏngdae-ri
  • Ryongjam-ri
  • Ryŏngsal-li
  • Ryongdŏng-ri
  • Ryonghŭng-ri
  • Ryongyŏl-li
  • Samgŏ-ri
  • Sindong-ri
  • Sinho-ri
  • Sinp'ung-ri
  • Sinp'yŏng-ri
  • Sŏk'u-ri
  • Songjŏng-ri
  • Songp'a-ri
  • Ssangryong-ri
  • Talch'ŏl-li
  • Taptong-ri
  • Tŏkchu-ri
  • Tolsal-li
  • Tuyŏl-li
  • Unch'ŏl-li
  • Wadong-ri
  • Wŏnsal-li
  • Yangp'yŏng-ri
  • Yŏngp'yŏng-ri

Economy

There are extensive mineral resources in the area, including cobalt, magnesite, and iron ore. The city is known for its chemical production, textiles, metal ware, machinery and smelting.

Technology

The City of Tanch'ŏn is featured in the PC game Tradewinds.

Transport

Tanch'ŏn is situated on the P'yŏngra Line and the Hŏch'ŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.[1] In 2012 the city's port was renovated and upgraded.[2] Tanch'ŏn port was reconstructed, and a ceremony marking the completion was taken place in December 2012. In the ceremony, a joint congratulatory message sent by the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea and the Cabinet was read to the officials and members of shock brigades who performed labor feats in the construction of the port.[3]

Wildlife

The population of Chinese Gorals in Tanch'ŏn has been designated North Korean natural monument #293.[4]

Climate

Tanchon has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dwa).

Climate data for Tanchon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.1
(34)
2.4
(36.3)
6.9
(44.4)
13.5
(56.3)
18.2
(64.8)
20.9
(69.6)
24.8
(76.6)
26.0
(78.8)
22.9
(73.2)
17.7
(63.9)
10.1
(50.2)
3.4
(38.1)
14
(57.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.4
(24.1)
−3.0
(26.6)
−1.8
(28.8)
7.6
(45.7)
12.4
(54.3)
16.1
(61)
20.6
(69.1)
22.0
(71.6)
17.9
(64.2)
11.9
(53.4)
4.9
(40.8)
−1.7
(28.9)
8.5
(47.4)
Average low °C (°F) −9.8
(14.4)
−8.3
(17.1)
−3.2
(26.2)
1.7
(35.1)
6.7
(44.1)
11.4
(52.5)
16.5
(61.7)
18.1
(64.6)
13.0
(55.4)
6.2
(43.2)
−0.3
(31.5)
−6.8
(19.8)
3.8
(38.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 23
(0.91)
18
(0.71)
24
(0.94)
37
(1.46)
53
(2.09)
83
(3.27)
129
(5.08)
156
(6.14)
108
(4.25)
45
(1.77)
47
(1.85)
27
(1.06)
750
(29.53)
Source: Climate-Data.org [5]

See also

References

  1. ^ Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), ISBN 978-4-10-303731-6
  2. ^ ""Tanchon Port reconstruction completed", NK Economy Watch". Archived from the original on 2012-05-29.
  3. ^ "Tanchon Port reconstruction completed". North Korea Leadership Watch. Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
  4. ^ "단천산양". Cultural Heritage Administration guide to North Korean natural monuments. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2006-12-01.
  5. ^ "Climate: Tanchon". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved July 26, 2018.

Further reading

  • Dormels, Rainer. North Korea's Cities: Industrial facilities, internal structures and typification. Jimoondang, 2014. ISBN 978-89-6297-167-5

External links

  • (in Korean) In Korean language online encyclopedias:
    • Doosan Encyclopedia (Naver)
    • Korean language Britannica (Empas) (Map)
    • Encyclopedia of Korean Culture (Empas)
    • Pascal World Encyclopedia (Nate)
  • City profile of Tanchon


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